Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 06, 2005
New footwear reduces falls in the elderly population
A new gait-stabilizing device called the Yaktrax Walker has shown to reduce the risk of injurious falls during winter months in older adults who are fall-prone, reports a study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

MCG faculty contribute to textbooks on geriatric, pediatric hypertension
Dr. L. Michael Prisant, cardiologist and hypertension expert who directs the Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology Unit at the Medical College of Georgia, is editor of the new textbook,

Carnegie Mellon psychologist receives NIH grant
Sheldon Cohen, the Robert E. Doherty Professor of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University, has received a $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue his cutting-edge research into the connection between physical health and social factors, such as relationships and family upbringing.

Interim data suggest major response with Aranesp(R) in anemic patients with MDS
Amgen Inc. (NASDAQ:AMGN), the world's largest biotechnology company, today announced new interim data from a Phase 2 study evaluating the use of 500 mcg of Aranesp(R) (darbepoetin alfa) every three weeks to treat anemia in patients with a bone marrow disorder known as myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).

Household dust is main source of flame retardants in humans
Household dust is the main route of exposure to flame retardants for people, followed by eating animal and dairy products, according to a report in the July 15 issue of the American Chemical Society's journal Environmental Science & Technology. The study is based on a computer model developed by Canadian researchers.

The rich die differently from you and me, U-M study shows
The inequalities that mark American life maintain their hold through age and even death, a new study shows.

Scientists identify novel gene driving the growth and survival of melanoma cells
A team of researchers led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have discovered a genetic abnormality in the cells of some advanced melanoma patients that worsens their chances of survival, but also might be a target of future drug attack against the dangerous skin cancer.

Molecular trigger for Huntington's disease found
Researchers have discovered a key regulatory molecule whose overactivation by the abnormal protein produced in Huntington's disease (HD) causes the central pathologies of the disease.

Cut global warming by becoming vegetarian
Global warming could be controlled if we all became vegetarians and stopped eating meat.

Benefits of nitric oxide vary in preemies, Stanford/Packard researchers say
a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine involving more than 400 tiny preemies has shown that, although nitric oxide did not improve the odds of survival or decrease the likelihood of long-term lung disease in the group overall, it may benefit a specific sub-group of newborns weighing more than 1,000 grams, or 2.2 pounds, at birth.

Sun-powered aircraft to support sustainable development
Swiss adventurer Bertrand Piccard is constructing a solar-powered plane to fly around the world.

Geological finding shows Mars to be a complex planet that continues to evolve
Using data from the Thermal Emission Spectrometer on Mars Global Surveyor and the Thermal Emission Imaging System on Mars Odyssey, ASU planetary geologists have found evolved igneous rocks -- including andecite, daceite and granite -- in localized areas on Mars, indicating that the planet has remained geologically active through much of its history.

Dr. Kountakis edits first textbook on the frontal sinus
Dr. Stil E. Kountakis, vice chair of the Medical College of Georgia Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and director of the Division of Rhinology, is senior editor of the first textbook on

Heart Health Conference to promote heart plan for Europe
Resulting in a plan to promote cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention measures across Europe, the European Commission's (EC) Heart Health Conference took place on 29 June 2005.

PNNL wins prestigious R&D 100 Award for airline safety software
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has earned a 2005 R&D 100 Award for a computer software product called the Morning Report, which is being used to improve airline safety.

New gene scanning technology marks a major advance in disease research
Gene scanning techniques developed by Professor Ian Day and colleagues at the University of Southampton are set to have a major impact on healthcare in the future.

Space shuttle Columbia's last flight formed clouds over Antarctica
A burst of mesospheric cloud activity over Antarctica in January 2003 was caused by the exhaust plume of the space shuttle Columbia during its final flight, reports a team of scientists who studied satellite and ground-based data from three different experiments.

Aquatic plants may hold key to advancing plant disease management
The way aquatic plants respond to plant disease and climate change may have applications for managing land-based agriculture, say plant pathologists with The American Phytopathological Society (APS).

Melanoma research receives a massive funding boost
NSW cancer researchers from the Sydney Melanoma Unit have received over $11 million to advance their world-leading research into the diagnosis and treatment of melanoma.

Five ethanol plants receive $46 million in Government of Canada funding
Canada's capacity to produce renewable transportation fuels is set for another substantial increase following the announcement of a second round of funding under the Government of Canada's Ethanol Expansion Program (EEP).

Salivary bacteria as indicators of oral cancer?
A quick and straightforward diagnostic test of saliva could diagnose oral cancer.

Higher precision analysis doesn't yield pentaquark
New, higher precision data that could only have been gathered at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) shows the Theta-plus pentaquark doesn't appear in another place it was expected.

A new particle discovered by BaBar experiment
Its name is Y(4260) and it is not a new humanoid of Stars Wars, but a particle identified for the first time by BaBar experiment: an international collaboration - formed by the large participation of the Italian physicists of the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (Infn) - that has its seat in Stanford (California).

Cancer comes full circle
Researchers in the Life Sciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have discovered a key molecular pathway by which MMP-3, an enzyme that normally helps remodel tissues, initiates the pathway to breast cancer.

Settling dust around feed yards a matter of management
Cattle move, dirt stirs, dust rises - it's an inevitable part of the livestock industry.

How a baby's nose knows Mom's scent
For newborn mammals, including humans, identifying Mom by her odor can be critical to maternal bonding and survival.

Brantford ethanol plant receives $11.9 million in Government of Canada funding
A new ethanol plant in Brantford will help Canada address climate change, Lloyd St.

Ethanol plant receives $7.3 million in Government of Canada funding
A recently closed starch plant in Collingwood will be converted to produce ethanol fuel, helping Canada address climate change by increasing the supply of this cleaner, renewable fuel, the Honourable Andy Mitchell, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, announced today.

Normal blood pressure could add years to your life
People in their 50s who have normal blood pressure could live up to five years longer than those with hypertension (high blood pressure), an international study has found.

History's greatest comet hunter approaches major milestone
As of 6 July 2005, 989 comets have been discovered using the ESA/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft, which is expected to discover its 1000th comet this summer.

UCLA scientists reveal how Nipah virus infects cells
UCLA scientists have discovered how the deadly Nipah virus infiltrates human cells to cause encephalitis.

Windsor ethanol plant receives $15 million in Government of Canada funding
A new ethanol production plant in Windsor will help Canada address climate change by increasing the supply of this cleaner, renewable fuel, the Honourable Joe Fontana, Minister of Labour and Housing, announced today.

Forsyth scientists find three bacteria associated with oral cancer
Forsyth scientists have found that three bacterial species are associated with oral cancer--a discovery they hope will lead to a new type of saliva diagnostic test.

Australia to develop world leading internet cancer trials technology
State-of-the-art internet technology will have the potential to establish Australia as a world leader in the quality and efficiency of cancer clinical trials, thanks to a National Health and Medical Research Council enabling grant announced today.

Report describes potential problem with new drug for seizures, pain
A report in the July Annals of Neurology describes a serious adverse event experienced by a participant in a clinical trial that may raise a new caution about the use of antiepileptic drugs for conditions other than epilepsy.

The cost of dengue fever challenges public health and national economies
A new Brandeis University study of the disease burden of dengue fever in Malaysia strengthens the case for development of a vaccine against the mosquitoe-borne virus.

ORNL textile coding system weaving way to marketability
A textile marking system that encodes information invisible to the naked eye could save the U.S. millions of dollars in revenue lost each year to counterfeiters and violators of trade laws.

MRI better than FDG PET at detecting liver tumors
Significantly more and smaller liver tumors can be detected by contrast-enhanced MRI when compared to whole-body FDG PET, say researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

Argonne, All Hazards Management announce largest technology license
All Hazards Management, LLC, of Denver, Colorado has obtained worldwide exclusive rights to the Sync Matrix technology portfolio, a unique toolset of emergency preparedness software and systematic, structured services developed at the U.S.

Nerve protector could make for new stroke treatments
A research team lead by the Burnham Institute has synthesized and tested a new series of inhibitors that can prevent the type of nerve cell injury and death associated with many neurodegenerative diseases and stroke.

Ten million Africans treated by international disease treatment programme
A disease treatment programme started three years ago by Imperial College London has now treated over ten million African children and adults for schistosomiasis and intestinal worm infections in six sub-Saharan countries.

Scientists discover how Nipah virus enters cells
Working independently, two research teams funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have identified how Nipah and Hendra viruses, closely related viruses first identified in the mid-1990s, gain entry into human and animal cells.

Minnedosa ethanol plant receives $10.4 million in Government of Canada funding
A new ethanol plant in Minnedosa will help Canada address climate change by increasing the supply of this cleaner, renewable fuel, the Honourable Reg Alcock, President of the Treasury Board and Minister responsible for the Canadian Wheat Board, announced today.

Enzyme affects hypertension by controlling salt levels in body
An enzyme known to cause hypertension increases blood pressure by activating tiny pores, or channels, in kidney cells that allow increased levels of sodium to be reabsorbed into the blood, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Bioethics journals should not publish industry-funded articles
Industry-funded bioethics articles should not be published by journals, according to a Viewpoint published online today (Thursday July 7, 2005) by The Lancet.

Obese older women may be more prone to frailty
Obesity is associated with frailty in obese older women, according to a recent study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Whisky fans can drink to crop research
Research into the genetics of barley could lead to improved varieties of the crop most commonly used in the production of whisky and beer.

American Society of Hematology partners with major health organizations to launch patientINFORM.org
The American Society of Hematology (ASH) is pleased to announce its participation in patientINFORM, a new online service that provides healthcare consumers with the latest research on the diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases.

The myth of the medical malpractice claims crisis
The malpractice system has many flaws, but sudden increases in claim frequencies and costs are not among them.

$100 million for medical research
The Commonwealth Government has allocated more than $100 million for leading medical research and clinical trials including leukaemia, kidney disease, HIV/AIDS, cancer, maternal health, arthritis and melanoma.

NIH encourages African Americans to discuss kidney disease at family reunions
As African Americans across the country prepare for family reunions this summer, NIH is encouraging them to bring

Notch protein signaling directs early T-cell development
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have recently clarified the role of the Notch protein in T-cell development.

Study to determine if air pollution accelerates development of cardiovascular disease
Piggybacking on a major national study, scientists at Wake Forest University School of Medicine and several other centers will try to determine the degree to which air pollution accelerates development of cardiovascular diseases.

Using chemistry for electronics and vice versa
The microelectronics industry is continually striving to miniaturize conventional silicon-based electronic devices to provide higher performance technology that can be housed in smaller packaging.

New research bolsters highly targeted gastro-intestinal cancer treatment
Gastro-Intestinal Stroma Tumor (GIST) is a rare form of cancer of the stomach or small intestine.

USP Pharmacists Pharmacopeia
The U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) released today the USP Pharmacists' Pharmacopeia for practicing pharmacists.

Inhaled nitric oxide protects premature infants' brains
Despite advances in neonatal intensive care, premature babies with underdeveloped lungs remain at risk for brain injury and delayed development.

NRL study finds shuttle exhaust is source of mysterious clouds in Antarctica
A new study, funded in part by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) reports that exhaust from the space shuttle can create high-altitude clouds over Antarctica mere days following launch, providing valuable insight to global transport processes in the lower thermosphere.

Red Deer ethanol plant receives $1.1 million in Government of Canada funding
The expansion of an ethanol production plant in Red Deer will help Canada address climate change by increasing the supply of this cleaner, renewable fuel, the Honourable Anne McLellan, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, announced today.
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