Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 11, 2005
News briefs from the journal Chest, July 2005
News briefs from the medical journal Chest highlight studies related to GERD and asthma, wood smoke and lung cancer, and sarcoidosis and environmental risk factors.

Huntington's cure in flies lays groundwork for broader treatment approaches
Boosting levels of two critical proteins that normally shut down during Huntington's disease, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have cured fruit flies of the genetic, neurodegenerative condition.

Secret sex life of killer fungus?
Aspergillus fumigatus is a medically important fungus, causing potentially life-threatening infections in patients with weakened immune systems.

WEHI team granted almost $13 million for parasite fight
The Commonwealth Government, through the NHMRC, has announced Program Grants of $100 million for medical research.

Improved process of drying lumber may save millions
Watching lumber dry may be as boring as watching paint dry, but soon, the amount of time needed to dry a piece of wood might decrease dramatically, according to a Penn State forest resources expert.

Most perinatal strokes lead to neurologic disorders
Four of five newborn infants who experience a stroke around the time of birth will develop neurologic disorders such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, or language delay, according to a new study.

Scientists and the UK Kennel Club work together for healthier dogs and people
It is well known that certain breeds of dog are more susceptible than others to particular diseases or conditions.

The presence of oxygen on carbon nanotubes enhances interaction with ammonia
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), which could play an important role in developing sensors against chemical threats, have enhanced interaction with ammonia because of the presence of oxygen groups on the nanotubes, researchers at Temple University have discovered.

Meaningless sex? Male mounting reduces sexual promiscuity of females
A puzzling behavior frequently observed in many species is copulation between males and females without the delivery of semen.

Children who stop breathing during sleep show brain damage
Imagine raising a child who drifts off to sleep and stops breathing.

Joint committee of the DFG reprimands Professor Rolf-Hermann Ringert
At its meeting on 5 July 2005, the Joint Committee of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (German Research Foundation) issued a reprimand against the head of the Institute of Urology at the University Hospital of Göttingen, Professor Rolf-Hermann Ringert, after he was found to have violated the rules of good scientific practice.

Major heart failure quality of care variations found in US hospitals
UCLA investigators found large gaps and variations in treatment for heart failure in US hospitals based on four standard quality measures.

Illinois chemists spray their way to better catalysts
Using a technique called ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created an improved catalyst for removing smelly sulfur-containing compounds from gasoline and other fossil fuels.

Calculating consonants
Speech is not just a series of sounds; speech also elicits a series of representations, such as syllables, vowels, or consonants, which our brains identify as such from the very early onset of language acquisition.

Giving oxygen may do more harm than good, new report shows
Doctors and paramedics who give their patients oxygen - the most commonly administered

Melbourne scientists dominate international Howard Hughes Medical Institute awards
Amid tough global competition, Melbourne has again confirmed its position as Australia's pre-eminent biomedical destination by securing almost 20% of the prestigious worldwide medical research awards announced by the US-based Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI).

Molecular ballet unravels, links proteins so cell can direct own movement
As a cell moves forward, physical stress on its skeleton triggers molecular fingers and arms to grasp each other in reinforcing links that stabilize the skeleton, according to images produced by investigators at St.

National Academies news: NAE's 2005 US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium
Inventive young engineers have been selected to participate in NAE'S 2005 US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium.

Advances in drug discovery topic for October science meeting in Philadelphia
Some of the world's leading researchers in the field of drug discovery will describe the latest advances in that field during a three-day scientific conference Oct.

Parkinson's disease drugs may cause pathological gambling
Eleven patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) developed pathological gambling behavior following dopamine agonist therapy, a drug therapy to control movement problems caused by Parkinson's disease, according to a study posted online today which will appear in the September print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Nearly two million eye injuries in the US each year
Nearly two million Americans are treated for eye injuries per year, with males experiencing twice the rate of injury than that of females, according to a study in the July issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Golden armor
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Children's Hospital and Health Center, San Diego have discovered that

Statins not associated with reduced dementia risk
The use of statins and other lipid-lowering agents by older adults was not associated with a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease or other types of dementia, according to a study in the July issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Chemical Society meeting Aug. 28 - Sept. 1 features variety of multidisciplinary research
A close look at chemical plant safety, a new kind of carbohydrate food that may help you lose weight and a permanent coating that prevents cars windows from fogging--these are just a few of the studies chemists will present at the 230th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Washington, D.C., Aug.

Stefanie Dimmeler cleared of scientific misconduct
At its meeting on 5 July 2005, the Joint Committee of the DFG (German Research Foundation) noted the fact that the case against Professor Stefanie Dimmeler, a cardiologist at the University of Frankfurt accused of scientific misconduct, has been closed.

Majority of ALS patients are not depressed
Contrary to what you might think, most people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are not depressed.

Researchers find molecule that inhibits regrowth of spinal nerve cells
A molecule that helps the body's motor nerve cells grow along proper paths during embryonic development also plays a major role in inhibiting spinal-cord neurons from regenerating after injury, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Substituting blood transfusions
The first ever European Blood Substitutes project is designing molecules which will be able to replace the need for blood during transfusions in the future.

The efficacy of new inductors from camphor derivatives
Ainara Lecumberri Munárriz recently defended her PhD thesis at the Public University of Navarre, in which the applicability of new inductors derived from camphor in asymmetric alkylation and Diels-Alder reactions was studied.

Ingredient that makes curry yellow effective against melanoma cells
Curcumin, the yellow pigment found in the spice turmeric and a key ingredient in yellow curry inhibits melanoma cell growth and stimulates tumor cell death, according to a new study.

Wright State receives $3 million grant to study learning with disabilities
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Wright State University a five-year, $3 million grant to establish a new integrated interdisciplinary research and education program for training doctoral students in methods for teaching students with disabilities.

Chemical production and earnings up, employment down
In the United States and around the globe, chemical industry production and earnings continued to rise in 2004 and employment levels kept declining, according to a Chemical & Engineering News special report in its July 11 issue.

Why good cells go bad in progression of MS
Scientists have pinpointed a chemical messenger that frees some white blood cells from the body's normal constraints, allowing the cells to act like renegades that could damage nerves in the central nervous system.

Virginia Tech, Nanjing Institute researchers discover half-billion year-old fossils
A research team from Virginia Tech in the United States and Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology in China has discovered uniquely well-preserved fossils form from 550 million year old rocks of the Ediacaran.

Quality measures need to be field-tested, researchers find
A group of researchers has developed a set of

Insight into cell metabolism will help interpret PETs, MRIs
Cornell University researchers learn to differentiate between bound and free forms of beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), a molecule used to study cellular metabolism.

Native lore tells the tale: There's been a whole lotta shakin' goin' on
Stories of two-headed serpents and epic battles between Thunderbird and Whale, common among Northwest native peoples, have their root in the region's seismic history.

Melbourne scientists part of Gates Foundation US $21 million hunt for malaria therapy
Scientists at the The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (WEHI) are part of international teams that have won some of the world's largest grants to develop treatment for malaria.

Size of brain structure could signal vulnerability to anxiety disorders
The size of a particular structure in the brain may be associated with the ability to recover emotionally from traumatic events.

Newly discovered role for heart response enzyme may yield better heart failure therapy
Duke University Medical Center researchers have identified a new protein that plays a critical role in enabling the heart to respond to such external stimuli as exercise or stress, as well as in the progressive loss of heart function that is heart failure, the researchers said.

NYU physicists find way to create three-dimensional quasicrystals
New York University physicists have applied a ground-breaking nanotechnology method to create three-dimensional quasicrystals, highly ordered structures that, unlike conventional crystals, never repeat themselves.

Discovery could lead to new types of Alzheimer's drugs
A ground-breaking new research approach to understanding the cellular processes of Alzheimer's and other degenerative diseases has revealed a promising pathway to the development of new types of drugs for these diseases.

Flies on speed offer insight into the roles of dopamine in sleep and arousal
Methamphetamine, the drug of choice for long-distance truckers and college students pulling all-nighters, appears to do a similar trick for fruit flies, too.

Potent spice works to block growth of melanoma in lab test
Curcumin, the pungent yellow spice found in both turmeric and curry powders, blocks a key biological pathway needed for development of melanoma and other cancers, say researchers from The University of Texas M.

Obese men more carb intolerant than obese women
Obese men may not process carbohydrates as efficiently as obese women, a condition that can, ultimately, lead to a decrease in fitness level and the development of metabolic disorders.

Lorenzo's oil shows promise in reducing risk of debilitating disease in genetic disorder
Treatment of boys with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) with Lorenzo's oil (LO) reduced their risk of developing the severe debilitating form of the disease, according to a study in the July issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Defective clotting factor clears arteries
Reporting in the July 18 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine, a group of scientists in Wurzburg, Germany show that the lack of a blood clotting protein may protect against clogged arteries with no risk of excessive bleeding.

New study shows use of Lorenzo's oil prevents onset of pediatric neurological disorder
Use of Lorenzo's oil in young boys who have been diagnosed with but are not yet showing signs of a pediatric neurological disorder known as X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) may prevent the disease from developing in the body.

Colorful bacteria more dangerous
A new study in the July 18 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine shows that gold-colored bacteria are more harmful than their unpigmented relatives.

Costs of coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Although there are no differences in clinical outcome, the in-hospital cost of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in the U.S. is 82.5 percent higher in the U.S. than in Canada, according to a study in the July 11 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Spongy-looking hyperion tumbles into view
Two new Cassini views of Saturn's tumbling moon Hyperion offer the best looks yet at one of the icy, irregularly-shaped moons that orbit the giant, ringed planet.

Patient navigation provide tools to address barriers to care but need standardization and assessment
Patient navigator programs seek to help cancer patients and providers address specific social barriers to care within a healthcare system and thus represent an important strategy to improve care, according to a new study.

2005 Alzheimer award to Hideo Hara, M.D. and Takeshi Tabira, M.D., Ph.D.
The 2005 Alzheimer Award is being presented to Hideo Hara, M.D. and Takeshi Tabira, M.D., Ph.D., in recognition of their outstanding work published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease (IOS Press, Volume 6, 2004, 483-488),

Parkinson's medication appears to trigger excessive gambling
Habitual, compulsive gambling with losses up to $200,000 within six months by those who previously never or only occasionally gambled recreationally has been tied to Parkinson's disease drugs called dopamine agonists.
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