Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 20, 2005
Only 51 per cent of hospital staff followed hand washing guidelines before hygiene campaign
Survey of hand washing at a large urban hospital in Ireland found that rates rose from 51% to 83% after a six week hygiene campaign.

The XXth Congress of the International Society on Thrombosis & Haemostasis
The XXth Congress of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis is to be held in Sydney, Australia from the 6 - 12 August 2005.

Healthy weight means healthier blood lipid profile in children, study finds
Maintaining a healthy weight in children may be one good way to keep a healthy blood lipid profile and a happy heart, a new study has found.

Employed caregivers at risk from current Canadian policies
Changes to Canada's labour and income security policies could help employed caregivers keep their jobs while still taking care of family and friends with chronic health problems.

Helping the elderly beat the heat
As the population ages, a growing number of people become more vulnerable to extreme summer heat.

New analysis services for the wine-producing sector
The AZTI-Tecnalia laboratories have launched new methodologies for analysing parameters that, up to now, have not usually been analysed for wines - ocratoxine A and histamine.

Study identifies fat-secreted protein linked to insulin resistance
A study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) has shown that a protein found in fat cells is a newly discovered cause of insulin resistance, establishing a previously unidentified molecular link between obesity and type 2 diabetes and offering a potential new target for the development of drugs to treat diabetes.

Redesigned protein accelerates blood clotting
Researchers have doubled the potency of a protein that drives blood to clot, according to research to be published in the July 26 edition of Biochemistry.

The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, issue 3
The Cochrane Library, 2005, issue 3 will be published online July 20 at
Scientists discover stem cell origin of neck and shoulders
Researchers have outlined for the first time the stem cell origin of the structure of the neck and shoulders in vertebrates.

California to fund prison research center at UC Irvine
In an effort to put science before politics when managing state prisons, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation will provide $1.95 million over three years for corrections research at a new UC Irvine center.

'Harmless' bacterium found to cause 10 percent of COPD flare-ups
A ubiquitous bacterial strain thought to be uninvolved in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in fact is responsible for 2-4 million flare-ups of the condition that occur annually in the United States, researchers from the University at Buffalo have shown.

DNA-based molecular nano-wires
An international consortium of 7 universities and research centres are seeking an alternative to silicon-based microelectronics in using molecules of DNA, which could enable a reduction in size of the current systems by a thousand times.

Missing eyeglasses make life a blur for a third of nursing home patients with Alzheimer's disease
One third of nursing home residents who have Alzheimer's disease miss out on stimulation because their vision is not corrected, says a Saint Louis University study.

Monitoring systems for the marketing of tuna fish caught almadraba-style
Almadraba is a fishing art whereby a labyrinth of nets intercept the migratory movements of the large tuna, when they cross the Gibraltar Straits.

Field tests unite weather and climate models
Researchers from NASA and several other government and academic institutions have created four new supercomputer simulations that for the first time combine their mathematical computer models of the atmosphere, ocean, land surface and sea ice.

Scientists studying ways to help community college employees lose weight and keep it off
With more than 60 percent of US adults overweight or obese and the resulting costs to employers rising each year, weight-loss programs adaptable to the workplace are needed, experts say.

Coping with multiple chronic conditions
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researcher Gerard Anderson identifies three steps to further transform Medicare towards better care for beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions in an article published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Wife influences husband's marijuana use during first year of marriage
While it's the husband among newlywed couples who has more influence on whether the couple engages in heavy drinking, it's the wife who appears to be in the driver's seat when it comes to determining her husband's marijuana use, according to researchers at the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions (RIA).

K-State professor, graduate student Win R&D 100 award for inexpensive gamma ray detector device
A Kansas State University professor and one of his graduate students have received an award for developing an inexpensive gamma ray detector that for years many scientists deemed too simple to work.

Bone loss after liver transplants can be prevented
The results of a new study published in the August 2005 issue of Liver Transplantation found that the drug used to treat osteoporosis, when used in combination with calcium and vitamin D, can prevent the additional bone loss that commonly occurs after liver transplants.

Strong impact of wintering waterbirds on zebra mussel populations at Lake Constance, Germany
The numbers of overwintering waterbirds at Lake Constance, have increased fourfold since the early 1960s, as shown by a study published in Freshwater Biology.

Benign breast disease an important breast cancer risk factor
A study led by Mayo Clinic Cancer Center adds evidence to a growing body of knowledge that shows women with benign breast disease have a higher risk for breast cancer, and that certain types of breast disease may predict the near-term development of breast cancer.

New discovery may help doctors treat infertility
New research suggests that medications commonly referred to as fertility drugs may be ineffective for women who lack a gene called the estrogen receptor beta.

National Institutes of Health accept clinical study of Zestra(TM) for women
QualiLife Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announces the acceptance of its expanded 2005 clinical trial of Zestra TM by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Golfers with low-back pain may be helped by University of Pittsburgh research
Golfers with low-back pain may be helped by a University of Pittsburgh Neuromuscular Research Laboratory study, the findings of which may assist clinicians in designing appropriate back-specific exercise programs for golfers to prevent or rehabilitate low-back injury.

Emory researchers offer new approach for testing potential HIV vaccines in animals
Emory University researchers have proposed a new design for HIV vaccine trials in animals that would more closely mimic how humans are exposed to the virus - potentially giving AIDS researchers a more effective tool in developing successful treatments to prevent HIV infection.

Report card on America's children 2005
The adolescent birth rate has reached another record low, the death rate for children between ages 1 and 4 is the lowest ever, according to a yearly compendium of statistics from federal agencies concerned with children.These findings are described in America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2005, the U.S. government's 9th annual monitoring report on the well-being of the Nation's children and youth.

Injuries higher among obese people, study finds
Results from a new study suggest that extremely obese people are more likely than normal-weight people to injure themselves.

Divergent life history shapes gene expression in brains of salmon
Harvard University scientists working with salmon have found that gene expression in the brain can differ significantly among members of a species with different life histories.

Quality of care in hospitals varies among regions and within individual hospitals
Ashish Jha, assistant professor of health policy and management at the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Boston Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, have for the first time assessed the quality of care in U.S. hospitals.

American Sociological Association convenes centennial annual meeting in Philadelphia
The American Sociological Association's (ASA) 100th Annual Meeting, with the theme,

MIT-Williams team catches rare light show
In a feat of astronomical and terrestrial alignment, a group of scientists from MIT (Cambridge, Mass.) and Williams College (Williamstown, Mass.) recently succeeded in observing distant Pluto's tiny moon, Charon, hide a star.

UT Southwestern professor supports development of report cards on hospital infection rates
Health-care officials should work collaboratively with consumer groups to develop report cards on hospital infection rates, a UT Southwestern Medical Center professor urges in the July 21 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.

ORNL mirrors powerful tools for studying micro-, nano-materials
Precision mirrors to focus X-rays and neutron beams could speed the path to new materials and perhaps help explain why computers, cell phones and satellites go on the blink.

New clue to cocaine addicts' quirky behavior
Researchers working with rats have zeroed in on the brain circuitry mechanism whose disruption contributes to the impulsive behavior seen in users of cocaine as well as other psychostimulant drugs.

US universities in win-win agreement with India to improve engineering education
The University of California (UC) and four other U.S. universities will join with Indian institutions led by AMRITA University to enhance science and engineering education in India over a new satellite e-learning network.

Dust-enshrouded star looks similar to our sun
Astronomers report evidence of cosmic collisions surrounding a star similar to the sun, approximately 300 light years from Earth.

Engineers create optoelectronic tweezers to round up cells, microparticles
A new device developed by UC Berkeley engineers will enable researchers to easily manipulate large numbers of microscopic objects.

Pinpointing a culprit molecule in Alzheimer's disease
One puzzle in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research is why mice engineered to have the abnormal protein underlying the disease in humans show little pathology of the disease.

Efforts to improve hospital care
In recent years, American hospitals have made significant improvements on standardized, evidence-based measures of clinical performance for several medical conditions, including heart attacks, heart failure, and pneumonia.
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