Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2005
Girls' confidence in math dampened by parents' gender stereotypes
A survey of middle-school girls reveals that their self-confidence in math suffers when their parents believe the gender stereotype that holds that math is a male domain and when the parents give unsolicited help with homework.

Bioagent detector guide aids first responder purchasing
Ever since envelopes containing anthrax bacteria were mailed to Congressional and media offices in 2001 causing several deaths, many first responder departments have worked to improve their ability to quickly detect toxic biological agents.

Geologically produced antineutrinos provide a new window into the Earth's interior
For more than a century, geophysicists have had only one tool with which to peer into our planet's heart -- seismology, or analysis of vibrations produced by earthquakes and sensed by thousands of instrument stations worldwide.

Dew point causes discomfort by exceeding AC designs
During last week's enervating hot spell in the Northeast, the discomfort was not entirely due to the heat or the relative humidity.

Habit leads to learning, new VA/UCSD study shows
Humans have a

Stem cells in bone marrow replenish mouse ovaries
Previously unrecognized stem cells found in the bone marrow and blood of mice can

Comments sought on draft federal IT security standard
To help federal agencies improve their information technology security and comply with the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) of 2002, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently released for public comment the draft of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 200, Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Information and Information Systems.

Newest HIV drugs should be used with FUZEON(R)
Data presented at IAS build a compelling case for FUZEON (enfuvirtide, formerly known as T-20) to be combined with the newest drugs to give patients facing resistance their best chance of achieving undetectable viral load - the optimal treatment goal for all people living with HIV.

Researchers pinpoint genes that drive spread of breast cancer to lungs
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have identified a telltale set of genes that causes breast cancer to spread and grow in the lungs, where cancer cells often flourish with lethal consequences.

New study: Sexually transmitted disease treatment can be effectively administered by sex partners
Effective control of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) requires treatment of the sexual partners of infected patients.

Measurement challenges in detecting cancer biomarkers
A special workshop on August 18-19, 2005, at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will examine the measurement challenges posed by two important biomarker classes, measurement of DNA methylation and serum proteomics.

Enzyme deficiency may contribute to liver cancer, Mount Sinai research indicates
Primary liver cancer is much more likely to take root when a naturally occurring enzyme is in short supply, a team of researchers at Mount Sinai Hospital's Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute has found.

Ancient Tiberias reveals more of its beauty
Further revelations of the beauty of the ancient city of Tiberias and of its uniqueness as a Jewish center were revealed in this season's excavations there.

Bone marrow may be source of new egg-cell generation in adult mammals
Last year a group of Massachusetts General Hospital researchers announced surprising findings that female mice - contrary to longstanding theories of mammalian reproductive physiology - retained the ability to make new egg cells or oocytes into adulthood.

Teens' use of Internet and online services documented in new book
What adults don't know about teens' use of the Internet and other high-tech services could fill a book.

UT Southwestern gets NASA grant to study human cells' response to radiation
A team of researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center has embarked on a four-year research mission funded by a $1.2 million grant from NASA to explore the damage to human DNA caused by radiation that penetrates hulls of spacecrafts and space stations.

Implantable chips bear promise, but privacy standards needed
Radio frequency identification (RFID) chips implanted into human beings hold the promise of improving patient care, particularly in emergency settings, but only after privacy questions are addressed, according to a Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) physician who has a chip implanted in his arm.

Amazon source of 5-year-old river breath
The rivers of South America's Amazon basin are

Researchers help sort out the carbon nanotube problem
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and university researchers report a significant step toward sorting out the nanotube

Invasive honeysuckle opens door for new hybrid insect species
The animal family tree may not be filled just with forks, but may also contain knots: hybrid species with two different ancestors rather than one, according to a team of Penn State researchers.

Researchers explore ecological issues at annual meeting
Almost 50 Cornell University researchers will attend the Ecological Society of America's 90th annual meeting, Aug.

Natural gas vehicles: Government of Canada increases funding for conversion systems
Today, the Government of Canada announced the extension of the Natural Gas for Vehicles Market Transformation Pilot Project.

NREL researcher recognized for outstanding achievement by Hispanic engineers organization
Dr. Maria Ghirardi, a researcher at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), was named one of the nation's best and brightest engineers and scientists by the Hispanic Engineers National Achievement Awards Corporation (HENAAC) today.

MIT engineers an anti-cancer smart bomb
Imagine a cancer drug that can burrow into a tumor, seal the exits and detonate a lethal dose of anti-cancer toxins, all while leaving healthy cells unscathed.

Researchers make headway in mystery of migraines
Scientists at the MUHC have made progress in understanding what causes migraines.

Catalyst support structures facilitate high-temperature fuel reforming
The catalytic reforming of liquid fuels offers an attractive solution to supplying hydrogen to fuel cells while avoiding the safety and storage issues related to gaseous hydrogen.

New taxon of Galápagos tortoise identified
Almost 150 years after Charles Darwin proposed a mechanism for biological evolution, previously unrecognized diversity has been discovered among the giant tortoises of the Galápagos, Geochelone nigra, whose distinctiveness was an inspiration in formulating the theory of natural selection.

Chandramouli co-chairs IEEE GLOBECOM workshop
Dr. Rajarathnam Chandramouli, a professor of electrical/computer engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology, will co-chair the Second IEEE International Workshop on Adaptive Wireless Networks (AWiN) during the IEEE GLOBECOM 2005 Conference, November 28, in St.

Major NH&MRC grant will fund multidisciplinary research to improve the treatment of neuroblastoma
Significant funding from the NH&MRC will enable researchers at Children's Cancer Institute Australia (CCIA) for Medical Research to make progress on the treatment of one the most aggressive, drug-resistant childhood cancers -- neuroblastoma -- over the next five years.

Foolproof 'fingerprint' on materials could aid the fight against fraud
A unique 'fingerprint' formed by microscopic surface imperfections on almost all paper documents, plastic cards and product packaging could be used as a cheaper method to combat fraud, scientists suggest.

Alzheimer's disease; new approach, new possibilities?
Scientists from VIB associated with the University of Antwerp have achieved a new breakthrough in their research on the origins of Alzheimer's disease.

K-State professor assists in war on terror with bomb detection research
Bill Dunn, a K-State associate professor of mechanical and nuclear engineering, is working to develop a way to improve bomb detection without having to get in close proximity to suspicious containers such as cars, knapsacks, briefcases, etc., that may conceal explosives.

Mechanism proposed for link between RU-486 and fatal infections
The abortion drug mifepristone (Mifeprex,TM RU-486) has been linked to rare cases of fatal bacterial infections, but until now the connection has not been clearly understood.

SOHO watches Saturn and Cassini pass behind Sun
In this SOHO image, taken 21 July 2005, the Sun is represented by the white circle in the centre.

Is it a cosmic string we're seeing?
An Italian astronomer says he has uncovered further evidence which, if confirmed, would point to the existence of cosmic strings, strengthening the idea that there are extra dimensions in the universe.

Delirium associated with premature death
Patients who are delirious during hospitalization one year later had 13 percent fewer days of survival during the following year when compared to patients without delirium.

The unfolding space telescope
A novel suitcase-sized telescope could revolutionise the way we see the Earth and other planets.

NASA's Chandra neon discovery solves solar paradox
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory survey of nearby sun-like stars suggests there is nearly three times more neon in the sun and local universe than previously believed.

Penn named a 'Breast Cancer Center of Excellence' by Department of Defense
The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has been named a Breast Cancer Center of Excellence by the Department of Defense.

North Atlantic right whales headed toward extinction
One of the most endangered whales in the world, the North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) is on a path toward extinction due to collisions with ships and entanglements in fishing gear, according to a Cornell University right whale expert Christopher Clark.

Circulating stem cells play small role in lung repair
Circulating stem cells play a role in repopulating and repairing damaged lungs.

US Senate increases microbicide funding for a total of $42 million
The Senate approved $42 million for USAID to continue research and development of microbicides for FY 2006.

U Iowa researchers prevent hereditary deafness in mice
Working with mice, University of Iowa scientists and colleagues from Okayama University, Japan, have shown that it is possible to cure a certain type of hereditary deafness by silencing a gene that causes hearing loss.

The World Congress of Nephrology - 26-30 June 2005, Singapore
With an international attendance of close to 4.500 participants, the World Congress of Nephrology (WCN) 2005 delivered on the balance of

NYU Child Study Center to hold picnic for ParentCorps
On Friday, August 5, 2005, Jane and Jimmy Buffett and Jane Rosenthal and Craig Hatkoff will host Picnic for ParentCorps, a summer dinner with live entertainment to benefit the NYU Child Study Center.

NASA develops a 'nugget' to search for life in space
Conceived by scientists at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., the Neutron/Gamma ray Geologic Tomography (NUGGET) would be able to generate three-dimensional images of fossils embedded in an outcrop of rock or beneath the soil of Mars or another planet.

Compact JILA system stabilizes laser frequency
A compact, inexpensive method for stabilizing lasers that uses a new design to reduce sensitivity to vibration and gravity 100 times better than similar approaches has been demonstrated by scientists at JILA in Boulder, Colo.

Researchers identify gene set linked to breast cancer's spread to lungs
In a potential advance for the treatment of aggressive breast cancer, scientists at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) have identified a set of genes in breast tumors that appear to predict if the disease will spread to the lungs and, once there, how virulent it will become.

Is Uncle Sam watching you?
35 years after the US military invented the Internet, they still retain overall control of the master computers that enable you to send emails, surf web pages, and provide new domain names. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to