Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 04, 2005
New DOE program funds $20 million for multiscale mathematics research
Researchers will use mathematics to help solve problems such as the production of clean energy, pollution cleanup, manufacturing ever smaller computer chips, and making new

UCLA/Weizmann neuroscientists first to correlate actual brain activity with fMRI signals
Functional MRI has become a preferred method for measuring brain activity in research and clinical work, but until now no one has actually correlated real brain electrical activity to blood flow activity measured by fMRI.

Prehypertension triples heart attack risk
People with prehypertension are at much higher risk of heart attack and heart disease.

New cost tool helps fleet managers evaluate hybrid vehicles
A new software tool that compares the costs and emissions of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) to conventional vehicles is now available for government and business fleet managers interested in reducing fuel costs and protecting air quality.

Tissue regeneration operates differently than expected
Embryonic and adult stem cells are thought to become a chance for new therapeutic approaches, making the regeneration of damaged tissue and organs possible.

No trouble removing oil from water
A simple tank-and-siphon system for removing oil from oily water and protecting the environment is about to be launched internationally by an engineering team from the University of New South Wales.

New patient safety website launched
More people die as a result of medical errors than from other common causes of death including motor vehicle crashes, breast cancer, and AIDS.

Quantum cascade lasers key to handheld gas and liquid sensors
Researchers are using quantum cascade lasers to develop handheld gas and liquid phase sensors capable of providing instantaneous and continuous detection of trace elements.

NRL measures record wave during Hurricane Ivan
Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory - Stennis Space Center (NRL-SSC) measured a record-size ocean wave when the eye of Hurricane Ivan passed over NRL moorings deployed last May in the Gulf of Mexico.

Researchers find ways to turn manure into power
Record oil prices and incentives to find alternative fuel sources are lighting a fire under research to turn biomass materials such as manure into energy.

As good as chocolate and better than ice-cream: Study asks Aussie tots about breastfeeding
A University of Western Sydney researcher has carried out Australia's first study of mums and bubs who breastfeed beyond infancy - looking at why these women are bucking the trend against premature weaning, and asking the toddlers themselves how they feel about breastfeeding.

Solar energy project at the Weizmann Institute promises to advance the use of hydrogen fuel
Innovative solar technology that may offer a

San Andreas earthquake observatory achieves milestone as drillers penetrate the active fault zone
The San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) reached a significant goal on Aug.

Breakthrough: Structure of membrane protein described by Hebrew University, German researchers
The structure of the membrane protein NhaA has been revealed by researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Max Planck Institute of Germany.

Risk of breast cancer with HRT may be lower than we think
A woman's risk of developing breast cancer while taking hormone replacement therapy may be lower than we think, suggest researchers in this week's BMJ.

A step toward the $1,000 personal genome using readily available lab equipment
The theoretical price of having one's personal genome sequenced just fell from the prohibitive $20 million dollars to about $2.2 million, and the goal is to reduce the amount further -- to about $1,000 -- to make individualized prevention and treatment realistic.

Study may expand applied benefits of super-hard ceramics
A discovery reported in the August 5 issue of Science could speed the design of materials that approach the hardness of diamond yet remain supple enough to be worked like metal.

Contrast agent allows quicker, more thorough MRI screening of living liver donors before surgery
A single dose of the contrast agent gadobenate dimeglumine can help liver donors avoid multiple MRI examinations during the screening process, cutting down on time and cost without compromising accuracy, say researchers from the Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, Korea.

Institutional support for prisoner abuse is a stain on medical ethics
The direct or indirect participation of doctors and medical bodies in the abuse of prisoners is a stain on medical ethics, states a comment in this week's issue of The Lancet.

LSU researchers say 2005 Hurricane Season could be historic
On Tuesday, Aug. 2, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration revised its previous hurricane forecast, predicting that there would be an additional 11-14 named storms in 2005.

High levels of leisure-time physical activity cut stroke risk
High levels of physical activity, such as running, swimming or heavy gardening during leisure time can reduce your risk of stroke.

Treatment for recurrent depression available through study at UT Southwestern
UT Southwestern is one of two sites recruiting more than 500 individuals for a research study on recurrent depression.

Multivitamins don't prevent infections in older people
Multivitamin and mineral supplements don't appear to prevent infections in older people living at home, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Defective gene linked to two inherited immune deficiencies
Defects in a single gene can result in two immune system disorders that leave affected individuals vulnerable to frequent or unusually severe infections, according to new findings reported in the August issue of Nature Genetics.

More than half the US population is sensitive to one or more allergens
More than fifty percent of the US population tested positive to one or more allergens, according to a large national study.

New initiative gives patients easier access to AJR articles
The American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) is now part of patientINFORM, a free online service that provides patients and their caregivers access to some of the most up-to-date information available about the diagnosis and treatment of specific diseases.

Rise in drug-resistant TB in Botswana suggests need for strengthening disease control
Resistance to antituberculosis drugs has been rising in Botswana since 1995, concludes a research letter in this weeks issue of The Lancet. Enhanced interventions for TB control are urgently needed in Botswana to prevent further emergence of drug resistance, state the authors.

New Cassini images show 'Northern Lights' of Saturn
New images of Saturn obtained by a University of Colorado at Boulder-led team on June 21 using an instrument on the Cassini spacecraft show auroral emissions at its poles similar to Earth's Northern Lights.

Study confirms treatment switch is beneficial for women with early breast cancer
Switching treatment to the drug anastrozole after two years of tamoxifen can improve event-free survival for postmenopausal women with early breast cancer, concludes a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

NREL wind turbine design codes certified
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) announced that its wind turbine design codes--termed FAST and ADAMS--can now be used for worldwide turbine certification.

New agreement will speed research efforts on microbicides for women
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced an agreement with the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) to share information and expertise in an effort to develop vaginal microbicides, which are creams, gels or other substances that can be applied topically and may reduce the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Mothers face disadvantages in getting hired, study shows
Mothers looking for employment face more disadvantages -- including lower pay and a perception that they would be less committed to a job -- than fathers and non-mothers, Cornell researchers Shelley J.

Intelligent system offers safer tunnel traffic for Europe
A novel intelligent transport system to increase traffic safety provides a range of smart solutions to help reduce the risk of accidents in tunnels.

Wet combing four times more effective than chemical treatments for head lice
Fine combing of wet hair is far more effective than current over the counter chemical treatments for eliminating head lice, shows research published online by the BMJ today.

New hope for schizophrenia sufferers
Key research from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) could lead to the first early diagnostic tool for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Folic acid link with low birth weight, shows pioneering study
Research shows that mothers with low levels of folate - or folic acid - in their bodies in early pregnancy are more likely to have babies of lower, less healthy birthweights.

Your tap water: Will that be leaded or unleaded?
In critiquing a common safety standard for brass used in plumbing, researchers have found the regimen may be flawed.

MDCT arthrography good for assessing hip dysplasia
MDCT arthrography is an accurate method for assessing cartilage loss in patients with hip dysplasia and may be more reliable than MRI in such instances, says a new study by researchers from Osaka University Medical School in Japan.

Multi-million pound IT investment for the NHS at risk without staff backing
The new National Programme for IT in the NHS (NPfIT) is at risk despite costing millions, because staff locally have been left feeling disengaged in the process, says a study in this week's BMJ.

Climate change over the last 2000 years -- what do we (really) know?
In a round table discussion at IGBP-PAGES (Past Global Changes) Open Science Meeting in Beijing 10-12 August, Mike Mann, Gavin Schmidt and Dmitry Sonechkin will debate the myths and realities of what we really know about temperature change during the last two millennia.

Spanish forest fire aftermath surveyed by Envisat
The damage done to Spain's Guadalajara province by July's fierce forest fire has been measured from space by Envisat.

TGen and NAU awarded multi-million dollar grant to identify genetic signatures of pathogens
The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Northern Arizona University (NAU) today announced the award of a multi-million dollar grant from the US Department of Health and Human Services that encompasses several projects, the first of which aims to improve the understanding and management of sepsis and community acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Smoking women married to smoking men have higher stroke risk
In a study of women smokers, those whose spouses also smoked had a higher risk of stroke than those married to nonsmokers.

Smoking gun for Alzheimer's disease
In a world first, Australian researchers have found a toxin that plays an important role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia.

Cocaine residue in Italian water reveals more users than official estimates
The levels of cocaine residue in flowing water in Italy suggest that many more people take the drug than official national estimates previously suggested.

MBL researchers probe how an ancient microbe thrives and evolves without sex
In a paper published in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), MBL scientists Irina R. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to