Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 10, 2005
Consumer study explores the continued popularity of 'Reality' TV
Research in the September 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research suggests that the continued favorable response by viewers to reality television is directly tied to the fact that the viewing experience is inherently different than that of other television programs.

Tough new probe developed for nanotechnologists
In atomic force microscopy the quality and integrity of the tip used to obtain the images or interrogate materials is paramount.

NIST demonstrates better memory with quantum computer bits
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have used charged atoms (ions) to demonstrate a quantum physics version of computer memory lasting longer than 10 seconds -- more than 100,000 times longer than in previous experiments on the same ions.

Sticky mutant proteins implicated in Lou Gehrig's disease
A new study indicates that mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) enzymes that are associated with an inherited form of Lou Gehrig's disease cause the protein to become sticky in tissues.

Promising therapies for haemophilia & heart disease
Professor Denisa Wagner and her Harvard colleagues have made ground-breaking discoveries that provide hope of an alternative treatment option for haemophilia sufferers.

Clear view of the clouds will bring better weather forecasts
Accurately forecasting rain will be easier thanks to new insights into clouds from an international team of researchers.

Mount Sinai receives NIH funding for stem cell research
The National Institute of General Medicine Sciences (NIGMS) announced today that Mount Sinai School of Medicine and two other centers will receive an estimated $9 million dollar grant over the next three years to further stem cell research.

Rubble-pile minor planet Sylvia and her twins
With the adaptive optics instrument NACO on ESO 8.2m VLT, astronomers have discovered the first triple asteroid: two small moonlets orbiting a large asteroid known as 87 Sylvia.

Some really are better with names than faces, study shows
Researchers at the University of Alberta have isolated a rare condition that prevents some children from recognizing a face they have seen before.

'Cookbook recipes' would cure disease with nontoxic DNA delivery systems
Scientists studying the structure and interaction of negatively charged lipids and DNA molecules have created a

Coyotes in the suburbs, bears in the backyard
At the upcoming ESA-INTECOL meeting, scientists will present results on studies from around the world.

Anxious and nervous men run nine-fold risk of attempted suicide
Men who report feeling anxious and nervous are nine times as likely to attempt suicide within the next five years, and women three times as likely to do so, compared with those without these feelings, finds research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Infectious disease expert warns of spread of Rocky Mountain spotted fever
An infectious disease expert at Johns Hopkins who has spent nearly three decades studying the life-threatening, tick-borne infection known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever warns that the first widespread outbreak of the bacterial disease in Arizona is a growing and dangerous sign of how humans can inadvertently help spread infectious organisms beyond traditional state boundaries.

Inter-vehicle communications may save lives
Emerging wireless technologies for vehicle-to-vehicle communication promise to dramatically reduce fatal roadway accidents by providing early warnings to motorists.

Nation's six most threatened national wildlife refuges named in 2005 State of the System Report
Six of the nation's 545 National Wildlife Refuges are at severe risk, according to the 2005 State of the System Report, released earlier today.

Harry: The wizard of DVT
Australian traveller's will likely be a part of the study under auspicious of the World Health Organisation to identify ways to minimise the risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis during long haul flights.

International research team announces finished rice genome
An international research team has sequenced the complete rice genome.

Molecular mechanism of feather formation found
Feathers are the essence of birds. Without them, birds could not fly or attract mates.

Exercise aside, genes may ultimately dictate seniors' mobility
Of nearly 3,000 seniors studied, those who exercised stayed healthier than their couch potato peers, but those born with a certain gene benefited the most from physical activity.

Cells direct membrane traffic by channel width, scientists say
For a glycerol molecule, a measly angstrom's difference in diameter is a road-closed sign: You can't squeeze through unless you are a sleek, water-molecule-sized sports car, say scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Retail utopia
Shopping malls and center are ubiquitous in today's consumer culture.

Are hurricanes increasing? Ask a Georgia pine tree
Centuries of hurricane records have been discovered in the rings of southeastern US pine trees.

Nitrogen in the air feeds the oceans
A new study provides the first direct evidence that atmospheric nitrogen is an important nutrient for marine life.

Standardized guidelines improve outcomes in stroke care
Patients suffering from a stroke are more likely to have improved outcomes and fewer complications when hospitals use standardized guidelines for stroke care during a patient's admission and discharge from the hospital, according to a study led by researchers at UCSF Medical Center.

Venus Express arrives in Baikonur
Blazing hot temperatures welcomed ESA's Venus Express spacecraft as it arrived at the Yubileiny airport of the Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, on Sunday morning, 7 August.

$3.4 million directed to key UW-Madison MS study
In an effort to develop new techniques to repair and protect the nervous system in multiple sclerosis patients, including the use of human stem cells, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society has awarded $3.4 million to a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists.

First large-scale evaluation of iris recognition under way
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) biometrics experts are hoping to determine whether or not

The AIUM releases new statement regarding keepsake imaging
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM), an organization that advocates the safe and responsible use of diagnostic ultrasound, has strengthened and detailed its stance on ultrasound that is done for nonmedical purposes.

Ecology must be part of research on renewable energy
Too little of the research being done on renewable energy options is taking potential ecological implications into account, a major new review of the ecological implications of offshore renewable energy published in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Applied Ecology has found.

$15.6 million awarded for nervous system repair in multiple sclerosis
The largest grants ever made for research to reverse neurological damage in multiple sclerosis are going to four teams in the US and Europe, who will use $15.6 million from the National MS Society to lay the groundwork for clinical trials over the next 5 years.

Wanted: Companies to license life-saving breath test developed at NJIT
Menssana Research, located in the small business incubator program at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), is seeking companies to license its federally-approved Heartsbreath test, a life-saving technology.

Feeding the world
Rice feeds more than half of the world's human population.

Comprehensive database of computer vulnerabilities now available
Cyber attackers constantly scan the Internet looking for vulnerabilities in computer systems that will give them control to use the systems for illegal or unethical activities such as identity theft, espionage or spamming.

Home away from home
An article released in the September 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research helps to better explain our lives in the workplace.

Complete sequence of rice genome announced
The journal Nature in a featured article today proclaimed the completion of the rice genome by the Plant Genome Initiative at Rutgers and other members of an international consortium.

Worm studies give researchers new perspective on embryo formation
How does a multi-cellular organism with specialized organs and tissues develop from a single cell?

NIST workshop to help industry meet new EU regulations
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will host a workshop this coming October to assist US manufacturers and their supply chain partners in meeting new European Union environmental regulations that restrict the use of hazardous substances in electronics and a wide range of consumer products.

Back-to-back use of two drugs shows strong osteoporosis benefit
Postmenopausal women who took a bone-building drug for one year followed by a year on a standard drug that fights bone loss experienced greater increases in bone density than has been reported from any other drug regimen, an NIH-sponsored study has found.

Chemical link indicated between drinking and certain cancers
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a new chemical analysis method that has assisted researchers at NIH's National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), in demonstrating a potentially important chemical link between alcohol consumption and cancer.

Is jiggling vacuum the origin of mass?
For decades, mainstream opinion has held that something called the Higgs field gives matter its mass.

Around one in 25 dads could unknowingly be raising another man's child
Around one in 25 dads could unknowingly be raising another man's child, reveals research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Ethanol treatment may be instrumental in fighting IV-based infections
Inserted through the skin and into a vein, long-term intravascular devices such as IV catheters deliver to patients a range of life-saving medications, nutrition and fluids, among other uses.

Carnegie Mellon rover heads to Atacama Desert for final mission in 3-year search for life
Carnegie Mellon researchers and their colleagues from NASA's Ames Research Center, the universities of Tennessee, Arizona and Iowa, as well as Chilean researchers at Universidad Catolica del Norte (Antofagasta) are preparing for the final stage of a three-year project to develop a prototype robotic astrobiologist, a robot that can explore and study life in the driest desert on Earth.

New survey: Recent rise in whooping cough among teens great concern for school nurses
A new survey supported by the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) reveals that almost 90 percent of polled school nurses are concerned about the recent surge in pertussis (whooping cough) outbreaks among adolescents.

NYU biologists map out early stages of embryo formation
A team of genomic researchers headed by biologists at New York University's Center for Comparative Functional Genomics, in collaboration with researchers at Harvard University, the Max Planck Institute, and Cenix Biosciences, has mapped out a preliminary molecular diagram of the early stages of embryo formation, offering for the first time a global look at how a single cell begins its path into a multi-cellular organism.

Are consumers receiving the information they need to choose stocks?
A new study in the September 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research shows that the gambler's mindset affects a consumer's approach to the stock market -- a potentially problematic application.

Death and the working class
New research from The University of Manchester dispels the myths around death and working-class Britain by suggesting that the expression of grief amongst this social class in fact increased during periods of poverty.

Latest advances on post-traumatic stress disorder highlighted at conference held on September 11
To present the latest research about this disorder, the New York Academy of Sciences and Mount Sinai School of Medicine are co-sponsoring a three-day conference,

Cancer link with hormone therapy known since 1930s, say researchers
The cancer causing potential of the sex hormones used in hormone therapy has been known since the 1930s, say researchers and women's health advocates in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

First triple asteroid system found
Using the Very Large Telescope in Chile, UC Berkeley and Paris Observatory astronomers have obtained images of the first triple asteroid system: two moonlets orbiting one of the largest of the main-belt asteroids, Sylvia.

Childhood cancers strongly linked to air pollution in early life
Childhood cancers are strongly linked to pollution from engine exhausts, concludes research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Revelations of rice
Researchers at The University of Arizona's Plant Sciences Department and UA's BIO5 Institute and other partners of an international consortium have deciphered the DNA sequence of the rice genome.

Researchers discover new tumor defense system
Researchers have discovered that tumors release fatty acids that interfere with the cells that are trying to kill them.

West-Eberhard elected to the Italian Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
Mary-Jane West Eberhard, biologist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, and author of

Immune system discovery offers hope for cancer, AIDS patients
Monash University scientists have rejuvenated the immune systems of mice and humans using a common hormone.
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