Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 17, 2005
Proposal would allow wild animals to roam North America
Cornell researchers Josh Donlan and Harry Greene and their colleagues propose a plan to restore large wild animals -- including cheetahs, lions, elephants and camels -- to the North American Great Plains.

$150 million Teragrid award heralds new era for scientific computing
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made a five-year, $150 million award to operate and enhance the Extensible Terascale Facility (ETF)--also called

Purdue research shows added calcium benefits women on the pill
Women who take oral contraceptives can counteract bone loss by making sure they have enough calcium in their daily diet, especially early in life, according to Purdue University research.

Protein that regulates aging may provide key to new diabetes therapies
Opening the possibility of new therapies for type 2 diabetes, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Nose odors and mouth odors: The brain distinguishes
Researchers have presented the first clear evidence that olfaction is uniquely a

Fighting breast cancer
A senior scientist at Sunnybrook & Women's is one of four principal investigators in a multidisciplinary program that has received $3.36 million to study the metastasis of breast cancer.

A picture does not automatically activate a thousand words
A new study finds that there may be a difference between how our brains call up pictures and words.

U. of Chicago receives $48 million to manage National TeraGrid scientific computing network
The National Science Foundation has awarded $48 million to the University of Chicago over the next five years to operate and expand TeraGrid, a national-scale system of interconnected computers that scientists and engineers are using to solve some of their most challenging problems.

Twice as many adverts for unhealthy foods, cigarettes and alcohol in black and Latino magazines
Magazines aimed at African-American and Hispanic women publish twice as many adverts for potentially health-damaging products, such as alcohol or junk food, as mainstream magazines aimed mainly at white women.

Black joblessness blamed on multilayered segregation
The first comprehensive study of the location of unemployed men in metropolitan areas, has found that jobless black men occupy a uniquely disadvantageous

New Investigator Award presented at the 2005 AIUM Annual Convention
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) announced the winner of the 2005 New Investigator Award at the 2005 AIUM Annual Convention in Orlando, Florida.

IU gets $4.4 million from NSF for national Internet-based science tool
Indiana University is one of nine institutions receiving grants from the National Science Foundation to help improve TeraGrid -- a network of advanced computing, storage, visualization systems and instruments connected by high speed conduits.

Race and gender disparities persist in heart attack care and mortality
Despite a decade of initiatives to remedy health disparities in cardiovascular medicine, at least some aspects of the treatment of U.S. patients hospitalized for heart attacks continues to vary according to sex and race, according to a study by researchers at Emory University in collaboration with Yale University and other centers.

Fifth International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication
JAMA and BMJ are hosting new research from editors and publishers from the leading biomedical and scientific journals into issues including clinical trial registries, conflict of interest, scientific misconduct and bias in funding and sponsorship.

Saturn's rings have own atmosphere
Data from the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini spacecraft indicate that Saturn's majestic ring system has its own atmosphere - separate from that of the planet itself.

Alteration of brain protein regulates learning
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a biochemical switch that affects how neurons fire in a part of the brain associated with learning, findings that may aid in understanding schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers propose measures to curb lion attacks in Tanzania
Since 1990 lions have killed more than 563 Tanzanians. Consequently, increasing numbers of lions are being killed by local people.

Nanostructured Materials: Environmental, Energy and Sensing Applications
Engineering Conferences International (ECI) is sponsoring an international, interdisciplinary, highly participative conference on Nanostructured Materials at the Il Ciocco Conference Center in Barga (Tuscany), Italy September 18-22, 2005.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The current issue contains the following three stories: New test may simultaneously identify herpesviruses, enteroviruses, and flaviviruses; Olives may successfully transmit beneficial bacteria to humans; Oral vaccine from bacterial ghosts may protect against E. coli.

Brightly-coloured fruit and veg may protect against arthritis
Researchers from The University of Manchester's Medical School have discovered that eating more brightly-coloured fruits and vegetables like oranges, carrots and sweetcorn may help reduce the risk of developing inflammatory disorders like rheumatoid arthritis.

Still shellfish after 425 million years: Clam-like creature preserved perfectly in ancient fossil
An ancient shellfish not seen for 425 million years is recreated in vivid 3D images published today, following a unique fossil find in the UK.

Shop environment influences women's attitude to body size
A geographer at the University of Liverpool has discovered how women's attitudes towards their body change in different shopping environments.

Long sought-after flowering signal found
A breakthrough in understanding how flowers form, is reported by scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tuebingen, Germany, and the John Innes Centre in Norwich, UK.

Presidential Recognition Awards presented at the 2005 AIUM Annual Convention
Lewis Nelson, III, MD, RDMS, immediate past president of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM), announced the winners of the 2005 Presidential Recognition Award during the Board of Governors banquet at the 2005 AIUM Annual Convention in Orlando, Florida.

Soft body fossils of extinct 'lamp shell' digitally reconstructed
A team of American and British scientists have identified and digitally reconstructed the first example of a fossilized brachiopod complete with its pedicle, the stalk attaching it to the sea floor, and its lophophore or feeding organ, according to a report in the journal Nature.

U. of Colorado researchers hunting down, studying new microorganisms
The National Science Foundation has awarded a University of Colorado at Boulder research group $1.75 million to identify and analyze a potpourri of microbes new to science that are residing in the harsh, cold climate of Colorado's high mountains.

Researchers discover new route to hemoglobin synthesis
HHMI researchers studying zebrafish that die from anemia have discovered a new pathway for the synthesis of heme, the deep red, iron-containing molecule that is a component of hemoglobin and myoglobin.

Lessons from 2004 point the way in 2008 election
In a scholarly assessment of the 2004 presidential election, University at Buffalo political science professor and election forecaster James E.

Today's baby boomers are heavier and more likely to have arthritis
Baby-boomers have spent more years living with more obesity than the previous generation, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have found.

Early humans wore 'shoes' 30,000 years ago
Our modern day Nikes and Reeboks are direct descendents of the first supportive footwear that new research suggests came into use in western Eurasia between 26,000 and 30,000 years ago.

Textile piecework system called 'new slavery'
Before you slip into those jeans made in Swaziland, consider that working conditions in overseas sweatshops have not only helped destroy the U.S. garment industry, but have turned textile workers overseas into the

Old drug, new tricks: Prospects for slashing the impact of malaria
A dramatic reduction in the impact of malaria is in prospect with a clinical drug trial to begin in Papua New Guinea early next year.

Pall systems play key role in landmark NIH study on cord blood
As umbilical cord blood becomes a critical source of stem cells for transplants, it has driven the need for quality standards to ensure safety and efficacy of this life-saving therapy.

Long working hours boost risk of illness and injury, irrespective of job type
The long working hours culture drives up the risk of injury and illness, reveals a study in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Why Earth Science? in Spanish
In an effort to address the growing concerns about the health of earth science within the Spanish-speaking community, Why Earth Science? has been translated into Spanish.

Tissue engineered from fetal skin cells could treat paediatric burns
Swiss researchers have used skin constructed from fetal skin cells to treat eight children with burns, reporting their results in paper published online by The Lancet today (Thursday August 18, 2005).

Insight into the processes of 'positive' and 'negative' learners
Deciphering the subtle, complex electrical signals emanating from the brain has yielded important insights into the still-mysterious neural mechanisms that underlie behavior.

UC Riverside researchers discover model organism for studying viruses that affect humans
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have discovered that a simple worm, called C. elegans, makes an excellent experimental host for studying some of the most virulent viruses that infect humans.

Microwavable chips for wireless communication
A recent EU project designed and developed a new demonstrator microchip that will dramatically cut the cost of producing new wireless products and could mean that a whole range of existing products will be enabled for wireless communication.

$10 million grant to support research on inflammation's role in heart disease
The Cardiovascular Research Institute (CVRI) of the University of Rochester Medical Center has received a $10 million Program Project grant to study how inflammatory processes increase heart attack risk.

UC to study why minorities with mood disorders face dangerous misdiagnosis
University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers want to determine why African-Americans seeking help for mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder, are often misdiagnosed with schizophrenia--putting them at risk of receiving incorrect treatment.

Supernova 1987A: Fast forward to the past
Recent observations with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have revealed new details about the fiery ring surrounding the stellar explosion that produced Supernova 1987A.

Report reveals high rate of heart attack amongst ethnic minorities in Scotland
The incidence of heart attack amongst Scots of Indian and Pakistani origin is 60-70% higher when compared with non-South Asians, a new report led by the University of Edinburgh has shown.

New global bird map suggests 'hotspots' not a simple key to conservation
The first full map of where the world's birds live reveals their diversity 'hotspots' and will help to focus conservation efforts, according to research published in Nature today (18 August).

Researchers make 'embryonic-like' stem cells from umbilical cord blood
A breakthrough in human stem cell research, producing embryonic-like cells from umbilical cord blood may substantially speed up the development of treatments for life-threatening illnesses, injuries and disabilities.

80 year olds should be given heart bypass surgery
Doctors should not shy away from giving 80 year olds heart bypass surgery, suggests research published ahead of print in Heart.

AIUM announced Endowment for Education and Research grant recipients
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) announced the winners of its 2005 Endowment for Education and Research (EER) grants at the 2005 AIUM Annual Convention in Orlando, Florida.
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