Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 19, 2005
Jefferson researchers find potential biomarker for heart failure
Signs of heart failure may be in the blood. Researchers at Jefferson Medical College have found an enzyme in the blood could be a potential marker for heart failure.

Solar technology system to be launched
On Monday, August 22, the Honourable Peter Milliken, Member of Parliament for Kingston and the Islands, will help launch an innovative technology that uses solar energy for water heating at a local hotel.

What Kylie faces: Motherhood after breast cancer?
A quarter of young breast cancer sufferers have reported no discussion of fertility issues at the time of diagnosis, despite the possibility of infertility after treatment, according to new research led by the University of New South Wales (UNSW).

Bird samples from Mongolia confirmed as H5N1 avian flu
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has positively identified the pathogenic form of avian flu-H5N1- in samples taken from birds last week in Mongolia by field veterinarians from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).

Weight loss decreases risk of breast cancer in susceptible women
Women with a mutation in the gene BRCA1, which predisposes women to breast cancer, are 65% less likely to develop the disease if they lose weight between 18 and 30 years of age.

New therapy recommendations for spinal complications of cancer
In this week's Lancet, a University of Kentucky research team evaluates traditional surgical and radiation therapy options and concludes that direct decompressive surgery plus postoperative radiotherapy is more effective than either radiotherapy alone or other surgical options in the treatment of metastatic epidural spinal cord compression.

Nano coalition unveils environmental, health and safety database
New online database is first effort to compile scientific findings related to benefits and risks of nanotechnology.

Proctor Medal goes to research team
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) announced today that Trevor Lamb, ScD, FRS, FAA and Edward N.

Past droughts geographically widespread in the West, according to tree-ring data
When it's dry, it's dry all over, according to a new analysis of more than 400 years of annual streamflow in the Upper Colorado and Salt/Verde river basins.

Rensselaer researchers develop approach that predicts protein separation behavior
Applying math and computers to the drug discovery process, researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a method to predict protein separation behavior directly from protein structure.

Episode of minor depression found to increase the risk for developing major depression
Those who feel sad and lack an interest in regular life activities for at least two weeks and qualify for a diagnosis of minor depression are six times as likely to develop major depression compared to those who don't have these symptoms, according to a longitudinal study on risks for depression.

Newly published workplace safety models help business safety professionals tell 'safety pays' story
Tools for assisting organizations in their efforts to more accurately calculate, analyze, interpret and communicate the costs and benefits of workplace safety and health programs are featured as part of published proceedings released on July 29th in the National Safety Council's Journal of Safety Research.

History's greatest comet hunter discovers 1000th comet
On 5 August 2005, the ESA/NASA SOHO spacecraft achieved an incredible milestone - the discovery of its 1000th comet!

New method for trapping light may improve communications technologies
A discovery by Princeton researchers may lead to an efficient method for controlling the transmission of light and improve new generations of communications technologies powered by light rather than electricity.

VCU Massey Cancer Center study shows enzyme linked to spread of breast cancer cells
Researchers at the Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center have found a new signaling component that influences movement of human breast cancer cells toward epidermal growth factor.

Review of research shows that playing violent video games can heighten aggression
Violent video games can increase aggressive behavior in children and adolescents, both in the short- and long-term, according to an empirical review of the last 20 years of research.

Young children at risk for impaired reading skills following medulloblastoma irradiation
Irradiation therapy for the brain cancer medulloblastoma is more likely to impair IQ and reading skills of younger children than older children even if the dose of radiation is reduced, according to the results of the largest study of its kind, conducted by investigators at St.

ESA at MAKS 2005
MAKS 2005 - the biennial Russian International Aviation and Space Salon - is being held in Zhukovsky, close to Moscow, from 16 to 21 August.

Finalists in young scholars competition announced
Eighteen young physics researchers have been selected from among 89 applicants in a global competition to participate in Amazing Light: Visions for Discovery, an international symposium inspired by and honoring the leadership and vision of Charles Townes, winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize in physics.

New research extends understanding of the positive health effects of expressive writing
Researchers have known for some time that expressive writing can have a positive effect on the writer's health, such as illness recovery.

Heart-failure patients show brain injury linked to depression
A UCLA imaging study revealed significant tissue loss in the regions of heart-failure patients' brains that regulate the autonomic nervous system, interfering with the cardiovascular system's ability to swiftly adapt to changes in blood pressure and heart rate.

RIT study benchmarks quality of digital archiving in American museums
Scientists from Rochester Institute of Technology have discovered a wide range of quality in the digital images being produced by American museums, libraries, and other cultural-heritage institutions and unfamiliarity with scientific protocol in the use of digital photography and color management.

'Cold linac' commissioning major step for ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source
The Spallation Neutron Source at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has met a crucial milestone on its way to completion in June 2006 -- operation of the superconducting section of its linear accelerator.

Light that travels... faster than light!
A team of researchers from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) has successfully demonstrated, for the first time, that it is possible to control the speed of light - both slowing it down and speeding it up - in an optical fiber, using off-the-shelf instrumentation in normal environmental conditions.

Protective and therapeutic HPV vaccine under development at Georgetown
Richard Schlegel, M.D., Ph.D., Professor and Chair of Georgetown University Medical Center's Department of Pathology and a Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center researcher, is working on an inexpensive, portable vaccine to both treat women infected by human papillomavirus (HPV) and to protect others from becoming infected.

Satellite keeps railway safety and efficiency on track
European researchers have developed an innovative satellite-based control and command system for low-density railway lines that could herald a minor revolution in train transportation management.

More women receive Ph.D.'s, but female senior faculty are still rare
Despite gains over recent years in the number of women who receive Ph.D.'s in science and engineering fields, a relative few go on to assume high-level faculty positions.

First detailed picture of migraine attack
Every eight adult Swede suffers from migraine. Using a new method, researchers at Göteborg have managed for the first time ever to provide a detailed picture of an untreated attack.

Koshland Science Museum Public Programs For Fall 2005
The Marian Koshland Science Museum of the National Academy of Sciences presents highly interactive programs that bring together experts and members of the public in thought-provoking discussions about the science behind today's headlines.
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