Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 30, 2005
Further research needed on HIV and aging
HIV is often regarded as a disease of young people, due to its status as a drug-related or sexually transmitted disease.

Improving security of handheld IT devices
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has recently issued two reports aimed at making it harder for unauthorized users to access information from handheld devices such as personal digital assistants.

Changes in ozone layer offer hope for improvement, says team of scientists
Analysis of several different satellite records and surface monitoring instruments indicates that the ozone layer is no longer declining, according to a study by scientists working with the Center for Integrating Statistical and Environmental Science at the University of Chicago.

Professors present project at American Chemical Society Meeting
Two professors and two librarians at Kansas State University at Salina have teamed up to work on a project to teach students how to develop consistent ways to research and evaluate information.

International stem cell meeting in Kobe, Japan
A critical mass of leading experts will meet from 1st to 3rd September in Kobe, Japan, to discuss and summarize the current status in the highly contentious field of stem cell research and regenerative medicine.

Argonne researchers create new diamond-nanotube composite material
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have combined the world's hardest known material - diamond - with the world's strongest structural form - carbon nanotubes.

Scientists determine structure of enzyme that disrupts bacterial virulence
A team of biomedical researchers from Brandeis University and the University of Texas at Austin has determined the first 3-dimensional structure of an enzyme that may be pivotal in preventing certain bacterial infections in plants, animals and humans, according to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Sports doping explored during half-day symposium, Aug. 30
Performance enhancing drugs will be discussed during a special half-day symposium entitled

Bird flu claims critically endangered mammal
A far wider range of wildlife species could be at risk from bird flu, warns Dr.

Modified collagen could yield important medical applications
Collagen often pops up in beauty products and supermodel lips.

Controlling the spread of invasive plants: a national effort -- one-day symposium, Aug. 30
Efforts to control Kudzu and more than 1,100 other invasive plants, which the National Park Service says are overtaking about 4,300 acres of public land every day, cost Americans at least $34.7 billion annually.

Chemical compound inhibits tumor growth, size in new mouse study
A chemical compound that prevents cancer cells from producing a membrane component has been shown to suppress tumor growth in mice, according to researchers at the Children's National Medical Center in Washington, D.C.

Snowball Antarctica - early Drake passage opening led to global change
New results shed light on how Antarctica became the icy, barren continent that we know today.

K-State professor developing new strategies for delivery of drugs to fight, treat tuberculosis
A Kansas State University chemistry professor is seeking to stem the tide in the war against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

RPI President Jackson urges national response to the 'quiet crisis' in science and engineering
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute President Shirley Ann Jackson today urged members of the American Chemical Society (ACS) to join in bringing national focus to this

Helping young people come to terms with mental illness
Creating websites and placing posters in schools are just some of the ways self-help support groups (SHSGs) could reach young people with a mental illness, according to a study just completed at the University of Western Sydney.

Nanotechnology, biochemical sensors among UH chemical research projects
From applications in sonar and computers to gas grills and cigarette lighters, one University of Houston chemist is on his way to creating a 'recipe' for making 'better' material.

Supersizing the supercomputers: What's next?
Supercomputers of the future will provide orders of magnitude more computing power, but their increasing complexity also requires experts in computational science, mathematics and computer science working together to develop the software needed for the science.

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights from the current issue include: Memory consolidation and the VOR and Parkin and one of its substrates.

Acupuncture versus acid reflux: 40% cut in sphincter relaxations brings hope for relief
Acid reflux, heartburn and hiatal hernia make for sometimes amusing, often annoying TV commercials.

Screening for security
If you're looking for concealed weapons these days, you need more than x-ray machines and metal detectors.

Getting down to basics--new technology will make it possible
University of California, San Diego researcher John Weare will be presenting his results at 1:30 p.m., Tuesday, Aug.

First European heart failure awareness survey reveals massive public lack of awareness
An international survey of the European public's awareness of heart failure has revealed a woeful and worrying level of ignorance, with only 3% in a survey being able to identify the condition from a list of symptoms, according to the lead author of the research, published(Wednesday 31 August) in Europe's leading cardiology journal European Heart Journal.

Toxicity predicts effective chemotherapy dose
Toxicity from chemotherapy in lung cancer patients could help predict treatment efficacy, according to research in the September issue of The Lancet Oncology.

National experts to gather for 'groundbreaking' alcohol, drug abuse, chemical intolerance meeting
Top experts on drug and alcohol abuse and chemical intolerance from around the United States will gather at the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences in Research Triangle Park Sept.

Tobacco-related cancer: How does it happen?
How does tobacco trigger the more than 170,000 cases of lung cancer that have already been diagnosed this year?

Blood flow to brain may be clue to certain dementias
The amount of blood flowing into the brain may play a larger role in the development of dementia than previously believed, according to a study in the September issue of the journal Radiology.

Childhood exposure to second-hand smoke has long-lasting effects: Fruit fiber may help
A new study finds early life exposure to second-hand smoke can produce life-long respiratory problems.

In Iran, camera traps reveal rare Asiatic cheetahs
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) scientists, working in conjunction with Iran's Department of Environment (DOE) in an isolated region in the Dar-e Anjir Wildlife Refuge, recently discovered that a remote camera set out to survey wildlife had photographed an entire family of extremely rare Asiatic cheetahs.

Online test to discover if you were born to be sad
Researchers at The University of Manchester are testing our genetic disposition to depression with a unique Internet test.

Pitt engineering professor awarded NASA Public Service Medal
Peyman Givi, William Kepler Whiteford Professor of Mechanical Engineering in the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering, has been awarded the NASA Public Service Medal, which recognizes exceptional contributions to NASA's mission.

Consortium seeks comment on gene expression roadmap
The External RNA Controls Consortium (ERCC) has issued for comment a draft plan for the selection and qualification of candidate RNA sequences, to be used as controls for assessing the performance of gene expression experiments.

Nanotechnology presents possibility of implantable artificial kidney
Researchers have developed a human nephron filter (HNF) that would eventually make possible a continuously functioning, wearable or implantable artificial kidney.

Gold bowties may shed light on molecules and other nano-sized objects
One of the great challenges in nanotechnology is designing a microscope that produces high-resolution images of nano-sized objects.

Virginia Tech engineer investigates enzyme link to neurological disease
Two Virginia Tech engineers are evaluating specific therapies to fight abnormally high protein binding that can cause neurological disorders.

Cassini findings suggest complex story of venting at the south pole of Enceladus
Evidence is mounting that the atmosphere of Enceladus, first detected by the Cassini Magnetometer instrument, is the result of venting from ground fractures close to the moon's south pole.

$3.5 million from Homeland Security for lie detection in the 21st century
Research to quickly and accurately detect when people may be lying to interrogators is being funded by a $3.5 million grant from Homeland Security to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

Bioforensics Analysis Research and Development Center created at Los Alamos
To help authorities trace the source of the deadly letters, bioforensic analysts, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists among them, worked diligently to pinpoint the specific strain of bacteria used.

Hebrew U. / Johns Hopkins study provides clues to dealing with human disease
A step towards understanding cell mutations that cause a variety of human diseases, particularly in children -- including that which brings about premature aging and early death -- has been taken by researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Silberman Institute of Life Sciences and the John Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Poaching, logging, and outbreaks of Ebola threaten central African gorillas and chimpanzees
A combination of natural and man-made threats is killing gorillas and chimpanzees in Central Africa, and experts say $30 million is needed for special programs to save some of mankind's closest relatives from disappearing.

Oysters: The natural way to protect our shores
Oyster reefs would be a cheap, convenient, and natural way to protect shorelines from erosion.

Metal-based medicine could treat diseases in the body
Designer molecules that combine metals such as copper with natural organic materials could one day attack viruses in the body and treat a wide range of diseases.

Conference to highlight new biometric technologies
The Biometrics Consortium Conference 2005 will address the latest trends in research, development, testing, and application of biometric technologies, especially in the area of homeland security.

IT program hopes to foster better security checklists
The National Institute of Standards and Technology, with sponsorship from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has developed a program to facilitate the development and sharing of security configuration checklists.

ACTOplus metâ„¢ approved by the FDA for type 2 diabetes
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc. (TPNA) today announced that the U.S.

South Polar ozone hole makes big comeback
This season's Antarctic ozone hole has swollen to an area of ten million square kilometres from mid-August - approximately the same size as Europe and still expanding.
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