Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2005
Tiny computers go where no computer has gone before
A major breakthrough in the use of molecules as information processors is to be announced at this year's BA Festival of Science in Dublin.

Emerald Spectre haunts Ontario's ash forests
A new study shows that while we're winning isolated battles, we could well lose the war to prevent the devastating spread of the emerald ash borer in eastern Canada and the United States.

Can ancient rocks yield clues about catastrophes like Hurricane Katrina?
Scientists studying sediments laid down on the ocean floor during greenhouse conditions 85 million years ago have gained insights into the causes and mechanisms of climate change, which many people believe is the root cause of recent natural catastrophes including Hurricane Katrina.

FSU chemist's ultrathin films promise a multitude of uses
Imagine a special coating that can be applied to any of a number of surfaces.

Climate change will affect carbon sequestration in oceans, model shows
An Earth System model developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign indicates that the best location to store carbon dioxide in the deep ocean will change with climate change.

Looking to the future: Helping 33 million smokers quit
An article published in the Sept. 8, 2005 New England Journal of Medicine sheds new light on the $130 billion smoking cessation plan proposed in the Department of Justice suit against the tobacco companies.

American Dietetic Association 2005 Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo
The American Dietetic Association brings the world of food and nutrition to St.

Detecting brain infections without surgery
Researchers at Westmead Millennium Institute have discovered a safe, non-surgical method of identifying brain infections such as brain abscess, and an accurate and rapid way of diagnosing meningitis.

When cave crickets go out for dinner, they really go, researchers say
Cave crickets travel farther from their homes to forage -- by about double -- than their previously reported range, researchers have discovered.

Key regulator of blood glucose levels discovered
In many patients with type 2 diabetes, the liver acts like a sugar factory on overtime, churning out glucose throughout the day, even when blood sugar levels are high.

Harvard Medical school offers family disaster planning guide
No matter where you live in the United States, you are vulnerable to some sort of natural disaster such as a blizzard, earthquake, flood, hurricane, or tornado.

Nano-machines achieve huge mechanical breakthrough
A major advance in nanotechnology with far-reaching potential benefits in medicine and other fields is to be announced at this year's BA Festival of Science in Dublin.

Trial at Jefferson shows new drug may help cancer patients who need stem cell transplants
A new drug may help cancer patients mobilize stem cells necessary to restore their blood-forming system after high-dose chemotherapy, according to clinical trial results.

Contaminated water presents bigger crisis in the Gaza strip
French scientists have proposed a possible management solution to ameliorate the water quality crisis depriving residents of drinkable water in the Gaza Strip.

UCLA study helps ER physicians identify previously undetectable spinal injuries
Patients with a cervical spine injury may harbor additional spinal damage not visible on regular x-rays.

The shadow over consumers
New research from the University of Alberta reveals just how self-conscious and easily influenced consumers can be.

Researchers recommend multidisciplinary approach of low back pain
Researchers calculated the costs of management of low back pain and found that an integrated and step-wise approach within a multidisciplinary setting forms a better use of the available resources.

Prions rapidly 'remodel' good protein into bad, Brown study shows
Brown Medical School researchers have discovered that prions - the culprits behind fatal brain diseases such as mad cow and its human counterparts - convert healthy protein into abnormal protein through an ultrafast process similar to DNA replication.

New support for disabled research students
A team from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne has developed the world's first web-based resource aimed at supporting disabled research students through their courses.

Researchers take 'LEAD' to improve hurricane, tornado predictions
Indiana University School of Informatics researchers are part of national team devising technology that more accurately predicts and tracks large-scale weather events such as Hurricane Katrina, which left thousands dead and injured and a path of devastation in its wake.

Study suggests simple way to make near-perfect lenses
A new study from the University of Edinburgh and Pennsylvania State University suggests a smart solution to one of the biggest challenges facing the optics and electromagnetics sector - how to produce near-perfect lenses cheaply.

Why are birds' eggs speckled?
Most perching birds lay eggs speckled with reddish protoporphyrin spots toward the egg's blunt end.

New DFG Research Centre established in Dresden
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) will establish a DFG Research Centre on

Symptoms of depression may worsen heart failure
New research suggests that depression may hasten the progression of heart disease by increasing the levels of a key protein that causes inflammation.

Scientific breakthrough will help protect astronauts and spacecraft
A breakthrough by a team of British, US and French scientists will help protect astronauts, spacecraft and satellites from radiation hazards experienced in space.

Scientists develop 'clever' artificial hand
Scientists have developed a new ultra-light limb that can mimic the movement in a real hand better than any currently available.

UTSA researchers awarded $6.4 million to study tularemia
UTSA Biology Professor Karl Klose and a team of researchers have been awarded a $6.4 million grant from the Department of Health and Human Services to identify effective vaccine candidates for long term immunity against tularemia, a potential life threatening bioterrorism agent.

The right drug at the right time
American chemists have developed a smart plastic coating that could revolutionise drug delivery.

Acrux reports progress in development of Testosterone MD-Lotion(R) for men
Acrux Limited, the Australian pharmaceutical company which specialises in administering drugs through the skin, today announced positive results from two more clinical studies of its Testosterone MD-LotionĀ® treatment for testosterone deficiency in men.

Free access service allows remote networking
A novel networking service has been made available to the research community by computer scientists at Washington University in St.

Method slashes quantum dot costs by 80 percent
In an important advance toward the large-scale manufacture of fluorescent quantum dots, scientists at Rice University have developed a new method of replacing the pricey solvents used in quantum dot synthesis with cheaper oils that are commonplace at industrial chemical plants.

Sandia conducts tests at Solar Tower to benefit future NASA space explorations
For the last two years, tests have been conducted at Sandia National Laboratories' National Solar Thermal Test Facility to see how materials used for NASA's future planetary exploration missions can withstand severe radiant heating.

Simple idea could revolutionise safety devices
A simple but clever idea by a University of Bath engineer could revolutionise the way that safety devices across the world are constructed.

A new era of hope for neglected diseases
New research suggests that long-held beliefs on neglected disease drug development activity are no longer accurate, according to a paper published in PLoS Medicine.

Calculations favor reducing atmosphere for early Earth
Using primitive meteorites called chondrites as their models, earth and planetary scientists at Washington University in St.

Bose-Einstein condensate runs circles around magnetic trap
Bose-Einstein condensation typically happens inside a magnetic trap, yielding a nebula of cold gas.

Emerging staph strains found to be increasingly deadly and deceptive
A study of how the immune system reacts to strains of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria--emerging strains that sicken otherwise healthy people, or so-called

ASHG 55th Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, October 26-29, 2005
The international genetics community will be represented by more than 4,000 scientists, clinicians, counselors and other professionals presenting their most recent research at the 55th annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics.

More capacity needed for public health, claim researchers
UK researchers are calling for a major increase in the capacity of clinics to tackle the current sexually transmitted infection (STI) epidemic, claiming that current levels are inadequate to meet the government's own health targets.

Bacteria in household dust may trigger asthma symptoms
New research shows that bacteria lurking in household dust produce chemicals that may trigger asthma and asthma-related symptoms such as wheezing.

Acute-leukemia sign may signal need for different therapy
A type of chromosome change that was thought to predict a good response to treatment in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) might actually signal the need for a different therapy to achieve the best outcome.

Software 'agents' could help unmask reality of disease clusters
Concerns over the privacy of patients could be hampering efforts to spot disease clusters and monitor the health effects of environmental pollution, according to researchers in the latest edition of the Journal of Biomedical Informatics.

NIAID scientists characterize the most infectious prion protein particles
A new study of prions--apparently malformed proteins that initiate deadly brain diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans--has yielded surprising information about how the size of prions relates to their infectivity.

Academics, industry experts launch Internet innovation symposium
Can researchers at universities and corporations work together to identify important emergaing technoogies and shorten the time it takes for these technologies to develop into new billion dollar market segements?

Curriculum targets affect children's playtime
Young children may be missing out on 'pretend' games like pirates and spacemen due to the demands of the school curriculum, according to research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

New study to explore cellular circuitry
As part of a $4.88 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), molecular biologists from the University of Rochester Medical Center will join a team seeking to create the first complete wiring diagram of a living cell.

Nanotechnology confronts the 'bad hair day,' tests new conditioner
Ohio State University researchers have just completed the first comprehensive study of human hair on the nanometer level.

University celebrates 100 years of sociology in Liverpool
Leading figures in sociology are in Liverpool this week for a special conference to celebrate the centenary of the University's Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work Studies.

Water detection method at Gusev crater described
A large team of NASA scientists, led by earth and planetary scientists tat Washington University in St.

Study examines role of cannabinoid receptors in alcohol abuse
A new set of experiments in mice confirms that a brain receptor associated with the reinforcing effects of marijuana also helps to stimulate the rewarding and pleasurable effects of alcohol.

US investment in tuberculosis control abroad pays off at home
A new study to be published in tomorrow's New England Journal of Medicine shows that United States investment in tuberculosis (TB) treatment abroad saves lives and money at home.

'Turbos to speed!' Boston University gains 59th spot on world supercomputer list with new IBM unit
It's fast, it's powerful, and it's up and running in Boston University's computer center.

Field guide for confirming new earth-like planets described
Astronomers looking for earth-like planets in other solar systems - exoplanets - now have a new field guide thanks to earth and planetary scientists at Washington University in St.

Nitric oxide could extend fertility
Researchers have found that an important chemical compound, nitric oxide, appears to slow or reverse the aging of eggs in mouse ovaries.

Bronx Zoo bears are new Samsonite gorillas
In a scene reminiscent of the famous Samsonite luggage commercial when a gorilla puts the product's durability to the test, grizzly bears at the Bronx Zoo gave a bear-proof food canister designed for backpackers a real beating, but still could not open it, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).

First Internet-built student satellite ready for launch
SSETI Express, a low Earth orbit spacecraft designed and built by European university students under the supervision of ESA's Education Department, is to be launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on a Russian Cosmos 3M launcher on 27 September in the morning.

Liverpool to host World Dental Congress
Dental experts from around the world will meet in Liverpool for the Eighth World Congress on Preventative Dentistry (WCPD).

Boston University biologist honored for leadership in estuarine education
Ivan Valiela, a professor in the Marine Biology Program at Boston University's Department of Biology, has been named to receive the William Niering Outstanding Educator Award from the Estuarine Research Federation.
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