Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 14, 2005
Wetzel and Wright awarded grant for cybersecurity lab
Assistant Professor Susanne Wetzel and Associate Professor Rebecca Wright of Computer Science at Stevens Institute of Technology have been awarded a $125,000 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to establish a cybersecurity laboratory at Stevens.

Disrupting cocaine-memories to battle addiction
Addicts crave drugs and suffer relapse not just because of the alluring high of drugs, but also because they are compelled by the powerful, haunting memory associations with the environment surrounding their drug taking.

Physically abused children highly distracted by anger
Research has shown that physically abused children are attuned to noticing signs of anger and threat.

Men who lose social status much more likely to suffer depression than women
Downward mobility quadruples risk of depression in men, but not in women, shows a study by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

MIT researchers map city by cellphone
Researchers at MIT may not be able to hear your cellphone call, but they have found a way to see it.

LIAI scientists make major finding on potential smallpox treatment
Researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology (LIAI) have made a major advancement toward protecting society against a smallpox outbreak by identifying an antibody in humans that quickly fights the smallpox virus.

Helping out a high-temperature superconductor
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a way to significantly increase the amount of electric current carried by a high-temperature superconductor, a material that conducts electricity with no resistance.

Key strategy to limit managed care drug costs failing, survey shows
With rising concern over the cost of the new Medicare prescription drug benefit program - going into effect January, 2006 and estimated to cost $593 billion over the next decade - a new UCSF study reveals that a key cost-cutting strategy employed by HMOs for 15 years is simply not working.

New tooth enamel dating technique could help identify disaster victims
The radioactive carbon-14 produced by above-ground nuclear testing in the 1950s and 1960s is providing forensic scientists with a more precise way to determine a person's age at the time of death.

National Academies advisory: Sept. 19 meeting on wind energy projects
Congress recently asked the National Academies' National Research Council to study the environmental impact of wind-energy projects, focusing on the mid-Atlantic region.

Making plant cells work like miniature factories
Imagine being able to control how and what a plant produces at a cellular level ... tiny factories to produce just about anything.

College drinking is just as bad as researchers thought, but not worse than expected
Numerous studies have shown that misuse of alcohol by college students in the U.S. is a pervasive problem.

Study shows how respiratory disorder slows some racehorses
A respiratory disorder that causes thoroughbred racehorses to hemorrhage during competition may seriously hamper some horses' chances of winning a race.

APS physics tip sheet #53
Newsworthy items include: The advantages of inefficient immune systems; Neutrinos to test the connection between gravity and quantum mechanics; and Patterns in lung airways.

Innovating through e-Science
The first projects to be funded under the UK e-Science Programme are now mature enough to demonstrate clearly how e-Science can enable faster, better or different research.

miRNAs and musculature
In an effort to understand the biological function of the microRNA mir1, Drs.

Israeli scientists successfully transplant frozen-thawed ovaries in sheep
Israeli scientists report (Thursday 15 September) in Human Reproduction that they have successfully transplanted whole frozen and thawed ovaries in sheep, retrieved oocytes from these ovaries and triggered them in the laboratory into early embryonic development.

Robot exhibition to highlight WTEC international study of robotics
On September 16, 2005, the National Science Foundation (NSF) will host more than a dozen robots and their creators for a showcase of advanced robotics technology from across the nation.

Canadian Institutes of Health Research, GlaxoSmithKline Inc. and University of Ottawa partner to fund the new J. David Grimes Research Chair
Dr. Leo Renaud, Associate Director and Senior Scientist, Ottawa Health Research Institute and Director of Research, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, today has been appointed the first Dr.

Breast tumors in mice eradicated using cancer vaccine
A team from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has shown that by using a cancer vaccine based on the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, they can cure mice with established breast tumors.

Warm, nurturing parents have well-adjusted adolescents
A new study of 186 adolescents across a six-year period found that warm parenting at an early age foreshadows whether children will have behavioral problems as adolescents.

Environment, not genes, key in family relationships
Nature or nurture? In terms of family relationships between adolescents and parents, new findings suggest that nurture may play a larger role.

NMSU Physical Science Laboratory helps put the ICE on explosives in Iraq
Signal-jamming equipment developed by New Mexico State University's Physical Science Laboratory in collaboration with the US Army Research Laboratory is proving effective against improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

Determining causes of long-term effects of harassment
In a new study of 381 children, the long-term effects of peer harassment on teens, such as anxiety and depression, were found to be related to the increase or decrease of peer victimization between fourth grade and sixth grade.

Visceral fat build-up is the high cost of inactivity
Inactivity leads to significant increases in visceral fat, and a moderate exercise regimen can keep this potentially dangerous form of fat at bay, according to the results of the first randomized clinical trial evaluating the effects of exercise amount and intensity in sedentary overweight men and women.

Spouses in bad marriages face greater risk for serious health problems
Spouses in a poor marriage are more likely to be stressed during the workday, a finding that could mean a greater likelihood of strokes and heart disease for both husband and wife, according to researchers at Brandeis University and University College in London.

Nation's experts to answer questions about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
To help patients, families and caregivers better understand ADHD, Shire Pharmaceuticals Inc. will host the seventh annual ADHD Experts on Call, September 22, from 8 a.m. to midnight EDT.

New study shows SARS can infect brain tissue
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), by its very name, indicates a disease of the respiratory tract.

Black hole in search of a home
The detection of a super massive black hole without a massive host galaxy is the surprising result from a large Hubble and VLT study of quasars.

Patriarchal attitudes and practices explain half the discrepancy in life expectancy between sexes
Systematic male dominance - patriarchy - explains half the discrepancy in life expectancy between the sexes, suggests research spanning four continents in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

New drug effective for rheumatoid arthritis, Stanford scientist finds
A new drug appears to offer pain relief and increased mobility to rheumatoid arthritis patients who have exhausted their other medical treatment options.

Stevens' Wright participates in DHS panel
Dr. Rebecca Wright, Associate Professor of Computer Science at Stevens Institute of Technology, participated in a workshop panel sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Privacy Office in Washington, D.C., September 8-9, 2005.

Treating individuals with substance-abuse disorders who have attempted suicide
A considerable percentage of individuals with substance-use disorders (SUDs) attempt suicide.

Purdue scientists treat cancer with RNA nanotechnology
Using strands of genetic material, Purdue University scientists have constructed tiny delivery vehicles that can carry anticancer therapeutic agents directly to infected cells, where they are able to halt viral growth or cancer's progress.

UW-Madison tools help track Hurricane Ophelia
As Hurricane Ophelia is set to make landfall on the North Carolina coast on Wednesday or Thursday (Sept.

Quick identification needed to save Florida's citrus industry from devastating disease
The recent discovery of citrus greening (huanglongbing) in samples collected from trees in South Florida poses a definite threat to Florida's $9 billion commercial citrus industry.

Small, unmanned aircraft search for survivors
Providing the benefits of speed, portability and access, a pair of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) surveyed storm-damaged communities in Miss. as part of the search for trapped survivors of Hurricane Katrina.

Study: Abused children stay highly attuned to anger
Even the subtlest hints of anger or hostility in their environment sets physically abused children on prolonged 'alert', even if a conflict has nothing to do with them.

VA Community College to help biotech economic development with link to global biotech training firm
Virginia's second-largest community college announces a partnership with a renowned international biotech firm to offer high-tech training and workforce preparation in Hampton Roads.

Cornell to celebrate the life of Hans Bethe Sept. 18
The world will remember Hans Bethe for centuries -- for his unparalleled contributions to physics, his advocacy for peace and his generosity of spirit.

Sitagliptin, a new investigational treatment for type 2 diabetes, may offer new hope for patients
Results from two Phase II studies to be announced on Wednesday 14th September at the 41st annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), show that sitagliptin (MK-0431) was efficacious and well tolerated in patients with type 2 diabetes who participated in the Phase ll trials.

New Herceptin results confirm impressive reduction in risk of cancer returning
Roche announced today that a fourth large phase III trial in early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer has shown that adding Herceptin to chemotherapy significantly reduces the risk of cancer coming back compared to chemotherapy alone.

Adolescents and young adults with alcohol-use disorders have a smaller prefrontal cortex
Alcohol-use disorders (AUDs) are known to be associated with abnormalities of the prefrontal cortex, thalamus and the cerebellar hemispheres in adults.

Dartmouth researchers build world's smallest mobile robot
In a world where

Black hole in search of a home
Using two of the most powerful astronomical facilities available, the ESO Very Large Telescope at Cerro Paranal and the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers couldn't find evidence for an encircling galaxy around the bright quasar HE0450-2958.

UC faculty members break new ground while treading gently on the Alaskan tundra
The Inupiaq people are watching climate change with concern. The lakes are draining; the permafrost is thawing; their coastline is eroding.

Researcher to demonstrate soda pop can-sized Scout robots at robotics conference
University of Minnesota professor Nikolao Papanikolopoulos will demonstrate the COTS-M (Scout) robot, which he and his team created and is currently deployed and being tested by the US Army at various sites around the world.

Potential new treatment approach for severe asthma
Researchers have uncovered a potentially new treatment approach for severe asthma, by blocking a powerful immune system chemical, present in large amounts in patients with the severe form of the disease, a small study in Thorax reveals.

AACR launches 'Saving the Science' initiatives
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) extends its thoughts and heartfelt sympathies to all the citizens of New Orleans and other Gulf Coast communities as they rebuild their lives in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.

Like fireflies and pendulum clocks, nano-oscillators synchronize their behavior
Like the flashing of fireflies and ticking of pendulum clocks, the signals emitted by multiple nanoscale oscillators can naturally synchronize under certain conditions, greatly amplifying their output power and stabilizing their signal pattern, according to scientists at the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Research on the development of the battery receives historical recognition
The development of the Columbia dry cell will be designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark by the American Chemical Society in a special ceremony at the Energizer Battery Company in Westlake, Ohio, on Sept.

Key neural system at risk from fetal alcohol exposure
In a study of adult monkeys who were exposed to moderate amounts of alcohol in utero, scientists have found that prenatal exposure to alcohol - even in small doses - has pronounced effects on the development and function later in life of the brain's dopamine system, a critical component of the central nervous system that regulates many regions of the brain.

Space Cycle tests artificial gravity as solution to muscle loss
A bike-like centrifuge that creates artificial gravity may help astronauts combat muscle atrophy in space.

Alcoholics have a greater chance of infection following cardiac surgery
Long-term alcoholics are known to have a greater risk of disease and death following surgery.

Excluding deprivation from heart disease risk is jeopardising thousands of lives
Leaving deprivation out of standard risk assessments for heart disease is potentially denying life saving preventive treatment to those who need it most, reveals research published ahead of print in Heart.

New plant finds in Andes foretell of ancient climate change
For the third time in as many years, glaciologist Lonnie Thompson has returned from an Andean ice field in Peru with samples from beds of ancient plants exposed for the first time in perhaps as much as 6,500 years.

Scavenger cells could be key to treating HIV-related dementia
Macrophages, long-living white blood cells often considered the scavengers of the immune system, actually may damage a part of the brain where many memories are stored in their attempt to attack HIV.

Good parenting in kindergarten increases chances of good kids in fourth grade
Early parent-child relationships are important to establish strong communication and monitoring in later childhood years.

Teacher quality important for at-risk children
High quality teachers who are emotionally supportive can have a positive effect on at-risk children, and reduce their academic and social problems.

Suicide among male prisoners 5 times that of general population
Increased attention to suicide prevention in English and Welsh prisons is urgently needed in light of new data for male suicide in prison, detailed in a research letter published early online by The Lancet.

ORNL, Princeton partners in five-year fusion project
Knowledge gained by Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers and colleagues through an initiative to begin this fall could answer several long-standing questions and give the United States a competitive edge in the design of future fusion power plants.

Rice researchers gain new insight into nanoscale optics
New findings in the journal Nano Letters demonstrate an important analogy between electronics and optics that may enable light waves to be coupled efficiently to nanoscale structures and devices.

Options for Parkinson's patients abundant
There is a lot that can be done to treat Parkinson's patients, in the early months and beyond.

Downward mobility quadruples risk of depression in men, but not women
Downward mobility hits men far harder than women, quadrupling their risk of depression, finds research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
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