Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 21, 2005
Researcher says Halloween no laughing matter for many youngsters
Halloween may seem like so much harmless fun, a time when adults enjoy laughing in the face of death, and implore their young children to do the same.

Materials scientists get the whole picture with new e-Science technique
An output of the UK e-Science Programme is helping researchers to find needles of insight in the haystack of data generated by bigger and better facilities to probe matter with intense particle or X-ray beams.

A cosmic baby-boom
The Universe was a more fertile place soon after it was formed than has previously been suspected.

Ants, not evil spirits, create devil's gardens in the Amazon rainforest, study finds
For the first time, scientists have identified an ant species that produces its own natural herbicide to poison unwanted plants.

Researchers create functioning artificial proteins using nature's rules
By examining how proteins have evolved, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have discovered a set of simple

MailCall at NJIT offers first: Stock market reports over telephone
Imagine driving in the car, sitting in the airport, or relaxing on the beach, while listening to breaking news or viewing stock market changes in real time without using a computer or television.

e-Science makes weather forecasts available for search and rescue
An e-Science project is enabling the use of near real-time Met Office forecasts to predict the drift of a person who has fallen overboard.

Center of Excellence roundtable on Business Process Mgmt.
The Center of Excellence in Business Process Innovation at Stevens Institute of Technology will host a Business Process Management (BPM) roundtable on Wednesday, October 5, 2005, from 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. in the Wesley J.

Impact of global warming on weather patterns underestimated
The impact of global warming on European weather patterns has been underestimated, according to a new report published in Nature this week.

UVa scientists discover new type of nerve cell that could be target for drugs to ease pain
Experts say up to two percent of the US population suffers from neuropathic pain.

New network pools visualisation expertise
Researchers who would benefit from visualising their data have a new support network to turn to for advice and guidance.

One stop shop for clinical trials open for business
Australians will be able to search for global information on the clinical trials of new medicines and vaccines, through a pioneering website unveiled overnight in Geneva.

Definitive gene screen confirms MS suspects
A cluster of genes on chromosome six is the only one that plays a significant role in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to the most complete genetic study to date in the disorder, presented at the 130th annual meeting of the American Neurological Association in San Diego.

Science on the Grid: e-Science projects deliver for science, industry and engineering
Various outputs of the projects, which were funded by the EPSRC, will be demonstrated and discussed at the e-Science All Hands conference in Nottingham next week.

Hopkins experts highlight strategies to raise levels of so-called good HDL cholesterol
Cardiology experts at Johns Hopkins have issued interim guidelines for physicians on how best to treat low levels of HDL cholesterol, the so-called good cholesterol, which helps keep arteries clear from the buildup of LDL cholesterol, the so-called bad cholesterol.

The end of daylight savings time may harm your oral health
Beginning in 2007, daylight savings time will be extended by almost a month.

Detecting Alzheimer's in the eye, lifting fingerprints without touching the surface
A pair of optical tests for Alzheimer's disease, an all-optical, non-contact method of lifting fingerprints, and computer graphics that capture the full range of lighting conditions are some of the features at this year's Frontiers in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI meeting.

Advances in brain imaging for epilepsy
Positron emission tomography (PET) brain scans of a brain chemical messenger system may prove sensitive enough to help plan brain surgery for epilepsy, according to a study presented at the 130th annual meeting of the American Neurological Association in San Diego.

Default risk is not the only reason for corporate credit spreads
Liquidity of debt plays a large role in what firms pay to borrow.

Women better at hand hygiene habits, hands down
Ninety-one percent of American adults say they always wash their hands after using public restrooms.

Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting
The HFES 49th Annual Meeting will include a number of papers and sessions on topics like homeland security, patient safety, and better integration of human capabilities into system design.

Scientists describe 'human world'
The internationally syndicated Earth & Sky Radio Series today announced the launch of a special report on its web site on what it calls

Vineyard weeds found to host Pierce's disease of grapes
New research just released in the September issue of Plant Disease suggests that weeds commonly found in California's wine country may enable the spread of Pierce's disease of grapes, one of the most destructive plant diseases affecting grapes.

World's smallest universal material testing system
The development of a universal nanoscale material testing system (n-MTS) to mechanically test nanoscale objects has been a major challenge within the scientific community.

Resistance to anti-flu agents increasing worldwide
Worldwide resistance to drugs used to treat influenza has increased by 12% since the mid-nineties, concludes a report published online today (Thursday September 21, 2005) by The Lancet.

New online atlas provides collective maps of human brain folds
Neuroscientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have assembled a first-of-its kind atlas of the folds of the cerebral cortex, the wrinkled surface layer of the brain credited with many of the higher cognitive functions that make us human.

Database of cancer records now available for research
Data on more than 22,000 cancer cases are now available for research by bona fide clinical and medical researchers.

Output of e-Science project helps GSK speed up drug discovery
The pharmaceutical company GSK is using an output of a UK e-Science project to speed up the process of drug discovery.

Univ. of Cincinnati receives $17.4 million grant to lead stroke study
The University of Cincinnati (UC) Academic Health Center has received $17.4 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to coordinate a five-year, international study of alternative treatments for acute ischemic stroke.

Water channel protein implicated in relative of multiple sclerosis
Researchers have identified a molecular suspect in a disorder similar to multiple sclerosis (MS) that attacks the optic nerve and spinal cord, according to a report presented at the 130th annual meeting of the American Neurological Association in San Diego.

Newfound roadblock to interferon effectiveness against malignant melanoma
Researchers have uncovered a significant contributing factor to interferon resistance of malignant melanoma cells.

UCSD study clarifies insulin's role in blocking release of energy in patients with type II diabetes
Chronically high levels of insulin, as is found in people with Type II diabetes, may block a specific hormone that is a trigger for releasing energy into the body, according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.

Genetically engineered animals help in scientific research that may benefit children
The recent use of genetically modified mice and rats in combination with an animal model of obstructive nephropathy, a type of renal disease, has given researchers new insight in the development of kidney disease.

Just one to four cigarettes daily triples risk of dying of heart disease or lung cancer
Smoking just one to four cigarettes a day almost triples a smoker's risk of heart disease and lung cancer, reveals a large study in Tobacco Control.

IODP Cascadia margins gas hydrates expedition underway
An Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) science party has embarked on a six-week research expedition off Vancouver Island to investigate gas hydrate deposits and their effect on climate change and seafloor stability.

e-Science records Roman finds
Twenty first century e-Science met the ancient Roman world in a Hampshire field this summer.

Seeing the eye: Weather model advances hurricane intensity prediction
An advanced research weather model run by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is following Hurricane Rita to give scientists a taste of how forecast models of the future may predict hurricane track, intensity, and important rain and wind features.

MRI pioneer wins national physics prize
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) has named William Edelstein the winner of its Industrial Applications in Physics Prize

U-M researchers identify new blood test for prostate cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a panel of 22 biomarkers that together provide a more accurate screening for prostate cancer than the current prostate specific antigen, or PSA, test.

New crystal structure of Alzheimer's drug predicted
A UK e-Science project has achieved the computational prediction of a previously unidentified crystal structure, or polymorph, of a drug molecule.

Aloe vera coating may prolong freshness, safety of fruits and vegetables
Aloe vera gel is known for its therapeutic effect on burned or irritated skin, but in the future, you could be eating the gel as a healthful additive to your fruits and veggies.

Ministers' conference focuses on energy sustainability
Canada's energy ministers concluded their annual meeting in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, today and acknowledged the direct impact that higher energy costs will have on all Canadians and some sectors of the Canadian economy.

Rick Weiss wins 2005 Victor Cohn Prize for Excellence in Medical Reporting
Rick Weiss, a science and medical reporter for The Washington Post who has produced in-depth coverage of stem cell research and the accompanying debate, along with spot stories, features, and analytical pieces on a wide range of medical subjects, has been awarded the 2005 Victor Cohn Prize for Excellence in Medical Science Reporting.

Implant-supported overdentures are a successful solution for edentulous people
The enticing aroma of a thick, juicy steak was a temptation Marvin Goodwin oftentimes avoided because his dentures made the meat difficult to chew.

How to avoid severe climate change discussed at CO2 conference
Hurricane Katrina's effects may foreshadow the future if emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2 ) are not diminished soon, according to Dr.

Women learn how to pierce the 'polycarbonate ceiling' in chemistry careers
Life-changing results are being achieved by the Committee on the Advancement of Women Chemists (COACh) for scientists in many fields beyond chemistry.

Changing patient profile signals rising emergency care waits for seriously ill patients
The changing patient profile of emergency care medicine in the UK has increased waiting times for seriously ill patients needing urgent treatment, finds a study in Emergency Medicine Journal.

MRSA is a global problem--perspectives from around the world
MRSA (meticllin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is everybody's business, not only that of hospital epidemiologists and a few opinion leaders, conclude experts contributing to a global debate in the October issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
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