Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 2005
The Epilepsy Foundation issues Call to Action
Today, the Epilepsy Foundation issued a Call to Action to women of childbearing age who take anticonvulsant medications for conditions that include epilepsy, migraine headaches, and certain psychiatric disorders, urging them to talk to their healthcare providers about treatment options.

Society of Nuclear Medicine/GE Healthcare offer new visiting physician/scientist program grant
Three $10,000 competitive grants from the Society of Nuclear Medicine--funded with the generous support of GE Healthcare--each provide for a nuclear medicine/molecular imaging physician or scientist from North America to spend one to two weeks to lecture, consult and train at one or more institutions/organizations in China or India.

Broadband access supports tsunami relief efforts
Broadband access terminals from the ESA supported project 'Pacific Skies' are being used in the Aceh region of Indonesia, scene of the devastating 2004 tsunami.

Use of pulmonary artery catheterization does not show benefit for severe heart failure patients
Hospitalized patients with severe congestive heart failure did not experience a benefit from use of pulmonary artery catheterization, but had more adverse events, according to a study in the October 5 issue of JAMA.

Unwed mothers have difficulty finding 'good' husbands, study finds
Women who have children outside of marriage are less likely than other single women to marry, and when they do marry, their husbands tend to be less well-matched, according to a new study.

Study identifies risk factors for multiple melanoma skin cancer
Patients with a family history of multiple melanoma skin cancer are at increased risk of multiple primary melanomas, according to a study in the October 5 issue of JAMA.

Presto! It's a semiconductor
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania may not have turned lead into gold as alchemists once sought to do, but they did turn a quantum dot - nanoscale crystals - from an insulator to a semiconductor.

Low-cost alternative drugs can help patients with problems controlling blood pressure
Two inexpensive but widely overlooked drugs may help many patients who continue to have high blood pressure despite taking standard blood pressure medications, according to research by Indiana University School of Medicine scientists.

Earth sinks three inches under weight of flooded Amazon
As the Amazon River floods every year, a sizeable portion of South America sinks several inches because of the extra weight - and then rises again as the waters recede, a study has found.

GridChem partners announce access grid event
The GridChem partners announced today their upcoming Access Grid (AG) event, GridChem: An Application Oriented Computational Grid, to be held on October 10, 2005, from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.

US cancer mortality continues decline but incidence rises slightly for women
Overall rates of cancer death for both men and women have declined in the United States, and cancer incidence has remained stable among men.

Study provides guidelines for treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis
A study published by the Cleveland Clinic and The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) provides the medical community for the first time with specific guidelines for treating juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), previously known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), a condition that affects approximately one in every 1,000 children.

Call for research funding to prevent pregnancy complications
State representatives and senators got a call for more research funding to prevent pregnancy complications from a Yale School of Medicine researcher at the 7th annual Women In Government regional conference on September 28.

Other highlights in the October 5 JNCI
Other highlights in the October 5 JNCI include a study of the association between breast-feeding during infancy and adult cancer incidence and mortality, a study of diet and pancreatic cancer risk, a mouse study of the combination of chemotherapy and a cancer vaccine, and an examination of the risk of lymphoma in people with a family history of hematopoietic malignancy.

NSF, NIH award Ecology of Infectious Diseases grants
The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have announced funding for eight projects under the Ecology of Infectious Diseases (EID) Program, multi-year effort now in its the sixth year of funding.

Ecologists spawn new use for PIT tags
Fishing for a way to assess mixing behavior in treatment tanks for radioactive waste, ecologists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory turned to radio frequency technology previously used to track migrating fish.

Independent panel to evaluate a chemical used in some plastics for hazards to human health
An independent panel of 11 scientists convened by the Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (CERHR), of the NIEHS and National Toxicology Program, will review recent scientific data and reach conclusions regarding whether or not exposure to DEHP (di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate) is a hazard to human development or reproduction.

Emotional intelligence may be good predictor of success in computing studies
The emotional intelligence of students indirectly contributes to academic success in information technology studies, preliminary results from a study led by Virginia Tech researchers show.

Pulmonary artery catheter use neutral for patient outcomes
The use of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) -- a device used for more than 30 years to assess cardiovascular health and to help guide the treatment of critically ill patients -- does not appear to improve outcomes nor confer added risks to patients.

Joslin study sheds light on birth defect cause in pregnant women with diabetes
The babies of women with diabetes are two to five times more likely to develop birth defects than offspring of women without the disease.

Nanoscientists provide new picture of semiconductor material
For almost a decade, scientists thought they understood the surface structure of cubic gallium nitride, a promising new crystalline semiconductor.

Nursing Resource Teams can recruit and retain nurses
New human resources management strategy could help create full-time jobs and attract nurses who might otherwise find it difficult to obtain full-time work, a McMaster University study says.

Decomposition algorithms for solving multistage stochastic mixed 0-1 problems
First of all, we provide an introduction to general Stochastic Programming,which is a framework for modelling optimization problems that involve uncertainty.For this purpouse, we describe main concepts, modelling issues, solution methods and some applications in finance and economics.

Annual report to the nation finds cancer death rates still on the decline
The nation's leading cancer organizations report that Americans' risk of dying from cancer continues to decline and that the rate of new cancers is holding steady.

Researchers find defects in adult stem cell niche may cause breast cancer
The genesis of breast cancer may be due to defects in the environment surrounding somatic adult stem cells, according to research at Georgetown's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Breast cancer, a man's illness?
Astounded and shocked is how men described feeling when learning they had breast cancer, a disease they didn't even know was possible for them to get, says Edie Pituskin, a University of Alberta Faculty of Nursing graduate student.

Model predicts risk of breast cancer for young women treated for Hodgkin lymphoma
Young women who are treated for Hodgkin lymphoma with chest radiation therapy have a high cumulative absolute risk of developing breast cancer later in life.

Study demonstrates how gene variant may contribute to cancer development
A relatively common cancer susceptibility gene appears to be frequently acquired in metastatic lesions from colorectal cancer, and give cancer cells a growth advantage, according to a study in the October 5 issue of JAMA.

Canadian governments unite to avoid future forest fire disasters
Federal, provincial and territorial forest ministers have committed to working together to reduce future losses of life, property and critical forest lands to wildfires.

Use of kidney paired donation for incompatible donors could expand donor pool
A preliminary study suggests that kidney paired donation transplantation, in which incompatible donor/recipient pairs exchange kidneys so that each recipient receives a compatible kidney, had graft survival rates equivalent to compatible live donor transplants, according to a study in the October 5 issue of JAMA.

Preventing communication errors in telephone medicine
To prevent medical mishaps with patients caused by telephone communication failures, researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System report in the October issue of Journal of General Internal Medicine that expanded physician and residency training in telephone medicine is needed.

Hopkins study shows living kidney 'paired donation' an effective strategy in overcoming donor-recipient incompatiblities
A Johns Hopkins study has affirmed the success of living kidney

Streamlining treatment of heart attack patients
In the first study of its kind, researchers at Yale School of Medicine show how hospitals can streamline procedures to reduce the time they take to treat heart attack patients.

Carnegie Mellon to receive $6.5 million for Materials Research Science and Engineering Center
Carnegie Melon University's Materials Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC)will receive $6.5 million over the next six years from the National Science Foundation to continue creating new, super efficient materials.

Study: Nanotech processing 'greener' than oil refining
Using a method for assessing the premiums that companies pay for insurance, a team of scientists and insurance experts have concluded that the manufacturing processes for five, near-market nanomaterials -- including quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and buckyballs -- present fewer risks to the environment than some common industrial processes like oil refining.

Agronomy, crop, and soil science research to be presented in Salt Lake City
Over 2,500 research papers will be presented by 3,000+ attendees on the latest research in Genomics and Plant Breeding, Fertilizing Crops, Precision Agriculture, International Biotechnology, Conservation Agriculture, Soils and Wetland Assessment & Management, Forage and Grazinglands, and Turfgrass.

New therapies expected from better understanding of RNA, says UH prof
One professor's research in RNA with immediate application in monitoring bacteria in the environment and potentially allowing for advances in biotechnology will be discussed at the annual University of Houston Sigma Xi lecture at 4 p.m., Monday, Oct.

NIST/JILA fellow Jan Hall shares 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics
John L. (Jan) Hall of the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado at Boulder and Theodor W.

X Prize Symposium
The first international symposium for personal spaceflight will be be held on Oct.

Groundwater sampling goes tubular
Hydrologists from the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are using a simple apparatus of ΒΌ-inch-diameter plastic tubing to collect samples at varying levels in the aquifer along the river's edge.
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