Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 05, 2005
Three universities team up to enhance environmental engineering curricula
A collaborative research team led by Carnegie Mellon University's Cliff Davidson, David Allen of The University of Texas at Austin and Brad Allenby of Arizona State University plans to revolutionize the way engineering education is taught through a new Center for Sustainable Engineering.

Genomes of more than 200 human flu strains reveal a dynamic virus
In the first large-scale effort of its kind, researchers have determined the full genetic sequence of more than 200 distinct strains of human influenza virus.

Stevens' Weatherall to speak at conference in Beijing
Maureen Weatherall, Vice President for University Enrollment and Academic Services at Stevens Institute of Technology, will deliver a talk to a gathering of global university presidents at an international education conference in Beijing this month.

International study finds one in five heart patients continue to smoke
An international survey published (Thursday 6 October) in the European Heart Journal reveals that fewer than half of the heart patients in the study who smoked quit after suffering their first coronary event, with one out of five continuing to smoke despite advice to stop.

Large sinus tumors can be removed endoscopically, study finds
Large tumors that block the sinuses can be removed endoscopically through the nose rather than through big incisions in the face, a new study finds.

Hair-raising stem cells identified
A research team led by Yann Barrandon at the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne) and the Lausanne University Hospital has discovered that the hair follicle contains true multipotent stem cells, capable of developing into the many different cell types needed for hair growth and follicle replacement.

New model shows gender differences in high blood pressure, Jefferson scientists find
Researchers have implicated a protein called GRK5 as having an important role behind essential hypertension, which affects more than 65 million Americans.

Study proves genetic variations influence cystic fibrosis' severity
Subtle differences in other genes -- besides the defective gene known to cause the illness cystic fibrosis -- can significantly modify the inherited disease's severity, a large new multi-center national study has concluded.

Pupils who eat school dinners just as healthy, if not healthier, than those who don't
The health of pupils eating school dinners is no worse - and in some respects may be better - than that of pupils eating meals provided from home, concludes a study published online by the BMJ today.

Reconstructed 1918 flu virus providing insights for potential pandemics
For the first time, this deadly 1918 Spanish flu virus has been reconstructed and characterized.

Experiencing the world through the neurons of Math1
A variety of nerve cells makes it possible for you to orient yourself in space.

New mental health help for juvenile offenders
Although as many as 65 to75 percent of juvenile offenders have one or more psychiatric disorders, most juvenile correctional facilities do not have the resources to serve them.

A new analysis of a standard brain test may help predict dementia
Although Alzheimer's disease affects millions of people worldwide, there is no way to identify this devastating brain disease at its earliest stages when there still may be time to delay or even prevent the downward spiral into dementia.

Defense center at NJIT draws satisfied customers at annual signing
An executive coach, a general contractor and the owner and the founder of a small environmental agency can be interviewed at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) on Oct.

American Academy of Pediatrics awards top honors to leading child development expert at Brandeis
Brandeis University Professor Jack Shonkoff, M.D., a leading authority on the application of neurobiology to early childhood policy, will receive one of the most prestigious accolades in pediatrics Oct.

Flashes shed light on cosmic clashes
An international team of astronomers has for the first time observed the visible light from a short gamma-ray burst (GRB).

PET's imaging power may be best indicator for determining which patients develop Alzheimer's
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging--with the radiotracer fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)--is a promising tool in detecting Alzheimer's disease in patients who have mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to a study reported in the October issue of the Society of Nuclear Medicine's Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Envisat tracking Africa's rivers and lakes to help manage water resources
From this week, researchers worldwide can follow the flow of rivers and height of lakes across the African continent from the comfort of their desks.

Mother-of-pearl in highest resolution
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, and the German Federal Institute for Materals Research and Testing (BAM), have discovered small new details in the structure of mother-of-pearl.

Scientists study and learn to prevent nanoparticle 'merging'
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified how billionth-of-a-meter sized metal particles -- gold-atom clusters within carbon-atom shells -- can mesh together to form larger particles and have also found a way to control this process.

Fish in ponds benefit flowering plants
Fish and flowering plants would seem to have as much in common as pigs and beauty soap.

What is good for the goose or the gander?
Though a tiger in the Berlin Zoo and a dairy cow in Wisconsin don't have much in common, each animal has specific welfare needs that must be addressed.

Mouthguards: Rolls Royce of mouthguard line provides maximum injury protection
According to the US Census Bureau, more than 74 million students will head back to school this fall, however, according to the National Youth Sports Safety Foundation (NYSSF), many of those students end up as part of the 15 million dental injuries and five million cases of traumatically lost teeth that occur every year.

Children and adolescents with advanced cancer can make complex end-of-life care decisions
Pediatric cancer patients as young as 10 years old who are aware that their disease is incurable have the ability to participate meaningfully in discussions of their own end-of-life care with family members and the health care team, according to investigators at St.

What we cannot do ourselves, we cannot understand in others
Max Planck researchers demonstrate that it is first and foremost our own experiences that make it possible for us to experience sympathy and empathy for others.

HETE-2 satellite solves mystery of cosmic explosions
An international team of scientists using three NASA satellites and a host of ground-based telescopes believes it has solved the greatest remaining mystery of the mysterious gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the most powerful explosions in the universe.

UT Southwestern awarded $9.7 million for clinical research training
UT Southwestern Medical Center has received a highly competitive five-year, $9.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to support the next generation of leaders in patient-oriented research.

The write stuff?
Imagine being able to communicate in your own handwriting with your mobile phone, PDA, laptop or PC without any cables.

The brain needs the middle ear to track depth
When you jaywalk, your ability to keep track of that oncoming truck despite your constantly changing position can be a lifesaver.

Criminologist to lead research on illegal drug use in Slovakia
A University of Liverpool criminologist has been commissioned by the Slovak government to investigate the social and economic costs of illegal drug use in the country.

Speakers and Youth World Information announced for first Neurology EXPO
Neurology EXPO will be everyone's chance to get the latest information about neurological disorders which affect one in six persons.

Researchers to gain wider access to knockout mice
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) today announced contracts that will give researchers unprecedented access to two private collections of knockout mice, providing valuable models for the study of human disease and laying the groundwork for a public, genome-wide library of knockout mice.

CHEST 2005 hosts world experts in pulmonary, sleep, and critical care medicine
Cardiopulmonary, sleep, and critical care experts from around the world will present the latest research related to clinical chest medicine during CHEST 2005, the multidisciplinary world congress on diseases of the chest, held October 29 through November 3, in Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Prescription drugs can interact with a variety of foods
Eating fruits and vegetables is essential to living a long and healthy life, yet research has shown they can cause dangerous interactions with medicines.

A new angle on flowers: Fish are players in pollination
Flowering plants near ponds may owe their pollination not only to the winged creatures of the air, but also to the finned ones of the deep.

Neural stem cells are long-lived
New studies in mice have shown that immature stem cells that proliferate to form brain tissues can function for at least a year -- most of the life span of a mouse -- and give rise to multiple types of neural cells, not just neurons.

First big influenza genome study reveals flu evolution
On the eve of the 2005-06 flu season, scientists at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) have captured influenza evolution in action.

The muskox suffered a loss of genetic diversity at the Pleistocene/Holocene transition
The tundra muskox, one of the few large northern mammals to have survived to the present day, saw its genetic diversity decrease greatly at the end of the Pleistocene period, around 10,000 years ago.

Study finds patients with melanoma are at increased risk for new tumors
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center researchers have found that melanoma patients with a family history of melanoma and/or dysplastic nevi (abnormal moles) are at high risk of developing multiple primary melanomas (MPM).

Comments, experts and background on the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Comments, background and sources who can discuss the science and significance of the research that led to this year's awarding of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry are available from the American Chemical Society.

UCSB researchers discover that the cell's endosomes use a surprising transportation system
Cells have developed a surprising transportation system for their endosomes, according to research published today in Physical Review Letters,

New possibilities for flu antiviral and vaccine research emerge from 'Spanish flu' virus
The 1918 Spanish flu was a global disaster, killing an estimated 20 to 50 million people, many of them otherwise healthy adults.

Biomedical engineer shows how people learn motor skills
Practice makes perfect when people learn behaviors, from baseball pitching to chess playing to public speaking.

New insights into cost-effectiveness of implanted heart device
The use of implanted defibrillators that keep the heart beating in proper electrical rhythm to prevent cardiac arrest appears to be cost-effective for those patients who receive a significant mortality reduction, according to researchers from Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI), Stanford University and the VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Calif.

Short-term hormone therapy can improve outlook for men with early prostate cancer
Giving men with locally advanced prostate cancer 6 months of androgen deprivation therapy in addition to radiotherapy can substantially improve their outlook, concludes an article published online today (Thursday October 6, 2005) by THE LANCET ONCOLOGY.

Researchers find multiple proteins that stick to medical devices
Biomedical engineers at Washington University in St. Louis have found a new role for the blood protein serum amyloid P in the body's response to medical materials, which may help to explain a variety of problems associated with heart-lung bypass, hemodialysis and the use of artificial vascular grafts.
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