Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 11, 2005
Geoscientists follow arsenic from chicken feed to streambeds
Organic arsenic is fed to poultry to prevent bacterial infections and improve weight gain.

VGTI researchers receive $12.6 million to study West Nile virus in the elderly
Researchers at the OHSU Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute (VGTI) have received a $12.6 million grant from the federal government to assist in efforts to better protect the elderly against West Nile virus and related diseases.

Study finds gender differences in reported childhood sexual abuse
A new Queensland study has found a significant link between childhood sexual abuse and symptoms of sexual dysfunction in adult men and women.

Proposed U. of Colorado observatory could image continents on exo-solar planets
A NASA institute charged with supporting novel space concepts that push the envelope with existing technology has chosen a University of Colorado at Boulder proposal to image distant planets around other stars for a second round of funding.

NIMH expands public health education effort
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, today is launching a new effort in the Real Men Real Depression campaign -- Spanish-language materials to inform the Latino community about depression and to encourage men who are depressed to seek help.

Stevens gets grant to study how to create an online undergraduate mechanical engineering degree
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Professor Costas Chassapis and his team at Stevens Institute of Technology a grant of $100,000 to study how to create an accredited online undergraduate mechanical engineering degree.

New study on childhood asthma shows home-based interventions are cost-effective
New data suggest that a home-based environmental intervention program is a cost-effective way to improve the health of inner-city children who have moderate to severe asthma.

UQ leads the State in NHMRC grants
University of Queensland researchers have been awarded more than $22 million as part of the latest round of National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant funding announced yesterday (October 10).

Muscle of obese 'programmed' to amass fat, genetic study finds
The skeletal muscle of severely obese people is

Hebrew University, Swiss researchers analyze liquid that lies beneath the surface
While we generally think of water in nature as a cool liquid that we can see -- streams, lakes, oceans -- there is a great deal of

New ASU center will assess societal implications of nanotechnology
How will rapid technological change influence democracy, affect our privacy, and even change human identity itself?

No reason to fear very low LDL
Very low LDL cholesterol levels appear to be safe for heart patients on statin therapies, according to a new study in the Oct.

AIBN researcher granted top fellowship
Professor Julie Campbell, from UQ's Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN) has been awarded a prestigious Senior Principal Research Fellowship in the latest round of National Health and Medical Research Council grants announced yesterday.

Climate change will stress stormwater drainage systems
Researchers at Antioch New England Graduate School modeled the impact of climate change induced storm intensification on drainage culverts in Keene, NH.

Study: taunts of 'acting white' not enough to prevent black students from trying hard
Despite a common belief that peer pressure against high academic achievement is prevalent among black students, a new study conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University shows that that's not usually true.

Tiny bubbles a storehouse of knowledge
Fluid inclusions are clues to the location of ores and even petroleum and contain insights on the power of volcanoes and hints of life in the universe.

Does smoking cloud the brain?
Smokers often say that smoking a cigarette helps them concentrate and feel more alert.

NCI grants $12.1 million for USC center to study obesity and cancer
The NCI has awarded researchers at the University of Southern California $12.1 million over five years to create a center to study the relationship between obesity and cancer.

Space enthusiasts invited to hear top scientists from Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn
Salt Lake City area residents and media will have a rare opportunity to view spectacular images and see, hear, and ask questions of top scientists working on the Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn.

U of MN researchers use human embryonic stem cells to kill cancer cells
For the first time, stem cell researchers at the University of Minnesota have coaxed human embryonic stem cells to create cancer-killing cells in the laboratory, paving the way for future treatments for various types of cancers (or tumors).

Geologists use biotools to understand geosystems
Virginia Tech researchers are looking at the mobility of bacteria and of heavy metals in surface and ground water and at the sticking efficiencies of bacteria on minerals.

De-hospitalising psychiatric patients needs rethink: psychiatrist
Australia needs to rethink its policy on dealing with mental illness and introduce more psychiatric hospital beds, Monash University Professor of Psychiatry David Copolov will tell a symposium today, Tuesday 11 October.

Physician pay-for-performance programs may produce little gain in quality
Paying clinicians to reach a common, fixed performance target may produce little gain in overall quality, and may largely reward those with higher performance at baseline, according to a study in the October 12 issue of JAMA.

Immune therapy could treat leukemias, autoimmune diseases, transplant rejection
In studies with mice, treatment with a new monoclonal antibody that targets immune system B cells has shown considerable promise for treating leukemias, autoimmune diseases and transplant rejection, according to immunologists at Duke University Medical Center.

New study into public views on diet and health research published
A study of the public's priorities for the funding of research into what people eat and how it affects their health will be published later today (12 October).

The shape of things to come: Morphology database going global
A Florida State University researcher who specializes in the evolutionary history of wasps is now creating a buzz about a new way for scientists to store, share and study plant and animal images.

NASA sees 2004's Hurricane Charley slice a Florida island
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), NASA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are studying the effects of 2004's Hurricane Charley on Florida's Captiva Island, as part of a cooperative research project investigating coastal change.

Feedback loop found that could forestall liver disease
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered that the small intestine communicates with the liver to control the production of bile acids - a finding that has great medical implications in treating people at risk for certain types of liver disease.

The tropics play a more active role than was thought in controlling the Earth's climate
A million years ago, global climate changes occurred due to changes in tropical circulation in the Pacific similar to those caused by

NIAID launches first Phase II trial of a 'global' HIV/AIDS vaccine
A novel vaccine targeted to multiple HIV subtypes found worldwide has moved into the second phase of clinical testing, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today.

End-stage renal disease incidence, prognosis improving for patients with diabetes
Patients with type 1 diabetes have an improved prognosis with regard to end-stage renal disease over the past four decades, and it appears the incidence of end-stage renal disease is lower than previously estimated, according to a study in the October 12 issue of JAMA.

Family meals, stories boost child confidence, say Emory researchers
Families who regularly share meals together have children who know more about their family history and tend to have higher self-esteem, interact better with their peers and show higher resilience in the face of adversity, according to research by two Emory psychology professors.

Erectile dysfunction may signal early atherosclerosis
Erectile dysfunction may be a sign that coronary artery disease is developing, even in men without typical risk factors, according to a new study in the Oct.

GSA should stand for 'going strong again' for the UC Department of Geology -- as always
A record-breaking number of geologists from Cincinnati will be at the Salt Palace in Salt Lake City Oct.

Woods Hole Research Center scientist part of international initiatives to save the great apes
The extinction of the great apes -- gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans -- is imminent if strict conservation practices are not implemented in the immediate future.

Katrina floodwaters not as toxic to humans as previously thought, study says
The floodwaters that inundated New Orleans immediately following Hurricane Katrina were similar in content to the city's normal stormwater and were not as toxic as previously thought, according to a study by researchers at Louisiana State University.

Jefferson scientists uncover new clues to how crucial molecular gatekeepers work
One of the biggest mysteries in molecular biology is exactly how ion channels - tiny protein pores through which molecules such as calcium and potassium flow in and out of cells - operate.

Total cholesterol level among US adults continues to decline
The total cholesterol level among older adults has declined significantly, while there has been little change among younger adults, according to a study in the October 12 issue of JAMA.

Ventracor Limited
Ventracor Limited (ASX: VCR) announced today it had completed the field exchange of all controllers of the VentrAssistTM left ventricular assist system (LVAS).

Australian Cancer Research Foundation announces biggest ever private grant
The Australian Cancer Research Foundation is paving the way for the next wave of cancer research with the announcement today of the biggest private grant ever of $5 million to help make cancer history.

Hebrew University professor wins Nobel Prize in Economics
Jerusalem - Prof. Emeritus Robert J. (Yisrael) Aumann of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem was named this week as the co-winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics for 2005.

Heat dangers forgotten in the battle against air pollution
Ozone is being wrongly blamed for many of the deaths during hot weather spells, finds a new UCL (University College London) study.

Videocast: Gene shapes efficiency of brain's 'executive'
The unfolding story of how a common version of a gene shapes the efficiency of the brain's prefrontal cortex - hub of

Rensselaer named partner institution in national environmental engineering research project
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has been named one of 10 partner institutions on a national environmental engineering research project - the Collaborative Large-scale Engineering Analysis Network for Environmental Research.

US kidney failure rates stabilize, ending a 20-year climb
Kidney failure rates are down overall, but not for African-Americans.

Practice makes perfect when implanting cardioverter-defibrillator devices
As the implantation of cardioverter-defibrillator devices to prevent sudden cardiac death becomes increasingly popular, patients are likely to get the best results when they are treated by physicians who perform the procedures frequently, according to a new study in the Oct.

Cowpeas could add sustainability to cropping systems
Ground left fallow in the High Plains to store soil moisture between crops may be better off with a legume crop such as cowpeas, according to a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researcher.

Researchers address the meaning of the genomic revolution
International researchers in history and philosophy of science will join leading Queensland bioscientists to discuss the meaning of the genomic revolution at a conference to be held at The University of Queensland (UQ) on October 14-15.

Alzheimer's & Dementia marks first issue
Elsevier, world-leading scientific and medical publisher, and the Alzheimer's Association are pleased to announce the recent publication of the premiere issue of Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

Engineers point way to better use of nanotubes as measuring tips
Engineers at Purdue University have shown how researchers might better use tiny hollow fibers called

Vanadium appears to play role in speeding recovery from infections
Dietary supplements containing vanadium are used by body builders to help beef up muscles and by some diabetic people to control blood sugar.

Other illnesses play role in difference in breast cancer survival rates between blacks and whites
Black breast cancer patients have shorter survival than white breast cancer patients largely because of a higher rate of other disorders, such as diabetes and hypertension, according to a study in the October 12 issue of JAMA.

Atoms under control
Max Planck researchers lay the foundations for a distributed quantum computer with the

New protocol tracks how land use influences the way streams work
Virginia Tech biology researchers have applied tools from geology, geography, and hydrologic modeling to determine the effect of different land uses on stream quality across 10 watersheds of the French Broad River in the North Carolina mountains.

ACRF research funds critical to keeping international edge: Frazer
The Australian Cancer Research Foundation fills a

Heat and electricity generator that reduces contaminant emissions
The Ikerlan Centre for Technological Research is part of the team which is to work on, from this December onwards, the Flame Sofc Europeo project, the object of which is to design and develop a household electrical appliance based on a fuel cell that produces electricity and heat in a way that the dwelling can be self-sufficient and reduce the emission of contaminant elements.

New study weighs impact of open access on scholarly journals
The first substantial study of the quickly evolving landscape of open-access publishing has found that about 40 per cent of the surveyed journals providing full open access to their articles are not yet covering their costs and face an uncertain financial future.

Newly discovered hormone keeps digestive acid in check
A newly discovered hormone plays an important role in the digestion of fat, cholesterol, and fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, E, and D, according to a new study in the October 2005 issue of Cell Metabolism.

Old mystery solved, revealing origin of regulatory T cells that 'police' and protect the body
More than 150 years after the discovery of Hassall's corpuscles in 1849, the function of these round blobs of cells in the human thymus gland has now been explained.

Violent video games lead to brain activity characteristic of aggression
A Michigan State University researcher and his colleagues have shown that playing violent video games leads to brain activity pattern that may be characteristic for aggressive thoughts.

Brownian motion under the microscope
An international group of researchers from the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne), the University of Texas at Austin and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg, Germany have demonstrated that Brownian motion of a single particle behaves differently than Einstein postulated one century ago.

It's all in the timing
Couples who use fertility awareness-based methods of family planning have sex just as often as couples who use other contraceptive methods -- they just time it differently, according to a new Georgetown University Institute for Reproductive Health study to be published in a forthcoming edition of the Journal of Biosocial Science.

Researchers seeking alternative to surgery for brain cancers
With a four-year, $450,000 grant from the James S. McDonnell Foundation, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are working to develop an immunotherapy that would be a safe alternative to surgery for brain cancers.

Lupus Research Institute awards $4.5 million to advance new science in lupus
Following an intensive scientific review of the largest number of grant applications ever received -- nearly double that of previous years -- the national nonprofit Lupus Research Institute (LRI) has awarded $4.5 million in new grants to 15 scientists investigating highly promising novel research approaches to lupus.

Study: 'Run-down feeling' with illness may last longer as people age
Aging may intensify and prolong feeling run down when common infections like the flu occur, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Early life stress can lead to memory loss and cognitive decline in middle age
Psychological stress during infancy has been found to cause early impaired memory and a decline in related cognitive abilities, according to a UC Irvine School of Medicine study.

Gene makes muscles in the obese store more fat
The gene encoding an enzyme that hinders muscle from burning fat manufactures three times more enzyme in the muscle of obese people than lean people, researchers from Duke University Medical Center and Louisiana State University have found.

Researchers call for better public health campaigns to control and eliminate river blindness
An international team of researchers are calling for better public health campaigns to reduce the numbers affected by river blindness.

Older patients with acute coronary syndromes not getting recommended treatment
A review of more than 56,000 cases of acute coronary syndromes reveals that older patients are less likely to receive treatment recommended by guidelines, even though they benefit as much or more than younger patients when the recommended treatment is provided, according to a new study in the Oct.

ACP publishes 'Expert Guide to Sports Medicine'
A new book in the ACP Expert Guide series presents clear, concise information on treating all active patients.

Can an electron be in two places at the same time?
Max Planck Researchers in Berlin show that for electrons from nitrogen molecules, the wave-particle character exists simultaneously.
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