Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 12, 2005
Cool therapy reduces brain injury and death from oxygen loss in newborns
Infants born with oxygen loss who are given an innovative therapy that lowers their entire body temperature by four degrees within the first six hours of life, have a better chance of survival and lower incidence of brain injury, according to a report in the October 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Study finds protein is required for human chromosome production
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have identified an elusive protein that performs a necessary step in the production of human chromosomes.

Marine conservation organizations team up to conduct Indonesia coral reefs assessment
Three leading marine conservation organizations will complete an extensive survey next week along the west coast of Aceh Province, Indonesia, to determine the impact of last year's devastating earthquake and tsunami on the region's coral reefs.

Newly discovered birdlike dinosaur is oldest raptor ever found in South America
A 90-million-year-old dinosaur recently discovered in Patagonia demonstrates that dromaeosaurs, carnivorous theropods that include Velociraptor, originated much earlier than previously thought.

Research shows what drives voters to the polls
Through several field experiments, researchers have found that the effectiveness of voter mobilization efforts depends on quality and their personal touch among minority groups.

Scientific societies applaud new milestone in bringing online research to the public
More scholarly research is now available to more people than ever before.

NCI/NIH Pain Consortium Science Writers' Seminar
Chronic pain - from arthritis, cancer, injuries, and many other conditions - affects millions of people each year.

Researchers disprove 'fat redistribution syndrome' among men taking HIV drugs
There is no syndrome that causes increased belly fat and decreased facial and limb fat among HIV-positive men who take antiretroviral drugs, according to a study by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

Liquid crystal multilayer study promises improvements in manufacturing techniques for LCD's
In this study Thet Naing Oo, Tetsuya Iwata, Munehiro Kimura and Tadashi Akahane from Nagaoka University of Technology and Core System Co.

Researchers find a potential key to human immune suppression in space
Researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center have identified a set of key immune-response genes that do not turn on in a weightless environment.

BCG vaccine effect against tuberculosis infection and disease
BCG vaccination can protect children from tuberculosis (TB) infection as well as active TB disease, according to a study published online today (Thursday October 13, 2005) by The Lancet.

FSU biologists describe key role of signal-transcribing gene during cell cycle
Biologists at Florida State University have uncovered the pivotal role of a gene called

Low blood glucose levels may complicate gastric bypass surgery, study shows
Physicians monitoring patients who have undergone gastric bypass surgery should be on the alert for a new, potentially dangerous hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) complication that, while rare, may require quick treatment, according to a new study by collaborating researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and published in the October issue of the journal Diabetologia.

Biosense Webster announces FDA clearance
Biosense Webster, Inc. today announced that the company has received clearance by the U.S.

AAAS science literacy project 20th anniversary, Oct. 17-19
With anti-evolution advocates trying to insert

Penn researchers discover the powerful tool of simultaneous fMRI and PET imaging
Clinical researchers from the University of Pennsylvania Health System (UPHS) are the first to combine fMRI and PET scanning in radiology, creating a way to compare different measurements of the brain's function concurrently.

NIAID awards $47 million to develop medical countermeasures against radiological, nuclear threats
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has issued more than $47 million for grants, contracts and interagency agreements as part of a new National Institutes of Health (NIH) research program on Medical Countermeasures Against Radiological and Nuclear Threats.

Double trouble: Cells with duplicate genomes can trigger tumors
Abnormal cell division that yields cells with an extra set of chromosomes can initiate the development of tumors in mice, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have shown, validating a controversial theory about cancer causation put forth by a scientific visionary nearly 100 years ago.

Black women with early stage breast cancer less likely to receive full course of chemotherapy
Black women with stage I or II breast cancer are more likely than their counterparts of other races to abandon chemotherapy before completing their full course of treatment, according to a recent Columbia University Medical Center study.

Cattle grazing may help rather than hurt endangered species
The fight between cattle-grazing landowners and environmentalists may be a false dichotomy.

MSU entomologist appointed to unravel mysterious tropical disease
A tropical skin disease nicknamed

New grant program helps create radiation therapy programs
The American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology and the American Society of Radiologic Technologists' Education and Research Foundation will award four one-time program development grants to colleges, universities or medical institutions in the United States interested in opening radiation therapy programs.

Work on cancer-killing compound nets FSU professor major grant
Within a laboratory on the Florida State University campus, a chemist leads a team of researchers in a quest to develop synthetic versions of rare natural substances.

Mailman School receives grant to study reducing skin cancer risk from arsenic in water
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have been awarded a $10 million grant from National Cancer Institute (NCI) to conduct a chemoprevention trial of 4,500 adults in Bangladesh who were exposed to very high levels of arsenic in drinking water.

Acellular pertussis vaccine proves effective in adults, adolescents
A vaccine to protect adults and adolescents against illness due to Bordetella pertussis infection - or whooping cough - has proved more than 90 percent effective in a national, large-scale clinical study, according to research results published in this week's issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.

Prehistoric global warming may have contributed to fossil preservation
Prehistoric global warming episodes from massive atmospheric pollution involving carbon dioxide and methane could have created and preserved

Cold treatment protects against infant disability and death from oxygen loss
Lowering infants' body temperature to about 92 degrees Fahrenheit within the first 6 hours of life reduces the chances of disability and death among full term infants who failed to receive enough oxygen or blood to the brain during birth.

Researchers call for better recognition and pain management of endometriosis
Women with endometriosis can wait up to ten years to be diagnosed, promoting researchers to call for better recognition and pain management of the condition.

Therapeutic vaccine for ovarian cancer in clinical trials
Prima BioMed (ASX: PRR) announced today at the

Coastal bluffs provide more sand to California beaches than previously believed
In a paper to be presented October 12 during the annual meeting of the American Shore and Beach Preservation Association in San Francisco, University of California, San Diego researchers will report the unexpectedly high contribution of coastal bluffs and cliffs to the supply of beach sand.

Older men with Parkinson's disease at increased risk of bone fractures
Researchers found that Parkinson's disease (PD) in older men is associated with lower bone mineral density and suggested that physicians should consider screening older male patients with PD for osteoporosis.

Wildlife professor updates 'best available science' on Florida panther
Since 2002, fisheries and wildlife science professor Mike Vaughan has been one of four members of a Science Review Team put in place to review the research on one of the country's most endangered species: the Florida panther.

AGI relaunches GeoSpectrum
The American Geological Institute (AGI) announces the relaunch of GeoSpectrum.

Electrical engineer works on personalizing medical treatment
Virginia Tech's Yue (Joseph) Wang, who currently leads a $5.5 million research effort to improve the outcome for breast cancer patients, dreams of a more personalized medicine in which doctors can precisely determine how a patient's cancer will behave.

Elevated blood levels of a protein are linked to asbestos-induced cancers
Researchers at New York University School of Medicine and Wayne State University have found a molecule that reveals the early stages of pleural mesothelioma, a chest cancer caused by asbestos.

IEEE to hold biometrics workshop at UB
Subtle differences in the ways that individuals look, walk, write and speak -- known as biometrics -- will be the subject of the Fourth IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Workshop on Automatic Identification Advanced Technologies to be held Oct.

Radiocarbon dates reveal that New Guinea art is older than thought
Preliminary results from the first large-scale dating project on New Guinean art challenge assumptions that the objects have been around only a few generations.

Radical surgery best option for most ovarian cancer patients with cancer in diaphragm
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center researchers have determined that surgery to remove metastatic disease from the diaphragm, in conjunction with other procedures to remove the primary diseased tissue in ovarian cancer patients, significantly increases survival rates.

Engineers build DNA 'nanotowers' with enzyme tools
Duke engineers have added a new construction tool to their bio-nanofabrication toolbox.

APS physics tip sheet #55
Highlights in this issue include: the first ever molecules of light, virtual learning trumps reality in lab class, and focusing ocean waves for fun and power.

New class of antibiotics effective against drug-resistant bacteria discovered in fungi
A peptide identified in a fungus found in northern European pine forests possesses as much power as penicillin or vancomycin, according to an international team of researchers including Michael Zasloff, M.D., Ph.D. of Georgetown University Medical Center and Robert Lehrer, M.D. of the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, both highly respected antimicrobial peptides researchers.

Good gnus: Ruminating on conservation in Africa... 'til the cows come home
Experts from East and Southern Africa have some grass roots ideas for tackling the immense challenges Africa faces at the wildlife / domestic animal / human health interface-- and they hope the West is listening.

Seaweed yields new compounds with pharmaceutical potential
Researchers have discovered 10 new molecular structures with pharmaceutical potential in a species of red seaweed that lives in the shallow coral reef along the coastline of Fiji in the south Pacific Ocean.

New microfluidic devices found to be effective method of in-vitro fertilization in mice
Technology that more closely mirrors the natural fertilization process is showing promise as a new method of in-vitro fertilization, researchers at the University of Michigan Health System have found.

Low-echo choir, frog voice recognition, acoustic fire extinguisher
What are the differences between amateur and professional choirs? Do chimpanzees have some basic mathematical ability that tells them when they are outnumbered and should keep quiet?

Proteome Systems signs agreement with Prince Henry's Institute for Ovarian Cancer Diagnostic Test
Proteome Systems today announced a collaboration with Prince Henry's Institute Medical Research (PHIMR) to combine their IP and expertise in ovarian cancer for the discovery and development of novel diagnostic markers.

NIH launches major program to transform clinical and translational science
National Institutes of Health Director Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D., today announced a new program designed to spur the transformation of clinical and translational research, so that new treatments can be developed more efficiently and delivered more quickly to patients.

Saving energy & reducing air pollution by using hardened magnesium alloys
The use of magnesium alloys in engineering applications is becoming increasingly important as a relatively low density allows savings in energy consumption and therefore reduction in air pollution.

EU research suggests that PCBs damage sperm - but finds no dramatic effect on male fertility
Research by an EU-supported international team of scientists has show polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) - synthetic organic chemicals found widely in the environment and absorbed in the diet - may damage sperm.

Deep treasure
Researchers are beginning an expedition to explore one of Florida's most vital but least familiar marine resources--the spectacular deepwater coral reefs of the Oculina Bank--some 30 years after their discovery.
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