Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 13, 2005
Forecasting the next great San Francisco earthquake
The San Francisco Bay region has a 25 percent chance of a magnitude 7 or greater earthquake in the next 20 years, and a roughly 1 percent chance of such an earthquake each year, according to the

Enzyme complex thought to promote cancer development can also help prevent it
In a case of basic science detective work, researchers at The University of Texas M.

Liverpool psychology helps bring peace to European football
'Low impact' policing is the key to overcoming 'hooliganism' at major international football tournaments, according to ESRC-funded research.

The answer to commuter boredom: Online acccess for buses and trains
Researchers are developing an innovative wireless network system for public transport that aims to give passengers total online access.

Oil spills and climate change double the mortality rate of British seabirds
New research from the University of Sheffield shows for the first time that major oil spills double the mortality rate of British sea birds, even though the pollution occurs hundred of miles from the birds' breeding grounds.

Trial demonstrates new drug's effectiveness against psoriasis
A rheumatoid arthritis drug can successfully treat moderate to severe cases of the skin disease psoriasis, according to the results of a randomised trial published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Dense high performance low alloy PM steels
Miren Sarasola, Bachelor of Physics Science and researcher of the Materials Department at CEIT, has developed dense high performance low alloy PM steels by liquid phase sintering.

Beneficial effects of no-till farming depend upon future climate change
By storing carbon in their fields through no-till farming practice, farmers can help countries meet targeted reductions in atmospheric carbon dioxide and reduce the harmful effects of global warming.

Biotechnology has failed to live up to its promises
Promises of cheaper and better drugs using biotechnologies have not been met, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Warmer seas, wetter air make harder rains
Storms will dump heavier rain and snow around the world as Earth's climate warms over the coming century, according to several leading computer models.

Lymphoma survivor recognized for helping Denver cancer patients
The American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology has named John Erik Anduri of Denver as the 2005 Survivor Circle Award Winner.

Ancient neutrinos could put string theory and quantum loop gravity to the test
In this paper, we prove that the idea of Feynman and Penrose can be tested more decisively by observing the *skinniest* objects in the universe---namely, the tiny neutrinos---provided they have been born just after the Big Bang.

Kids who drink early in life: What does it mean for their future?
An early age of first drink (AFD) is associated with a number of negative life outcomes.

The European Patent Office epolineĀ® Annual Conference 2005
The future of the Intellectual Property infrastructure in Europe and contributions on the epolineĀ® products and services from the user's perspective will be the main subjects of the fourth epolineĀ® Annual Conference, which will be held at the Athenaeum InterContinental hotel in Athens on 23-24 November 2005.

A new step towards an AIDS vaccine
Progressive disease after HIV infection is inversely correlated with the presence of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), a subset of the dendritic cell family and the major producers of type 1 interferon in the body.

University of Delaware researchers develop cancer 'nanobomb'
University of Delaware researchers are opening a new front in the war on cancer, bringing to bear new nanotechnologies for cancer detection and treatment and introducing a unique nanobomb that can literally blow up breast cancer tumors.

Link between tropical warming and greenhouse gases stronger than ever, say scientists
New evidence from climate records of the past provides some of the strongest indications yet of a direct link between tropical warmth and higher greenhouse gas levels, say scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

One dose of vaccine against Japanese encephalitis provides sustained protection
A single-dose of a live vaccine against Japanese encephalitis can give children in Nepal high levels of protection for over a year, according to an article in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Alcoholics Anonymous and treatment seem to work best together
People with alcohol-use disorders who want to change their drinking habits tend to choose self-help groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), or treatment.

Is complementary medicine cost effective?
More doubts are cast over the cost effectiveness of complementary medicine in this week's BMJ.

Pain drives Canadian youth to seek alternative medical treatment
Aching backs and chronic pain are the most common reasons for Canadian adolescents to seek complementary or alternative medical treatment.

Yale environment school professor receives research award
Peter A. Raymond, assistant professor of ecosystem ecology in the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale, has received the Estuarine Research Federation's 2005 Cronin Award for Early Achievement.

'Acid rain' and forest mass: Another perspective
A few years ago the study of the effects of atmospheric deposition on forest ecosystems reached beyond the scientific sphere and the term

Innovative gel reduces post-operative pain
A gel made from a patient's own blood reduces pain and may improve wound healing following endoscopic sinus surgery according to researchers at Rush University Medical Center.

Big and fast growing infants at greater risk of later obesity
Large infants, and those who grow rapidly during the first two years of life, are at increased risk of obesity in childhood and adulthood, a study published online by the BMJ today (14 October 2005) has found.

Booster vaccination against hepatitis B not necessary for long-term protection
Infants and adolescents vaccinated against hepatitis B are protected for over 10 years after immunisation, concludes a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Rensselaer awarded NIH grant to support cheminformatics research
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has been selected as one of six universities nationwide to be awarded a two-year, nearly $1 million planning grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that will provide a foundation for the development of a center for cheminformatics research.

Center releases new public survey on stem cells
A survey of 2,212 Americans conducted September 9-19, reveals a public opinion landscape that bears little resemblance to the polarized, deep moral divide expressed on the floor of the Congress and in the op-ed pages of American newspapers.

Cyberkinetics, Case to develop system to help restore extremity function
Cyberkinetics Neurotechnology Systems, Inc. (OTCBB: CYKN) (Cyberkinetics), Case Western Reserve University (Case) and the Cleveland FES (Functional Electrical Stimulation) Center (FES Center) today announced that they have been awarded a five-year, $4.4 million contract from the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR), a component of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

Flip-flopped chromosome reveals a first clue to Tourette syndrome
Researchers have identified the first gene mutation associated with Tourette syndrome - opening a new avenue for understanding the complex disorder that causes muscle and vocal tics.

Kenneth Clarke's tobacco industry links make him unfit for party leadership
Prospective candidate for the Tory party leadership, Kenneth Clarke, is

Hodgkin disease survivors face higher risk for stroke later in life
Patients surviving childhood Hodgkin disease suffer strokes later in life at rates about four times that of the general population, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

Researchers at Yale identify a genetic link to Tourette's Syndrome
In what may be a major milestone in Tourette's Syndrome (TS) research, scientists at Yale School of Medicine and their colleagues have identified a gene called SLITRK1 that appears to contribute to some cases of TS, according to a report in the October 14 issue of Science.

Ohio's third frontier network marks second year with interactive digital technologies showcase
The event will feature the Interactive Digital Technology (IDT) academic/research programs of Shawnee State University, Washington State Community College, Ohio University, Ohio State University, Kent State University - Tuscarawas, Bowling Green State University, Wright State University and their network collaborators.

Ocean invaders in deep time
Much has been made of the economic impacts of recent biological invasions, but what are the implications of invasions in deep time?

NASA's Chandra reveals new star generation
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory revealed a new generation of stars spawned by a super-massive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy.

Evidence for more dust than ice in comets
Observations of Comet 9P/Tempel 1 made by ESA's Rosetta spacecraft after the Deep Impact collision suggest that comets are 'icy dirtballs', rather than 'dirty snowballs' as previously believed.

Bat inspires space tech for airport security
Metal detectors currently used for screening aircraft passengers could soon be supplanted by novel millimetre-wave cameras, able to detect even non-metallic concealed objects.

Lack of dependability in user-developed software can be costly
Penn State University Professor of Technology and Information Science Mary Beth Rosson, PhD recently spoke at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) warning of web software problems and calling for better tools to combat it.

Venus Express mated with upper-stage
Preparations for ESA's Venus Express mission passed a new milestone when the spacecraft was attached to its Fregat upper-stage rocket.

Scientific institute founded by Jonas Salk to host meeting for polio survivors on Oct. 27
Polio survivors - who were afflicted with poliomyelitis in the years or months before the vaccine to prevent this often-crippling disease became available in 1955 - are invited to attend a special symposium, at 3 p.m., Thursday, Oct.

National and regional leadership needed to coordinate response to avian flu pandemic
Strong national and regional leadership in all countries is urgently needed to coordinate a response to the looming avian influenza pandemic, states an editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Moderate alcohol consumption can act as a 'blood thinner'
Population studies have shown that moderate drinkers tend to have lower rates of heart disease but higher rates of bleeding-type strokes than abstainers.

Russian 'surrogate' alcohols are a killer
Heavy alcohol consumption is a major contributing factor to the very high death rate among Russians.

Super-smart USB card delivers rich multimedia content
A powerful new platform that delivers high computing power and high channel capacity could help meet consumer demand for multimedia content via PCs, interactive TV and mobile phones.

Wetness-defying water?
The textbooks say that water readily comes together with other water, open arms of hydrogen clasping oxygen attached to other OH molecules.

Terrorism is no surprise when a nation leaves itself vulnerable
A study reviews sources of failure in policy, organization, and intelligence that inadvertently aided the events of 9/11.

Delivery of aid to Africa: Changes needed to ensure money reaches poor
Without major changes to the way external aid is delivered to Africa it will be impossible to reach the Millennium Development Goals for most of the continent, state the authors of a comment in this week' s issue of The Lancet.

For the first time, a five-fold bond
Chemists at UC Davis have made the first stable compound with a five-fold bond between two metal atoms.

Drug breakthrough for psoriasis sufferers
An international team led by a dermatologist at The University of Manchester has found that treatment with the emerging drug infliximab, marketed as Remicade, can quickly and significantly improve psoriasis symptoms.

Ancient anthropoid origins discovered in Africa
The fossil teeth and jawbones of two new species of tiny monkey-like creatures that lived 37 million years ago have been sifted from ancient sediments in the Egyptian desert, researchers have reported.

UNC wins eight top NIH 'Roadmap' grants, more than any other university in the country
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill health scientists have garnered more grants - eight - from the National Institutes of Health's highly competitive Roadmap program than any other university in the nation.

UK liver services need urgent improvement
Liver services in the United Kingdom need better funding and better staffing, argues a senior doctor in this week's BMJ.

Using information technology to coordinate emergency management
What kinds of information do computer software collaborators need to share and work effectively?

Good news for the medical marijuana movement: pot proliferates brain cells and boosts mood
Most drugs of abuse decrease the generation of new neurons in the brain, but the effects of marijuana on this process, called neurogenesis, had not been clear.
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