Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 24, 2005
Simple tests may help predict patients' pain after surgery
New research at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center shows that having patients complete a series of simple tests before surgery may help predict the intensity of their post-surgical pain and how much pain medication they will need.

Go with the flow: How cells use biological flows to signal and organize
An EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne) team led by professor Melody Swartz has demonstrated for the first time that the presence of very slow biological flows affects the extracellular environment in ways that are critical for tissue formation and cell migration.

Camryn Manheim speaks out about rheumatoid arthritis
The Arthritis Foundation, in partnership with Amgen and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, today announced the launch of

Charting the path of the deadly Ebola virus in central Africa
Genetic, spatial, and temporal data reveal that the Zaire strain of Ebola virus has spread recently across the region rather than being a long-term resident in the locations where the outbreaks have occurred.

Miller, Schuman receive ARVO/Pfizer Ophthalmics award
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) announced today that Joan W.

NJIT hosts upcoming innovative environmental technologies conference
Notable scientists, administrators and others in business, government and academe will convene Oct.

Creating a better transmission system for deep-space applications
A new technique, based on a principle known as a phased array, could improve deep-space missions like asteroid research and remote spacecraft operations by changing the way signals are sent from Earth.

Barbara B. Kahn, M.D., elected to Institute of Medicine
Barbara B. Kahn, M.D., Chief of the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School has been elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), it was announced today.

UT Southwestern scientist elected to National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine
A UT Southwestern Medical Center faculty member who specializes in gene regulation has been elected to the Institute of Medicine, a component of the prestigious National Academy of Sciences, it was announced today.

New class of drug reduces post-operative vomiting
The results of a new Phase III clinical trial have demonstrated that a new class of drugs, called

Lipids play important role in nervous system development
Blocking a signaling lipid can keep nerves from developing the arm-like extensions they need to wire the body and may even cause neurons to die, researchers have found.

Anti-cold, anti-flu product cuts recurrent colds by more than half, study shows
The results of a new study to be published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal show that an anti-flu, anti-cold pill reduced the incidence and frequency of recurrent colds by more than half.

Surgery enters virtual world
Hip replacement outcomes could become far more predictable thanks to a revolutionary virtual surgery system developed by European researchers.

Despite rarity of errors in chemotherapy orders, improvements still needed, study finds
In one of the first studies to examine chemotherapy errors in ambulatory care for cancer patients, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital found about three percent of chemotherapy orders in three outpatient infusion clinics studied contained mistakes.

In Western bluebird as well as human families, accumulated wealth encourages stability
Among Western bluebirds and other cooperatively breeding birds, when grown children hang around the nest instead of dispersing at maturity, family structures become more close-knit.

For two primates, patience takes different forms, shaped by ecology
Comparing two monkey species with very different food-gathering strategies, researchers have gained new insight into what factors influence choices between patience and impulsivity by showing that the particular ways in which animals exhibit patience and impulsivity differ from one context to another and may be closely related to the animals' ecological niches and their everyday interactions with the natural world.

Fruitful collaboration earns another NSF award for Medical College scientist
Stuart A. Newman, Ph.D., professor of cell biology and anatomy at New York Medical College, is one of seven scientists who have been awarded a $5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study biological self assembly using a technique called

Novel protein in St. John's Wort found to suppress HIV-1 gene expression
A novel protein, p27SJ, extracted from a callus culture of the St.

Yale researcher leads successful effort to access HMO fees for Medicaid patients
In a study of access to specialty healthcare by the uninsured and publicly insured in New Haven, Yale researchers found that recent state budget cuts, out-of-date provider rates and other policy changes had caused a decline in care by private practice physicians.

Institute of Medicine elects Gladstone Director Warner Greene
The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies today announced that it has elected Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology Director and Senior Investigator Warner C.

Cholesterol levels and use of lipid-lowering drugs are not associated with breast cancer risk
Cholesterol levels and use of statins or other lipid-lowering drugs are not associated with breast cancer risk, according to a study in the October 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Carnegie Mellon study finds that facial expressions reveal how the body reacts to stress
A provocative new study has found that people who respond to stressful situations with angry facial expressions, rather than fearful expressions, are less likely to suffer such ill effects of stress as high blood pressure and high stress hormone secretion.

Heart attack death rates found higher in hospitals treating larger share of African Americans
Ninety days after a heart attack, death rates for African Americans and white patients were found to be significantly higher in hospitals that disproportionately serve African American patients than in hospitals that serve mainly white patients, according to a new study.

ERS-2 has ringside view of Hurricane Wilma's violent winds
As Hurricane Wilma barrels towards the Florida coast, a last-minute acquisition by a unique instrument aboard ERS-2 is helping strengthen weather forecasters' final predictions of its future course and strength.

Keck School of Medicine pediatric endocrinologist elected to Institute of Medicine
Francine R. Kaufman, M.D., professor of pediatrics at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, was named today as one of 64 new members of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

Viagra blunts effects of stress on the human heart
Sildenafil citrate (Viagra), a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED) in millions of men, reduces the stimulatory effects of hormonal stress on the heart by half, according to results of a new study by researchers at Johns Hopkins.

Institute of Medicine News: IOM elects 64 new members, five foreign associates
The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies today announced the names of 64 new members, raising its total active membership to 1,461.

Depression raises disability risk, especially among African-Americans
Depressed middle-aged adults are at four times greater risk for being unable to perform everyday tasks than their non-depressed peers, a Northwestern University study found.

Autism problems explained in new research
New research from Melbourne's Howard Florey Institute helps to explain why children with autism spectrum disorders (autism) have problem-solving difficulties.

Slacker or sick?
Early nerve damage caused by repetitive strain injuries can trigger

Tracking desertification with satellites highlighted at UNCCD COP
With a quarter of the Earth's land surface affected, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification regards desertification as a worldwide problem.

New discovery: If it weren't for this enzyme, decomposing pesticide would take millennia
An enzyme inside a bacterium that grows in the soil of potato fields can -- in a split second -- break down residues of a common powerful pesticide used for killing worms on potatoes, researchers have found.

Columbia study shows how doctors may manage blood glucose levels during heart surgery
An anesthesiology research team at Columbia University Medical Center have completed the first human study to show that aprotinin, a protease inhibitor, was associated with lower blood glucose levels during coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Institute of Medicine: IOM Honors members for outstanding service
The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies honored members Ada Sue Hinshaw, Henry Riecken, and Torsten Wiesel for their outstanding service to the Institute at an awards ceremony during its 35th anniversary celebration on Oct.

UK's first professor of teenage and young adult cancer appointed in Manchester
Teenage Cancer Trust (TCT) has appointed Professor Tim Eden to be the first TCT Professor of Teenage and Young Adult Cancer.

Bringing handheld mobile digital video broadcasting to reality
The new standard for broadcasting digital video to future mobile phones, PDAs and laptops, DVB-H, is now almost complete.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia physician elected to Institute of Medicine
A prominent physician-scientist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Virginia A.

EMBO elects 40 top researchers to its membership
The European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) today announces the election of 40 leading life scientists to its membership.

Media alert: Special session on the impact of Hurricanes Katrina, Rita on crops, soils, environment
A special session featuring a panel of experts will explore the Impact and Aftermath - Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on agronomy, crops, soils, and the environment on Monday Nov.

Be a control freak: Allergists outline new focus for asthmatics
A Mayo Clinic allergist and colleagues representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology and the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology announce they are revising the old classification of asthma patients by disease severity to determine treatment and moving to a new expectation for all asthma patients: excellent symptom control.

Foodborne Threats to Health
The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies will hold a workshop on Oct.

AAAAI, ACAAI recommend continual assessment of asthma control
Asthma should be assessed each time a patient sees his or her physician, to determine whether the asthma is well controlled or not well controlled, according to a new practice parameter.

Researchers find gland that tells fruit flies when to stop growing
University of Washington biologists studying the physiology of Drosophila melanogaster, the common fruit fly, have discovered an organ that assesses the size of the juvenile and signals when it has reached a critical weight to begin metamorphosis into an adult.

Expression Project for Oncology (expO) collects 1,000th malignant tumor specimen
The International Genomics Consortium's (IGC) Expression Project for Oncology (expO) today announced that it has collected its 1,000th frozen cancer specimen, which exceeds original expectations for the project while marking a milestone that is recognized by researchers, industry and academia.

National Academies advisory: Nov. 4 International Security and Arms Control Symposium
The National Academies' Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) will hold a symposium to celebrate its 25th anniversary -- giving scholars from the United States, Russia, China, and India opportunities to explore how the committee can marshal scientific evidence to help tackle international security problems in the 21st century.

Alert system associated with increased clinical trial recruitment
An electronic health record-based clinical trial alert system increased recruitment rates and physicians' participation in an ongoing clinical trial, according to a study in the October 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Calls to prevent chronic disease 'juggernaut'
Health leaders have called for action in reforming primary health care to tackle the 'juggernaut' of chronic disease issues about to hit the health system at a meeting in Melbourne.

Conference on health communication call for papers and panel proposals
Organized by University of Kentucky College of Communications and Information Studies' health communication faculty, a program ranked 6th in the nation by the National Communication Association, the Kentucky Conference on Health Communication has issued a call for papers and panel proposals.

PLoS Medicine publishes first trial of effect of male circumcision on HIV infection
The first trial of male circumcision for reducing the risk of HIV finds significantly lower new cases in the treatment group, according to a paper published in the freely-available journal PLoS Medicine.

Benefits of longer-term tamoxifen use may take years to appear
The survival benefits of longer-term therapy using tamoxifen may take at least nine years to develop, according to a new study.

Gene that helps mosquitoes fight off malaria parasite identified
Researchers have identified a gene in mosquitoes that helps the insects to fight off infection by the Plasmodium parasite, which causes malaria.

Innovative Cancer Therapy for Tomorrow
The Page and William Black Post-Graduate School of Medicine of Mount Sinai School of Medicine, the Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology of the Department of Medicine of Mount Sinai School of Medicine and the Chemotherapy Foundation will jointly sponsor

Women, kids and Australia's mental health crisis
Women's health problems, depression and child abuse represented a major health crisis in Australia, a seminar focusing on women and mental health over the weekend was told.

Annual Bibliography of Significant Advances in Dietary Supplement Research 2004
The Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) at the NIH announces the release of the 2004 issue of the Annual Bibliography of Significant Advances in Dietary Supplement Research.

Mayo Clinic measures psychological and social impacts of contralateral prophylactic mastectomies
Mayo Clinic researchers report that most women who have a contralateral (opposite to cancerous breast) prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) are satisfied and would elect this procedure again.

Assessing the impact of breast cancer
The psychological and physical effects of breast cancer are being examined in a first-time study that tracks women in the first five years following their diagnosis.

New technology could improve clinical trial recruitment
A new study led by Peter Embi, MD, of the University of Cincinnati, shows that by using the tools of an electronic medical record system in a new way, it's possible to increase the number of patients who volunteer to participate in clinical studies and generate more referrals from the physician community.

Dr. Jonathan Moreno elected to prestigious Insitute of Medicine
Jonathan Moreno, PhD, Emily Davie and Joseph S. Kornfeld Professor of Biomedical Ethics and Director of the Center for Biomedical Ethics at the University of Virginia Health System, has been elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

SUN Microsystems awards grant to Stevens ECE professors
Professor Jameela Al-Jaroodi and her team in the Schaefer School of Engineering's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) at Stevens Institute of Technology have received an Academic Excellence Grant (AEG) from SUN Microsystems, Inc.

Botulinum toxin can ease intense facial pain
There is another use for botulinum toxin which has brought relief to some who suffer from migraines and eye spasms.

Study reveals reason women are more sensitive to pain than men
For centuries, it has been generally believed women are the more sensitive gender.

Positive study results for methylphenidate transdermal system
Shire announced at a major medical meeting in Toronto, Canada, that its investigational methylphenidate transdermal system (MTS) demonstrated statistically significant reductions in the symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and was generally well tolerated in patients aged 6 to 12 in two clinical trials.

National microbial risk center will help scientists get a handle on infectious diseases
Michigan State University unveils today the development of a new center that will help everyone from first responders to legislators deal with infectious diseases as well as bioterrorism threats.

Road to greener chemistry paved with nano-gold, researchers report
Breakthrough could

Justice at workplace associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease
A sense of fair treatment in the workplace was associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease in a large long-term study of British office workers published in the October 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Anemia associated with higher risk of death in the elderly
Elderly people with the lowest and highest hemoglobin concentrations (the component of red blood cells that carries oxygen) are at increased risk of death, according to a study in the October 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Dipyridamole, ASA and warding off stroke
In this article, Dr. Cathie Sudlow, one of the investigators in a major randomized controlled clinical trial of antiplatelet therapy for stroke and myocardial infarction in high risk patients, comments on the recent decision by the influential U.K National Institute for Heath and Clinical Excellence (NICE) to recommend that dipyridamole be recommended in addition to ASA, rather than using ASA alone as most guidelines recommend.

Media alert: Special sessions feature Utah's military, agriculture connections
Two sessions featuring a look at Utah's past, present, and future--one covering Utah's Military History and one focusing on Utah's Agricultural Research--will be presented on Monday, Nov.

Report emphasises science benefits of ESA's Earth Observation Envelope Programme
ESA's 21st Century Earth Observation Envelope Programme has received a strong endorsement from a scientific review committee tasked with assessing its benefits ahead of December's Ministerial Council.

Whooping cough vaccine not just for kids anymore
In the first study of its kind, researchers at Saint Louis University and other institutions have demonstrated that immunization with a new vaccine could potentially prevent more than a million cases of pertussis (whooping cough) each year in adolescents and adults.

Schizophrenia: Delusion without illusion
Scientists have discovered that schizophrenia sufferers are not fooled by a visual illusion and are able to judge it more accurately than non-schizophrenic observers.

Chemotherapy errors rare, but have potential for serious consequences
About one out of 30 chemotherapy orders at three ambulatory infusion clinics had errors, and one in 50 orders had a serious error, according to a new study.

Physician behavior an underlying cause for health care cost
Physicians practicing in regions of the U.S. where health care spending is high are more likely to order tests, referrals and treatments for their patients than those in low spending regions.

Conference examines social perspectives on health disparities
The Chicago Center of Excellence in Health Promotion Economics (CCEHPE) will present a conference on

Floyd E. Bloom wins 2005 Sarnat Prize in Mental Health
The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies has awarded the 2005 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health to Floyd E.

Leeches provide source for cardiovascular drugs
The leech has recently confirmed its biomedical interest for scientists by showing that it contains an extensive list of new potential molecules that may become useful tools in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Curing the common cold?
Predy and colleagues randomized 323 study subjects to receive a proprietary ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) preparation or a placebo and followed them for 4 months and found found that ginseng reduced the frequency of colds.

Scientists discover secret behind human red blood cell's amazing flexibility
A human red blood cell is a dimpled ballerina, ceaselessly spinning, tumbling, bending, and squeezing through openings narrower than its width to dispense life-giving oxygen to every corner of the body.

Researchers learn how blood vessel cells cope with their pressure-packed job
Rubber bands form stress wrinkles parallel to the direction in which they are being pulled. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to