Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 26, 2005
Society of Nuclear Medicine announces collaborative working agreement with Bio-Imaging Technologies
The Society of Nuclear Medicine has established a collaborative working agreement with Bio-Imaging Technologies Inc., the world's largest independent, dedicated provider of medical image management for clinical trials.

Largest survey on depression suggests higher prevalence in U.S., reports Mailman school
Findings from the largest survey ever conducted on the co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders among U.S. adults indicates a sharper picture than previously reported of major depressive disorder (MDD) in specific population groups.

Modifications render carbon nanotubes nontoxic
In follow-on work to last year's groundbreaking toxicological study of water-soluble buckyballs, nanotechnology researchers at Rice University find that water-soluble carbon nanotubes are significantly less toxic than their buckyball cousins.

Stanford innovation helps 'enlighten' silicon chips
The discovery Stanford researchers in the School of Engineering announce in the Oct.

TPV EU approval provides new HIV active drug to be combined with FUZEONĀ®
Basel (CH), 26 October 2005. Following today's European approval of Boehringer Ingelheim's boosted protease inhibitor tipranavir (APTIVUSĀ®), European patients now have the chance to benefit from the potent combination of the fusion inhibitor FUZEON (enfuvirtide) and boosted tipranavir in addition to their current treatment regimen.

17th annual medical ethics conference to focus on global and personal issues
The MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago will host a conference on medical ethics and patient care on Nov.

Bringing home the bacon: As many as 20 percent of wives make more money than husbands
Research finds that in some families where wives out-earn husbands, the chief breadwinner is a 'superstar' woman.

Bombers could soon be breathalysed
A technology originally designed for medical diagnosis, could soon catch out bomb makers.

UC Santa Barbara researchers light up 'dark' spins in diamond
Researchers at UC Santa Barbara have potentially opened up a new avenue toward room temperature quantum information processing.

Mayo Clinic researchers find math learning disorder is common
In a recently published study, Mayo Clinic researchers determined Math Learning Disorder (LD) is common among school-age children.

Childhood asthma affecting more than just breathing
Recent research has shown that kids with asthma may also be at risk for psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, and problems in their social lives including peer interactions.

Wnt signaling controls the fate of stem cells in adult brains
Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified a crucial cellular signal that controls the fate of stem cells in the brains of adult mice.

UCLA/VA research analysis in journal Nature explains wide variations in animal sleep habits
An extensive research analysis by a neuroscientist at UCLA's Semel Institute and the Veterans Affairs' Neurobiology Research Laboratory concludes that environment and diet largely determine sleep needs.

UVa researchers show that a natural carbohydrate can help lower blood sugar
A carbohydrate isolated from the liver lowers blood sugar levels after it is injected into diabetic rats, according to research carried out by a team of experts at the University of Virginia Health System.

Mayo Clinic Tobacco Quitline to provide Minnesota QUITPLAN Helpline service
Mayo Clinic Tobacco Quitline was recently awarded a two-year contract by the Minnesota Partnership for Action Against Tobacco (MPAAT) to provide tobacco treatment services available through its QUITPLAN Helpline for Minnesotans, effective Dec.

Multi-million dollar deal to benefit medical research
The Medical Research Council is to receive US$191m as part of one of the biggest deals to come out of breakthroughs by British scientists.

Innovative 'recycling' project could reduce US inventory of spent nuclear fuel
Hoping to reduce the nation's growing inventory of stored spent nuclear fuel, a group of nuclear engineering faculty, scientists and students from Big Ten universities, the University of Chicago and the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory will develop innovative nuclear fuel cycles that will recycle and dispose of this high-level radioactive material.

Organic, sustainability research discussed at scientific meeting
Several sessions focusing on organic research and sustainability in crop production, including biodiversity, the environment, food security and water quality will be presented in Salt Lake City at the International Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Nov.

Leading experts present latest in cancer prevention research
Leading cancer researchers will convene at the 4th Annual Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), the premier gathering of its kind in the world, which features the latest developments in cancer prevention research.

Satellite survey of Elbe flood helps Swiss Re insure for disaster
One of the worst disasters to hit Europe in the last decade has served as a case study to investigate how satellite images can improve insurance risk modelling.

Avoiding the 'Desperate Housewive's' syndrome
Does the act of being 'superwoman' at work and around the home leave you feeling stressed and unable to cope?

Scientists unpick genetics of first 15 minutes of life
Scientists have identified the gene responsible for controlling a first key step in the creation of new life, according to new research published in the journal Nature tomorrow (Thursday 27 October 2005).

Haplotype map offers new insights into human disease, evolution
Several new publications announce substantial advances in relating human genetic variation to disease and understanding human evolutionary history.

Major boost for rheumatoid arthritis drug development
The first spin-out company from Perth's Telethon Institute for Child Health Research has achieved national recognition with a prestigious AusIndustry grant worth A$2.27 million.

Epidemic of chronic diseases focus of Oxford Health Alliance Conference
Global leaders and researchers will address the world's leading causes of death in a three-day Oxford Health Alliance conference at the Yale School of Medicine starting October 30 at The Anlyan Center, 300 Cedar St.

Tropical cloud 'dust' could hold the key to climate change
Scientists at the University of Manchester will set off for Australia this week to undertake an in-depth study of tropical clouds and the particles sucked up into them to gain further insight into climate change and the depletion of the ozone layer.

Doctors call for urgent review of cancer initiative
Hospital doctors are calling for an urgent review of the UK Government target that all suspected cancers should be seen by a consultant within two week, saying there's no evidence the initiative is having any impact on survival rates.

Diabetes and depression can be a fatal mix
In a University of Washington and Group Health Cooperative three-year study, people whose type 2 diabetes was accompanied by minor or major depression had higher mortality rates than did patients with type 2 diabetes alone.

Popular insecticide detected in suburban stream beds
For the first time, researchers have detected high concentrations of pyrethroids, a popular insecticide, in suburban stream sediments, raising concerns about its effects on aquatic life.

Changes in brain, not age, determine one's ability to focus on task
When it comes to focusing on a task amid distractions, some folks more than 60 years old are as mentally sharp as 22-year-olds.

New TNS study shows most Australian women are overweight
A new study by global market research firm, TNS, of 506 Australian women aged 15 or more shows an alarming two thirds (67%) are overweight based on their height and weight (BMI), with four in ten (39%) obese.

Decline in breast cancer deaths explained by use of screening and adjuvant therapies
Early detection through screening mammography and improved adjuvant treatment have contributed almost equally to the substantial decrease in breast cancer death rates over the past 10 to 15 years, researchers conclude in an unprecedented effort to parse out the factors that have led to the decline.

Growth patterns into childhood reveal risk of coronary heart disease later in life
The risk of developing coronary heart disease as an adult is more strongly related to childhood growth patterns than body weight at any particular point in development, according to a new study published in the Oct.

'First light' for the large binocular telescope
The two mirrors of the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) have produced their first scientific images of space.

Cassini finds Prometheus a sculptor of Saturn's rings
New findings from members of the Cassini imaging team show that certain prominent features in Saturn's narrow and contorted F ring can be understood in terms of a simple gravitational interaction with the small moon Prometheus.

Baylor Human Genome Sequence Center key player in mapping human genetic variation
A comprehensive map of human genetic variation, published today in the journal Nature, is not only a major achievement by the International HapMap Consortium, but it also opens the door to future efforts that could pinpoint the changes that actually alter the way genes work, said the Baylor College of Medicine researcher who led the local HapMap effort.

Implementing European Space Policy: Key ESA/EC agreement on Earth Observation data signed today
An agreement on space-based information services and access to, and provision of, Earth Observation data was signed today by ESA and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission.

Bone marrow stem cells may heal hearts even years after heart attacks
Left ventricular function and exercise capacity increased, while the area of heart muscle damage shrank, in 18 patients given infusions of their own bone marrow stem cells up to eight years after a heart attack, according to a new study in the Nov.

Wine and cheese experts provide recommendations for ideal parings using sensory scale
Twenty-seven food and wine professionals evaluated selected wines and cheeses to determine ideal parings based on a scientific sensory methodology.

Protein aggregates in Lou Gehrig's disease linked to neuron death
Little is known about the cause of ALS. What is known is that misfolded and damaged proteins clump together in cells to form aggregates and motor neurons die.

Walking and sports linked with heart health benefits in Japan, too
Even in an Asian nation where people generally have higher levels of physical activity on the job than is typical in North America or Europe, those who walk more or engage in regular sports activity tend to have lower levels of ischemic stroke and coronary heart disease, according to a new study in the Nov.

EMBO selects Europe's best young independent scientists
EMBO has singled out 17 European life scientists to receive the support of its prestigious Young Investigator Programme.

DNA size a crucial factor in genetic mutations, study finds
Researchers at Stanford University have created a larger-than-normal DNA molecule that is copied almost as efficiently as natural DNA.

Flipped genetic sequences illuminate human evolution and disease
Chunks of inverted DNA are hundreds of times more common in primates than previously thought.

Sisyphean movement of motor proteins may help preserve DNA integrity
Researchers studying how proteins called helicases travel along strands of DNA have found that when the proteins hit an obstacle they snap back to where they began, repeating the process over and over, possibly playing a preventative role in keeping the genome intact.

Population growth could be bigger threat to reducing poverty in Africa than AIDS
High fertility rates and rapid population growth could prove to be more serious obstacles to poverty reduction than AIDS in most African countries, states a viewpoint published online today (Thursday October 27, 2005) by The Lancet.

Chemical reactor, natural gas research earn top honor for UH professor
From avoiding explosions in chemical reactors to developing more economical methods for natural gas conversion, nearly 40 years of research by one University of Houston professor has garnered him one of the highest honors given in the field of chemical engineering.

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends hepatitis A vaccination for children
The National Partnership for Immunization supports the unanimous decision of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) to recommend universal hepatitis A vaccination for all children in a single age cohort between 12 to 35 months, with catch-up vaccination through the pre-school years.

Studies on human genome variation provide insight into disease
The International HapMap Project was initiated with the primary goal of facilitating medical studies and understanding the genomic basis for human diseases.

Authorise generic avian flu drugs: Researchers
Australia must consider locally producing mass supplies of generic drugs to prepare for an avian flu pandemic, according to research by ANU health and legal specialists.

International consortium completes map of human genetic variation
The International HapMap Consortium today published a comprehensive catalog of human genetic variation, a landmark achievement that is already accelerating the search for genes involved in common diseases, such as asthma, diabetes, cancer and heart disease.
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