Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 27, 2005
A new blueprint to aid physicians in predicting risk for type 1 diabetes
Researchers have discovered a combination of tests that can more accurately predict who will develop type 1 diabetes.

Should drugs for rare diseases be given special status in the NHS?
The growing number and costs of drugs for rare diseases (orphan drugs) are straining healthcare budgets.

Three ORNL technologies earn technology transfer excellence awards
Three technologies developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have received Excellence in Technology Transfer Awards from the Southeast Region of the Federal Laboratory consortium.

The Gerontological Society of America awards new Hartford Doctoral Fellowships
Six outstanding social work students have been chosen as the newest recipients of the prestigious Hartford Doctoral Fellowship, a program funded by the John A.

Cruciferous vegetables may help some people protect against lung cancer
Eating vegetables from the cabbage family could help individuals with a certain genetic make-up reduce their risk of lung cancer, suggests a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Quantum physics discovery may bring about changes in optical communications, scientists report
Results from experiments conducted at the University of California, Santa Barbara may lead to profound changes in optical communications.

Lance Armstrong Foundation establishes Endowed Chair in Oncology at Indiana University
The Lance Armstrong Foundation is honoring Dr. Lawrence Einhorn and inspiring future innovations in cancer treatment through the establishment of the Lance Armstrong Foundation Chair in Oncology at Indiana University.

Public health nursing education changing with the times
As public health nursing practice changes to be more population-focused, academic institutions are challenged to keep up with educational requirements.

An essential regulator of body weight revealed
Scientists are one step closer to unraveling the complex mechanisms in the brain that regulate body weight.

Lack of sex could be a signpost to extinction, claim researchers
Researchers from Imperial College London believe that when species become asexual they could be on their way to extinction.

Lineage trees for cells
Some fundamental outstanding questions in science -

Gene for B-cell development factor might be involved in multiple sclerosis
A gene involved in B-cell development might play a role in multiple sclerosis.

U-M scientists say fused genes trigger the development of prostate cancer
Scientists at the University of Michigan Medical School have discovered a recurring pattern of scrambled chromosomes and abnormal gene activity that occurs only in prostate cancer.

Poor pregnancy outcomes linked to increased uric acid
Pregnant women with hypertension who also have elevated levels of uric acid in their blood may face an increased risk of complications that could be fatal for mother and baby, University of Pittsburgh researchers report in the current issue of the journal Hypertension.

Forsyth scientists identify a gene responsible for facial diversity
Researchers at the Forsyth Institute have discovered that the genes that influence the jaws of cichlid fish, tropical freshwater fish renowned for head shape diversity, offer insight into overall vertebrate diversity.

Liquidmetal: Redefining metals for the 21st century
A revolution in metals has arrived. NASA, the California Institute of Technology and the US Department of Energy united to help develop a new building material.

Baby's genes affect mom's cholesterol levels
A group of Belgian researchers has determined that a pregnant woman's ability to metabolize fats is determined not only by her genes but by her baby's genes as well.

New study shows measles immunization may prevent fatal brain infection
A new study has found wild-type measles virus in tissues from patients who died of a fatal brain infection, providing evidence against the notion that the strain of virus in the measles vaccine caused the infection.

Who's available to help in times of crisis and disaster?
New research by disaster researcher Alice Fothergill, Ph.D., and the Office of Nursing Workforce at the University of Vermont , attempts to answer the question of whether inactive nurses can and are willing to be mobilized in emergency situations.

Non-drug hypertension treatment device effectively reduces blood pressure in hypertensive diabetics
It is estimated that eighty percent of the 10 million Americans suffering from both diabetes and hypertension do not reach goal blood pressure (BP) and are at increased risk for heart, kidney and eye disease.

Sandia demonstrates device for preventing battlefield friendly fire
Sandia, General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, and Sierra Monolithics demonstrated the Athena Radar-Responsive Tag during a recent military exercise in the U.K.

November-December GSA BULLETIN media highlights
The November-December issue of the GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN includes several newsworthy items.

Recommendation for public health nurses to be more population focused
New guidelines urge public health nurses to move away from direct service provision and toward more collaborative and population or community-focused intervention.

Abortion does not raise risk of depression
Claims that terminating an unwanted first pregnancy raises the risk of depression is called into question in a study published online by the BMJ today.

Molecular Profiling Institute secures $7.5 million in Series B funding
The Molecular Profiling Institute, Inc. (Molecular Profiling) today announced that it has secured $7.5 million in capital through a Series B financing from three key investors: AmeriPath, Affymetrix and Gen-Probe Incorporated.

Meeting MRSA targets largely down to chance, says expert
Chance makes it impossible to assess reliably whether hospitals are meeting government targets to reduce MRSA infections, argues a statistics expert in this week's BMJ.

How-to book published on laser beam-shaping applications
Following up on their well-received first book, Sandia researchers Fred Dickey and Scott Holswade have edited (with David Shealy of the University of Alabama at Birmingham) a compact new volume, Laser Beam Shaping Applications.

Russian commission paves way for rocket's return to flight
Following the failure of the Rockot launch vehicle during the CryoSat mission on 8 October 2005, the Russian Failure Investigation State Commission led by the Space Forces Deputy Commander Oleg Gromov announced the clearance of the launch vehicle for future use including launches for the Russian Ministry of Defence.

Throwaway society? Truth is, we really care about getting rid of things
Far from being a 'throwaway society', most of us go to considerable lengths to pass on unwanted household items to others, according to new research sponsored by the ESRC.

Study reveals hormone can reduce food intake, body weight
Research at the Oregon National Primate Research Center (ONPRC) at Oregon Health & Science University has demonstrated that a hormone found naturally in the body has the ability to cause limited weight loss.

First Internet-built student satellite successfully launched
SSETI Express, a low Earth orbit spacecraft designed and built by European university students under the supervision of ESA's Education Department, was successfully launched this morning at 08:52 CEST from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on a Russian Kosmos 3M launcher.

Possible predictors of relationship violence
A man's vigilance over his partner's whereabouts is likely to be a key signal of violence against her.

New book explains how evolution really works, rebuts intelligent design
In a new book, The Plausibility of Life: Resolving Darwin's Dilemma, Harvard Medical School's Marc W.

University of Georgia team investigates effects of nanoparticles on environment
A University of Georgia research team has received funding from the US Environmental Protection Agency to take a close look at something 100,000 times smaller than the width of a hair that offers great promise for major advances in medicine, manufacturing, electronics and other areas of science.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2005
Story ideas from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Deprived people less likely to get treatment to prevent heart disease
People living in deprived areas or working in manual occupations are less likely to receive cholesterol and blood pressure-lowering treatment than more affluent people, according to a paper published today [28 October] in the November issue of the British Journal of General Practice.

Research shows that environment is a major factor in addiction recovery
New research in monkeys suggests that, although living in an

Lippman recognized for discoveries in cancer prevention
Scott M. Lippman, M.D., chairman of the Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention and Ellen F.

Foresight to forge strong ICT future for Europe
A far reaching analysis of the potential futures faced by Europe's information communication technologies (ICT) sector in a global context is laying detailed and incisive groundwork for policy makers to improve Europe's situation by guiding ICT developments over the medium to long term.

UCLA study identifies $7 in societal savings for every $1 spent on drug abuse treatment
Every dollar spent on substance abuse treatment generates $7 in monetary benefits for society, a new UCLA study shows.

AAAS and Brandeis University announce 2005 Fellows
Researchers Dagmar Ringe and James Haber are Brandeis University's newest Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), following in the footsteps of 11 faculty members who have been previously elected to the honor.

Iressa does not improve survival for patients with the most common form of lung cancer
A randomised trial in this week's issue of The Lancet has found that the lung cancer drug Iressa (gefitinib) is not associated with a significant improvement in survival for people with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Talk therapy more effective long term treatment for SAD than light therapy, study finds
A study by a University of Vermont psychology professor shows that cognitive behavioral therapy is more effective in the long term than light therapy in combating Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).

Tulane receives multi-million grant for hemorrhagic fever research
The National Institutes of Health awarded Tulane University a grant of more than $3.8 million for a three-year study designed to develop better tests for one of the deadliest group of diseases called viral hemorrhagic fevers.

Asian immigrants in NYC not receiving HIV education at religious institutions
Religious institutions serving New York City's Asian immigrants are not educating their congregations about HIV prevention and healthcare, in part because some leaders hold stigma and fear about the disease, according to a new study by The New York Academy of Medicine in the upcoming issue of the international journal AIDS Education and Prevention being published this week.

November GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
Topics in the November issue of GEOLOGY include: a challenge to the use of banded iron formations as markers for the rise of oxygen in the oceans; new model of changes in seawater composition over time; factors in the rise of atmospheric methane; unmixing of magma into immiscible liquids; and evolution of organic molecules on early Earth.

RIT partners with leader in remote sensing to enhance homeland security
Leica Geosystems, a world wide leader in geospacial imaging, has recently chosen the Carlson Center for Imaging Science at Rochester Institute of Technology to serve as a Center of Excellence in Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Yale scientists participate in $12.3M NIH National Technology Center
Two Yale scientists are part of the research team receiving $12.3 million, five-year grant as part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap for Medical Research supporting multidisciplinary research projects on how cells interact with their environments.

Keeping kids safe & healthy on Halloween
Halloween is an exciting time for kids, and we can all help to make sure that children have a safe and fun holiday with the following tips from Harvard Health Publications, the publishing group at Harvard Medical School.

New Science study: Mangroves shielded communities against tsunami
A new study released today in the journal Science shows that areas buffered by coastal forests, like mangroves, were strikingly less damaged by the 2004 tsunami than areas without tree vegetation.

AAAS elects NJIT professor as Fellow for math modeling research on the brain
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) will announce tomorrow that Robert Miura, PhD, a professor in the departments of mathematical sciences and biomedical engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), was elected a AAAS Fellow.

US health care cuts are costing lives
Health care cuts in the US are costing lives, argues one American citizen in this week's BMJ.

California computer scientists double volume of data in NIH biotech repository
In the journal Genome Research, a group led by UCSD reports its use of a very fast and relatively low-cost computational tool to 'crunch' the world's largest repository of genotypes to predict their haplotypes roughly 1,000 times faster than the prevailing technology until now.

Nine minority physiology grad students each get $18,000 Porter Fellowship from APS
The American Physiological Society has announced its 2005-6 Porter Physiology Fellowship graduate awards to historically underrepresented minorities.

Relatives of women with faulty gene have high risk of breast cancer
Relatives of women who carry a damaged version of the CHEK2 gene and have cancer in both breasts have a substantially higher lifetime risk of breast cancer than those related to non-carriers, according to a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Special issue focuses on quality-of-life for those with dementia in long-term residential care
Recent estimates reveal that approximately 50 percent or one million residents in long-term care assisted living and nursing homes have dementia.
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