Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 02, 2005
'Good' bacteria could save patients from infection infection by deadlier ones
Can it be that the stress on the use of antiseptics and antibiotics in hospitals is actually putting patients at a greater risk of suffering fatal bacterial infection?

Biologists discover new pathway into plant cells
Researchers at Oregon State University have made a major discovery in basic plant biology that may set the stage for profound advances in plant genetics or biotechnology.

Mayo Clinic: Sinusitis is common yet often overlooked cause of chronic cough
In a new Mayo Clinic study, researchers found that more than one-third of chronic cough patients given a CT scan had sinusitis, inflammation of the sinuses.

Vitamin D, taxotere combination extends the lives of men with advanced prostate cancer
Men with advanced prostate cancer who take an experimental, high-dose vitamin D pill with chemotherapy live about eight months longer than those receiving chemotherapy and placebo, according to a new study.

Fatty liver a possible risk for hypertension, cardiovascular disease
The accumulation of fat in the liver, or

Venus mission will hold surprises says U. of Colorado planetary scientist
University of Colorado at Boulder planetary scientist Larry Esposito, a member of the European Space Agency's Venus Express science team, believes the upcoming mission to Earth's

UCF game development school first in country to use Microsoft development kits
The University of Central Florida's graduate game-development school, the Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy (FIEA), and Microsoft Corporation have entered into an agreement that allows FIEA students to use Xbox Development Kits as part of their educational training.

New European legislation impacts on both cancer trials and drug approval
New European legislation looks set to expedite patient access to important oncology products, according to discussions at the 13th European Cancer Conference (ECCO).

$50 mil. gift from the Simmons to expand cancer care, clinical research programs at UT Southwestern
Dallas entrepreneur Harold C. Simmons and his wife, Annette, have given $50 million to accelerate development of a nationally ranked cancer program at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Highlights from the November Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Researchers at Boston University studied dietary patterns of 1,666 adult men to assess relationships between nutrient intake and chronic disease risk over a long period of time.

Calls for improved screening of colorectal cancer in Europe's aging population at ECCO 13
Colorectal cancer is a significant public health problem for which differing treatment regimes hold different benefits in associated efficacy, safety and tolerability, according to study findings showcased at the 13th European Cancer Conference (ECCO).

Sensors, a smart dose of medicine for cancer treatment
New sensor systems being developed will help treat cancer and improve the accuracy and reliability of existing radiation treatments.

Victims of genetic discrimination
Evidence is growing that employers and insurers are discriminating against people whose genes predispose them to serious disease.

What does being resilient have to do with successful aging?
Arizona State University researchers have been awarded a $2.2 million federal grant to explore how being resilient can help people age healthily and happily.

The dynamic personalities of proteins reveal key traits
A Brandeis University study published in Nature this week advances fundamental understanding of the dynamic personalities of proteins and proposes that these enzymes are much more mobile, or plastic, than previously thought.

Focus on lung cancer: How to prevent and treat it
Since smoking became popular in America in the 1930s, lung cancer rates have continued to climb.

Stem Cell Research 101
Stem Cell Research 101 is a one-day primer on the science, ethics and politics of stem cell research for policymakers, journalists and interested citizens.

Pre-K and early Head Start programs enhance children's development, say researchers
In two studies appearing in a special issue of Developmental Psychology, researchers show the benefits of universal pre-K programs (serving 4-year-olds) and Early Head Start programs (serving infants, toddlers, and their families) on children's cognitive and language development, but especially for those children who are from low-income families.

Gemcitabine and capecitabine improved overall survival in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer
The prognosis of pancreatic cancer is poor but new therapies such as gemcitabine have contributed to improving the outcome for patients.

Neutron star discovered where black hole was expected
A very massive star collapsed to form a neutron star and not a black hole as anticipated, according to new results from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

New ECCO studies highlight promising potential of cancer immunotherapy
New research findings showcased at the 13th European Cancer Conference (ECCO) have highlighted the important therapeutic potential of immunotherapy in the treatment of a number of different cancers e.g. for treatment of renal and skin cancers.

Interracial relationships are increasing in US, decline with age
The older individuals are, the less likely they are to have a relationship with someone of a different race.

Can cooling affect exercise capacity of those with MS?
Aerobic exercise is thought to help persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) fight fatigue, the most common symptom of the disease.

ECCO 13 explores issues in cancer patient management
New study findings showcased at the 13th European Cancer Conference (ECCO) have shed further light on the manifold factors which must be considered when managing patients with cancer.

Proteins take on new roles in malaria parasite
While searching for new targets for malaria drugs and vaccines, a team including a HHMI medical student research fellow compared the protein networks of P. falciparum, the parasite that causes malaria, to protein networks in four other organisms.

Mayo Clinic finds chronic cough patients report a miserable existence
Troubles with incontinence and spouses moving out of the bedroom only start the list of common troubles for patients who suffer with chronic cough, according to a new report by Mayo Clinic pulmonology specialists.

Explaining why the Millennium Bridge wobbled
Steven Strogatz, professor of theoretical and applied mechanics at Cornell University, describes the Millennium Bridge's notorious opening-day oscillations in the Nov.

Superconducting magnet attracts molecular research
Brandeis University wins 800 MHz superconducting magnet for biomedical research in stiff NIH-funded competition among research universities.

Study identifies several new bacterial species associated with common infection in women
Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have shed new light on BV by using genetic-sequencing technology to detect several new bacterial species - enough to almost double the number of known strains associated with the infection.

Cheap, rapid hand-held check for HIV
Doctors in poorer countries could soon be able to use a cheap, hand-held device that can check the health of a patient with HIV in seconds, rather than weeks.

Cultural disparities lead to greater health problems in old age, says new special journal issue
Health and longevity vary with peoples' social and economic statuses, and understanding these discrepancies is the topic of the latest special issue of The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological and Social Sciences (Volume 60B, Special Issue II).

Shortness of breath without chest pain can signify the presence of high risk heart disease
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center have found that patients with shortness of breath can have a higher risk of dying from cardiac disease than patients without symptoms, and even than patients with typical cardiac pain.

Studies find no evidence that estrogens in soy increase uterine cancer risk
Studies in monkeys and women suggest that unlike traditional estrogen therapy, a diet high in the natural plant estrogens found in soy does not increase the risk of uterine cancer in postmenopausal women, according to Mark Cline, D.V.M., Ph.D., an associate professor of comparative medicine at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

Body checking found to cause few youth hockey injuries
Unintentional collisions and falling into the boards cause more injuries in young hockey players than the practice of body checking, researchers at the University at Buffalo have found.

ECCO 13 offers new insights into patients' perceptions of cancer
New light has been shed on patients' perception of cancer following the results of studies, presented at the 13th European Cancer Conference (ECCO), which focused on the sufferer's own perspectives.

Xeloda plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) dramatically reduces hospital visits by over 60%
New data confirm that XELOX, a combination of Xeloda® (capecitabine) and oxaliplatin, is as safe as the current standard treatment of intravenous 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (i.v.

Alternative tobacco products: A better, safer option for smokers?
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly one-fourth of Americans are smokers.

Drug developed at UC Davis may prevent breast cancer, treat post-menopausal vaginal atrophy
A tamoxifen-like drug developed by UC Davis and Finnish researchers, now in clinical testing as a treatment for vaginal atrophy, may also help to prevent breast cancer, two preliminary studies suggest.

Agreement establishes energy-efficient home collaboration
A partnership between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) will move forward energy-efficient home construction in California while advancing energy-efficient home research at NREL.

Research by Mailman School of Public Health cites New Jersey's high healthcare costs
A paper authored by Sherry Glied, PhD, professor and chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Mailman School, describes the organization of healthcare financing and delivery in New Jersey, and assesses the outcomes of the State's healthcare system in terms of access, costs, and health status.

Forgotten by evolution?
For a fairly long time, adult stem cells have been a point of scientific interest.

Yale receives Science Education Partnership Award to increase science literacy
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has announced that Yale's Peabody Museum of Natural History will receive a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) to immerse students in science, increase science literacy and encourage research careers.

Talks reveal new findings about ageing
Sixty papers looking at a myriad of issues related to ageing will be up for discussion at a gathering of about 200 delegates including PhD students on Tuesday, November 8.

Mars Express PFS spectrometer back at work
The Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft is now back in operation after a malfunction, reported a few months ago.

Researchers develop new method to help find deadly malaria parasite's Achilles heel
UCSD scientists will report in the Nov. 3 issue of Nature a comparison of newly discovered protein-interactions in Plasmodium falciparum with protein interactions reported earlier in four other well studied model organisms.
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