Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 04, 2005
First annual international conference for major initiative to develop African science academies
More than 200 leading scientists and policy-makers, primarily from Africa, will gather in Nairobi on Monday for the first annual international conference of the African Science Academy Development Initiative (ASADI), a groundbreaking effort to strengthen African academies' ability to inform government policy-making and public discourse with independent, evidence-based advice.

Measurement and standards issues in telemedicine
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in cooperation with the National Library of Medicine will host a workshop on Dec.

Johns Hopkins celebrates its first century of neuroscience
Solomon Snyder, the neuroscience department's first and only director, leads a symposium and celebration that looks back at historic discoveries at Hopkins and looks ahead to what's coming next in the brain sciences.

Western states to host first test of carbon sequestration in lava rock
Along with researchers from three Idaho universities, geologists from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in Idaho Falls will test how well the volcanic rocks abundant below the Columbia and Snake river plains store carbon dioxide.

'Smart' buildings to guide future first responders
The best response to a building emergency is a fast and informed one.

Quantum chaos
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, investigating the chaotic behaviour of the quantum world, have been able to give the first ever demonstration of quantum chaos during atom ionisation.

ERS altimeter survey shows growth of Greenland Ice Sheet interior
Researchers have utilised more than a decade's worth of data from radar altimeters on ESA's ERS satellites to produce the most detailed picture yet of thickness changes in the Greenland Ice Sheet.

Contradictory immune responses explain different therapeutic effects in rheumatoid arthritis
Using a humanized mouse model that mimics the effects of human rheumatoid arthritis (RA), researchers have discovered that cytokines in the immune system have both pro- and anti-inflammatory responses to RA that help explain why some patients respond to current therapy and others don't.

Developmental Origins of Health & Disease conducts third international congress
Increasingly, evidence supports the notion that events occurring in the earliest stages of human development - even before birth - may influence the occurrence of major conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, asthma, cancers osteoporosis and mental disorders.

UK's first optical network gives boost to e-Science
The UK's first dedicated optical network for research will be put to the test at SC05 (SuperComputing 2005) by e-Science projects in astronomy, particle physics and molecular biology.

Hurricane, air quality research receives boost at UH
A unanimous vote from the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), naming the University of Houston as its newest member, will give a boost to UH's already notable research into hurricanes and pollution.

Nerve-stimulation therapy for patients with treatment-resistant depression now available in New York
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center is the first in the greater New York City-area to offer Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) Therapy as a long-term treatment specifically approved by the FDA for treatment-resistant depression (TRD).

Cosmic portrait of a perturbed family
ESO PR Photos 34/05 show in amazing details a group of galaxies known as Robert's Quartet.

Obesity measure should be redefined to accurately assess heart attack risk
Waist-to-hip ratio, not body mass index (BMI), is the best obesity measure for assessing a person's risk of heart attack, concludes a global study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

The 'spread of our species'
In a major new development in human evolutionary studies, researchers from the University of Cambridge argue that the dispersal of modern humans from Africa to South Asia may have occurred as recently as 70,000 years ago.

Tool tackles translucence and other color challenges
Plain old colors are passé. Complex visual effects, such as pearlescence, translucence, iridescence and glitter, help sell many products, including cars, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and military hardware.

A sense of place
Cyberspace is widely considered to be lacking geography, rendering borders and distances irrelevant in a globalizing world.

Lancet study: Pfizer's Vfend equals two-drug candidemia regimen, with fewer serious side effects
Pfizer's Vfend is comparable to broad-spectrum, two-drug regimen for the treatment of candidemia, with fewer serious side effects study of life-threatening fungal infection published in The Lancet.

New Muscular Dystrophy Cooperative Research Centers announced
The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), a part of the National Institutes of Health, have funded three new Senator Paul D.

Elimination of organic waste from water
University of Navarra researcher, Xabier Sevillano, recently defended his PhD thesis on a novel procedure for the elimination of organic waste from water.

Reflecting on personal values offers protection from effects of stress, UCLA psychologists report
Reflecting on meaningful values provides biological and psychological protection from the adverse effects of stress, UCLA psychologists report in the November issue of the journal Psychological Science.

Resonance Health Goup patent for diagnosis of liver fibrosis
The Resonance Health Group (ASX: RHT) today announced that it has filed a new US patent application claiming a novel non-invasive measure of liver structure with direct application to the non-invasive diagnosis of liver fibrosis.

UCSF surgeon develops new spinal surgery technique
UCSF surgeons are using a novel technique to remove tumors from the cervical region of the spine that were previously thought

Stevens, Columbia and IBM to hold Security & Privacy Day
Stevens Institute of Technology, Columbia University and IBM Research have joined together to organize

Genetics used to prove linguistic theories
Most comparisons of language and inherited traits consider whether genetic patterns conform with expected relationships observed by linguists.

UT Southwestern physician-researcher wins international award for lipid research
Dr. Helen Hobbs, director of the Eugene McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has been awarded Germany's highly respected Heinrich Wieland Prize for her research on lipids.

Study broadens understanding of enzymes linked to tumor promoting molecule
Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researchers have found that two enzymes that catalyze the same reaction and produce the same product have opposite effects on cell growth and death.

Professor receives $505,000 grant for study of African-American adolescents' development
University of Georgia education professor Jerome Morris has received a $505,000 grant from the Spencer Foundation to investigate issues of identity formation and negotiation in a project beginning in January 2006 called,

Duke engineers developing ultrasound devices combining 3-D imaging with therapeutic heating
Duke University engineers are developing technology that may enable physicians to someday use high frequency ultrasound waves both to visualize the heart's interior in three dimensions and then selectively destroy heart tissue with heat to correct arrhythmias.

HIV-infected adults in Botswana respond positively to ARV therapy public treatment program
With preliminary results from a study in Botswana, Harvard School of Public Health researchers have found that people with HIV-1 subtype C in resource-poor settings, who receive antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, can achieve comparable results to those in the developed world.

Penn researchers study the use of ultrasound for treatment of cancer
For the first time, ultrasound is being used in animal models - to treat cancer by disrupting tumor blood vessels.
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