Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 08, 2005
How protein-rich diets curb hunger
Researchers have uncovered new evidence to explain the observation that diets rich in protein stunt the appetite, according to a report in the November Cell Metabolism.

Reducing barriers to exercise can save women's lives
A recent study in the Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners explores the difficulties faced by women in developing a healthy lifestyle to avoid coronary heart disease (CHD) - a leading killer of women in the US.

Water vapor feedback is rapidly warming Europe
A new report indicates that the vast majority of the rapid temperature increase recently observed in Europe is likely due to an unexpected greenhouse gas: water vapor.

Group proves it's possible to grow new lung alveoli by growing new blood vessels
Using animal models, University of Alberta researchers have taken what they say is the first important step towards treatment for lung disease in premature babies, in effect, growing new blood vessels and alveoli -- the tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs between the lungs and blood vessels -- in tiny rat lungs.

What does 'almost nothing' weigh? FSU physicist aims to find out
If subatomic particles had personalities, neutrinos would be the ultimate wallflowers.

Phenolic compounds may explain Mediterranean diet benefits
Phenolic compounds in olive oil, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-clotting properties, may explain cardiovascular health benefits associated with the so-called Mediterranean Diet, according to a new study in the Nov.

PET shows promise, innovation in detecting, monitoring cancers specific to women
The use of positron emission tomography (PET) with the radiotracer fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is

The Molecular Profiling Institute, Inc. and IBM advance technology
The Molecular Profiling Institute, Inc. (Molecular Profiling) announced today that its alliance with IBM on the Healthcare Life Sciences Collaboration Project is generating tools that allow for improved personalized medicine offerings and better patient care.

Grants to fund research on preparing for bioterrorist attack
Research teams at the University of Rochester Medical Center have received two $10 million grants to help ready the nation to defend itself against terrorist attacks where viruses or bacteria are used as weapons.

Purdue method shows promise for improving auto suspensions
Mechanical engineers at Purdue University have demonstrated a new method for analyzing the components of automotive suspension systems in work aimed at improving the performance, reducing the weight and increasing the durability of suspensions.

Children overprescribed antibiotics for sore throat
Physicians prescribe antibiotics for more than half of children with sore throat, exceeding the expected prevalence of strep throat, and used nonrecommended antibiotics for 27 percent of children who received an antibiotic prescription, according to a study in the November 9 issue of JAMA.

Robotic assembly of fuel cells could hasten hydrogen economy
Echoes of a

Pregnant women don't exercise enough: Study finds doctors need to better educate patients
A new study by the Saint Louis University School of Public Health can assist physicians in identifying patients who are at high risk for inactivity during pregnancy.

No link found between caffeine intake and development of hypertension in women
Habitual coffee drinking is not associated with an increased risk of hypertension in women, although an association was found with the consumption of sugared or diet colas, according to a study in the November 9 issue of JAMA.

Researchers discover new form of cancer gene regulation
The Quaking gene, first described as a mutation in mice that causes rapid tremor, is thought to suppress tumor formation and protect humans from cancer.

International team of experts leads new stroke journal
Exciting new stroke journal launched by Blackwell Publishing and the International Stroke Society, with international team of editors from Australia, USA, UK, Argentina and Hong Kong.

Different strategies affect time and type of regional peace
New research establishes links between national identities, regional peacemaking, and three types of peace.

Cannabis-based medicine relieves the pain of rheumatoid arthritis and suppresses the disease
The first study to use a cannabis-based medicine (CBM) for treating rheumatoid arthritis has found that it has a significant effect on easing pain and on suppressing the disease.

Stem cell experts at 2nd Annual Christopher Reeve 'Hot Topics' Stem Cell Biology Satellite Symposium
During the 2005 Society for Neuroscience 35th Annual Meeting, the La Jolla member institutions of the Southern California Stem Cell Consortium will be hosting the 2nd Annual Christopher Reeve Hot Topics in Stem Cell Biology Satellite Symposium.

New protein discovery may have implications for treating deadly E. coli infection
A team led by biochemistry researcher Zongchao Jia and graduate student Michael Suits has identified a protein that allows the bacterial strain known as E. coli 0157:H7 to obtain the iron it needs for survival in the body.

Finding superconductors that can take the heat
The search for superconductors that function at higher temperatures has taken a step forward with new findings from the University of Pittsburgh professor of physics and astronomy Yadin Y.

K-State sociology graduate students research improving probation for juvenile offenders
Placing juvenile offenders from Riley County, Kan., through a nontraditional probation program has helped reduce the number of rearrests.

Nov. 17 and 19 'clue' program lets public solve a mystery using forensic evidence
The Marian Koshland Science Museum and the National Museum of Health and Medicine will host a two-part event on Nov.

Software fills in missing data on satellite images
New software is helping scientists get a more complete view of the environment from satellites that orbit the earth.

Vitamin D status appears more important than high calcium intake for maintaining calcium metabolism
Calcium intake levels of more than 800 mg/day may be unnecessary for maintaining calcium metabolism if vitamin D status is adequate, according to a study in the November 9 issue of JAMA.

Clinical decision system helps reduce inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing
A clinical decision support system intervention reduced the overall use of antimicrobials for respiratory tract infections such as colds, bronchitis and sinusitis, according to a study in the November 9 issue of JAMA.

Minimally invasive surgery may increase options for octogenarians with some lung cancers
While some patients, including the elderly, may not be good candidates for the physical demands of open chest surgery, a new study suggests that even those between the ages of 80 and 94 may benefit from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for early stage, localized, non-small cell lung cancer.

Hepatitis B accounts for 40 percent of 'missing' Asian women
In a groundbreaking, sure-to-be-controversial new study, Emily Oster (a graduate student in economics at Harvard University) argues that excess female mortality, such as infanticide, may not be the only cause of uncommonly high male to female ratios in many Asian countries.

Changes to embryos can elicit change in adult fish
In a study illustrating the apparent linkages between the evolutionary development and embryonic development of species, researchers have uncovered the genetic elements that determine the structure and function of a simple biomechanical system, the lower jaw of the cichlid fish.

NJ black nurses group honors Rutgers College of Nursing EOF Director
The Mid-State Black Nurses Association of New Jersey will present its Outstanding Educator award to Deborah Walker-McCall, director of the College of Nursing-Educational Opportunity Fund (EOF) program at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

Children of bipolar parents score higher on creativity test, Stanford study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have shown for the first time that a sample of children who either have or are at high risk for bipolar disorder score higher on a creativity index than healthy children.

Nov. 11 event celebrates a century of brain science at Johns Hopkins
Media are invited to attend the Nov. 11 symposium

FleetSmart: Campaign to reduce unnecessary vehicle idling
On Wednesday, November 9, 2005, Natural Resources Canada will launch the fourth annual nation-wide Idle-Free Quiet Zone campaign at the Salisbury Big Stop in Salisbury, New Brunswick.

Scientist becomes first Briton to win Feenberg Memorial Medal
A University of Manchester scientist has become the first Briton to be awarded the prestigious Eugene Feenberg Memorial Medal in Many-Body Physics.

Young scientists turn to gel to ease side-effects of cancer treatment
Three young scientists in the University of York's Department of Chemistry have developed a gel that could spare cancer patients some of the unpleasant and dangerous side-effects of radiotherapy.

IBS study shows that targeted antibiotics lead to long-lasting improvement in symptoms
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center have found that a nonabsorbable antibiotic - one that stays in the gut - may be an effective long-term treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a disease affecting more than an estimated 20 percent of Americans.

Gandalf conjures up faster, seamless Internet technique
As the white wizard of Middle Earth in Lord of the Rings, Gandalf had some astounding abilities.

Some outgrow allergy to tree nuts, Johns Hopkins Children's Center experts report
Nine percent of children allergic to almonds, pecans, cashews and other tree nuts outgrow their allergy over time, including those who've had a severe reaction such as anaphylaxis shock, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

Discovering the first steps in transcription-coupled repair
Scientists have elucidated the first steps of transcription-coupled repair (TCR), a critical but still mysterious mechanism of DNA repair.

Winners of 2005 AAAS Science Journalism Awards
Stories about nature in all its complexity, from the impact of climate change to the frontiers of cosmology to the mysterious stranding of dolphins in a Florida mangrove swamp, are among the winners of the 2005 Science Journalism Awards from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Light-induced hormone surge points to benefits of light therapy
A report in the November Cell Metabolism reveals powerful effects of light on the adrenal glands, a finding that might explain the broad benefits of bright light therapy for a variety of conditions, including sleep and depressive disorders, according to researchers.

Ossur's Power Kneeā„¢ wins Popular Science magazine's 2005 Best of What's New Award
Ossur, a trusted and leading global supplier of prosthetic and orthopedic devices, takes pleasure in announcing that its POWER KNEE, the first powered prosthesis for lower limb amputees -- and the next step in bionic technology -- has been honored by Popular Science magazine with a 2005 Best of What's New Award in the Personal Health category.

ADDERALL XR significantly improves driving performance, attention in young adults with ADHD
ADDERALL XR significantly improved driving performance, cognitive function and attention in young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a driving study presented at the 18th Annual US Psychiatric & Mental Health Congress.

How do massive stars form?
The most complete picture of a

African-Americans have worse quality of life after heart attack or unstable angina
African-American patients have more chest pain, worse quality of life, and worse physical function than white patients one year after suffering acute coronary syndromes, such as heart attacks or unstable angina, according to a new study in the Nov.
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