Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 2005
Warning labels on high-risk drugs inconsistently heeded by doctors
In a survey of approximately 930,000 ambulatory care patients, researchers from the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention (of Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care) and colleagues found that 42 percent received prescriptions for drugs with Black Box Warnings (BBWs), the FDA's strongest label for high-risk medication.

APS physics tip sheet #57
News tips from the American Physical Society include

Scientists discover how to flip a molecular switch
Scientists have discovered a means for controlling single-molecule switches by engineering their design and surrounding environment -- an essential step toward their use in future generations of computers.

One drug tackles two diseases, Case researcher finds
Drugs that reverse and prevent bone loss due to osteoporosis also significantly ward off periodontal disease, according to a graduate of the Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine who reports in the current Menopause journal article,

Storms, floods, seasons among subjects of UNC scholar's book on N.C. weather
Mark Twain, that wonderful wag, reportedly once said that everybody talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it.

Researchers zero in on the possible cause of Kawasaki disease
In an important discovery in infectious disease research, a team of scientists from Northwestern University has identified a possible viral cause of Kawasaki disease, the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed nations.

NASA'S ICESat: One billion elevations served
NASA's Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) fired its one billionth laser shot earthward on Nov.

Realising potential of renewable resources wins Queens Award for University of York
A research centre at the University of York dedicated to realising the potential of plant-based renewable resources to make products needed by society, has been awarded one of The Queen's Anniversary Prizes for Higher and Further Education.

ISN pioneering timely prevention of chronic kidney disease in Latin America
Over the course of three days, recognized experts from 31 Latin American countries will gather to report and deliberate on both present and future implications, define the role that the national Health Systems need to immediately adopt, and analyze the impact of the most menacing of kidney related diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and end stage renal disease.

Grant to advance MCG/Emory nursing partnership
The Robert W. Woodruff Foundation has awarded $995,000 to the Medical College of Georgia School of Nursing to support its new doctorate of nursing practice program, the 10th of its kind in the nation.

Argonne researchers discover keys to improving commerical magnet technology
Permanent magnets are important in a broad variety of commercial technologies, from car starters to alternators for wind power generation to computer hard drives.

New drug target identified for fighting Parkinson's disease
Researchers at Johns Hopkins' Institute for Cell Engineering (ICE) have discovered a protein that could be the best new target in the fight against Parkinson's disease since the brain-damaging condition was first tied to loss of the brain chemical dopamine.

APL provides a unique view of successful intercept test
Missile defense developers got a unique, close-up view of a successful Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense intercept test thanks to APL-developed sensors placed onboard the target missile.

Loss of fear factor makes timid mouse bold
Researchers have identified a fear factor - a protein essential for triggering both the innate fears that animals are born with and fears that arise later in life.

Twins' lower IQ levels than single-born children not down to social factors
Social and economic circumstances do not explain why twins have significantly lower IQ in childhood than single-born children, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute surgeons implant heart pump in comparative study of two devices
Chicago's first participant in the RELIANT (Randomized Evaluation of the Novacor(r) LVAS In A Non-Transplant Population) research study recently went home from Northwestern Memorial Hospital.

Strategic plan to accelerate Australian drug development
Contract research organisation TetraQ has formed a strategic alliance with Ground Zero Pharmaceuticals Inc (GZP) to help new Australian pharmaceutical companies enter the market.

Magnetic probe successfully tracks implanted cells in cancer patients
By using MRI to detect magnetic probes of tiny iron oxide particles, an international research team for the first time has successfully tracked immune-stimulating cells implanted into cancer patients for treatment purposes.

UCI receives Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Mentoring
The White House announced Wednesday that UC Irvine's Minority Science Program has won the 2005 Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring.

Borlaug elevates agriculture as reason for National Medal of Science honor
Norman Borlaug's much touted talent for agricultural development coupled with his keen awareness of societal ailments in Third World countries have brought many honors.

Nine behavioral and environmental risk factors play a major role in global cancer deaths
Researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and a network of collaborators estimated mortality for 12 types of cancer linked to nine risk factors in seven World Bank regions for the year 2001.

New study shows patients more willing to consider self-injectable HIV therapy than many physicians anticipate
Initial results from the OpenMind study, the largest behavioural study to look at both patients' and physicians' perceptions of HIV care in treatment-experienced patients, were revealed today at EACS.

APL contributions are integral part of missile defense test
Thursday's successful Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense intercept test was due, in part, to the critical engineering and technical direction provided by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab.

Ageing Britain: Shades of grey
A free public debate sponsored by the Economic and Social Research Council will be held on Tuesday 22nd November at 6:30 p.m.

Polymer gel can block toxic leakage problem in gene therapy
Duke University biomedical engineers have devised a potentially patentable method to arrest toxic leakages of genetically engineered viruses that have plagued attempts to use gene therapy against cancerous tumors.
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