Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 23, 2005
Avian flu in perspective: New England Journal article reviews 'spectacular' findings
An article by Robert Belshe, M.D., of Saint Louis University School of Medicine in this week's New England Journal of Medicine reviews recent

Quantum bubbles are the key
A US physicist has an idea that will make the atom-based quantum computers look passé before anyone has even built a full-size one.

Give thanks for the cranberry, say dental researchers
Families gathered around the Thanksgiving dinner table might consider giving thanks for the bacteria-busting ability of cranberry juice, say dental researchers who have discovered that the beverage holds important clues for preventing cavities.

Major study links chronic noise exposure to risk of heart attacks
Research published online (Thursday 24 November) in European's leading cardiology journal, European Heart Journal, links exposure to chronic noise with an increased risk of heart attack.

Family habits set drinking path
Teenagers are more likely to develop drinking problems if their mothers are depressed and drink regularly.

Inside a quantum dot: Tracking electrons at trillionths of a second
Researchers at the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne) have developed a new machine that can reveal how electrons behave inside a single nano-object.

American Academy of Neurology elaborates expert witness guidelines
The American Academy of Neurology has updated its guidelines regarding physician expert witness testimony in legal proceedings.

Evaluation of research doctorate programs gets under way
The National Research Council has launched its latest project to asses US research doctorate programs.

Clinical trial supports better treatment for lupus nephritis
Treating lupus patients suffering from kidney inflammation with a medicine known as mycophenolate mofetil may be more effective in inducing remission than treating them with the standard regimen of intravenous cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), a new clinical trial indicates.

Statement from Sandra Raymond, President and CEO, Lupus Foundation of America, Inc.
We applaud the results of a research study on the effectiveness of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as a potential new treatment for lupus nephritis (lupus kidney disease) which are published in the November 24, 2005 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

UK e-Science project discovers new knowledge about earthquakes
A UK e-Science project is revealing new scientific insights into earthquakes.

Normal chromosome ends elicit a limited DNA damage response
Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies discovered that cells co-opted the machinery that usually repairs broken strands of DNA to protect the integrity of chromosomes.

Research published in the NEJM challenges 30-year-old standard of care for lupus patients
A promising new treatment for lupus challenges the way physicians currently treat patients suffering with lupus kidney disease, according to researchers at the State University of New York (SUNY) Downstate Medical Center.

Yale BioHaven Entrepreneurship Seminar series launched
Yale Office of Cooperative Research and Connecticut United for Research Excellence (CURE) launch the Yale BioHaven Entrepreneurship Seminars series on Tuesday, December 13 from 4 to 5 p.m. in the Anlyan Center auditorium of Yale Medical School, 300 Cedar Street.

New vaccine platform may fight infections with causes from influenza to bioterrorism
The development of effective vaccines for people with compromised immune systems may be feasible after all, according to a team of researchers, who demonstrated their approach could protect against pneumocystis pneumonia in mice lacking the same population of immune cells that HIV destroys in humans.

Student scientists create living bacterial photographs
Using Petri dishes full of genetically engineered E. coli instead of photo paper, students at The University of Texas at Austin and UCSF successfully created the first-ever bacterial photographs.

Discovery disproves simple concept of memory as 'storage space'
Even if you could get more RAM for your brain, the extra storage probably wouldn't make it easier for you to find where you left your car keys.

US swine workers at increased risk of infection with swine influenza virus
With national attention focused on the avian flu threat, other infections that could be transmitted from animals to people are also coming under scrutiny.

Einstein scientists discover how protein crucial for motion is synthesised at the right place in the cell
Einstein scientists show how protein synthesis is directed towards certain regions of a cell.

Einstein's dark energy accelerates the universe
The genius of Albert Einstein, who added a

Killing regulatory T cells boosts effectiveness of cancer vaccine
Duke University researchers have now shown that selectively killing the population of regulatory T cells in cancer patients - cells that normally function to restrain the activity of the immune response - improves the ability of a cancer vaccine to stimulate tumor-specific T cells.

Stanford study of sea squirt provides clue to human immune system
The trigger for this unseemly behavior has now been traced to a single gene, isolated by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Eruption update: Island in British Overseas Territory is growing in size
A rare volcanic eruption is expanding the size of an island in British Overseas Territory.

Neutrons, the spies of the nanoworld
A new kind of neutron/X-ray reflectometer called

Brandeis biologist wins top award in neuroscience
Brandeis University biology professor Eve Marder has won the Ralph W.

Scientists use new techniques to narrow down impact of global warming on specific regions
People will soon be able to find out how vulnerable their own local area is to global warming, thanks to new techniques developed by an European wide research group.

You can't rely on firearms forensics
A New Scientist investigation has found that gunshot residue (GSR) on a suspect does not mean they fired the gun.

American College of Physicians Foundation convenes conference
Healthcare professionals have an opportunity to learn about successful operational models that have been shown to improve health outcomes among patients with low health literacy levels.

JCI table of contents: November 23 2005
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online 11/23/05 in the JCI: Immunological karma: T cells reactive to old flu infections make unrelated viral infections worse; Killing regulatory T cells boosts effectiveness of cancer vaccine; Activated T cells lay in wait of infection in the lung; Urinary protein TFF1 prevents kidney stone formation; DNA vaccination strategy protects against HIV-related infection.

Immunological karma: T cells reactive to old flu infections make unrelated viral infections worse
Childhood infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is often asymptomatic, while in adolescents and adults it causes infectious mononucleosis (IM).

Deleted genes help predict outcome in a children's cancer
A new study reports that a loss of genes on chromosome 1 or chromosome 11 raises the risk of death from the children's cancer neuroblastoma, even when other indicators seem to point to a lower-risk form of the disease.

Elsevier and Science Press launch joint translation center in China
Elsevier and Science Press, a leading scientific, technical and medical publisher in China, have launched a joint translation center to reciprocally promote books and journals in the Chinese and international markets.

Eat your way to a better brain for your baby
A team of British scientists at Manchester and Lancaster Universities has turned established thinking on its head in a bid to understand the serious and often deadly condition, hydrocephalus, commonly known as 'water on the brain.'
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