Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 2005
Road deaths almost 400 times greater than those from international terrorism
The death toll from car crashes in developed countries is almost 400 times greater than the number of deaths caused by international terrorism, reports a study in the latest issue of Injury Prevention.

Diagnostic images show go-carts cause serious injuries to children
Go-carts can cause serious injuries, including fractures, brain injuries and burns, according to findings presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Rain, winds and haze during the descent to Titan
The high-resolution images taken in Titan's atmosphere by the Descent Imager/Spectral Radiometer (DISR) were spectacular, but not the only surprises obtained during descent.

Rate of paid-for sex with women has doubled in 10 years
The rate of paid-for sex with women has doubled in a decade, reveals research in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Study in Royal Society journal on link between creativity and mating success
Studies from the Royal Society journals include: studies into the link between creativity and mating success, a possible evolutionary explanation for ADHD, and the possibility of nanoimprinting onto cells.

The dwarf that carries a world
A team of French and Swiss astronomers have discovered one of the lightest exoplanets ever found using the HARPS instrument on ESO's 3.6-m telescope at La Silla (Chile).

Artificial replication
A collaboration of researchers from Harvard Medical School and the University of Virginia, led by Dr.

Pregnancy drugs can affect grandkids
Drugs given to a woman at risk of having a premature baby may inadvertently be affecting her grandchildren as well.

Titan's turbulence surprises scientists
Strong turbulence in the upper atmosphere, a second ionospheric layer and possible lightning were among the surprises found by the Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) during the descent to Titan's surface.

Families can alleviate 'time crunch' by working with, not for, professionals
Study discusses the growing time crunch faced by many families and a new framework within which communities and professionals can work together, learn together, and invoke change.

UI's Gurnett finds 'lumpy' ionosphere, glimpses of the subsurface of Mars
University of Iowa Space Physicist Don Gurnett and his UI colleagues report that a scientific instrument aboard the European Space Agency's (ESA) Mars Express spacecraft is working perfectly and that its data have so far revealed that Mars' ionosphere -- part of the upper atmosphere -- is very lumpy and complex, and that the instrument can

Research findings contradict longstanding bias against morphine
A new report contradicts both public and professional bias against the use of morphine in the final stage of life for patients with breathing difficulties.

Study reveals severity of go-cart injuries
A Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center study of children who were hospitalized from motorized go-cart accidents found that the average hospital stay was almost five days and that more than half of children required at least one operation - and almost a third required two or more operations.

UF's McKnight projects combat memory maladies
Grant awardees aim to create a brain-scanning method to test drug treatments, to solve the mysteries of how brain cells age, and to develop neuroprotective drugs.

Scientific community can help protect sex workers
The scientific community should take an active role in improving the day-to-day lives of sex workers by using evidence-based research to pilot harm-reduction strategies, assess existing approaches, and develop a database of proven interventions, states a review published online today (Thursday December 1, 2005) by The Lancet.

Police data unreliable source for identifying trends in violent crime
Police records do not accurately reflect the true levels of violent crime and should not be used to pinpoint underlying trends in violence, say leading experts in Injury Prevention.

Highlights of ESA's Huygens mission
After a seven-year journey on board the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini spacecraft, ESA's Huygens probe was released on 25 December 2004.

New E700,000 initiative launched to tackle cancer in children in the developing world
14 innovative projects in Bangladesh, Egypt, Honduras, Morocco, the Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, Ukraine, Venezuela, and Vietnam will receive up to E50,000 each to improve cancer care for children, announce The Lancet Oncology and the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) today (Thursday December 1, 2005).

Bird song changes sound alarm over habitat fragmentation
Changes in bird song could be used as an early warning system to detect man-made ecological disturbances, new research published in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Applied Ecology has found.

Young women who smoke higher risk of breask cancer
Researchers outline in the November issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings their study of postmenopausal women, which supports the hypothesis that women who smoke cigarettes before first full-term pregnancy have a 20 percent increased risk of breast cancer compared with women who began smoking after the birth of their first child or were never smokers.

Coffee jump-starts short-term memory
Caffeine exerts a positive effect on short-term memory and reaction times, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Scientists develop protein-sequence analysis tool
With more and more protein sequence data available, scientists are increasingly looking for ways to extract the small subset of information that determines a protein's function.

Radiologists tackle diagnosis of puzzling football injuries
New imaging discoveries may improve physicians' ability to diagnose and treat two serious injuries affecting football players, according to two studies presented this week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Imaging shows similarities in brains of marijuana smokers, schizophrenics
Researchers using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have found similar abnormalities in the brains of adolescents who are daily marijuana users and adolescents with schizophrenia, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Connecticut Venture Group conference spotlights Yale spin-off companies
Several local companies whose technologies are an outgrowth of Yale research will be featured at TechComm III - The 3rd Annual Technology Commercialization Conference & Exhibition to be held Thursday, December 8, from 8:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. at the Omni New Haven Hotel at Yale.

ORNL scientists looking at nature in a new way
Improved tools and increasingly sophisticated approaches are helping researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory gain a better understanding of how organisms respond to and interact with their environment.

Mars Express evidence for large aquifers on early Mars
Substantial quantities of liquid water must have been stably present in the early history of Mars.

Young children getting fewer hours of sleep
While it has been widely reported that older children, teens and adults aren't getting enough sleep, it turns out that younger children might be sleep deprived as well.

Hormone aldosterone is promising target for stroke treatment
A bi-polar hormone that can contribute to strokes and minimize their damage is emerging as a therapeutic target in the battle against these brain attacks, researchers say.

Interactive 3-D atlas of mouse brain now available on web
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have just launched a web-based 3-D digital atlas browser and database of the brain of a popular laboratory mouse.

Yale scientists decipher 'wiring pattern' of cell signaling networks
A team of scientists at Yale University has completed the first comprehensive map of the proteins and kinase signaling network that controls how cells of higher organisms operate, according to a report this week in the journal Nature.

Q-Fever: A global health risk
The decision to stop production of the vaccine for Q-Fever will leave Australia and the international community vulnerable to the health risks of Q-Fever infection, according to one of the country's leading researchers.

Purdue 'metamaterial' could lead to better optics, communications
Engineers at Purdue University are the first researchers to create a material that has a

Scientists pool information to boost understanding of drug action
A revamped international database, launched tomorrow, 1 December 2005 by The International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) and hosted by the University of Edinburgh, has drawn together information on human genes that are targets for current and future medicines.

Insulin levels drop with progression of Alzheimer's disease, linked to tangles in brain
Researchers at Rhode Island Hospital and Brown Medical School have discovered that insulin and its receptors drop significantly in the brain during the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, and that levels decline progressively as the disease becomes more severe, leading to further evidence that Alzheimer's is a new type of diabetes.

FDA approves AVELOX (moxifloxacin HCl) for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections
Schering-Plough Corporation today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the once-daily, broad-spectrum antibiotic AVELOFDA approves AVELOX (moxifloxacin HCl) for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infectionsX® (moxifloxacin HCl) for a new use - the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) in adults.

Report shows steep rise in support for health charities that don't fund animal tests
A growing number of Americans favor health charities that have a policy against funding animal experiments, according to a new report released today by the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM).

Large-scale study proves volunteer operated defibrillators are life-savers
The first large-scale study to see whether trained volunteers and lay people can use defibrillators to save the lives of cardiac arrest (CA) victims has concluded that their use by lay people is safe.

New peptide antibiotic isolated from American oyster
North Carolina Sea Grant researchers have isolated a new peptide antibiotic from the American oyster that may have implications for managing many diseases in oysters.

Computer aided evaluation may improve accuracy in breast MRI interpretation
Research being presented at the 91st Annual Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) meeting demonstrates that computer aided evaluation for breast images done by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may improve accuracy in diagnostic interpretation.

Survey: Refusal to evacuate, complacency remain problems during hurricanes
About one-third of emergency managers surveyed reported that many residents refused to evacuate during Hurricane Jeanne and that shelter use was significantly below expectations.

First 'in situ' composition measurements made in Titan's atmosphere
Unique results from the Aerosol Collector and Pyrolyser (ACP) and the Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GCMS) have given scientists their first in situ chemical data on Titan's atmosphere, including aerosols, chemical composition and isotopes.

Nanotech discovery could have radical implications
In a paper appearing in the current issue of Physical Review Letters, Princeton University scientist Salvatore Torquato turns a central concept of nanotechnology on its head.

No separate changing rooms for boys and girls in one in five primary schools
One in five primary schools does not provide separate changing rooms for boys and girls, reveals a survey of primary schools in a study published ahead of print in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Tide out on Titan? A soft solid surface for Huygens
The Surface Science Package (SSP) revealed that Huygens could have hit and cracked an ice 'pebble' on landing, and then it slumped into a sandy surface possibly dampened by liquid methane.

Species take care of each other in ecological communities
Unspoken rules of existence in tropical rain forests mean no one species will take up too much space and squeeze others out, says new research conducted in part at the University of Alberta that shows how ecological communities regulate themselves.

Alleged 40,000-year-old human footprints in Mexico much, much older than thought
When British and Australian researchers announced earlier this year that they'd found human footprints in 40,000-year-old rock near Puebla, Mexico, many anthropologists withheld judgment.

Buried craters and underground ice
For the first time in the history of planetary exploration, the MARSIS radar on board ESA's Mars Express has provided direct information about the deep subsurface of Mars.

New kidney disease drug saves lives at low cost
A recent study has found that sevelamer (Renagel®) is having a positive long term clinical and economic effect when used on hemodialysis patients.

If mums put on the pounds, so do kids
Overeating by expectant mothers is an important but overlooked factor in childhood obesity according to two new studies.

Penn researchers warn against potential flaws in wiretapping technology
As part of a federally funded program on electronic security, engineers at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered flaws in wiretapping technology that could allow parties being wiretapped to disable the recording and monitoring of their calls.

New pain research: Routine Tylenol for nursing home residents with dementia increases activity
A Saint Louis University study finds that routine doses of acetaminophen energize nursing home residents who have moderate to severe dementia and are likely to have chronic pain.

Genetic key to growth of new arteries is identified
Researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center have uncovered part of the genetic mechanism that causes new arteries to grow in response to blocked arteries.

Philanthropists Eli & Edythe Broad announce second $100M gift to support Broad Institute
Largest gift of its kind to two universities for collaborative research endeavor.

Noninvasive ultrasound treatment shrinks fibroids
A totally noninvasive procedure using high-intensity ultrasound waves to heat and destroy uterine fibroid tissue significantly relieves fibroid-related symptoms in women, according to the results of a multicenter clinical trial.

Liver transplants may not be indicated for cystic fibrosis patients with bleeding complication
A new study on patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) who have had abnormal bleeding from ruptured blood vessels in the esophagus (variceal hemorrhage) as a result of liver disease found that transplant may not be indicated if there are no other indications of advanced liver disease.

Engineers discover why toucan beaks are models of lightweight strength
In a paper to be published Dec. 1 in Acta Materialia, researchers report that the secret to the toucan beak's lightweight strength is an unusual bio-composite.

Optical vortex could look directly at extrasolar planets
A new optical device could allow astronomers to view extrasolar planets directly without the annoying glare of the parent star.

New edition of the Joslin Guide to Diabetes, a must read for people with diabetes
If you or a loved one was recently diagnosed with diabetes, you probably have many questions.

Slight increased risk of major birth defects associated with IVF
Babies conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF), a method of assisted reproduction, have a slightly increased risk of major birth defects, such as heart or muscle and skeletal defects, compared to babies conceived naturally, according to a University of Iowa study.

NIST physicists coax six atoms into quantum 'cat' state
Scientists at the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have coaxed six atoms into spinning together in two opposite directions at the same time, a so-called Schrödinger

Texas A&M anthropologist studies ancient human footprints
An article published in the prestigious science journal Nature and co-authored by a Texas A&M University researcher places the age of rocks found in Mexico containing possible human footprints at over 1.3 million years.

Skimmed milk reduces the risk of hypertension by 50 percent
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is the peer-reviewed journal of international reference in the field of nutrition.

The yeast glycome
Dr. Michael Snyder (Yale University), Dr. Elizabeth Grayhack (University of Rochester Medical Center) and colleagues have constructed an unprecedented yeast genomic library, which will serve as an important research tool for the entire scientific community.

World first trial to test human implant of HeartPOD™
Researchers at the Alfred and Monash University are leading a world first trial to investigate whether the implantation of a specially designed HeartPODTM monitoring system in heart failure patients can keep them out of hospital and lead to a better quality of life.

MUHC and McGill scientists identify gene for debilitating vitamin B12 disease
MUHC and McGill scientists have identified a gene responsible for Combined Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and Homocystinuria -- a disease that impairs the body's ability to handle vitamin B12 and contributes to heart disease, stroke and dementia.

Dinosaur takes center stage at Ohio Supercomputer Center
The Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC) will take a journey 66 million years back in time on December 1, to showcase Jane, a Tyrannosaurus Rex exhibit at the Burpee Museum of Natural History in Rockford, IL.

p53 and organogenesis
A paper published in the December 1st issue of Genes & Development reveals a novel role for the p53 tumor suppressor pathway in organogenesis during embryonic development.
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