Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 02, 2005
University of Aveiro researchers receive Excellence Stimulation 2005 Award
The Excellence of the Research produced in University of Aveiro was once again recognised.

First experiments on national ignition facility validate computer simulations on road to ignition
Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have successfully conducted an important round of successful laser experiments at the National Ignition Facility (NIF), validating key computer simulations and theoretical projections relevant to the plasma and X-ray environment necessary to achieve ignition.

Chemical used in food containers disrupts brain development
Widely used in products such as food cans, milk container linings, water pipes and even dental sealants, bisphenol has now been found to disrupt important effects of estrogen in the developing brain.

Tropical Atlantic cooling and African deforestation correlate to drought, report scientists
Against the backdrop of the Montreal Summit on global climate being held this week, an article on African droughts and monsoons, by a University of California, Santa Barbara scientist and others, which appears in the December issue of the journal Geology, underlines concern about the effects of global climate change.

Carbon-rich molecules 'supersized' for the first time
A University of Oregon professor of chemistry has

UCSF study finds nerve regeneration is possible in spinal cord injuries
A team of scientists at UCSF has made a critical discovery that may help in the development of techniques to promote functional recovery after a spinal cord injury.

Pain and its impact on the treatment of rheumatic disease
While the last decade has brought extraordinary advances in the unravelling of pain mechanisms at the molecular level, evaluating and alleviating pain remains an ongoing challenge for physicians, particularly rheumatologists.

Book released on Hurricane Isabel's effect on Chesapeake Bay
A new book entitled

University of Aveiro PhD student is awarded the Stimulus for Research prize
João Gama Oliveira, a Physics PhD student from the University of Aveiro, has been distinguished with the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation with the prize Estímulo à Investigação 2005.

Research suggests doctor-assisted suicide wouldn't undermine patient trust
There is little evidence to support the argument that legalizing physician-assisted death would reduce patients' trust in their doctors, according to a researcher from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and colleagues.

Scientists directly view immune cells interacting to avert autoimmunity
Using a new form of microscopy to penetrate living lymph nodes, UCSF scientists have for the first time viewed immune cells at work, helping clarify how T cells control autoimmunity.

Iron particles and MRI could replace biopsies to track stem cell therapy and deploy stents
In a series of experiments in animals, researchers at Johns Hopkins have successfully used a technique that tracks mesenchymal stem cells via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor the progress of the cells in repairing tissue scarred by heart attack.

Pulsar astronomers win the European Union Descartes Prize for Research
A collaboration of European research teams (The Pulsar Science in Europe - PULSE - collaboration) led by Professor Andrew Lyne of the University of Manchester, have been awarded the European Commission's prestigious 2005 Descartes Prize for Research.

Mutations in HRAS gene sequence confirmed in patients with Costello syndrome
Gene mutations in the HRAS sequence are present in most patients affected with Costello syndrome, according to a new study in the American Journal of Medical Genetics.

X-rays good predictor of survival in avian flu patients
Ordinary chest x-rays show distinctive disease patterns of avian flu in humans that are good predictors of patient survival, according to University of Oxford investigators.

Biovest International announces that it will report new follow-up data
Biovest International (OTCBB: BVTI.OB), a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of patient specific immunotherapeutics and automated cell culture instrumentation, announced that an abstract being presented on December 11 at the American Society for Hematology in Atlanta, Ga., presenting long term follow-up data from its BiovaxID Phase II clinical trial is available on-line at www.hematology.org.

Feeling old?
Muscle in adults is constantly being built and broken down.

New views of universe attracting scientists to Chicago Dec. 9-13
Scientists will puzzle over the physics of the beginning of the universe, a mysterious force called dark energy that works against gravity, and many other cosmic mysteries at the University of Chicago's New Views of the Universe symposium Dec.

Arsenic discharged from landfills, says Dartmouth research
A group of researchers at Dartmouth have studied the concentrations of toxic metals at the former Coakley Landfill in North Hampton, N.H.

$1.75 million NHMRC grant for a world first - the Australian Schizophrenia Research Bank (ASRB)
In a world first, the National Health and Medical Research Council has awarded a coalition of researchers from New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia $1.75 million to establish a national schizophrenia research bank.

2006 Ocean Sciences Meeting - Media advisory 1
Four major ocean science research organizations are combining to organize the best Ocean Sciences Meeting ever.

Earthquake 'pulses' could predict tsunami impact
The magnitude 9.2 earthquake that triggered a devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean in December of 2004 originated just off the coast of northern Sumatra, but an

Cell debuts design changes and expanded scientific coverage
Cell, a scientific journal published by Elsevier imprint Cell Press, has launched a new section, called Leading Edge, which adds pages of analysis, commentary, and essays to the popular review formats -- which include full reviews, minireviews, and previews -- in each issue.

The role of Type II Collagen in rheumatoid arthritis
Featured in the December 2005 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism, the authors' findings support Type II Collagen's potential contribution to antibody binding and RA's devastating progression.

Huge tsunami spurred progress, revealed needs
The catastrophic tsunami that struck Indonesia and East Asia almost a year ago has done much to heighten the interest, research programs and preparations in the United States for events of this type, but experts say there are areas that need more attention and challenges yet to be met.

Enzyme may be target for new anti-inflammatory compounds
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers studying the enzyme that triggers inflammation have found that it may be a target for a new class of anti-inflammatory drugs to treat arthritis, asthma, multiple sclerosis, lung and colon cancers and Alzheimer's disease.

Breast CT is more comfortable than mammography and may detect tumors better, research shows
Breast CT, an investigational technology for early breast cancer detection, may be better than mammography at detecting breast lesions and is much more comfortable for women, researchers from the University of California, Davis reported today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America in Chicago.

Getting old? Slowing down? Blame inefficient mitochondria
Mitochondria are the cell's equivalent of power stations. A power station burns fuel to build up steam pressure and uses that pressure to drive a turbine linked to a dynamo.

Watch your step when the going gets rough
Placing your foot accurately is a complicated process. If something moves where you plan to place your foot then you can adjust your step while your foot is swinging through.

Study finds that nutritionally enhanced rice reduces iron deficiency
Breeding rice with higher levels of iron can have an important impact on reducing micronutrient malnutrition, according to a new study in the Journal of Nutrition.

Mayo Clinic researchers redefining how heart functions
Contrary to the widely accepted explanation that the human heart is simply a pump, Mayo Clinic researchers have uncovered novel findings on how cardiac muscle operates.

Heparin antibodies may pose risk in heart surgery patients
New research suggests that patients who develop antibodies to the anti-clotting drug heparin nearly double their risk of death or serious complication after heart surgery.

New link between gum and cardiovascular diseases
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers have found that changes in the plasma lipoprotein profile of patients with severe periodontitis - a condition characterized by chronic infection and inflammation of the gums - may contribute to these patients' elevated risk for heart disease and stroke.

Radiation better than surgery at preserving speech for patients with head and neck cancer
Patients suffering from advanced head and neck cancer affecting their larynx can maintain vocal function by undergoing a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy instead of surgery to remove the larynx, according to a study published in the December 1, 2005, issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO, the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.

Johns Hopkins study suggests link between caffeine dependence and family history of alcoholism
A study led by Johns Hopkins investigators has shown that women with a serious caffeine habit and a family history of alcohol abuse are more likely to ignore advice to stop using caffeine during pregnancy.

New species of diatom discovered by UGA scientist
Scientists from University of Georgia, the Science Museum of Minnesota and University of Michigan describe a new species of diatom, Hannaea superiorensis, found primarily in Lake Superior.

Immune cell receptors act in combination to regulate attack
Antibodies are one of our best weapons against disease, but some types of antibodies are more effective against pathogens than others.

Tracking the memory trace
Memory formation follows a dynamic pattern, allowing for retrieval from different areas of the brain, depending on when an organism needs to remember, said a researcher at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM).

Poison + water = hydrogen. New microbial genome shows how
Take a pot of scalding water, remove all the oxygen, mix in a bit of poisonous carbon monoxide, and add a pinch of hydrogen gas.

Shimmering colours which change with temperature
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces have used ion bombardment and gold metallisation to produce a new family of particles whose bonding behaviour can be chemically tailored.

FRINGE Workshop: Space radar advances and applications
Two images from a radar satellite are often a lot better than one.

New insights into protein synthesis and Hepatitis C infections
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have uncovered key new information towards understanding the crucial first step in protein synthesis, the process by which the genetic code, harbored within DNA and copied into RNA, is translated into the production of proteins.

NJIT mathematician receives Fulbright to study thin film science in Argentina
Ever wonder how manufacturers produce the thinnest and finest materials for cell phone displays and even smaller electronic products?

Purdue biologists clarify how a cellular 'spacecraft' opens its airlock
Scientists have a tough time visualizing the tiny hatchways that allow nutrients to pass into our cells, but biologists may have found the next best thing: a glimpse into the workings of the

UC Davis wins $8 million EPA grant to study health effects of air pollution
The US Environmental Protection Agency has awarded the University of California, Davis, an $8 million grant to study how air pollution harms human health by triggering premature deaths, sending more sick people to the hospital and damaging children's lungs.

NASA news events at the American Geophysical Union meeting
NASA researchers will present research findings and meet with the media at the 2005 Annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

A first: Hydrogen atoms manipulated below the surface of a palladium crystal
For the first time, scientists have manipulated hydrogen atoms into stable sites beneath the surface of a palladium crystal, creating a structure predicted to be important in metal catalysts, in hydrogen storage, and in fuel cells.

What to sequence next: Pick one species at a time
After humans, mice, chickens and others what genomes should scientists sequence next?
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