Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 06, 2005
Getting ready for the 'big one,' researchers make most detailed survey ever of San Adreas Fault
Researchers have completed the most meticulous survey ever made of the San Andreas Fault, and they've found detailed features that nobody could have seen before.

UQ researchers show traditional Chinese exercises can help combat diabetes
A pilot study for Australia's first clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of traditional Chinese exercises in preventing the growing problem of diabetes has produced startling results

Finally, male water fleas exposed
Male water fleas that scientists have never seen have made their debut in a University at Buffalo laboratory, providing biologists with their first glimpse of these elusive organisms.

High energy physics team captures network prize at SC|05
Researchers from the US Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford Linear Accelerator Center recently joined an international team in shattering the world network speed record.

Business, engineering researchers developing technology to protect children's online privacy
Children use the Internet daily for casual web surfing, games, interactive learning, and other applications that often ask them to submit personal information.

UCLA scientists discover immune response to HIV differs, even in identical twins
In findings illustrating the difficulty of developing an AIDS vaccine, UCLA AIDS Institute researchers report the immune systems in two HIV-positive identical twins responded to the infection in different ways.

A 2002 disease threat offers lessons for avian flu preparedness
As public health experts discuss how best to prevent an avian flu epidemic in the United States, La Follette School of Public Affairs assistant professor Donald P.

Medicare fraud settlement causes oncologists to lose income
Many oncologists will earn 30 to 50 percent less a year as a consequence of a $1.1 billion Medicare fraud settlement with two leading cancer drug manufacturers, according to a study in the Dec.

Accentia Biopharmaceuticals acquires exclusive license
Accentia Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ABPI) announced today that it has entered into an exclusive license with Collegium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

UF scientists find sugar may have a sour side
Fructose, found in fruit, honey, table sugar and other sweeteners, is a possible reason for rising obesity rates.

Harnessing the heating - and cooling - powers of the sun
Three years ago a team of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute researchers began developing an

Central European scientists awarded EMBO/HHMI startup grants
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) have named six outstanding Central European scientists to receive EMBO/HHMI Startup Grants.

Feeling good is good enough for a man
It doesn't take much to make a man feel satisfied with his body: a look in the mirror and a sense of well-being seem sufficient.

Pall filtration technology verified to remove arsenic from drinking water
As municipal and community water providers are racing to meet the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) January 23, 2006 deadline for reducing arsenic in drinking water, Pall Corporation (NYSE: PLL) announced today that its membrane filtration technology was granted verification by NSF International Drinking Water Systems Center, a partner of the EPA's Environmental Technology Verification Program, to remove arsenic from drinking water.

Minimally invasive surgery may increase options for octogenarians with some lung cancers
While some patients, including the elderly, may not be good candidates for the physical demands of open chest surgery, a new study suggests that even those between the ages of 80 and 94 may benefit from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for early stage, localized, non-small cell lung cancer.

Pneumonia hospitalization rates on the rise for older adults
Hospitalization rates for pneumonia have increased substantially for US adults 65 to 84 years of age, according to a study in the December 7 issue of JAMA.

Study: Temperate forests could worsen global warming
A new study finds that temperate forests, by absorbing sunlight, warm the air in the process and may increase global warming.

Growing more forests in United States could contribute to global warming
Planting trees across the United States and Europe to absorb some of the carbon dioxide emitted by the burning of fossil fuels may just outweigh the positive effects of sequestering that CO².

NASA'S Cassini images reveal spectacular evidence of an active moon
Jets of fine, icy particles streaming from Saturn's moon Enceladus were captured in recent images from NASA's Cassini spacecraft.

Access to existing medical treatments could save more lives than spending to improve the treatments
More lives could be saved in the United States by spending less money on making medical treatments better and more on getting existing treatments to the patients who need them, according to a study published by a Virginia Commonwealth University family medicine and public health physician.

Nov/Dec 2005 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
Highlights from the Nov/Dec 2005 issue of Annals of Family Medicine include a series of articles about the appropriate balance between investing in new medical technologies vs. devoting resources toward improving the systems of health care delivery.

Serious adverse reactions to smallpox vaccine appear to be limited
There was a low rate of life-threatening adverse reactions to the smallpox vaccine administered to potential first responders to a bioterrorism incident, possibly attributable to rigorous vaccine safety screening and educational programs, according to a study in the December 7 issue of JAMA.

Percentage of North Carolinians lacking health insurance rises, UNC study shows
The proportion of North Carolinians under age 65 who lacked health insurance for at least a year rose from 15.3 percent in 2000 to 17.5 percent in 2004, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study.

Updated infection-control guidelines focus on patients, personnel in the cardiovascular cath lab
The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions has released an updated set of guidelines for infection control in cardiovascular catheterization laboratories.

Statement of registered dietitian Rebecca S. Reeves, President of the American Dietetic Association
Statement of registered dietitian Rebecca S. Reeves, President of the American Dietetic Association, is available following release of the Institute of Medicine's December 6 Report.

Ageing and pensions - ESRC offers new dynamics for old
By 2025 the number of people in Britain over the age of 60 will outnumber those under 25.

Cassini's photo album from a season of icy moons
Wrapping-up a phenomenally successful year of observing Saturn's icy moons, the Cassini mission is releasing a flood of new views of the moons Enceladus, Dione, Rhea, Hyperion, and Iapetus.

Top german technology for Hubble's successor
Carl Zeiss and Max Planck researchers develop technology for the world's largest space telescope.

Inflammation linked to chronic pain: Study
An inflamed injury may increase levels of a protein responsible for persistent pain, causing the brain to mimic pain long after source has disappeared, according to U of T researchers.

CPR and external defibrillator training may decrease adolescent sports-related deaths
Although adolescent sports-related deaths are rare, they are commonly caused by cardiovascular problems, like commotio cardis--cardiac arrest caused by being hit in the chest with an object, such as a baseball or softball.

Manchester academic in national initiative on medical professionalism
Professor Valerie Wass, Professor of Community Based Education in The University of Manchester Medical School's Division of Primary Care, has taken part in a major new report from the Royal College of Physicians.

Popularity doesn't necessarily make Prozac best antidepressant choice
Although Prozac has achieved phenomenal marketing success, it may not be as effective as certain other antidepressants, according to a recent systematic review.

Researchers say estrogen can kill breast cancer cells once fueled by the hormone
Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers say some breast cancer cells once fueled by estrogen can be killed by the same hormone.

Researchers uncover mechanisms of estrogen in promoting cell death in breast cancer
A laboratory study has uncovered new details about how estrogen can activate natural pathways that kill certain breast cancer cells or tumors.

NASA's Cassini images reveal spectacular evidence of an active moon
Jets of fine, icy particles streaming from Saturn's moon Enceladus were captured in recent images from NASA's Cassini spacecraft.

Galaxy collisions dominate the local universe
More than half of the largest galaxies in the nearby universe have collided and merged with another galaxy in the past two billion years, according to a Yale astronomer in a study using hundreds of images from two of the deepest sky surveys ever conducted.

Wide-spread use of intranasal flu vaccine does not show unexpected serious risks
Approximately 2.5 million people received the intranasal influenza vaccine the last 2 flu seasons, and a new study did not identify unexpected serious risks associated with use of this vaccine, according to an article in the December 7 issue of JAMA.

European ministers deliberate on discovery and competitiveness
The Ministers responsible for space in the European Space Agency's 17 Member States and Canada today concluded a two-day meeting of ESA's ruling Council in Berlin by deciding on a coherent plan for discovery and competitiveness for Europe in space.

Dose-dense chemotherapy for early breast cancer found safe, similar to standard regimen
Biweekly chemotherapy treatment -- a dose-dense regimen -- for patients with early-stage breast cancer was found to be as safe as treatment administered every third week; however, the dose-dense regimen did not result in improvements in recurrence or survival, according to a study in the December 7 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Use of chemotherapy after surgery for colon cancer has risen, with increase in survival rate
More patients with stage III colon cancer are receiving chemotherapy after surgery, with an associated significant increase in 5-year survival, according to a study in the December 7 issue of JAMA.

Other highlights in the December 7 JNCI
Other highlights in the December 7 JNCI include a study that examined the association between chronic stress with skin cancer, a meta-analysis of dairy product intake and risk of prostate cancer, a study of a protein that may inhibit metastasis in mouse mammary cancer cells, and a study of a plant compound that may be toxic to cancer cells.

Russian River coho recovery project seeing first hopeful signs of success
Surveys of three streams in the Russian River watershed show the first encouraging signs that a ground-breaking recovery effort is making headway rescuing coho salmon from the brink of extinction in part of its historic California range.

Groundbreaking guidelines promote early detection
More than 12 million Americans suffer from peripheral arterial disease (PAD), prompting the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) to release today the groundbreaking Peripheral Arterial Disease Guidelines to help physicians and all healthcare professionals better treat this alarmingly common condition.

Making the most of our precious nursing resources
Hospitals could save hundreds of thousands of dollars, improve patient care and allocate fairer nursing workloads if they rostered nurses according to patients' needs instead of by ratios, a Monash researcher has found.

T-rays: New imaging technology spotlighted by American Chemical Society
T-ray sensing and imaging technology, which can spot cracks in space shuttle foam, see biological agents through a sealed envelope and detect tumors without harmful radiation, was the focus of a recent symposium at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society.

NJIT distinguished professor honored by IEEE for contributions to publications
Yeheskel Bar-Ness, PhD, a distinguished professor at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), was honored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics (IEEE) for his

New treatment for pancreatic cancer allows life-saving surgery
A new treatment for pancreatic cancer developed by clinical researchers of Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center substantially reduces the size of tumors and lowers the risk of local recurrence of the disease.

Women and elderly should also receive chemotherapy
Although all eligible patients with stage III colon cancer should be offered adjuvant chemotherapy treatment because it improves survival, up to one-third are not, and many of these excluded patients are women and the elderly, say researchers who looked at data from more than 85,000 patients.

Satellites in support of World Heritage
Last week the historic fortified town of Campeche, in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, was the centre for a Conference on the use of space technologies to conserve the world's natural and cultural heritage, including UNESCO biosphere reserves.

Saving soldiers: Better body armor expected from new material formation process
A Georgia Institute of Technology researcher has developed a process that increases the hardness and improves the ballistic performance of the material used by the US military for body armor.

Modeling of long-term fossil fuel consumption shows 14.5 degree hike in temperature
If humans continue to use fossil fuels in a business as usual manner for the next several centuries, the polar ice caps will be depleted, ocean sea levels will rise by seven meters and median air temperatures will soar 14.5 degrees warmer than current day.

Government pledge on access to medicines welcomed
A Federal Government pledge today that consumer choice will not be affected by whatever decisions are made on reforming the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.

Virtual modelling goes high performance
Product and system prototyping can be as sophisticated and complex as the final products they seek to model.

Unexpected link between gene in liver and iron overload
A new study in the December Cell Metabolism reveals an unexpected connection between a tumor suppressor gene in the liver and the normally careful control over the amount of iron absorbed from the diet.

UK researchers find way to reduce power consumption of transistors in computer chips
University of Kentucky researchers have discovered a means of reducing gate leakage current of transistors in computer chips that will permit chip producers to continue developing more efficient and powerful chips with reduced power consumption.

Computer simulation shows buckyballs deform DNA
A new study published in December 2005 in Biophysical Journal raises a red flag regarding the safety of buckyballs when dissolved in water.

Nursing home quality stagnates, says HealthGrades
Nursing home deficiencies causing actual harm to residents declined from 7.0 percent to 6.5 percent from 2003 to 2004, while patient abuse remained stable at 17 percent of complaints, according to a new analysis of the ratings HealthGrades annually gives to nearly every nursing home in the country.

NASA's AURA satellite peers into Earth's ozone hole
NASA researchers, using data from the agency's AURA satellite, determined the seasonal ozone hole that developed over Antarctica this year is smaller than in previous years.

Setting the standard for computer models of life
In the December 6 issue of Nature Biotechnology, scientists from 14 different organizations around the world, including the EMBL-European Bioinformatics Institute, propose a new quality standard for biochemical models.
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