Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 07, 2005
How do boxers differ from poodles? Researchers collar genomes
As any dog lover knows, no two breeds are identical.

From research labs to the schools: Science teachers bring summer science to the classroom
Sixteen science teachers who spent the summer working in research labs with American Physiological Society (APS) scientists are using APS mini-grants to devise unique science lessons and experiments for their classrooms.

Grids to aid breast cancer diagnosis and research
The millions of mammography exams performed each year in Europe save thousands of women's lives, but if the data from all breast cancer screening procedures was made available to clinicians and researchers across the continent they could save many more.

Similar stem cells in insect and human gut
The six-legged fruitfly appears to have little in common with humans, but a new finding shows that they are really just tiny, distant cousins.

The latest information coming from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University
In a small study published in the December 2005 issue of the medical journal Diabetes Care, researchers at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University discovered that a diet's overall

Large Himalaya earthquakes may occur sooner than expected
While the rupture zones of recent major earthquakes are immune to similar-sized earthquakes for hundreds of years, they could be vulnerable to even bigger destructive temblors sooner than scientists suspect, according to an analysis by University of Colorado seismologist Roger Bilham.

Scientists fetch useful information from dog genome publications
Today a plethora of dog genome-related materials are published, including a new book entitled The Dog and Its Genome and a series of primary research articles in the journal Genome Research. These publications, concomitant with the publication by Nature of a high-quality draft sequence of the dog genome, are expected to provide both researchers and the public with informative resources about canine genomics and biology.

Regulating gene expression - STAT
In the December 15th issue of G&D, Dr. Michael Snyder and colleagues (Yale University) explore transcription factor binding under different cell activation conditions.

21st century science harnessed to help preserve historic buildings
Famous British landmarks such as St Paul's Cathedral stand to benefit from world-leading research aiming to aid the conservation of limestone buildings.

Trust-building hormone short-circuits fear in humans
A brain chemical recently found to boost trust appears to work by reducing activity and weakening connections in fear-processing circuitry, a brain imaging study has discovered.

Sunflower seeds, pistachios among top nuts for lowering cholesterol
In what is believed to be the most comprehensive analysis to date of the phytosterol content of nuts and seeds, researchers at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University analyzed some 27 food products and found that pistachios and sunflower kernels had the highest levels of phytosterols among the nuts and seeds that are most commonly consumed as snack foods in the United States.

New focus on medical professionalism needed to improve public health
Today the UK Royal College of Physicians (RCP) publishes a new report, which redefines the meaning of medical professionalism in modern society.

Salty taste preference linked to birth weight
A new study from the Monell Chemical Senses Center may shed light on why some people like salt more than others.

Chronic heart failure patients who stick to their medication more likely to adhere to healthy behaviours
People with chronic heart failure who stick to their medication, even a placebo, have a lower risk of death, according to the results of a randomised trial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

A Jekyll-and-Hyde enzyme's role in Alzheimer's
Researchers have discovered how a brain enzyme important in the development and maintenance of learning and memory also plays a key role in the death of neurons in neurodegenerative disorder such as Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Gene loops
A report in the December 15th issue of G&D lends new insight into the mechanism of gene transcription by the RNA polymerase II in the yeast.

Advance in cholera bacteria points to new treatment and vaccine
Opening a new door to an effective vaccine and therapy for a disease that strikes thousands annually, researchers at Dartmouth Medical School discovered that the bacteria that causes the intestinal disease cholera spreads in the environment in much the same way it infects humans.

Open Source Biotechnology alliance for international agriculture
CAMBIA today received a 2.55M USD grant from Norway to support an alliance with IRRI to explore open source biotechnology for rice research - the BiOS Initiative.

Nutritional genomics identifies a potential weight-loss resistance gene
José Ordovas, PhD, director of the Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (HNRCA) at Tufts University, and colleagues identified a variation in the perilipin gene that appears to render some people resistant to weight loss from calorie restriction.

Mercury in atmosphere could be washed out more easily than earlier believed
New University of Washington research suggests mercury can be carried long distances in the atmosphere, combining with other airborne chemicals to form compounds that are much more water-soluble and so more easily removed from the air in rainfall.

TLR4 gene found to protect against tumor development
A new study finds that a gene which plays an important role in immune function, known as toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), may also play a critical role in suppressing chronic lung inflammation and tumor development in mice.

American dream, in peril, is successfully pursued through state programs
Working hard and being employed may no longer be enough to ward off poverty, according to a study released today by the Sodexho Foundation and Brandeis University's Institute on Assets and Social Policy.

How seizures progress to epilepsy in the young
A major mystery in epilepsy research has been why infants are more prone to seizures than adults and how those seizures progress to chronic epilepsy.

NC State scientist assists in cracking code of dog genome
Researchers at North Carolina State University's College of Veterinary Medicine, the Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and from universities and hospitals around the globe have successfully sequenced the canine genome, or set of all genes.

Global warming could halt ocean circulation, with harmful results
Absent any climate policy, scientists have found a 70 percent chance of shutting down the thermohaline circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean over the next 200 years, with a 45 percent probability of this occurring in this century.

An ISN Bellagio Summit - Preventing vascular diseases around the world
During a unique, multidisciplinary and strategic 3-day Summit meeting the ISN - in collaboration with the International Diabetes Federation, the World Heart Federation, the International Society of Hypertension, the International Atherosclerosis Society, and representatives from WHO and the EU - will once again pioneer prevention.

Biodesign Institute awarded $3.2 million to develop vaccine to thwart biothreat
The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University has been awarded a $3.2 million grant to develop a safe and effective vaccine against the disease tularemia, more commonly known as

Tufts professor chews on the nutrition-oral health connection
Sitting and snacking on treats in front of the television for several hours a day increases a child's risk of developing ... dental decay?

Argonne researchers confirm lead in Beethoven's illness
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have found elevated amounts of lead in bone fragments belonging to 19th Century composer Ludwig von Beethoven, consistent with their earlier finding of massive amounts of lead found in his hair.

Breakthrough chip delivers better digital pictures for less power
The next advance in cameras is becoming a reality at the University of Rochester.

Acne, milk and the iodine connection
Dermatologists seem to agree that something in milk and dairy products may be linked to teen-age acne.

Understanding the oceans microbes is key to the Earth's future
Life on Earth may owe its existence to tiny microorganisms living in the oceans, but the effect of human-induced change on the vital services these microbes perform for the planet remains largely unstudied, says a report released today by the American Academy of Microbiology, entitled

Carnegie Mellon U. transforms DNA microarrays with standard Internet communications tool
A standard Internet protocol that checks errors made during email transmissions has now inspired a revolutionary method to transform DNA microarray analysis, a common technology used to understand gene activation.

Mountainous plateau creates ozone 'halo' around Tibet
Not only is the air around the world's highest mountains thin, but it's thick with ozone, says a new study from University of Toronto researchers.

Media invitation: 4th International Conference on Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Medicine
You are invited to attend the world's only conference on cancer and the adolescent.

Researchers publish dog genome sequence
An international team, led by researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, today announced the publication of the genome sequence of the dog.

Alaska's Columbia Glacier continues on disintegration course
Alaska's rapidly disintegrating Columbia Glacier, which has shrunk in length by 9 miles since 1980, has reached the mid-point of its projected retreat, according to a new University of Colorado at Boulder study.

Physicists demonstrate storage and retrieval of single photons between remote memories
A series of publications in the journal Nature highlights the race among competing research groups toward the long-anticipated goal of quantum networking.

Six Central European scientists awarded EMBO/HHMI startup grants
Six outstanding Central European scientists have been chosen to receive grants to help them establish their first independent laboratories in the Czech Republic, Estonia, and Hungary.

Dog genome sequence and analysis published in Nature
An international research team led by scientists at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard announced today the completion of a high-quality genome sequence of the domestic dog, together with a catalog of 2.5 million specific genetic differences across several dog breeds.

Ulcerative colitis survey unmasks challenges for patients beyond devastating symptoms
Results released today from the Voices of UC survey of 1,000 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients underscore the extensive burden of the disease.

Scientists push forward understanding of multiple sclerosis
New findings by a research team from the University of Edinburgh may help explain why diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) which attack the myelin sheath - an insulator which protects the body's nervous system - cause such severe symptoms in MS patients.

Greyhounds and humans going round the bend
New research has identified the fundamental differences between two and four legged animals that explain what limits their top speeds.

ESO signs largest-ever European industrial contract for ground-based astronomy project ALMA
ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, announced today that it has signed a contract with the consortium led by Alcatel Alenia Space and composed also of European Industrial Engineering (Italy) and MT Aerospace (Germany), to supply 25 antennas for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array project, along with an option for another seven antennas.

Predictive health symposium features national experts discussing new model of healthcare
A field of national healthcare leaders will assemble at Emory University on Dec.

Researchers discover a protein responsible for shaping the nervous system
A team of researchers led by The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), the University of Toronto (U of T) and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have discovered a protein that is responsible for shaping the nervous system.
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