Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 08, 2005
Sandia to conduct regional workshop in Baltimore to help gauge national energy and water concerns
Sandia National Laboratories will conduct a workshop in Baltimore, Md., Dec.

Changes to land cover may enhance global warming in Amazon, reduce it in midlatitudes
New simulations of 21st-century climate from the National Center for Atmospheric Research show that human-produced changes in land cover could produce additional warming in the Amazon region comparable to that caused by greenhouse gases, while counteracting greenhouse warming by 25 percent to 50 percent in some midlatitude areas.

Nurses key to success of modern hospitals
Nurses are the key to restoring public confidence in UK hospital care, argues an expert in this week's BMJ.

Gatton livestock studies spurred a flu-fighter
The University of Queensland will tomorrow award the Gatton Gold Medal to a scientist whose Gatton studies sowed the seeds of a revolutionary flu drug.

NASA satellite eyes atmosphere to improve pollution and climate forecasting
Thanks to the latest sophisticated, satellite-based instruments, local and regional air pollution and their sources can now be observed closely from space.

ORNL-led study shows forests thrive with increased CO2 levels
Forest productivity may be significantly greater in an atmosphere enriched with carbon dioxide, according to findings released today that challenge recent reports that question the importance of carbon dioxide fertilization.

New technique puts brain-imaging research on its head
Mechanical engineers at Washington University in St. Louis and collaborators have devised a technique on humans that for the first time shows just what the brain does when the skull accelerates.

Australians of the year forge partnership for burns drug development
An innovative drug treatment that could limit the damage caused by burns and encourage skin tissue regeneration is the focus of a new partnership between West Australian research groups headed by two Australians of the Year.

Risk of second cancer after breast cancer
A new large-scale study on women with breast cancer found a 25 percent increase in the risk of developing a new non-breast cancer compared to women without cancer.

Institute for Reproductive Health celebrates 20th year of expanding family planning options
The Institute for Reproductive Health will kickoff its 20th year of expanding family planning options for women and men around the world with a reception and an award ceremony Friday, December 9, at 3:30 p.m. at the Ronald Reagan International Trade Building.

Aging population will impose huge NHS burden
New figures published by Dr Foster in this week's BMJ predict that the UK's ageing population will impose considerable workload and financial pressures on the NHS.

Max Planck researchers win part of Descartes Research Prize 2005
European Commission honours outstanding scientific research projects involving European co-operation.

Plants, too, have ways to manage freeloaders
Many organisms pair off in symbiotic relationships, exemplified by the mutualism of legumes and nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the soil.

WHO must prepare health ministries for trade liberalisation
The World Health Organization (WHO) has an important role in ensuring health ministries everywhere have the knowledge to make future trade in health services accessible and equitable, states an editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Yale environment dean wins book award for nonfiction
James Gustave Speth, dean of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, is the winner of the 2005 Connecticut Book Award for nonfiction.

Alzheimer's disease prevention may be easier than cure
Mayo Clinic Jacksonville researchers report evidence to suggest that prevention of amyloid beta (Abeta) deposition in the brain prior to Alzheimer's disease (AD) onset may be easier than curing established disease.

Data in New England Journal of Medicine show benefits of REMICADE in ulcerative colitis patients
Landmark studies published today in The New England Journal of Medicine demonstrate the benefits of treatment with REMICADE (infliximab) in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC).

Mathematics used to discern immune response to infectious diseases
The University of Pittsburgh has been awarded a $9.1 million contract from the National Institutes of Health to develop mathematical models for investigating how the immune system responds to the pathogens that cause flu, TB and tularemia, an especially dangerous infection that some believe could be used as a biological weapon.

'Huygens' finds a hostile world on Titan
International research team reports on the Earth-like surface of Saturn's moon Titan.

Performing monkeys in Asia carry viruses that could jump species to humans
Some urban performing monkeys in Indonesia are carrying several retroviruses that are capable of infecting people, according to a new study led by University of Washington researchers.

Prelude to an earthquake?
A geophysicist from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has identified possible seismic precursors to two recent California earthquakes, including the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake that wreaked havoc throughout the Bay Area.

GROWing the next generation of water recycling plants
A vegetated rooftop recycling system has been developed that allows water to be used twice before it is flushed into the communal waste water system.

ASU researchers 'wire' DNA to identify mutations
A team of ASU researchers led by Nongjian Tao and Peiming Zhang has developed a new, breakthrough technique for the detection of DNA mutations.

'Doctor Franklin's Medicine' explores founding father's vast medical legacy
A new book by Washington University's Stanley Finger portrays American icon Benjamin Franklin as a medical innovator who helped change medical care in America and Europe.

Are US flu death figures more PR than science?
US data on influenza death may be more PR than science, argues a Harvard University graduate student in this week's BMJ.

The secret love life of plants
Researchers in Cologne discover signals between plant embryos and their endosperm.

National licenses for large databases and periodical archives
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) will fund national licenses for digital publications in an effort to improve the provision of scientific library services at German universities.

Low-dose chemotherapy plus antiangiogenesis drug has activity in advanced breast cancer
Chemotherapy given in low, frequent doses - a novel strategy called

Herceptin plus chemotherapy improves disease-free survival in early breast cancer
Pairing the targeted therapy Herceptin with chemotherapy in patients with early stage breast cancer significantly increases disease-free survival time in women who test positive for a genetic mutation that results in a particularly aggressive form of the disease, according to a large, international study.

Former Intel chief architect provides an insider's look into the design of the Pentium chips
In his new book

Ames Lab physicist wins European Union's highest science prize
Costas Soukoulis, a senior physicist at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and an Iowa State University Distinguished Professor of physics and astronomy, coordinates the research team that has won the Descartes Prize for Excellence in Scientific Collaborative Research, the European Union's highest honor in the field of science.

Adult children in the dark about aging parents
A random stranger might have the same chance at guessing parental wishes as some children would.

New studies on aging, steroids, addiction and spinal cord development highlight ACNP Annual Meeting
Hundreds of new studies on brain and behavior from the world's most renowned scientists will headline the 2005 American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Annual Meeting.

'Computer-chemistry' yields new insight into a puzzle of cell division
Duke University biochemists aided by Duke computer scientists and computational chemists have identified the likely way two key enzymes dock in an intricate three-dimensional puzzle-fit to regulate cell division.

Vitamin supplement could help treatment-resistant asthma
Asthma patients who don't respond to steroid treatment suffer repeated asthma attacks, and are at greater risk of dying from the condition.

Scientists calculate number of stem cell lines needed for therapeutic bank
Scientists have estimated the number of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines that are needed to create a functional therapeutic hESC bank in the UK.

New study of the world's smallest elephant
The world's smallest elephant species, the newly described Bornean elephant, will be the focus of a Cardiff University study in Sabah, Malaysia for the next three years.

Medicare payment stabilization options suggested by ACP
Medicare payment stabilization options were suggested to key members of Congress late yesterday in a letter from C.

Lowering blood pressure more important than drug class in preventing kidney disease
The first-line drug choices to treat high blood pressure in patients with kidney disease may not be the best option, according to an article in this week's issue of The Lancet.

AutovaxID™-C introduced by Biovest International
Biovest International, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of patient specific immunotherapeutics and automated cell culture instrumentation, presented its newest cell culture instrument, the AutovaxIDTM-C, at the Cancer Research Institute's recent meeting titled

Progress conference on child survival as called for in 2003 Lancet series to take place next week
An editorial in this week's issue highlights an upcoming conference on child survival that was called for in the 2003 Lancet Bellagio child survival series.

Bayer launches Phase III clinical study of Trasylol in elective spinal fusion surgery
Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NYSE: BAY) today announced the initiation of a Phase III clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Trasylol® (aprotinin injection) in reducing blood loss and the need for transfusion in adult patients undergoing elective spinal fusion surgery.

Breakthrough in unravelling the causes of sudden cardiac death in young people
Scientists at the Wales Heart Research Institute, Cardiff University have made a breakthrough in our understanding of the causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young people.

Digestive problems may impede overweight people from exercising
Doctors treating overweight or obese patients often prescribe exercise as one way to take off pounds.

AutovaxID™-C introduced by Accentia Biopharmaceuticals
Accentia Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that its subsidiary, Biovest International, Inc., presented its newest cell culture instrument, the AutovaxIDTM-C, at the Cancer Research Institute's recent meeting,

Facial transplants are justified, say experts
With news of the world's first facial transplant hitting the headlines, experts in this week's BMJ debate whether the benefit of this procedure to someone with severe facial deformity outweighs the risk of long term suppression of the immune system.

Heartfelt wake-up call sounded for heart attack survivors
A new survey reveals a majority of heart attack survivors characterize their attack as a life-altering

Dummies (pacifiers) reduce sudden infant deaths
Use of a dummy seems to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), finds a study published online by the BMJ today.

Mouse study: New muscle-building agent beats all previous ones
The Johns Hopkins scientists who first created

Moderate exercise may delay congestive heart failure, CU-Boulder study suggests
A new University of Colorado at Boulder study involving laboratory rats that indicates low-intensity exercise may significantly delay the onset of congestive heart failure appears to have some promising implications for humans.

'Father of chemical engineering' turns 90, still teaching at UH
Thanks to the work of one University of Houston professor, scientists have a way of keeping nuclear submarines safe following a power failure.

Welcome to the new world of digital cinema
We are on the brink of breaking through to the new world of digital cinema (D-Cinema).

JCI table of contents: December 8, 2005
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online on 12/08/05 in the JCI, including: Alzheimer's disease prevention may be easier than cure; New therapy for asthma is a breath of fresh air; Inhibiting kidney protein USAG-1 may help decrease dialysis dependency; Inflamed about obesity: CCR2 keeps fat cells in a state of inflammation; Preventing atherosclerosis is all about going with the flow.

MCG grant enables pilot study of online information system for patients
The Medical College of Georgia Center for Patient and Family Centered Care has received a $30,000 grant to determine whether an online information system can help multiple sclerosis patients better manage their disease.
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