Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 12, 2005
Effective hospital patient 'handoffs' require better training for physicians
Indiana University School of Medicine study reports that the communication necessary for good medical care often does occur when a hospital patient's physician goes off duty and another physician assumes responsibility.

REVLIMID improves overall survival and delays disease progression in multiple myeloma patients
Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG) announced updated clinical data from two Phase III pivotal studies evaluating REVLIMID (lenalidomide) plus dexamethasone in previously treated multiple myeloma patients.

New studies identify advances in treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia
Offering promise in the battle against cancer, the results from five studies highlighting new advances in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) - a slow-progressing, malignant bone marrow cancer - will be presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology.

Genentech contributes $500,000 to support ASH's Minority Medical Student Award Program
Genentech today will donate $500,000 to the American Society of Hematology (ASH) to help fund the Society's Minority Medical Student Award Program (MMSAP).

Eye cell implants improve motor symptoms for Parkinson patients
A preliminary study suggests that implants of cells from the human retina improved motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson disease, and they appear to be safe and well tolerated, according to a report in the December issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Magnetic transistor could 'dial in' quantum effects
A team of theoretical and experimental physicists from Rice University is preparing a unique probe in hopes of

New UW study offers strategy for treatment of fatal nervous system disorder
Working with mice, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers have developed the basis for a therapeutic strategy that could provide hope for children afflicted with Krabbe's disease, a fatal nervous system disorder.

Pretreating rogue cancer cells with aspirin cripples their resistance to targeted therapy
In a study published in the Dec. 9 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh researchers report that aspirin, combined with a promising new cancer therapy known as TRAIL, can induce cancer cells that were previously resistant to TRAIL therapy to self-destruct.

Pioneering ecologist Ruth Patrick honored by Federal-State Commission
The Academy of Natural Sciences' world-renowned environmental scientist Ruth Patrick was honored by the Delaware River Basin Commission when it named its to-be-developed office building courtyard the

Depression and anxiety improve after epilepsy surgery
Depression and anxiety are common problems for people whose epilepsy cannot be controlled by medication.

Gene increases risk of tuberculosis
A study in the December 19 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine identifies a small genetic change that increases the odds of developing active tuberculosis (TB).

Helping municipalities to market broadband for the masses
Experimenting with the idea of municipal provision of sophisticated Internet services, European researchers have come up with some very promising results that were positively received by all municipalities involved in the trials.

New evidence supports century-old theory of cancer spread
A Yale School of Medicine study in the December issue of Lancet Oncology challenges mainstream oncology researchers to consider tumor cell hybridization with white blood cells as a major reason that cancer metastasizes or spreads to other parts of the body.

Tiny self-assembling cubes could carry medicine, cell therapy
Johns Hopkins researchers have devised a self-assembling cube-shaped perforated container, no larger than a dust speck, that could serve as a delivery system for medications and cell therapy.

Chronic disability in older Americans greatly overestimated
The rates of chronic disability in older Americans has been substantially overestimated by about forty percent, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the December 12 Archives of Internal Medicine.

Immunosuppressive drug appears effective in reducing new brain lesions in MS patients
A medication that reduces relapse rates in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) appears to be effective in reducing new brain inflammatory lesions and is well tolerated, according to a study in the December issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Key brain regulatory gene shows evolution in humans
Researchers have discovered the first brain regulatory gene that shows clear evidence of evolution from lower primates to humans.

Rein for pain lays mainly in the brain, Stanford researchers find
Chronic pain sufferers may be able to reduce pain levels by studying their own live brain images, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine report in a new study.

Testosterone therapy may help elderly men with mild Alzheimer's disease
Testosterone replacement therapy may help improve the quality of life for elderly men with mild cases of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study posted online today that will appear in the February 2006 print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Psychometric testing might be best way to predict future happy doctors
Medical school staff who select future medical students cannot predict whether applicants are going to be happy as doctors or not, based on the information given in their application form.

Doctors pioneer new area of cruelty free product development
Amid mounting concerns about the ethics and limitations of animal use in laboratories, the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) announced today that it has developed an animal serum free diagnostic test used to measure insulin levels in diabetes patients.

Alliance to create patient smart card deployment
Siemens, the Mount Sinai Medical Center and Elmhurst Hospital Center have formed patient health smart card alliance with goal of serving residents and health care facilities in New York metro area.

Drinking tea associated with lower risk of ovarian cancer
Women who drank at least two cups of tea a day had a lower risk of ovarian cancer than those who did not drink tea, according to a study in the December 12/26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New study finds that older Americans may improve memory by exercising their brains and bodies
Research finds that older Americans may improve their memory by making simple lifestyle changes - including memory exercises, physical fitness, healthy eating and stress reduction.

Relationship between incarceration and race disparities in US HIV rates explored
There may be a relationship between incarceration and race disparities in American HIV rates, Yale researchers report in the Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.

Racial minority participation in clinical trials increase with information and access
Racial minorities participate in health research studies at the same rate as whites when they meet the study criteria and when they are informed about the opportunity to enroll in the study, according to an article by researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Yale School of Medicine.

New Phase 3 data show potential benefits of Aranesp dosed every three weeks for CIA
Amgen, the world's largest biotechnology company, today announced interim results from the first multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 3 trial of AranespĀ® administered every three weeks in cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia.

New manufacturing process helps metals lose weight
A pioneering manufacturing process that can turn titanium, stainless steel and many other metals into a new breed of engineering components could have a big impact across industry.

Race and gender affect lung cancer clinical trial participation
A new study finds significant disparities by race and gender in the enrollment of patients into lung cancer clinical trials.

Botox for more than ironing wrinkles
While botulinum toxin A, or BTXA, is widely known for its use in dermatology and aesthetic medicine, a review article in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology explores the drug's other successful applications.

Envisat sees smoke from Europe's worst peacetime fire
London is completely blanketed by the black plume of smoke from Europe's worst peacetime fire in this Envisat image, taken within five hours of the blaze beginning.

News briefs from the journal Chest, December 2005
News briefs from the medical journal Chest include: Omega-3 acids and lung function, ICU shifts for physicians, and caregiver depression.

Toxicology-on-a-chip tool readies for market
Recalls of popular prescription drugs are raising public concern about the general safety of new pharmaceuticals.

New study shows palliative care programs surging trend in US hospitals
A study released today in the Journal of Palliative Medicine confirmed that palliative care programs continue to be a rapidly growing trend in US hospitals - a trend widely regarded to be an improvement in the quality of care of advanced, chronic illness.

Hearing loss from chemotherapy underestimated
An Oregon Health & Science University study found the incidence and severity of childhood hearing loss from ototoxicity, a condition in which platinum-based chemotherapy drugs damage tiny hair cells in the inner ear, has long been underreported by the medical community.

Infections are a major cause of childhood cancer, study suggests
Results from a new study of childhood cancer statistics provide further evidence that common infections affecting mother and baby could play a key role in triggering certain types of the disease.

Award winning eye-heart discovery
Routine visits to an optometrist may soon provide us with diagnosis of vision complications and screening for cardiovascular disease.

New study shows EmezineĀ® demonstrates more efficient absorption
Accentia Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (Accentia) (NASDAQ:ABPI) announced today the publication of a pharmacokinetic (PK) study regarding EmezineĀ® (prochlorperazine maleate) - a buccal tablet being developed for the intended treatment of severe nausea and vomiting (emesis).

Hundreds of auroras detected on Mars
Most of the large planets have global magnetic fields, and thus exhibit some version of the auroras that brighten the night sky in Earth's northern and southern latitudes.

German-Polish research funding given a new boost
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft signs two new agreements on joint research funding with Poland.

Scythe balances life and death during development
A protein called Scythe determines which cells live and which die during the growth and development of the mammalian embryo, according to investigators at St.

Moms' employment affects kids' food sources
Using a nationally representative sample of US kids age 2 to 18, a Penn State-led study has found that a mom's employment had a strong effect on their kid's food sources but the children of stay-at-home moms or part-timers didn't necessarily have better diet quality than kids whose mothers worked full-time.

Interim Aranesp data suggest major response in anemic patients with MDS
Amgen, the world's largest biotechnology company, today announced updated interim data from a Phase 2 study evaluating the use of 500 mcg of Aranesp administered every three weeks to treat anemia in patients with a bone marrow disorder known as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

Vitamin D can play role in lung health
Vitamin D may play a role in keeping our lungs healthy, with greater concentrations of vitamin D resulting in greater lung health benefits.

Carnegie Mellon, Pitt demo technology to help elderly at CAST exhibition in Washington
In conjunction with the White House Conference on Aging, Carnegie Mellon University and University of Pittsburgh are demonstrating new technologies to enhance the lives of the elderly at the Center for Aging Services Technologies (CAST) exhibition in Washington, D.C.

New research examines genetics of successful aging
Scientists have identified genes related to reaching age 90 with preserved cognition.

Interim long-term follow-up data show AMG 531 increases platelets in patients with ITP
Amgen today announced interim results from an open-label study showing that long-term administration (up to 48 weeks) of its investigational therapy AMG 531 was generally well-tolerated and stimulated platelet production in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).

Hopkins study describes potentially fatal heart condition among young athletes
A Johns Hopkins study has provided the most comprehensive description to date of people most likely to develop a relatively rare heart condition, called arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD), known to be among the top causes of sudden cardiac death among young athletes.

Good for the heart - and the wallet: African-American heart failure drug is cost-effective
While successful drug regimens extend and improve the quality of patients' lives, they often lead to higher health care costs as well.

Pollination networks key to ecosystem sustainability
Manipulating plant and pollinator communities provides experimental evidence that the persistence of a plant community can be affected by a loss of diversity among its pollinating fauna, according to a study published in the open access journal PLoS Biology.

Cataract surgery rates and costs related to physician reimbursement methods
A system in which physicians are reimbursed for each procedure they perform (fee-for-service) is associated with a significantly higher rate of cataract surgery and related surgical costs, compared to a system in which physicians receive a lump sum for each patient they manage (contact capitation), according to a study in the December issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Depression and anxiety improve after epilepsy surgery
Depression and anxiety are common problems for people whose epilepsy cannot be controlled by medication.

New study shows successful aging a question of 'mind over matter'
The commonly used criteria suggest that a person is aging well if they have a low level of disease and disability.

UNICEF report shows disabled children at serious risk
Yale public health researcher Nora Groce chaired the Thematic Group on Violence against Disabled Children convened by UNICEF at the United Nations (UN), which has made recommendations for ending violence against disabled children in the forthcoming UN Secretary General's Report on Violence against Children.

Agronomy, crop, soil science societies present awards, scholarships
Dozens of awards and scholarships, including the selection of 2005 Fellows were presented as part of the 2005 International Annual Meetings of the American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), and Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) held on Nov.

Consumers need carrots, not sticks, to make 'green' choices
With the amount of shopping days until Christmas fast running out, consumers who would like to make 'green' choices are often helpless to change their behaviour, according to research at the University of Surrey.

New study pinpoints epicenters of Earth's imminent extinctions
New study pinpoints epicenters of Earth's imminent extinctions according to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Prostate cancer test affected by demographic and lifestyle factors
The reliability of a prostate cancer-screening test may be compromised by lifestyle and demographic factors, according to a new study.

Four questions that may save your grandma's life: SNAQ screening tool predicts weight loss
A simple screening tool works to predict weight loss, which has life-saving implications for senior adults.

Alzheimer patients treated with testosterone in UCLA-led study show improved quality of life
The first study of the effects of testosterone on mood, behavior and psychological health in men with mild Alzheimer's disease finds significant improvements in quality of life, as assessed by caregivers.

Cell phones can increase your distress level
A study published in the latest issue of Journal of Marriage and Family finds that cell phone and pager use is yet another way that job worries and problems interfere with family life for both men and women.
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