Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 27, 2005
Dietary intake of antioxidants associated with reduced risk of age-related macular degeneration
A diet with a high intake of beta carotene, vitamins C and E, and zinc is associated with a substantially reduced risk of age-related macular degeneration in elderly persons, according to a study in the December 28 issue of JAMA.

Flexible drug dosing produces less side-effects in people with epilepsy
For the first time, researchers compared dosing regimens of an antiepileptic drug used for treatment of partial epilepsy in adults, in conjunction with other antiepileptic drugs.

Dwarfs commanded respect in ancient Egypt
An article published in the January 2006 issue of the American Journal of Medical Genetics examines the remains and depiction of dwarfs in ancient Egypt, concluding that they were assimilated into daily life and their disorder was not seen as a physical handicap.

Misdosing common for powerful anti-clotting drugs
Because of inaccuracies in prescribing, 42 percent of patients rushed to emergency rooms with symptoms of a heart attack received doses of powerful drugs intended stop clotting in coronary arteries outside of the recommended range, a new analysis by Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) cardiologists has found.

Medication reduces risk of heart irregularities after cardiac surgery
Use of the medication amiodarone is associated with one-half the incidence of atrial tachyarrhythmias (rapid, abnormal heart beat) following cardiac surgery, according to a study in the December 28 issue of JAMA.

Blacks' lower rate of lung cancer surgery not just due to access to care issues
Even when they have equal access to specialized care, blacks with potentially curable lung cancer are about half as likely as whites to undergo surgery that could save their lives, according to a study by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers.

Natural compound from 'pond scum' shows potential activity against Alzheimer's
A compound isolated from a cyanobacterium, a type of blue-green algae known as Nostoc, shows promise of becoming a natural drug candidate for fighting Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases, according to an in vitro study by researchers in Switzerland.

Smithsonian guide to the biodiverse marine environment of Panama's Bocas del Toro
A Caribbean Journal of Science special issue presents the first scientific overview of the marine environment in Bocas del Toro Province near Panama's border with Costa Rica.

Having sibling with cardiovascular disease associated with higher CVD risk
Middle-aged adults who have a sibling with cardiovascular disease (CVD) have a 45 percent increased risk for CVD, a risk that is greater than that conferred by having parents with CVD, according to a study in the December 28 issue of JAMA.

UCSD researchers state vitamin D needed to cut cancer risk
Taking 1,000 international units of vitamin D3 daily appears to lower an individual's risk of developing certain cancers - including colon, breast, and ovarian cancer - by up to 50 percent, according to cancer prevention specialists at the Moores Cancer Center at UCSD Medical Center

2006 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Abstracts now online
All 372 sessions and 3,460 abstracts for 2006 Ocean Sciences Meeting have been posted on the American Geophysical Union Web site.
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