Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 02, 2006
Alcohol advertising may contribute to increased drinking among young people
Young people who view more alcohol advertisements tend to drink more alcohol, according to a new study in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA Archives journals.

Parents' impressions of neighborhood safety linked to children's weight
Children who live in neighborhoods that their parents believe are unsafe are more likely to be overweight than those in neighborhoods perceived as safe, according to a study in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Underwater listening devices yield discoveries about endangered large whales
Autonomous data-recording devices equipped with hydrophones, deployed in remote waters off Alaska, have been used in recent years to track seasonal occurrences of blue, fin, humpback, North Pacific right, bowhead, and sperm whales.

Research tracks whales by listening to sounds
Researchers have developed a new tool to help them study endangered whales - autonomous hydrophones that can be deployed in the ocean to record the unique clicks, pulses and calls of different whale species.

Perinatal complications linked to eating disorders
Certain complications during and immediately after birth are associated with the development of the eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, according to a study in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Promising new treatment for ulcerative colitis sufferers
A promising new therapy pioneered by University of Kentucky gastroenterology specialists may offer improved lives to patients suffering from moderate to severe forms of the disease.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Jan. 3, 2006
Articles in the issue include: 'Internal Medicine Groups Survey Internists on Maintaining Certification;' 'Oral Nutritional Supplements May Help Hospitalized Elderly, but a Review Finds no Evidence that They Help Elderly in a Home Setting;' 'Walking Three Times a Week Slows Decline from Peripheral Arterial Disease.'

Ethnic minority groups must be included in European health research
A systematic review published in the open access journal PLoS Medicine reveals a shortage of information on racial and ethnic minority populations.

New weapon in battle against osteoporosis
Medical researchers at the University of Bonn, working in collaboration with scientists from Israel, USA and Britain, have identified a previously unknown regulatory mechanism in the process of bone loss.

Imaging study links key genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease to myelin breakdown
A new UCLA imaging study shows that age-related breakdown of myelin, the fatty insulation coating the brain's internal wire, correlates strong with the presence of a key genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.

John Templeton Foundation awards $2.8 million to examine origins of biological complexity
A recent $2.8 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation to the Cambridge Templeton Consortium is providing the resources for further investigation into the origins of biological complexity.

Income level may predict response to depression treatment
Low-income people with depression are less likely to respond to treatment and more likely to be suicidal than those who have higher incomes, according to a study in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

HIV vaccine takes different tack to boosting immune response
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) in Houston have reason to believe their unorthodox vaccine could one day help to prevent or control HIV infection, according to a study published in today's edition of Public Library of Science Medicine.

Taking an alternative approach to HIV vaccination
Si-Yi Chen and colleagues in a paper published in the open access journal PLoS Medicine describe a possible alternative strategy for HIV vaccination in mice involving suppressor of cytokine signaling in dendritic cells.

Reduced brain volume may predict dementia in healthy elderly people
Reduced volume, or atrophy, in parts of the brain known as the amygdala and hippocampus may predict which cognitively healthy elderly people will develop dementia over a six-year period, according to a study in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New UCSF study finds that obesity is a risk factor for kidney failure
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco have determined that there is a strong relationship between being obese and developing end-stage renal disease, or kidney failure.

Walking three times weekly slows decline from peripheral artery disease
A study in the Jan. 3 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine shows that walking three times a week, even in an unsupervised exercise program, can significantly improve walking ability and slow progression of peripheral artery disease which often causes leg pain because of impaired blood flow in the arteries.

Internal medicine organizations survey internists on maintenance of certification
A survey of internists -- physicians practicing internal medicine -- whose board certification was up for renewal in December 2002 found that the most common reasons for participating in recertification or Maintenance of Certification (MOC) were to maintain professional image and update knowledge.

An elephant tail
By analyzing chemicals in tail hair from elephants that wore radio collars, researchers tracked the diet and movements of elephants in Kenya - a method aimed at reducing human-elephant conflicts and determining where to establish sanctuaries to protect the endangered creatures.
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