Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 13, 2006
American Mathematical Society awards 2006 prizes
The American Mathematical Society (AMS) will present several major prizes on Friday, January 13, 2006, at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in San Antonio, Texas.

Study identifies molecule essential for proper localization of blood stem cells
Scientists at the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Regenerative Medicine and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute have defined a molecule that dictates how blood stem cells travel to the bone marrow and establish blood and immune cell production.

People who restrict calories have 'younger' hearts
The hearts of people who follow a low-calorie, yet nutritionally balanced, diet resemble those of younger people when examined by sophisticated ultrasound function tests, and they tend to have more desirable levels of some markers of inflammation and fibrosis, according to a new study in the Jan.

Livermore researchers find new source of coherent light
With the exception of lasers and free-electron lasers, there hasn't been another fundamental way to produce coherent light for close to 50 years.

Full-day vs. half-day kindergarten
In an important new longitudinal study drawing on a sample of more than 8,000 kindergarteners and 500 public schools, researchers find that full-day kindergarten programs, which are most commonly available to less-advantaged children, are roughly equivalent to an additional month of schooling each year when compared to half-day programs.

Flu not the only germ threat this time of year
The flu hasn't even hit hard yet this year, but it seems like everyone's getting sick.

Anti-adhesive layers leave no hope for insects
Scientists from Stuttgart demonstrate how carnivorous plants set traps using an ingenious material design.

Fewer deaths than 2004, but earthquakes still kill nearly 90,000 in 2005
Although there were fewer deaths worldwide in 2005 due to earthquakes, more than 89,353 casualties were reported, according to the US Geological Survey and confirmed by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Caffeine limits blood flow to heart muscle during exercise
In healthy volunteers, the equivalent of two cups of coffee reduced the body's ability to boost blood flow to the heart muscle in response to exercise, and the effect was stronger when the participants were in a chamber simulating high altitude, according to a new study in the Jan.

Hospital volume doesn't explain racial disparity in cardiovascular procedure deaths
Although hospitals that perform fewer cardiovascular procedures tend to have higher death rates than higher-volume hospitals, and although African-American and Hispanic patients tend to be treated at lower-volume hospitals, differences in volume do not explain racial disparities in cardiovascular procedure death rates, according to a new study in the Jan.

Information technologies reshaping the real estate landscape in unexpected ways
Computers and the Internet have been billed as enabling new ways of doing business, but in the residential real estate industry, people's expanded access to information hasn't rendered the real estate agent a relic, says a Penn State researcher.

Manchester oral health pioneer wins second major honour in six months
Professor Anthony Blinkhorn of the School of Dentistry at The University of Manchester has been awarded the prestigious H.

Illinois pig to make history as source of first complete swine genome
A pig used for research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has a home in history.

Embedded journalist to discuss re-engineering Iraq at Stevens
The Center for Science Writings at Stevens Institute of Technology will present a talk and slide show,

Patients now surviving once-fatal immune disease
Individuals who have a rare genetic immune system disorder that prevents them from making antibodies nevertheless appear to be moderately healthy and lead productive lives, according to results of a study by investigators at St.

Sir Roger Penrose receives 2006 JPBM Communications Award
Sir Roger Penrose of Oxford University is receiving the 2006 Communications Award of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics (JPBM).

First Galileo signals transmitted by GIOVE-A
The GIOVE-A satellite is in good health and started transmitting the first Galileo signals from medium Earth orbit on 12 January.

Wisconsin professor wins top prize for research on corporate finance
Toni M. Whited, an associate professor of finance at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Business, has won the top award for co-authoring the best paper published on corporate finance in the Journal of Finance.

Siblings' bad habits brush off
Brothers and sisters are more powerful role models than friends or parents when it comes to teenage drinking and smoking, research has shown.

Thiamin deficiency common in hospitalized heart failure patients
Among patients hospitalized with heart failure, about one in three has deficient levels of thiamin, although thiamin deficiency was less common among those patients who were taking vitamin supplements, according to a new study in the Jan.

Smoking during pregnancy may affect baby's fingers and toes
There's one more reason not to smoke during pregnancy. A mother's cigarette smoking significantly increases the risk that her newborn may have extra, webbed or missing fingers or toes, according to a new study.

UW-Madison programmer gives weather for the palm of your hand
Weather lovers have a new tool at hand to obtain weather information on demand through a PDA-friendly weather Web service created by Russ Dengel at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Fat chance of becoming manic-depressive
A collaboration, led by scientists at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research and the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Sydney, has discovered the first risk gene specifically for bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness.

Former NSF Deputy Director to receive IEEE-USA Distinguished Public Service Award
IEEE Fellow Dr. Joseph Bordogna, former deputy director of the National Science Foundation (NSF), will be honored with the IEEE-USA Distinguished Public Service Award at the IEEE-USA Leadership Workshop on 4 March in St.

Avian influenza virus in mammals spreads beyond the site of infection to other organ systems
Researchers at Erasmus Medical Center have demonstrated systemic spread of avian influenza virus in cats infected by respiratory, digestive, and cat-to-cat contact.

Medicaid matters to children: How Medicaid can help drive quality improvement in pediatrics
The nation's leading children's healthcare leaders gathered today to begin building a coalition to safeguard Medicaid and improve quality measurement standards.
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