Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 17, 2006
Women's silent health problem: Study finds fecal incontinence is prevalent in US women
It's a topic that is discussed so infrequently - for reasons that are easy to understand - that it may seem it isn't much of a problem.

UC San Diego partners with Venter Institute to build marine microbial genomics cyberinfrastructure
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation has awarded $24.5 million over seven years to UC San Diego and J.

NIAID media availability: Understanding influenza infection
The current flu season is underway and much attention is focused on the recent outbreaks of a deadly avian influenza virus in Asia and southeastern Europe.

HPV testing a cost-effective strategy for women with equivocal cervical screening results
A new study has found that using human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing to determine who should receive a cervical examination called colposcopy is a cost-effective management strategy for women with equivocal Pap test results known as ASCUS (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance).

Two arsenic removal papers by Stevens professor make ScienceDirect's top 25
Two papers by Xiaoguang Meng, Director of Technical and Academic Development, Center for Environmental Systems at Stevens Institute of Technology, and postdoctoral research associate Sunbaek Bang were among ScienceDirect's top 25 papers published in 2005.

Mice with defective memory may hold clues to schizophrenia
By deleting a single gene in a small portion of the brains of mice, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center found that the animals were affected in a way resembling schizophrenia in humans.

Delaying surgery is a safe, acceptable option for some men with hernia
Men with hernia who have minimal or no symptoms and who had surgery delayed had similar levels of pain and discomfort that limited their activities after 2 years compared to men who had surgical repair, according to a study in the January 18 issue of JAMA.

Landslides: Experts seek ways to mitigate losses, danger said growing due to climate change
Asia suffered 220 landslides in the past century - by far the most of any world region - but those in North, Central and South America have caused the most deaths and injuries (25,000+) while Europe's are the most expensive - causing average damage of almost $23 million per landslide.

Unequal incomes in Asia a 'particular worry' when aligned with political or ethnic divisions
The unequal distribution of income, wealth, power and resources between peoples in different locations (

Liverpool Primary project to be delivered nationwide
A primary school project created by the University of Liverpool to introduce children as young as nine to higher education (HE) is to be delivered in schools across the UK.

Purdue and IUSM selected for DHS national visualization team
A team comprised of Purdue University and Indiana University's School of Medicine has been named a Regional Visualization and Analytics Center by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Wash.

Phase change in fluids finally simulated after decades of effort
Everyone knows what happens to water when it boils -- everyone, that is, except computers.

NJIT engineer poised to take stem cell research a step forward
Treena Arinzeh, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) who is one of the nation's leading stem cell researchers, has received two grants that will help her bring the promise of stem cell research a step closer to reality.

Potential treatment for intracerebral hemorrhage under study
The first potential treatment for strokes that result from bleeding in the brain is under study at the Medical College of Georgia.

USC scientists link variations in growth-factor gene to risk of prostate cancer
Two variations in the gene for insulin-like growth factor I are linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer, according to research performed by scientists from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, and the University of Hawaii.

Norwegian government handles research fraud
The Norwegian government is looking into all sides of the research fraud discovered at the Rikshospitalet - Radiumhospitalet Health Trust in Oslo, and will implement new measures to prevent future fraud.

'Bird flu' infections in humans prompt new investigation at Saint Louis University
A new study to test an avian flu vaccine in children starts today at Saint Louis University School of Medicine.

Manomet Conservation Center awarded major grant to Foster
The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation recently approved a $306,000 grant to the Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences to sustain the development and implementation of conservation programs that address the decline of shorebird populations throughout the Western Hemisphere.

Study finds evolution doesn't always favor bigger animals
Biologists have long believed that bigger is better when it comes to body size, since many lineages of animals, from horses to dinosaurs, have evolved into larger species over time.

Mountain bikers are cautioned to ride with care - major injuries do happen
Mountain biking is considered a relatively safe sport. However, the sport has grown from a pastime to an Olympic sport, and major injuries are becoming more prevalent.

NYU's Ledoux wins Fyssen Foundation's International Prize for work on neural basis of emotions
New York University neural scientist Joseph LeDoux has received the Fyssen Foundation's 2005 International Prize for his work on the neural basis of emotions.

Nurses' research proves mother knows best when taking temp
According to recent research by nurses at the University of Virginia Health System, your mother was always right when she told you not to eat or drink anything before taking your temperature.

Researchers develop portable 'vein finder' for faster, more accurate injections
A team of Georgia Institute of Technology researchers is developing an inexpensive, handheld device that could help medical personnel provide faster and more accurate injections.

New cellular flaw found in some virulent breast cancers
Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a molecular interaction that triggers a particularly aggressive form of breast cancer, and suggest that attacking this target with selective drugs might improve treatment.

USDA and DOE to coordinate research of plant and microbial genomics
The US Departments of Agriculture and Energy will share resources and coordinate the study of plant and microbial genomics, and the Department of Energy will tackle the sequencing of the soybean genome as the first project resulting from the agreement.

Point-of-care test proves more effective for recurrent bladder cancer than conventional lab test
Physicians now have a tool to help monitor patients with a history of bladder cancer that is four times more effective than the conventional laboratory test in detecting the disease, according to a study in the Jan.

An alternative therapy against brucellosis
Concepción Lecároz, a researcher from the University of Navarra, has developed a new therapy against brucellosis.

PNNL awards contracts to four universities for homeland security work
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has awarded contracts to four university teams to support the Department of Homeland Security's mission with the National Visualization and Analytics Center.

Management of quality in communication services
Traditionally, research works related to quality in telecommunication services have consisted of a series of analysis over a set of critical-to-quality technical parameters and a resulting enhancement proposal.

Scientist honored with second-most cited research paper of the decade
Of the University of Virginia, Wladek Minor's 1997 paper,

Cardiff University experts solve manufacturing problem
Experts at Cardiff University's Manufacturing Engineering Centre (MEC) have solved a problem affecting models made by Stereolithography (SLA).

Penn State selected for DHS National Visualization Team
Pennsylvania State University has been named a Regional Visualization and Analytics Center by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash.

Other highlights in the January 18 JNCI
Other highlights in the January 18 JNCI include a study that associated HIV infection with increased right of HSILs, a study that suggests sex hormones do not predict breast cancer risk, a study on breast cancer incidence in the Icelandic population, a study that associates a variation in the IGF1 gene with risk of prostate cancer, a study examining the association between diabetes mellitus and colorectal cancer, and a study on the IGF1 gene and colorectal cancer.

As terrestrial telecoms dial into satellite networks
Improving the integration of satellite networks with more traditional terrestrial telephone infrastructures, will help next generation telephony move from concept towards reality, as researchers are demonstrating.

Researchers study energy-saving method for small office buildings
Engineers have developed a method for

New possibilities to fight pests with biological means
A genetic mechanism that enables corn plants to

Utah researchers confirm chromosome may harbor autism gene
Using technology that allows DNA from thousands of genes to be collected and surveyed on a 3 x 1½-inch chip, University of Utah medical researchers have confirmed that a region on a single chromosome probably harbors a gene that causes autism.

Autism Speaks makes major funding commitment for unprecedented national autism database
Autism Speaks today announced that its board of directors has voted to fund a program for the development of a national autism database.

Simulation program predicts resistivity in nanodevices
As nanoscale circuits continue to shrink, electrical resistivity increases in the wiring and limits the maximum circuit speed.

NYU's Seeman named winner of 2005 World Technology Award after Woo Suk Hwang stripped of honor
New York University Chemist Nadrian Seeman has been named winner of the 2005 World Technology Award for Biotechnology by the World Technology Network (WTN).

Aspirin reduces the risk of cardiovascular events, though effects differ between men and women
An analysis of previous studies indicates that use of aspirin significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in women and in men, due to reducing the risk of stroke in women and reducing the risk of heart attack in men, according to a study in the January 18 issue of JAMA.

Work on microbes earns honors for two dental researchers
Two University of Rochester Medical Center scientists who study ways to stop the microbes that cause cavities have been awarded international prizes for their research.

Lots of flowers and trees, not enough birds and bees
In biodiversity hot spots like tropical rainforests, a dearth of pollinators could be putting many species at risk of extinction, according to a new study that includes three University of Pittsburgh researchers.

Forty-seven million Americans are victims of workplace aggression
Nearly half of American workers are victims of workplace aggression, with customers or clients the most likely source of attacks, according to a new national survey.

Delaying surgery for hernia repair a safe option
Men who delay surgical repair of a hernia until the hernia becomes uncomfortable fare as well those who undergo immediate surgery, according to a study at five North American medical centers.

Visual research seeks to cut through clutter
Visual research at Rutgers-Camden offers potential for improving such visual searches such as airport baggage screening.

Measurement of urinary protein can help detect recurrent bladder cancer
Measurement of a certain protein in urine can increase the ability to detect bladder cancer recurrence, with test results available during the patient's visit, according to a study in the January 18 issue of JAMA.

The science of tickling (ourselves) is no laughing matter, Queen's psychologist says
Anticipating our own touch - for example in tickling oneself - reduces its impact, says Queen's psychologist Dr.

Aspirin reduces cardiovascular risks in men and women -- but differently
Aspirin can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular events -- a combined endpoint including stroke, heart attack and death due to cardiovascular disease -- in both men and women, according to a new meta-analysis of more than 95,000 patients by a Duke University Medical Center cardiologist.

Study links Alzheimer's disease to abnormal cell division
A new study in mice suggests that Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be triggered when adult neurons try to divide.

Poll reveals half British public support nuclear future
A MORI poll conducted by University of East Anglia research team reveals that 54 percent of British public support the building of nuclear power stations.

Helping small firms run large supply chains
Recent work by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and colleagues at Pittsburgh's Doyle Center for Manufacturing Technology demonstrates use of simulation and visualization technologies for improving the ability of small- and medium- sized enterprises (SME) to handle large supply chains.

Haze dynasty
Despite decreasing cloudiness in China over the past half century, a new Pacific Northwest National Laboratory study in Geophysical Research Letters shows that less sunlight is reaching land.

First baseline data by REACH supports and extends ESC's Euroaspire findings
While there are clear guidelines about the best way to treat cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, the first large scale global study on cardiac care has revealed that there is a gap between what is recommended and what is practiced worldwide.

Updated federal guide on cryptography available
In an increasingly open environment of interconnected computer systems and networks, security is essential to ensure that information remains confidential, is not modified or destroyed and is available when needed.

Monitoring system needed to prevent safety hazard of problem physicians
Asserting that

Urine test helps detect 99 percent of recurring bladder cancers
A simple urine tests aids in detecting nearly all recurrences of bladder cancer.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Articles in the Journal of Neuroscience include

Image processing for applications in artificial vision
For a robot to identify objects in a particular image, it is first necessary that it can

How nerve cells stay in shape
Max Planck researchers take a first look into the molecular processes that keep synapses in the correct form.

Vitamin A analog is a potential lung cancer preventative with few side effects
The ideal substance to prevent cancer would block tumor growth without causing unpleasant or dangerous side effects.

Mutation that protects against HIV infection may raise risk of West Nile virus illness
People who lack a cell surface protein called CCR5 are highly resistant to infection by HIV but may be at increased risk of developing West Nile virus (WNV) illness when exposed to the mosquito-borne virus, report researchers from NIAID.

UNC Charlotte and Georgia Institute of Technology selected for DHS national visualization team
A team comprised of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and the Georgia Institute of Technology has been named a Regional Visualization and Analytics Center by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Mouse model reveals that oncoprotein induces abnormal preleukemic blood cell progenitors
Scientists have developed a novel mouse model for leukemia that reveals critical information about the mechanisms involved in leukemia progression and provides a model system for evaluation of new drugs for treatment of leukemia.
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