Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 07, 2006
Eating less fat may lower breast-cancer risk, have little impact on colon-cancer, heart-disease risk
Adopting a low-fat diet in later life and following such a regimen for nearly a decade does not appear to have a significant impact on reducing overall risk of breast cancer, colorectal cancer or heart disease.

Tobacco industry developed product strategy to conceal toxicity of cigarettes
British American Tobacco (BAT) developed cigarettes which produced low-yields of nicotine and tar under standard testing protocols while delivering much greater amounts of nicotine and tar to smokers, according to a Public Health article published online today (Wednesday February 8, 2006) by The Lancet.

Food talks at Ultrasound 2006 International Conference
Leeds researcher Professor Malcolm Povey will explain how the sound of food is as important as taste in helping us choose our favourite foods in a presentation to the International Ultrasound 2006 conference tomorrow in Leeds (UK).

UMaine teams with fishermen to study affects of trawling on seafloor ecology
Working in cooperation with Maine trawler captain Cameron McLellan and the Gulf of Maine Research Institute, UMaine graduate student Emily Knight and UMaine Marine Science professor Les Watling recently completed a long-term study that examines the effects of groundfish trawling on the complex ecology of the sea floor in the Gulf of Maine.

Large study shows low-fat diet has little effect on reducing risk of breast cancer
A major study that includes nearly 50,000 women followed over 8 years indicates that a diet low in fat, but high in fruit, vegetables and grains, does not significantly reduce the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, according to an article in the February 8 issue of JAMA.

UCI to study mitochondrial role in diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease
Douglas C. Wallace, a founder of the field of human mitochondrial genetics, has received a $2.25 million award from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation to study how metabolic disorders may be triggered by genetic changes in the mitochondria, the power plants of human cells.

Scientists force viruses to evolve as better delivery vehicles for gene therapy
Evolution is typically a slow process. In the case of a common, benign virus, however, UC Berkeley scientists have speeded up evolution and directed it in a way to make the virus useful: as a gene delivery vehicle in gene therapy.

Low-fat diet's benefits for women less than expected, Stanford researcher says
Older women who simply reduce the amount of total fat in their diet won't generally lower their risk of breast or colorectal cancer or heart disease, according to the latest findings from the federally funded Women's Health Initiative.

Three Pitt 'teacher-scholars' honored by NSF with CAREER awards
The National Science Foundation has awarded three University of Pittsburgh professors the Faculty Early Career Development Award, its most prestigious honor for junior faculty members.

Satellites support businesses working for sustainable development
Corporate Sustainable Development (CSD) - also referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility - is now at the heart of business practices.

Depression may be lifelong parent trap, FSU study says
Parenthood is wonderful, joyful, rewarding and ... depressing. A study by Florida State University professor Robin Simon in Tallahassee, Fla. and Vanderbilt University's Ranae Evenson found that parents have significantly higher levels of depression than adults who do not have children.

Tracking food products from farm to the fork
A prototype system designed to help consumers, farmers and other interested parties trace the geographic origin of food at all stages of production from 'farm to fork' - storage, processing and distribution - has been developed by researchers.

Studies show case-based online CME effective
Two new studies reported in the February 2006 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine show that a case-based online continuing medical education program helps community physicians better deal with the difficult problems posed by their patients who are in abusive relationships.

Ronald Breslow to receive 2006 Othmer Gold Medal
The Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) today announced that Ronald Breslow, ground-breaking researcher, inspiring teacher, tireless leader, prolific author, and energetic spokesperson for the world of chemistry, has been selected to receive the 2006 Othmer Gold Medal.

ACC Innovation in Intervention: i2 Summit 2006
For the first time, clinical cardiologists will have the opportunity to experience Innovation in Intervention: i2 Summit 2006, the first ACC meeting specifically geared toward interventional cardiologists.

Landmark FSU study of hepatitis C virus solves mystery that has stymied quest for cure
Now, in a landmark study by Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla., biologists that could bolster the development of anti-viral therapies for the hepatitis C virus (HCV), Assistant Professor Hengli Tang and doctoral student/co-author Heather B.

Exotic crab poised for widespread UK invasion
A major UK invasion of the Chinese mitten crab is predicted by scientists from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne who have modelled its spread through Britain and Europe for the first time.

A bathroom that cleans itself
Cleaning bathrooms may be a thing of the past with new coatings that will do the job for you.

Case biologists show that what a neuron can do is a function of mechanical context
The brain as command center for bodily movement was too simple an idea, thought the Russian physiologist Nicolas Bernstein some 60 years ago.

New research has implications for California's future water supply and flood risk
If the world continues to burn greenhouse gases, California may have an increased risk of winter floods and summer water shortages, even within the same year.

Many foreign-born women in Miami are not vaccinated for rubella
Contrary to federal recommendations, many women who are eligible for rubella vaccination are not being immunized after giving birth, a new study of Miami-area hospitals has found.

Bush-appointed judges most conservative on record, new UH study finds
Judges appointed by President George W. Bush are the most conservative on record when it comes to civil rights and liberties, according to a new study by Robert Carp, a political science professor at the University of Houston.

Mayo Clinic researchers challenge sepsis theory
A Mayo Clinic research team has challenged the accepted theory on the cause of sepsis -- a condition in which the body's cells generate fever, shock and often death.

Language barrier just one roadblock to diabetes control for Chinese-speaking immigrants
Health providers helping Chinese-speaking Asian American immigrants with diabetes better control their disease to avoid complications need to do more than just have translators and bi-lingual staff in hospitals or doctors' offices.

ELBW infants appear to be reaching functional outcomes as young adults similar to NBW infants
The majority of extremely low-birth-weight infants appear to be attaining similar levels of education, employment and independence as young adults, compared with normal birth-weight infants, according to a study in the February 8 issue of JAMA.

Studies of obese children reveal body-weight control hormone
A single change in a particular brain hormone can increase a person's risk of obesity, two new studies in the February 8, 2006, Cell Metabolism reveal.

Scientists develop malaria forecasting tool to predict disease risk
A new tool to predict epidemics of malaria up to five months in advance has been developed by a scientist at the University of Liverpool.

Florida Tech funding increases for Alzheimer's care technology
A recent $400,000 contract energizes the drive of two Florida Tech professors to develop information and communication technology that promote quality of life for caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients.

Scientists discover dozens of new species in 'Lost World' of western New Guinea
An expedition to one of Asia's most isolated jungles - in the mist-shrouded Foja Mountains of western New Guinea - discovered a virtual ''Lost World

Cancer researchers found a new mechanism potentially explaining evolution of signalling pathways
Cancer researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, in trying to find a novel tumor suppressor gene, instead found an important evolutionary change that occurred in a key developmental signalling pathway.

ESA's XMM reduces cost, extends science value
In December 2005, ESA's highly successful XMM-Newton was given a four-year extension.

Not just the birds
In an extensive study, researchers from the University of Montana, University of California - Santa Cruz, University of California - Davis have shown that a top predator strongly affected plants and animals at the bottom of an island food web by eating organisms that transport nutrients between ecosystems.

New sonar method offers way to assess health of squid fisheries
California's $30-million-a-year squid fishery has quadrupled in the past decade, but until now there has been no way to assess the continuing viability of squid stocks.

Aussie of the Year announces new vaccine trial
The technology used in the world's first cervical cancer vaccine will be tweaked to fight the most common sexually transmitted disease, genital warts.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience includes two articles:

Science, business leaders support American Competitiveness Initiative
The American Chemical Society (ACS) and several science and business leaders have praised President George W.

Preemies defy odds and overcome difficulties by adulthood: Study
As young adults, the majority of extremely low birth-weight infants are attaining similar levels of education, employment and independence as normal birth-weight infants, according to a study by researchers at the Michael G.

Risk of cardiovascular disease or stroke not significantly decreased with low-fat diet
In an article in the February 8 JAMA, Barbara V.

National study finds no effect from reducing total dietary fat
Despite findings being announced this week that a low-fat diet introduced in the middle-age years didn't reduce the risk of breast cancer, heart disease, stroke or colon cancer, one of the researchers says people still need to focus on the types of fat they eat.

Berkeley researchers lay groundwork for cell version of DNA chip
A new technique in which single strands of synthetic DNA are used to firmly fasten biological cells to non-biological surfaces has been developed by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley.

55th Annual ACC Scientific Session ushers in breakthroughs in cardiology research
World-renowned practicing cardiologists will be gathering for the 55th Annual Scientific Session of the American College of Cardiology (ACC), taking place March 11-14 at the Georgia World Congress Center.

Proteins' subtle 'backrub' motion could have important implications
Biochemists have detected a surprising, subtle new gyration that protein molecules undergo in the intricate, squirming dance that influences their activity in the cell.

GlaxoSmithKline funds $1.65 million effort for UNC-Duke public health care partnership
The North Carolina GlaxoSmithKline Foundation has awarded $1.65 million to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University for a collaborative partnership to address four pressing local and global health care concerns: quality of care and patient safety, health disparities, global health with an emphasis on HIV/AIDS, and mental health care.

How to steal a million stars?
Based on observations with ESO's Very Large Telescope, a team of Italian astronomers reports that the stellar cluster Messier 12 must have lost to our Milky Way galaxy close to one million low-mass stars.

University presidents: NY must act on stem cell research
Presidents and chancellors representing 17 New York universities and institutions with substantial biomedical and life sciences research programs today released a comprehensive analysis of the scientific, therapeutic, and economic issues related to stem cell research.

Low-fat diet does not reduce risk of colorectal cancer
In an article in the February 8 JAMA, Shirley A.

Older women at highest risk for hip fractures, least likely to get bone density screening
A new study by Medical College of Wisconsin researchers has found that women who most need bone density testing to determine if they have osteoporosis are the least likely to get it.

SNM opposes new payment caps on imaging services detailed in Federal Deficit Reduction Act
SNM opposes a provision of the federal Deficit Reduction Act that impacts its members: payment caps to physicians' offices with imaging equipment that are set to begin in 2007.
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