Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 19, 2006
Scientists discuss evolutionary roots of social behavior
Researchers have long reflected on that most intriguing of evolutionary questions: What led to the emergence of social behavior?

Vital organs in the Earth system: What is the prognosis?
Earth System experts to speak at the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP) sponsored session during the 2006 AAAS Annual Meeting.

NYU'S Childress demonstrates tool for studying hovering flight at international science meeting
A tool for examining hovering flight of insects and birds could allow researchers to study other matters pertaining to locomotion, Stephen Childress, a professor at New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, demonstrated at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting in St.

Caregivers hide actions to enhance careers
University faculty with family responsibilities may practice bias avoidance behaviors to hide their caregiving responsibility and to prevent biased, negative career implications, according to a Penn State labor studies expert.

Understanding the tsunami
The Indian Ocean tsunami, the Katrina hurricane catastrophe and the Pakistan earthquake in late 2005 bear disquieting similarities in their consequences on human populations and highlight the fact that people in the lower rungs of society around the world are at far greater mortality risk from natural disasters than those who are better off.

Experts question prevalent stereotypes about autism
Theories about autism spread like wildfire in the media and the general public, a panel of autism experts will reflect on the validity of four widely held - and potentially inaccurate - assumptions about the developmental disability.

NOGLSTP to honor GLBT Scientist, Engineer, Educator of Year
The National Organization of Gay and Lesbian Scientists and Technical Professionals (NOGLSTP) is pleased to announce this year's recipients of its GLBT Scientist, Engineer and Educator of the Year Awards: Dr.

New material means 'x-ray specs' no longer required
A new optical effect has been created in a London laboratory that means solid objects such as walls could one day be rendered transparent, scientists report today in the journal Nature Materials.

The math of deadly waves
When Walter Craig saw the images of the devastating 2004 Boxing Day Indian Ocean tsunami he felt compelled to act.

Rare gamma-ray flare from a distant star disturbs Earth's daytime ionosphere
On Dec. 27, 2004, scientists detected the largest gamma-ray burst ever recorded.

U of M reaches milestone in diabetes research using pig islets
Researchers at the University of Minnesota's Diabetes Institute for Immunology and Transplantation have successfully reversed diabetes in monkeys using transplanted islet cells from pigs.

American opinions are split on genetically engineered food
While more than two-thirds of the food in US markets contains at least some amount of a genetically engineered (GE) crop, researchers want to know if Americans consider GE food a health risk or benefit.

Summer research programs for undergraduates evaluated nationally
When you give a college student the choice between a summer full of lazy mornings languishing on the couch or a summer getting up early to engage in scientific research in a full-fledged lab, the choice might seem to be easy.

Anti-evolutionism in America--What's ahead?
A session at AAAS will showcase a new inititive by clergy to support evolution; a new group dedicated to supporting scientists, teachers and science organizations' efforts; and the current threats to strong-peer reviewed science.

The future of mobile phone technology to be tested in historic Georgian Bath, England
The historic city of Bath in England will become the scene of a city-wide wireless computing network as part of a research project that could influence the future of mobile phone technology across the globe.

AAAS denounces anti-evolution laws as hundreds of K-12 teachers convene for 'Front Line' event
The Board of Directors of the world's largest general scientific organization, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), today strongly denounced legislation and policies that would undermine the teaching of evolution and

Organic Center symposium examines children's pesticide risks
The lack of progress in reducing children's exposures to pesticides, despite passage in 1996 of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), will be highlighted during a symposium organized by The Organic Center at 1:45 p.m.

A comparative institutional analysis of intellectual property
Biotech innovations pop up every day. From medicines developed by large companies to ingenious solutions worked out by individuals in university labs, new technologies are poised to enter the marketplace.

Global natural hazard risk identification and international development
Two recent reports by the World Bank and the United Nations quantify the global exposure of populations and economic activity to natural hazards.

Organic diets lower children's exposure to two common pesticides
Organic diets lower children's dietary exposure to two common pesticides used in US agricultural production, according to a study by Emory University researcher Chensheng Alex Lu, PhD.

Climate change, terrorism two big risks of 21st century
What sounds like the opening line of a joke --

Early Americans faced rapid late Pleistocene climate change and chaotic environments
The environment encountered when the first people emigrated into the New World was variable and ever-changing, according to a Penn State geologist.

High risk of breast cancer associated with genetic variation in leptin and its receptor
Individuals with either of two genetic variations that lead to high serum levels of the cytokine leptin and to overexpression of leptin in fatty tissue, are more at risk of developing breast cancer than others.

Shining a light on deep-sea vents: Science meets policy
A statement of commitment to responsible research practices in the deep sea will be unveiled by InterRidge, an international scientific collaboration, during the annual meeting of the AAAS in St.

Scientist uses dragonflies to better understand flight
To better understand flight, consider the dragonfly. With an unusual pitching stroke that allows the bug to hover and even shift into reverse, the slender, elegant insect is a marvel of engineering.

'Kelp highway' may have helped peopling of the Americas
If humans migrated from Asia to the Americas along Pacific Rim coastlines near the end of the Pleistocene era, kelp forests may have aided their journey, according to research presented today at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting.

Online time may foster youngster's social involvement
Adults sometimes fear that young people spend too much time online and, as a result, are losing a sense of the importance of social interaction and civic involvement.

The dawn of deep ocean mining
We're on the brink of the era of deep ocean mining, says a global pioneer in the study of sea floor mineral deposits.

Study finds teen bloggers at risk for cyberstalking
A study of 68 randomly selected weblogs of teenagers aged 13 to 17 finds that many teen bloggers willingly reveal their actual names, age and offline locations, putting them at risk for cyberstalking and cyberbullying.

West Antarctic ice sheet: Waking the sleeping giant?
The contribution that key regions of the Antarctic ice sheet are making to global sea-level rise is a cause for concern according to Director of British Antarctic Survey (BAS), Professor Chris Rapley.

Penn bioethics researcher gives talk on the neuroscience of ethics at AAAS Meeting
Paul Root Wolpe, PhD, Professor of Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, will be presenting is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to