Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 28, 2006
Risk for low sexual desire increases in women after surgical menopause
A cross-sectional survey of European women shows that surgically menopausal women are at increased risk for low sexual desire.

Future of Welsh language depends on parents
As parents in Wales teach their children about the symbolism of daffodils and dragons on St.

Study of early estrogen's effect on heart disease similar to WHI findings
Researchers in The Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale have launched the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS), which will further understanding of the possible beneficial effects on the heart and arteries and/or quality of life in recently menopausal women.

Tom Morris to address joint dental research and education meeting
Tom Morris will address the Joint Opening Plenary Session at 9 a.m. on March 8, 2006.

Study of dinosaurs part of Pitt Medical School plan to graduate better doctors
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is partnering with Carnegie Museum of Natural History in a first-of-its-kind program that will educate medical students on the evolutionary history of humans and animals.

Honorary doctorates awarded by Karolinska Institutet 2006
The Board of Research at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, has awarded honorary doctorates of medicine to Robert G.

Tissue engineering technique does not cause tumor growth
A gene therapy approach used in creating new arteries for older patients does not appear to cause cancer.

The evolution of right- and left-handedness
A study from the April issue of Current Anthropology explores the evolution of handedness, one of few firm behavioral boundaries separating humans from other animals.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights from the current issue include: Rolling Blackout of Synaptic Transmission; Handling Stress; From Maternal to Hunting Behavior in the Periaqueductal Gray; and Febrile Seizures and GABAA Receptor Trafficking.

Scripps research oceanographer receives Munk Award
Peter Worcester, a research oceanographer at UCSD's Scripps Institution of Oceanography, has been selected as winner of the Walter Munk Award for Distinguished Research in Oceanography Related to Sound and the Sea.

Robert A. Weinberg and Angela M. Hartley Brodie awarded 2006 Landon-AACR Prizes for Cancer Research
Two researchers whose pivotal discoveries have advanced progress against cancer by revealing vital information about the nature, origins and treatment of the disease are being honored with the 2006 Landon-AACR Prizes for Basic and Translational Cancer Research.

US Surgeon General urges Spanish-speaking Americans to know their family health history
Calling on all Spanish-speaking Americans to

Cepheids and their 'cocoons'
Using ESO's Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at Cerro Paranal, Chile, and the CHARA Interferometer at Mount Wilson, California, a team of French and North American astronomers has discovered envelopes around three Cepheids, including the Pole Star.

Surgery for child apnea leads to weight gain
A study by a University at Buffalo pediatric researcher investigating the causes of weight gain in children after they have their tonsils and adenoids removed to treat sleep-disordered breathing has shown that removing these tissues results in less fidgeting and other non-exercise motor activity.

Rochester researchers delve into concussions
Concussion patients with a normal head CT scan may believe they are free of brain injury, but CT scans often miss damage at the molecular level, warns a new study.

Second annual Templeton-Cambridge Fellowships awarded to 12 noted journalists
Twelve prominent journalists from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Europe have been selected for the second annual Templeton-Cambridge Journalism Fellowships in Science & Religion.

Early-career researchers earn American Physiological Society tum Suden/Hellebrandt awards
Thirty-six young men and women will receive the Caroline tum Suden/Frances A.

Four years on, Envisat hailed for its contribution to Earth science
Since its launch in 2002, Envisat, the world's largest and most sophisticated satellite ever built, has been providing scientists and operational users with invaluable data for global monitoring and forecasting - and the future looks even brighter.

UCI researcher identifies brain activity that 'sets the stage' for retaining memories
Researchers have identified the neural activity that occurs when the brain

New class of compounds promise better drugs, clean energy
Brown University chemists have created a new class of compounds that promise to produce prescription drugs more cheaply as well as to provide models for hydrogen storage - a key feature for clean energy production and use.

Stem cell mobilization therapy appears to be ineffective in repairing damage caused by heart attack
Therapy that involved bone marrow stem cells did not improve cardiac function in patients following a heart attack, according to a study in the March 1 issue of JAMA.

Largest ever galaxy portrait -- stunning HD image of Pinwheel Galaxy
The new Hubble image reveals the gigantic Pinwheel Galaxy, one of the best known examples of

Primates harvest bee nests in Ugandan reserve
In the first study of native African honeybees and honey-making stingless bees in the same habitat, humans and chimpanzees are the primary bee nest predators.

Some benign breast lesions could be dangerous
Certain breast lesions diagnosed as benign on core needle biopsy have cancer at surgical excision and thus should be removed, according to a study appearing in the March issue of Radiology.

Novel function of APC
Dr. Katherine Jones (The Salk Institute) and colleagues have uncovered a novel mechanism of Wnt transcriptional regulation, and lend new insight into the molecular genetics of colorectal cancer development.

Elders' stereotypes predict hearing decline
Older people who have negative stereotypes about the elderly have a greater chance of hearing decline, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the March issue of Journals of Gerontology.

Scientists gain new understanding of age-related depression and dementia
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh have identified for the first time a certain area of the brain which can shrink in old age and cause depression and Alzheimer's disease.

Stem cell researchers, advocates to share lessons learned
Scientists and other leaders from around the nation and the United Kingdom who have done or advocated embryonic stem cell research will share lessons learned from their experiences during a free public lecture at Rice University March 6.

Bioengineers create stable networks of blood vessels
Yale biomedical engineers have created an implantable system that can form and stabilize a functional network of fine blood vessels critical for supporting tissues in the body.

Higher speed on Internet a drag on journalism
Over the last ten years the Internet has grown from being a marginal phenomenon to a popular and much used medium.

Delayed intervention may combat overtreatment of prostate cancer, study suggests
Delayed surgical treatment for patients with small, low-grade prostate cancer tumors was not associated with lowered curability, according to a study in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Medical staff shortages threaten planned expansion of nation's community health centers
The nation's Community, Migrant, Public Housing, and Homeless Health Centers have more than 400 vacant positions for family physicians.

Did you know...?
Did you know that scientists can detect oral cancer by testing your saliva?...that there's a role for dental professionals in detecting and reporting domestic violence?

'Deep Impact' of pulsar around companion star
Astronomers have witnessed a never-seen-before event in observations by ESA's XMM-Newton spacecraft - a collision between a pulsar and a ring of gas around a neighbouring star.

MRI rules out acute appendicitis in pregnancy
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help rule out acute appendicitis in pregnancy when ultrasound findings are inconclusive, according to a study in the March issue of Radiology.

Atomic bomb survivors who had higher radiation exposure show increased incidence of thyroid diseases
Survivors of the two atomic bombs in Japan 60 years ago who had a higher exposure to radiation now have a greater incidence of certain thyroid diseases, including tumors and cysts, and that risk increases with being younger at the time of exposure, according to a study in the March 1 issue of JAMA.

HPV infection a top risk factor for cervical adenocarcinoma worldwide, study says
Human papillomavirus (HPV) was found to be the main risk factor associated with increased incidence of an unusual type of cervical cancer called cervical adenocarcinoma, according to a study in the March 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Eminent scientists headline distinguished lecture series
As part of the four-day program of the historic first joint meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) and the American Dental Education Association (ADEA), convening March 8-11 at the Walt Disney World Swan and Dolphin Hotels, three eminent scientists will speak in the Distinguished Lecture Series.

Pfizer renews migrant farmworker initiative grant
The Association of American Medical Colleges, with the support of the Pfizer Medical Humanities Initiative, has renewed a 2001 Caring for Community Grant for the Medical College of Georgia's Migrant Farmworker Initiative Project.

Depression model leaves mice with molecular scar
Repeated defeat by dominant animals leaves a mouse with an enduring

'Adventure Therapy' effective in maintaining weight-loss in older teens
Some overweight teens may have new hope for shedding pounds.

MRSA use amoeba to spread, new research shows
The MRSA 'superbug' evades many of the measures introduced to combat its spread by infecting a common single-celled organism found almost everywhere in hospital wards, according to new research published in the journal Environmental Microbiology.

Software promises more efficient design process
Mechanical engineers at Purdue University have developed software that promises to increase the efficiency of creating parts for everything from cars to computer hardware by making it possible to quickly evaluate and optimize complex designs.

Overactive thyroid associated with abnormal heart rhythm, but not other cardiovascular problems
Having an overactive thyroid gland is linked with an increased risk for atrial fibrillation (a type of abnormal heart rhythm), but neither an over- or under active thyroid gland is associated with a higher risk for other cardiovascular problems or increased risk of death, according to a study in the March 1 issue of JAMA.

Secrets of success in the rapid treatment of heart attacks
Some of the key elements for success in the rapid treatment of heart attacks have been identified by researchers at Yale School of Medicine in a recent issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

MIT method reveals how radiation damages the body
Researchers at MIT have devised a new method for examining how radiation damages normal tissue in the body.

Joining the hunt: New study investigates role of 'showoff hypothesis' in social decisions
A new study of the Hadza population in Tanzania, forthcoming in the April 2006 issue of Current Anthropology, explores the role of hunting in human evolution.

Study suggests MPA is effective treatment for hot flashes
Mayo Clinic researchers working with other North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) investigators have found that a single dose of depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) more effectively reduces hot flashes than does the antidepressant venlafaxine (Effexor®).

New research forecasts better weather forecasts
A Purdue University researcher and his team have used improved satellite imaging and powerful computer modeling to more accurately forecast the likelihood and intensity of storms and tornados.

Preserving hearing with ear tumor removal
Researchers at the University of Michigan Medical School have found high rates of success at preserving patients' hearing when a particular type of procedure is used to remove tumors on the nerves that connect the brain to the ear.

Frailty in elderly may be prevented or reversed if addressed early
In a study to determine how older people progress through different states of frailty, researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that the physical symptoms that mark frailty are often reversible and therefore amenable to intervention.

Other highlights in the March 1 JNCI
Other highlights in the March 1 JNCI include a study of a new method used to examine the angiogenic switch in tumors cells, a study on meat intake and gastric cancer, a study of a protein that may have anti-cancer activity in thyroid cancer, a study about weighted macromolecular drug carriers used to target tumors, and a study that characterizes the phenotype of a genetic mutation.

Keynoters, symposia, workshops highlight joint dental research and education meeting
Following is a summary of the keynote presentations, symposia, and workshops that will anchor the first Joint Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research and the American Dental Education Association, convening March 8 at the Walt Disney World Swan & Dolphin Hotels.

Scientists confirm historic massive flood in climate change
Scientists from NASA and Columbia University, New York, have used computer modeling to successfully reproduce an abrupt climate change that took place 8,200 years ago.

Science Seminar on benefits of biomedical research for patients
GlaxoSmithKline has announced that it will be hosting a Science Seminar, entitled:

Erection pill associated with normalization of relationships
The inability to perform sexually can have a significant negative psychosocial impact on a man's overall health including depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.

Sperm banking gives teenage cancer patients hope for the future
Teenage boys being treated for cancer should be encouraged to bank their sperm so they might enjoy a family life in the future, say researchers at the University of Manchester.

First joint meeting, dental research and education associations
The American Association for Dental Research and the American Dental Education Association are holding their first ever joint meeting in Orlando, FL, March 8-11, 2006.

Delayed prostate cancer surgery poses no increased risk for some patients
Delaying surgery -- even for years -- for patients with small, low-grade prostate cancer does not appear to increase the risk of the disease progressing to an incurable form, according to a 10-year Johns Hopkins Medicine study.

Penn study finds no increased cardiovascular risk if mildly underactive thyroid left untreated
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have found that leaving a mildly underactive thyroid gland (subclinical hypothyroidism) untreated does not lead to increased cardiovascular risk.

Combat duty in Iraq linked with high use of mental health services
About one-third of US military personnel from the war in Iraq access mental health services after their return home, according to a study in the March 1 issue of JAMA.

Boston University scientists develop new application to characterize structure of DNA molecules
A team of researchers from Boston University has developed a new application to enable more precise measurement of the location of a fluorescent label in a DNA layer.

Potential link between aluminum salts in deodorants and breast cancer warrants further research
A review just published in the Journal of Applied Toxicology calls for further research to evaluate the potential that oestrogen could increase the risk of getting breast cancer.
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