Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 07, 2006
International symposium on radar altimetry in Venice, 13 to 18 March 2006
The life of Venetians is strictly connected to the sea-level, which is one of the reasons why Venice was chosen to host the international symposium

Coffee consumption linked to increased risk of heart attack for persons with certain gene variation
Individuals who have a genetic variation associated with slower caffeine metabolism appear to have an increased risk of non-fatal heart attack associated with higher amounts of coffee intake, according to a study in the March 8 issue of JAMA.

Fine particles increase hospital admissions for heart failure and cardiovascular disease
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Yale University's environment school report that short-term exposure to fine particulate matter increased hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory disease among Medicare participants.

Confidence in memory performance helps older adults remember
Believing that you can retain a good memory even in your twilight years is the first step to achieving that goal.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience include:

Scientists provide new evidence for cellular cause of SIDS
University of Chicago researchers have found strong support that a disturbance of a specific neurochemical can lead to sudden infant death syndrome, the primary cause of death before age 1 in the United States.

Declines in exercise capacity may be due to lack of training, not just age
Older people generally have to work harder than younger people to walk as fast or do other exercise, but some of the difference may be due to reduced exercise efficiency, which can be reversed with training, according to a new study in the Mar.

Virginia Bioinformatics Institute launches microbial database
Researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech have launched a publicly-available microbial database to host a range of microbial genome sequences.

Proteome Systems Ltd and US-based Egenix Inc to develop semen-based test for prostate cancer
Proteome Systems Ltd today announced the signing of an agreement with the New York-based biotechnology company, Egenix Inc to co-develop a semen-based diagnostic kit for prostate cancer based on the known proprietary Human Carcinoma Antigen (HCA).

Experience backs early heart valve replacement
Patients with leaky aortic heart valves appear to do better when the valves are replaced before significant symptoms develop, as recommended by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, according to a new study in the Mar.

K-State marketing professor studies online shopping experience
Internet use has grown tremendously over the last few years -- about 95 million Americans have online access -- and current trends indicate a steady increase in consumers' willingness to make online purchases, according to a Kansas State University study.

Mental stress effects on heart more common than previously known
Even when heart disease patients can pass stress tests done on a treadmill or with chemical stressors after treatment, their hearts may still suffer silent ischemia during mental stress, according to a new study in the Mar.

Tomorrow's medical researchers to be nurtured in Manchester
The School of Medicine at The University of Manchester has been 'outstandingly successful' in its bid to host new Department of Health Academic Clinical Fellowships (ACFs), as part of a flagship scheme to train the medical researchers of the future.

Heterosexual men have sex with other men on the Internet
The Internet has created a space where people can experiment with their sexuality.

Scientist warns of threat to last stronghold of endangered turtle
A major conservation effort, led by Dr Brendan Godley of the University of Exeter, has just got underway to help protect endangered leatherback turtles which nest in Gabon, West Africa.

Research reveals hidden magnetism in superconductivity
While studying a compound made of the elements cerium- rhodium-indium, researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered that a magnetic state can coexist with superconductivity in a specific temperature and pressure range.

Springer Journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry presents its ABC Best Paper Award 2005
For the second year in a row the editors of the Springer Journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (ABC) are honoring a young author for an outstanding paper published in the journal with the ABC Best Paper Award.

Tool to reduce elderly driving deaths nationwide
Departments of motor vehicles nationwide will soon have a way to objectively assess the driving skills of older adults, thanks to an agreement between a national expert on elderly drivers and one of the nation's leading manufacturers of driving simulators.

Taking sensor network technology to a smarter level
Barrels of chemicals that 'talk' to each other to improve safety and smart shelves that automatically log inventory changes are just some of the ways businesses stand to benefit from new sensor network technology currently being developed in Europe.

New strategy developed to study disease: Reveals insights into cancer and treatment leads
For the first time, Johns Hopkins researchers were able to easily jumpstart the activity of a well-known cancer protein in live cells with a small molecule, a strategy that pinpointed key players in the cancer process and can be used to determine new therapeutic targets.

Exposure to fine particle air pollution linked with risk of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases
Being exposed to fine particle matter air pollution increases a person's risk for hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, according to a study in the March 8 issue of JAMA.

Magdalenian Girl is a woman and therefore has oldest recorded case of impacted wisdom teeth
The earliest recorded impacted wisdom teeth belong to renowned 15,000-year-old

Predictive risk factors by gender will help diagnose and treat CVD in women
The Policy Conference concludes that predictive value by gender should be encouraged and the higher mortality rate in women with acute coronary syndromes should be taken into account in clinical management.

New target for obesity and related metabolic disorders
A new study reveals an attractive new target for therapies aimed at the treatment of obesity and related metabolic disorders, researchers report in the March Cell Metabolism.

Antibiotic not sufficient for serious eye infection in communities with high disease prevalence
Treating trachoma, an eye infection that can lead to blindness, with a single mass antibiotic distribution in Ethiopian communities with high prevalence of infection is not effective in eliminating the disease, according to a study in the March 8 issue of JAMA.

California researcher to receive prestigious award in biodiversity informatics
The 2006 Ebbe Nielsen Prize has been awarded to John Wieczorek of the University of California, Berkeley.

Common properties in the genes implicated in the development of cancer
Two researchers from the University of Navarra, Javier Novo and José Luis Vizmanos, have performed a bioinformatic study on the genes which have been implicated in the development of cancer.

Major biomarker candidates for Alzheimer's disease explored
The March issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease is devoted to the current research into

Efficiency, not more doctors, is the prescription for aging population
Recent news reports that threaten a shortage of doctors to treat the burgeoning elderly population are wrong, according to researchers at Dartmouth Medical School's Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences (CECS).

Study finds patients agree on ideal physician behaviors
A study of Mayo Clinic patients has found seven behaviors define the 'ideal' physician and supports an Institute of Medicine recommendation that quality medical care should include a patient-centered approach.

Robots and inflatable conveyor belts set to slash farm labour costs
Research engineers and horticulture specialists at the University of Warwick are working together to devise a suite of robots and automated systems which could transform farming and horticulture over the next decade.

Maori infertility and assisted reproduction study
A New Zealand study is looking at how infertility and assisted human reproduction affect Maori people.

Hopkins researchers discover genetic switch that turns off an oxygen-poor cell's combustion engine
Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered a previously unrecognized role played by the gene HIF-1 as it helps cell survive when a lack of oxygen decreases production of an energy-rich molecule called ATP and increases production of toxic molecules.

Controlling your (nerve) impulses
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have discovered the mechanism that facilitates how two ion channels collaborate in the control of electrical signals in the brain.

'Shuttling' protein possibly key to resilience of cancer cells
Researchers at Purdue University have discovered a molecular mechanism that may play a crucial role in cancer's ability to resist chemotherapy and radiation treatment and that also may be involved in Alzheimer's and heart disease.

UW-Madison study advocates greater use of online banking security tools
Identity management is rapidly developing as a dynamic electronic security tool to protect and control access to financial and personal information.

Adaptation to oxygen deprivation elucidates tumor physiology
Two new studies in the March Cell Metabolism reveal a survival mechanism by which cells adapt to oxygen starvation by ratcheting down their demand.

Male loons change their tune with change in territory
Bird experts believed for years that once a bird learned songs, the calls stayed relatively fixed throughout their lives, but a new study of loons, streamlined fish-eating water birds, calls those beliefs into question.

Liquid crystals show promise in controlling embryonic stem cells
Liquid crystals, the same phase-shifting materials used to display information on cell phones, monitors and other electronic equipment, can also be used to report in real time on the differentiation of embryonic stem cells.

Basque Country horses
Seven years ago a number of breeders' groups showed interest in the genetic analysis of the autochthonous breeds of horse from the Basque Country.

Biodesign Institute at ASU named lab of the year in international competition
The Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University has been named 2006 Laboratory of the Year by R&D Magazine.

Study finds increased damages in sexual harassment cases despite caps
Caps on Title VII sexual harassment damages may not affect plaintiffs' overall monetary awards.
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