Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 08, 2006
Newark Preservation Committee honors NJIT for restoring victorian castle
More than 125 people gathered at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) last week to see NJIT President Robert A.

New observational study suggests use of combination vaccines may improve immunization coverage rates in infants
Results from a new observational study of administrative claims data from the Georgia State Medicaid program showed that infants who received a combination vaccine had higher immunization coverage rates in the first two years of life compared to infants given component vaccines.

Hamster study shows how our brains recognize other individuals
Different areas of the brain react differently when recognizing others, depending on the emotions attached to the memory, a team of Cornell research psychologists has found.

Genetically engineered mosquitoes show resistance to dengue fever virus
Researchers have successfully created a genetically engineered mosquito that shows a high level of resistance against the most prevalent type of dengue fever virus, providing a powerful weapon against a disease that infects 50 million people each year.

UCSB-led collaboration of six universities wins DOD grant to develop a multifunctional chip
The Department of Defense has awarded up to $5 million over five years for a multi-university research initiative (MURI) led by David D.

GliadelĀ® Wafer demonstrates long-term survival benefit for patients with high-grade malignant glioma
MGI PHARMA, INC. today announced the publication of long-term (56 month) follow-up data showing that GliadelĀ® Wafer provides a durable long-term survival benefit for patients with high-grade malignant glioma.

Media alert: New study finds dairy is not associated with weight gain
Calcium intake was not associated with weight gain in men over a 12-year period, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Most human-chimp differences due to gene regulation - not genes
Although their genes are virtually identical, humans and chimpanzees differ substantially.

Corrective cosmetics may not boost quality of life for women with severe facial blemishes
Using makeup to cover a severe facial blemish may not improve the quality of a woman's life, a new study suggests.

Study explores why some individuals sacrifice to help others reproduce
In a new study forthcoming in the April 2006 issue of The American Naturalist, Peter Nonacs (University of California - Los Angeles), Aviva E.

Mice with glowing hearts shed light on how hearts develop
Many people have heard of a heart of gold, but what about a heart that glows?

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press to launch CSH Protocols
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press today announced the launch of Cold Spring Harbor Protocols (CSH Protocols), a new, interactive online methods database.

New study shows benefit of early therapy in HIV-infected infants
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for infants born with HIV infection may be most effective when given in their first five months of life, according to a study published in the April 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Woods Hole Research Center scientist furthering discussion of soil carbon decomposition
Global warming may stimulate decomposition of soil organic matter, releasing heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas to the atmosphere, possibly causing global warming to increase further.

MIT research holds promise for Huntington's treatment
Researchers at MIT and Harvard Medical School have identified a compound that interferes with the pathogenic effects of Huntington's disease, a discovery that could lead to development of a new treatment for the disease.

Study explores which carnivores are most likely to kill other carnivores
Ecologists used to think of prey as the most important factor governing the structure of predator communities.

Are tougher electronic components on the way?
Researchers have made two durable compounds called noble metal nitrides -- one containing iridium and another containing platinum -- using extreme temperatures and pressures.

State children's health insurance program affects access to dental care and use of dental services
Access to dental care is a major problem for low-income children in the United States.

Scientists use PET scans to monitor lung inflammation noninvasively
A noninvasive approach for assessing lung inflammation should accelerate efforts to develop drugs for inflammatory lung conditions like cystic fibrosis and pneumonia, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Scientists piece together the most distant cosmic explosion
In this week's issue of Nature, scientists at Penn State University and their US and European colleagues discuss how the explosion of gamma-rays, detected on 4 September 2005, came from a massive star that lived fast and died young during an era soon after stars and galaxies first formed.

Less-invasive technique has improved outcomes of aortic aneurysm repair
A shift toward a less-invasive endovascular procedure as an alternative to conventional surgery has reduced the risk of death for patients undergoing repair of dangerous abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), reports a study in the March Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Ubiquitous galaxies discovered in the Early Universe
A team of astronomers from France, USA, Japan, and Korea, led by Denis Burgarella has recently discovered new galaxies in the Early Universe.

One in three adults are lonely, especially people in their forties
More than a third of adults are lonely, with people in their 40s suffering the highest levels, according to a study of 1,289 people.

There's more than meets the eye in judging the size of an object
You can't always trust your eyes. Neuroscientists from the University of Washington and University of Minnesota have found that the first area in the cortex of the human brain and receives information from the eyes processes the perceived size, rather than the actual size, of an object.

Research shows fat fuels inflammation killer
New research by the University of Warwick's Warwick Medical School shows that the biggest health threat to fat and obese people isn't the fat itself but the fact that the fat fuels a killer inflammation response in people.

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center receives funding for novel breast cancer and obesity studies
A team of researchers at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center has been awarded $1.5 million from the Susan G.

Salk researchers make fast strides towards understanding how our body controls walking
Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified an important circuit in the spinal cord that controls the speed with which our leg muscles contract and relax.

Australian geneticist receives top award
ANU evolutionary geneticist, Professor Jenny Graves, has received one of five international awards given to women scientists for her studies on the evolution of mammalian genomes.

New Harvard Health Publications book
High cholesterol affects approximately 50 million Americans and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease -- an illness that half of all men and a third of all women will get at some time in their lives.

U-M researchers take new approach to defeating Gram-negative bugs
Ronald Woodard's team set out looking for a way to kill a stubborn type of bacteria and they succeeded -- but not in the way he expected.

Plant sterol pills significantly lower LDL cholesterol
A pill containing plant substances called sterols can help lower cholesterol, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Elderly have higher risk for cardiovascular, respiratory disease
New data from a four-year study of 11.5 million Medicare enrollees show that short-term exposure to fine particle air pollution from such sources as motor vehicle exhaust and power plant emissions significantly increases the risk for cardiovascular and respiratory disease among people over 65 years of age.

Oxford biologists explore ability for some females to conceive during pregnancy
In a fascinating new study forthcoming from The Quarterly Review of Biology, biologists from the University of Oxford explore a rare tactic employed by females badgers to maximize their reproductive success.

Sandia's Z machine exceeds two billion degrees Kelvin
Sandia's Z machine has produced plasmas that exceed temperatures of 2 billion degrees Kelvin -- hotter than the interiors of stars.

Three cosmic enigmas, one answer
One single radical idea could do away with black holes and explain the two greatest mysteries confronting physicists: dark matter and dark energy.

Poison dart frog mimics gain when birds learn to stay away
Studying neotropical poison dart frogs, biologists at the University of Texas at Austin uncovered a new way that the frog species can evolve to look similar, and it hinges on the way predators learn to avoid the toxic, brightly colored amphibians.

Independent panel to evaluate genistein or soy formula human development, reproduction risks
An independent panel of 14 scientists convened by the Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (CERHR), of the NIEHS and National Toxicology Program, will review recent scientific data and reach conclusions regarding whether or not exposure to genistein or soy formula is hazardous to human development or reproduction.

Liverpool study highlights national crisis in pathology
A study of the UK's pathologists, carried out by a scientist at the University of Liverpool on behalf of the Department of Health and the Royal College of Pathologists, has sparked concern over the numbers leaving the profession - particularly in academia.

NASA survey confirms climate warming impact on polar ice sheets
In the most comprehensive survey ever undertaken of the massive ice sheets covering both Greenland and Antarctica, NASA scientists confirm climate warming is changing how much water remains locked in Earth's largest storehouses of ice and snow.

Free software in developing countries vital to future prosperity, good governance: UNU
The growth of free, open-source software presents developing countries with an opportunity to escape technological dependence on developed countries, but also a challenge to build up local expertise, United Nations University says.

Study finds dentists in research network do not discriminate
Regardless of race, private practice dentists do not discriminate in services they provide their patients, according to a new study from Case Western Reserve University's School of Dental Medicine.

American Association for Dental Research presents awards, recognitions
As part of the Opening Ceremonies of its 35th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, convening today at the Walt Disney World Dolphin Hotel, the American Association for Dental Research will present numerous prestigious awards and recognitions.

Star shade will let alien planets shine
As budget cuts force NASA to shelve plans for its Terrestrial Planet Finder mission to search for Earth-like planets, a new scheme has emerged that could achieve the same goal at a fraction of the cost.

Reining in carbon dioxide levels imperative but possible
Implementing a plan to keep rising carbon dioxide levels from reaching potentially dangerous levels could cost less than 1 percent of gross world product as of 2050.

Cholesterol-lowering foods most effective when combined, U of T study
Cholesterol-lowering foods such as soy protein, almonds, plant sterol enriched margarines, oats and barley may reduce cholesterol levels more effectively when eaten in combination, says a new University of Toronto study by Professor David Jenkins.

Hypertension drug may restore cardiovascular function in African Americans
Nebivolol, a drug for treatment of high blood pressure available in Europe, may restore damaged cardiovascular functions in African Americans, according to a recent laboratory study at Ohio University.

Think twice before exercising when getting that PET scan
Before you take that walk or ride a bike, think again -- especially if you will be undergoing a positron emission tomography (PET) scan any time soon.

MIT tool may reveal architectural past
A computer design tool originally created for animation may soon unlock the secrets of the structure of ancient cathedrals, according to MIT Assistant Professor John Ochsendorf of architecture.

Effect of diabetes on heart may differ by ethnicity, study finds
Diabetes strongly increases the risk of heart failure in all ethnic groups, but early effects of diabetes on the heart may differ depending on whether the subjects are white, African-American, Hispanic or Chinese.

Study: Local TV news covers health a lot, but not always well
Local television newscasts, where most Americans get most of their news, are packed with medical stories and health information.

'Looking' at Eyeless from two directions
Two different methods of looking for genes provided researchers at Baylor College of Medicine with a way of finding all the genes affected by a master control switch for the development of eyes.

GE Healthcare and St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix announce research agreement
GE Healthcare announced today that the company has signed a six-year research agreement with St.

Being targeted by stereotypes and prejudice affects self-control and academic performance
Controlling your behaviour might be harder if you belong to a group targeted by negative stereotypes or prejudice, according to a University of Toronto study, published in the March issue of Psychological Science.

Troubling increase in repeat cesarean delivery, inadequate explanations
A survey conducted to determine the basis for the increased number of repeat cesarean births in the United States found that nearly 10 percent of women had undocumented reasons for the surgery.

Management of delta and wetlands contributed to problems after hurricanes
In a guest editorial published in the March-April issue of Ground Water, hydrologists in Louisiana suggest adoption of evolving management plans that recognize engineering, economic and hydrologic realities is key to sustainable development of the Louisiana coastline.

Blood levels of suspected carcinogen vary by race, ethnicity
Whites have three times higher blood serum levels of perfluorochemicals (PFCs) than Hispanics and two times higher levels than blacks, according to a study scheduled for publication in the April 1 issue of the American Chemical Society's journal, Environmental Science & Technology. The study, by scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, is the first to detect racial or ethnic differences in levels of PFCs among humans.

Early land animals could walk and run like mammals, new study finds
Salamanders and the tuatara, a lizard-like animal that has lived on Earth for 225 million years, were the first vertebrates to walk and run on land, according to a recent study by Ohio University researchers.

Formula feeding, early introduction of infant food may not contribute to childhood obesity
Does breastfeeding or the age at which other foods are introduced to infants affect the risk of obesity in early childhood?

Earlier periodontal treatment leads to lower medical costs
Chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary artery disease (CAD), and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) have been associated with periodontal disease.

'Stent-graft' procedure improves outcomes of carotid aneurysm repair
For patients with life-threatening aneurysms of the carotid artery in the neck, a minimally invasive stent-grafting technique can be just as effective as traditional open surgery, but with faster recovery and fewer complications, according to a study in the March Journal of Vascular Surgery.

Biologists develop genome-wide map of miRNA-mRNA interactions
Researchers at New York University's Center for Comparative Functional Genomics and the University of California, Berkeley have used computational analyses to predict a genome-wide map of microRNA (miRNA) targets in the animal model organism, Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans).
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