Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 10, 2006
UAB researchers and ONCE pioneer a new Braille keyboard
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles (ONCE) have developed a Braille keyboard for PCs that has some unique features.

Study finds smokers' children carry higher levels of harmful bacteria
Many of the medical risks associated with smoking, such as cancer, emphysema and heart attacks, are well-known to physicians and the general public.

Molecular mechanism may explain how fevers spark seizures
The epilepsy research community has struggled to understand how fever ignites convulsions called

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Articles from the current journals of the American Society for Microbiology include:

Child-welfare study shows recovery coaches can help reunite families
On any given day, as many as 70 percent of the Illinois children in foster care are in that situation, at least in part, because their parents abuse drugs or alcohol.

Molecular imaging/nuclear medicine professionals explore new research in fight against diseases
Leading molecular imaging and nuclear medicine authorities will address more than 4,000 physicians, technologists, scientists and pharmacists about future directions and the latest medical research results during SNM's 53rd Annual Meeting June 3-7 at the San Diego Convention Center.

Internationally renowned expert discusses growth, development and biological gender differences
Without treatment most children with growth hormone deficiency will not reach a height of 5 feet.

Saturn's moon is source of solar system's largest planetary ring
Saturn's moon Enceladus is the source of Saturn's E-ring, confirms research published today.

Cassini measures geisers of Saturn's moon Enceladus
Cassini data obtained during a close flyby of the Saturn moon Enceladus support an observation that large amounts of water are spewing into space from the tiny moon's surface.

The American obsession with the perfect lawn
In his new book, American Green: The Obsessive Quest for the Perfect Lawn, Case Western Reserve University historian Ted Steinberg unlocks the mystery of the all-American landscape and winds up mowing down the turf industry along the way.

A new look at the Cordilleras of the Americas
Geoscientists from around the globe will gather next month to explore tectonic and magnetic processes associated with Mesozoic-Tertiary evolution of the western continental margins of the Americas.

PDT kills drug-resistant bacteria, fungus in lab tests
Photodynamic therapy may be an effective treatment for fungal infections and certain bacterial infections of the oral cavity, including some that are resistant to antibiotics, research from the University at Buffalo's School of Dental Medicine has shown.

A little moon of Saturn makes its presence known
Max Planck researchers detect sub-surface material from the moon Enceladus in the magnetosphere around Saturn.

Novel method reveals how menthol discovery could point towards new or improved pain therapies
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation (GNF) have developed a method that can aid in understanding how certain proteins can be activated.

Major WHO study concludes calcium supplements can reduce complications during pregnancy
In a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, researchers under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), investigated whether a calcium supplement could reduce the complications and mortality from preeclampsia.

Insulin levels in African American children worsen through puberty
Insulin levels in African American children worsen as they progress through puberty while those same levels don't change in their Caucasian counterparts, says new University of Alberta research that shows puberty is a key developmental period affecting diabetes risk.

A role for dental professionals in detecting, reporting domestic violence
The impact of domestic violence has been recognized as a health care crisis by organizations all over the world.

Computer simulation hints at new HIV drug target
Using computer-simulated HIV protease molecules, scientists have identified a potential new drug target for drug-resistant HIV infection.

Doernbecher researchers to study effectiveness of stem cell transplant in human brain
Doernbecher Children's Hospital at Oregon Health & Science University will begin a Phase I clinical trial using stem cells in the brains of infants and children with a rare, fatal neurodegenerative disorder.

Red wine components modulate tissue damage induced by bacteria in gum diseases
Researchers are finding that components found in red wine can help in preventing and treating inflammatory periodontal diseases.

'John Henryism' key to understanding coping, health outcomes in African Americans
John Henry, the figure from American folklore who worked himself to death to beat a steam engine, is a key to understanding the medical reality of African Americans in the 21st century, according to researchers from Duke University Medical Center and their colleagues.

Resolvin E1 protects against inflammation and bone loss
Gum disease is initiated by bacteria populating dental plaque and may eventually result in tissue and tooth loss.

Biscuit Fire tests effectiveness of forest thinning and prescribed burning practices
A recently published study in the Canadian Journal of Forest Research indicates that fuel reduction treatments should simultaneously take place in the overstory, understory, and on the ground to adequately reduce fire severity.

National Academies news: Polio antivirals should be developed
An antiviral drug may be useful in the final stages of eradicating polio worldwide, according to Exploring the Role of Antiviral Drugs in the Eradication of Polio, a new workshop report from the National Academies' National Research Council.

Chronic tinnitus and its impact on demanding cognitive tasks
Individuals with chronic, moderate tinnitus do more poorly on demanding working memory and attention tests than those without tinnitus, according to research conducted at the University of Western Sydney.

Talent, techniques, advanced tools key to future engineering success, says former NSF official
Former NSF Deputy Director Dr. Joseph Bordogna recently provided his vision on how engineers can contribute to future innovation in a swiftly changing world of technology.

Saliva component may predict future oral bone loss
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have identified two components of saliva that may serve as the basis for novel tests to determine the risk for future loss of the bone that holds teeth in place.

New environmental test facility helps manufacturers improve indoor air quality
Using a new room-sized environmental test chamber, more than a dozen smaller chambers and a mass spectrometric center able to measure ultra-trace concentrations of airborne chemicals being emitted from products, scientists at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) are helping manufacturers of furnishings, paints and building materials meet meet new international requirements for minimizing emissions.

Study shows antibiotic can boost benefits of therapy for social anxiety disorder
Researchers from Boston University have found that adding D-cycloserine (DCS) - a drug used to treat tuberculosis but that has also been shown to stimulate the learning process - to therapy programs helps people with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) learn how to overcome fears of social situations, such as public speaking.

New Hubble images show similar colors for Pluto's moons
Using new Hubble Space Telescope observations, a research team has found that Pluto's three moons are essentially the same color - boosting the theory that the Pluto system formed in a single, giant collision.

BIDMC's Harvey Goldman, MD, receives distinguished pathologist award
Harvey Goldman, MD, vice chairman of the department of pathology at Beth Israel Deaconess Center (BIDMC) and an international leader in the field of anatomic pathology was presented with the 2006 Distinguished Pathologist Award from the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology (USCAP) during a ceremony at the organization's annual meeting held recently in Atlanta, Georgia.

Medical/dental insurance databases and drug safety surveillance
Recent failures of the drug safety surveillance system in the United States and abroad, as evidenced by market withdrawals of commonly used medications, call attention to the many limitations to the monitoring of long-term drug safety.

Double transplants may offer one solution to short supply of donated kidneys
Transplanting a pair of kidneys with limited function into one patient can be just as successful as the standard procedure in which a patient receives a single kidney, according to new research at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

Controversial tobacco issues on agenda at University symposium
The Auckland Tobacco Control Research Centre is being launched on 24 March at a symposium at The University of Auckland.
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