Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 20, 2006
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for March 21, 2006
The current issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine includes the following:

Severe cases of occupational hand eczema may predict unemployment or days missed from work
Hand eczema caused by soaps and other irritants in the workplace may lead to unemployment or prolonged sick leaves from work for some individuals, according to an article in the March issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Using 'minutiae' to match fingerprints can be accurate
A study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) shows that computerized systems that match fingerprints using interoperable minutiae templates -- mathematical representations of a fingerprint image -- can be highly accurate as an alternative to the full fingerprint image.

NIST seeks reference nucleic acid sequences
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is soliciting

Medication plus oral contraceptive may improve female pattern hair loss
Finasteride, a medication approved to treat hair loss in men, may also improve the condition in women when combined with oral contraceptives, according to an article in the March issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Bariatric surgery leads to long-term blood pressure changes in extremely obese patients
A new University of Pittsburgh study shows that certain severely obese patients may experience significant, long-term blood pressure improvements as they lose substantial amounts of weight after gastric bypass surgery, thereby contributing to their overall health.

Tomorrow's cancer researchers to attend the 97th Annual Meeting
To provide some enlightenment about cancer research as a career option, the American Association for Cancer Research will host a series of special programs for young scientists at the 97th Annual Meeting: the AACR-Thomas J.

From integration to virtual environment
Four proposals have been honoured in the subsidy programme 'Medium Investments Social Sciences.' A total of 950,000 euros has been awarded.

Novel vaccine approach stimulates protective immunity against listeria
When bacterial pathogens attack the surface of a cell, vaccine-induced antibodies can mount a formidable defense and fend off the bad bugs.

Scientists use satellites to detect deep-ocean whirlpools
Using sensor data from several US and European satellites, researchers from the University of Delaware, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the Ocean University of China have developed a method to detect super-salty, submerged eddies called

German women prefer fixed salaries, men performance-related pay
The fact that on average women earn less than men is not necessarily the result of discrimination: when given a choice between a fixed salary and performance-related pay, women choose the former far more often than men, even if they could earn more by opting for the latter.

Eindhoven reactor expert appointed as Simon Stevin Meester
Technology Foundation STW has appointed Prof. Jaap Schouten of the Eindhoven University of Technology as Simon Stevin Meester 2006.

Butterflies lose body fat during metamorphosis
A group of scientists from Oregon have discovered that butterflies experience a great loss in body fat during metamorphosis.

Clinton Foundation, Yale and Ethiopian Ministry of Health forge partnership
To boost treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS and other diseases in Ethiopia, the William J.

Scripps marine chemist receives highest award in Natural Products Chemistry
William Fenical, a professor of oceanography at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, will be awarded the Ernest Guenther Award in the Chemistry of Natural Products by the American Chemical Society (ACS) on March 28 at the 231st ACS national meeting in Atlanta.

Scientists discover that widely available drug also helps fight kidney disease
A widely available drug may be effective in treating kidney disease, report scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Avantogen and Hawaii Biotech to combine vaccine businesses
Avantogen Limited (Avantogen)(ASX:ACU), and Hawaii Biotech, Inc. (Hawaii Biotech), a privately held company, today announced that they have entered into a Definitive Agreement to combine their respective vaccine businesses.

Prestigious European prize for NIOZ researcher
Prof. Gerhard J. Herndl of the NWO institute Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) on Texel has won the 2006 EUR-OCEANS Roland Wollast Prize for Scientific Achievements.

Bariatric surgery linked to reduced blood pressure at 18 months after surgery
The prevalence of hypertension (high blood pressure) appears to decline and remain low after bariatric surgery, and blood pressure drops the most among patients who had untreated hypertension before the procedure, according to a study in the March issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

AACR expands cancer research knowledge with scholarships for minority and women scientists
Three Scholar Awards programs, sponsored by the American Association for Cancer Research, will provide scientists traditionally underrepresented in cancer research with financial support to participate in the premier international meeting in the field.

WHOI scientist selected as Leopold Leadership Fellow
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) scientist Christopher Reddy has been chosen as one of 18 academic environmental scientists from throughout the US and Canada for a 2006 Leopold Leadership Fellow.

Referential-gesture communication in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
Humans commonly use referential gestures that direct the attention of recipients to particular aspects of the environment.

Algorithm advance produces quantum calculation record
Two theoreticians from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Indiana University (IU) have published the most accurate values yet for fundamental atomic properties of a molecule -- values calculated from theory alone.

Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America selects Wiley to publish Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Global publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc., announced today that it has been selected by the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA) as the new publisher of the Foundation's official journal, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, effective January 2007.

Behavioral studies show UV contributes to marsupial color vision
Work reported this week provides new evidence that marsupials, like primates, have functional color vision based on three different types of color photoreceptor cones -- but unlike primates, a component of marsupial color vision includes sensitivity to ultraviolet wavelengths.

Injection of synthetic polymer may improve facial wasting syndrome associated with HIV
Facial injections of polylactic acid, a synthetic biodegradable polymer, may help improve the debilitating facial lipoatrophy (loss of fat in the face) associated with HIV infection and its treatment, according to an article in the March issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

HortResearch science reveals the natural potential of apples
Fruit lovers worldwide may soon enjoy new healthier, tastier apples, following the release this week of crucial genetic data that fruit breeders say will help revolutionize the produce industry.

Stevens professor to chair International Workshop on PCC
Adriana Compagnoni, an Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Stevens Institute of Technology, will chair the International Workshop on Proof-Carrying Code in Seattle, August 11, 2006.

Policy measures can reverse health worker brain drain
Policy measures can reverse the brain drain of health professionals from poor to rich countries, according to the authors of a public health article published online today (Tuesday March 21, 2006) by The Lancet.

Innovative approach affords Binghamton University researchers clearer view of autism
Using new technology and a unique approach, Binghamton University researchers are hoping to help children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) deal with their most common and problematic areas of deficit - social and life skills.

International award honors discoveries in cellular and molecular immunology
Tadatsugu Taniguchi, PhD, professor and chairman of the Department of Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine and Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan, is the recipient of the 10th annual Pezcoller Foundation American Association for Cancer Research International Award for Cancer Research, for his pioneering work in elucidating the complex genetic structure of the immune system, which has had a profound impact on cancer research and molecular immunology.

Williams College faculty/student team travel to study solar eclipse
A team of Williams College faculty and students is preparing to scientifically observe the total eclipse of the Sun that will sweep across the far side of Earth on March 29.

Leading breast cancer researcher awarded new lectureship
Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, MD, director of the Center for Clinical Cancer Genetics at the University of Chicago Medical Center, is the inaugural recipient of the AACR-Minorities in Cancer Research-Jane Cooke Wright Lectureship.

Attractive birds more immune against bird flu
A research team at Uppsala University, Sweden has shown in a new study, published in the journal Acta Zoologica, that the size of the spot on a male collared flycatcher's forehead reflects how well the immune defence system combats viruses such as avian influenza.

Aggression-related gene weakens brain's impulse control circuits
A version of a gene previously linked to impulsive violence appears to weaken brain circuits that regulate impulses, emotional memory and thinking in humans.

Environmental chemicals implicated in cancer, say experts
New research at the University of Liverpool suggests that environmental contaminants, such as pesticides, are more influential in causing cancer than previously thought.

Animals can change genes quickly to keep up with viral ingenuity
Viruses are famous for evolving quickly, but the organisms they infect can't be expected to sit idly by.

New 'liquid lens' data for immersion lithography
New data on the properties of potential

Childhood deaths from poisonings have decreased sharply since Mr. Yuk was created 35 years ago
He was born 35 years ago with a face only a parent could love - a scowling green frown that has protected millions upon millions of curious children worldwide against poisoning dangers.

Locust research suggests that physical state has much to do with learning
Behmer studied the phenomena of 'state-dependent learned valuation' in a grasshopper, the African desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, at the University of Oxford before moving to Texas A&M in August.

Increased age, certain procedures associated with increased complications after bariatric surgery
Older patients and those who undergo a certain type of procedure known as duodenal switch have an increased number of complications following bariatric surgery, according to a study in the March issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Satellite flood mapping service strengthens eastern France civil protection
A satellite-based rapid mapping service developed to support civil defence activities in eastern France is ready and on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Mayo Clinic to host inaugural National Symposium on Health Care Reform in May
The event is springboard for long-term effort to create solutions on a nationwide issue.

Energy prices, uncertainty and energy saving by companies
Why do so many companies fail to make use of the energy-saving technologies which are available?

School-aged pupils without school
In the Netherlands school-aged children in the age range 5 to 16 years no longer participating in any form of education is an increasingly frequent phenomenon.

Common practices at petting zoos put visitors at risk
While petting zoos pose a risk for gastrointestinal illness, most visitors aren't aware that simple prevention measures could prevent infection.

Increased cognitive control in Tourette's syndrome
Though the repetitive vocal and motor tics characteristic of Tourette's syndrome may suggest an inability to control involuntary actions at the cognitive level, researchers have now found evidence that young people with Tourette's syndrome actually exhibit a greater level of cognitive control over their movements than their non-affected peers do.

Rutgers researchers find fat gene
Rutgers researchers have identified a gene - and the molecular function of its protein product - that provides an important clue to further understanding obesity and may point the way to new drugs to control fat metabolism.

No-hands origami: New DNA self-assembly makes more complex structures, more easily
A computer scientist at CalTech has developed a way to

Satellite multicasting improves educational information delivery
A project supported by the European Space Agency has combined satellite multicasting techniques and improved content management to enhance information delivery for education.

Stevens meets Committee on National Security Systems standards
Stevens Institute of Technology has met all of the elements of the Committee on National Security Systems (CNSS) certificate for National Security Training Standards 4011 and 4013E.

Alcohol-branded merchandise associated with early teen drinking
Young adolescents who own t-shirts, hats and other merchandise with an alcohol brand name on it are more likely to begin drinking than kids who do not own these items, according to a study by Dartmouth Medical School researchers.

Study outlines genetic differences between potential pandemic influenza strains
An analysis of H5N1 influenza samples in Southeast Asia shows not only how the two strains that have caused human disease are related but also that they belong to two different, distinct genetic subgroups.
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