Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 05, 2006
IOF announces Tetra Pak's support of World Osteoporosis Day
The International Osteoporosis Foundation announced today that Tetra Pak, one of the world's leading food processing and packaging companies, will be a major partner for the IOF during 2006 in promoting awareness of how individuals can build strong bones and contribute to their bone health.

Tufts' David Walt named Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor
Tufts University's David Walt was named a Howard Hughes Medical Institute professor.

Lost photos confirm fossil find
The researcher who discovered Paralititan stromeri, one of the most massive animals ever to walk the Earth, now is

Aha! Favors the prepared mind
But why do

Fish oil may help protect against retinal degenerative diseases
A invited paper published in Trends in Neuroscience this week by Nicolas G.

NASA helps researchers diagnose recent coral bleaching at Great Barrier reef
An international team of scientists are working at a rapid pace to study environmental conditions behind the fast-acting and widespread coral bleaching currently plaguing Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

Hepatitis C therapy: Inhibiting newly discovered microDNA molecule
Researchers update on findings regarding hepatitis C virus needed for a specific microRNA, named miR-122, in order to replicate in cultured liver cells.

'Prosthetic' retinal cells let blind mice see light
In an experiment that could offer a new pathway to restoring vision in people with inherited retinal degeneration, researchers have engineered cells in the eye to be light sensitive that were not before.

Yale technology spins out varicose vein device company: Vascular Insights, LLC
A new company, Vascular Insights, LLC, was founded to develop, manufacture and market devices to treat varicose vein disease, based on technology invented by Michael Tal, M.D., assistant professor of diagnostic radiology and director of research interventional radiology at Yale University School of Medicine.

'Scent of a woman' tells male redback spiders to find a mate
If men think finding a nice partner to settle down and raise children with is tough, consider the plight of the male Australian redback spider.

What is pharmacology's place in finding alternatives to alcohol?
Journal of Psychopharmacology is proud to be publishing leading research on the place of pharmacology in finding alternatives to alcohol.

Signaling proteins may represent biomarkers for melanoma
Researchers studying patients with abnormal moles have identified potential biomarkers that may determine whether the moles progress into melanoma.

Two Yale biologists win 2006 Gairdner Awards for medical research
The 2006 Gairdner International Awards, among the most prestigious awards in science, will be presented to five scientists for their breakthrough research on RNAs, cell motility and hormones.

Oh, what a feeling - dancing on the ceiling!
Ever wondered how flies are able to walk on the ceiling without falling off?

Genentech donates $2.5 million to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
In honor of its 30th anniversary, Genentech, the founder of the biotechnology industry, has announced a landmark gift of $2.5 million to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) to seed the establishment of the Genentech Center for the History of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology.

Blind mice recover visual responses using protein from green algae
This study raises the intriguing possibility that visual function might be restored by conveying light-sensitive properties to other surviving cells in the retina after the rods and cones have died.

Photodynamic therapy is an alternative to removal of esophagus
Most people experience occasional heartburn. But when heartburn is severe or occurs frequently over an extended period of time, it is called Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD.

4th International Congress on Electron Tomography
The 4ICET will be held Nov. 5 - 8, 2006 at Paradise Point Resort and Convention Center in San Diego.

Prenatal nicotine exposure reduces breathing response of newborns...
Exposure to nicotine equivalent of smoking two packs of cigarets a day produced complicated, abnormal breathing development during the first 18 days of newborn rats, University of Arizona researchers report.

Hopkins study suggests commercially available antibiotic may help fight dementia in HIV patients
An antibiotic commonly used to treat a variety of serious infections may also help prevent dementia in HIV patients, according to a test-tube study of human brain cells by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine neurologist Jeffrey Rumbaugh, MD, PhD.

Nurses and midwives come under microscope in unique e-cohort study
University of Queensland (UQ) researchers are undertaking the largest and only longitudinal study of nurses and midwives ever attempted in the world.

MIT research links cancer, inflammatory disease
The biological processes underlying diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer are fundamentally linked, and should be linked in how they are treated with drugs, a series of MIT studies indicates.

Markers of gene, protein, or micro-RNA activity predict outcome in prostate and colorectal cancers
Cancer researchers are working toward a future in which each patient's tumor will act like a crystal ball, revealing how oncologists should treat the cancer to obtain the best outcome.

Public Leadership in Neurology Award honors Cuba Gooding, Jr., for multiple sclerosis awareness
Academy Award-winning actor Cuba Gooding, Jr., will be honored with the American Academy of Neurology Foundation's 2006 Public Leadership in Neurology Award for his work to raise public awareness of multiple sclerosis.

New survey reveals women's attitudes about feminine health
According to a new national survey commissioned by the Vagisil Women's Health CenterSM*, nearly two thirds of US women 18 and older (63 percent) are going to gynecologists and of those women, 61 percent indicated they always go annually, as recommended by health professionals.

Fish on acid: Hagfish cope with high levels of CO2
The Pacific Hagfish is a strange animal: it feeds by gnawing its way into a carcass and staying inside it to feed for long periods of time.

Assessment model gauges lung cancer risk based on medical history and genetics
Physicians have little to help them predict development of lung cancer in their patients - even a history of heavy smoking doesn't really help, since only a small fraction of lifetime smokers develops the cancer.

Ovary removal surgery elevates risk for dementia
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that ovariectomy, surgical removal of a woman's ovaries, raises her risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment.

Stanford scientist to discuss new approach to treating hepatitis C virus
On April 5 at the Experimental Biology meeting in San Francisco, Sarnow will discuss recent developments in this work - including his partnership with two pharmaceutical companies that seeks to use the new understanding of the virus to develop treatments.

Trial shows vaccine against cervical cancer provides long-term protection
A vaccine against the virus that causes cervical cancer could protect women for up to four and half years, according to a study published online today (Thursday April 6, 205) by The Lancet.

HHMI names 20 new million-dollar professors
Teaching often takes a back seat to research at leading universities.

HHMI awards Brandeis professor $1 million to draw minorities into science
Brandeis chemistry professor Irving Epstein has been awarded $1 million from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) to spearhead a novel program aimed at drawing more minority students into science and medicine.

New Arctic fossils fill evolutionary gap between fish and limbed animals
The recent discovery above the Arctic Circle of remarkably well preserved fossils from a new species of ancient fish provides a key marker in the evolutionary transition of fish to limbed animals.

Strong bones, strong women
Led by the IOF's patron, Her Majesty Queen Rania of Jordan, this global roundtable is a call to women worldwide to take charge of their bone health and to make osteoporosis a healthcare priority in their country.

Chameleon T-shirts
Soon you won't need to buy different coloured T-shirts to match your wardrobe, just flick a switch on your new chameleon shirt to change its colour based on your mood or outfit.

Brookhaven Lab and Mount Sinai form joint Center for Translational Biomedical Imaging
The US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (MSSM) have signed an agreement to establish a

Researchers identify potential targets for new pain therapies
Studying mice, pain researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Explaining how the brain recognizes faces
The mechanism by which the brain recognizes faces has long fascinated neurobiologists, many of whom believe that the brain perceives faces as

UI research aims to help patients with spinal cord injury
University of Iowa researchers have found that early intervention and long-term treatment with electrical stimulation, which causes muscle contraction and exerts mechanical loading on the targeted bone, can significantly reduce the severe osteoporosis and muscle atrophy seen in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI).

New mechanism found for neurodegenerative effects of amphetamines in mice
University of Toronto researchers have discovered a new mechanism for the neurodegenerative effects of amphetamines.

Two new species discovered
Scientists discovered two new species - a parrot and a mouse - that live only on a small island in the Philippines.

National Academies Advisory: April 10 Meeting on Distress in Lab Animals
The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, part of the National Academies' National Research Council, has convened a committee to update the institute's 1992 report RECOGNITION AND ALLEVIATION OF PAIN AND DISTRESS IN LABORATORY ANIMALS.

OMS to participate in an international clinical trial to optimize brain tumor therapy
OncoMethylome Sciences (OMS) to Provide MGMT Gene Methylation Testing in a Phase III Clinical Trial for Patients with Brain Tumors, Conducted Jointly by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer.

Researchers explore new technique to treat high blood pressure, kidney damage
Using a corrective gene, University of Florida scientists were able to block in rats a protein in the kidneys that triggers high blood pressure and kidney damage.

Cohabiting is bad for women's health - but not men's
Women eat more unhealthy foods and tend to put on weight when they move in with a male partner - but a a man's diet usually becomes healthier when he moves in with a female partner.

Respiration rate of sorghum may indicate cold tolerance
The respiration rate of sorghum may tell researchers what varieties will be more cold tolerant than others, according to Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and West Texas A&M University researchers.

Late-breaking news in understanding and treating neurological disorders
Six late-breaking research reports will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 58th Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif., April 1 - 8, 2006.

Jefferson researchers discover that nanoparticle shows promise in reducing radiation side effects
Using transparent zebrafish embryos, researchers at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia have shown that a microscopic nanoparticle can help fend off damage to normal tissue from radiation.

Shareholder scrutiny drives disclosure of executive pay packages, McMaster expert says
The movement to force corporations to disclose how much they pay their executives is a knee jerk reaction to high profile scandals such as Enron, Kiridaran Kanagaretnam, a professor of accounting and financial management at McMaster University's DeGroote School of Business, says.

We're going on a planet hunt
A fifth terrestrial planet may once have orbited between Mars and Jupiter, according to recent simulations by US researchers.

Novel and pioneering research offers hope for cardiovascular disease
Australian research is increasing our understanding of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of premature death in Australia,1 following the identification of key 'master regulator' genes (such as EGR-1) by Professor Levon Khachigian which control the thickening of arteries after balloon angioplasty.

Yale's Strobel named 'million-dollar professor' for science teaching innovation
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) has named Scott Strobel, professor and incoming chair of the Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry at Yale as one of its new HHMI Professors chosen for their extraordinary teaching, inspiration and mentoring of the next generation of science students.

Newly found species fills evolutionary gap between fish and land animals
Paleontologists have discovered fossils of a species that provides the missing evolutionary link between fish and the first animals that walked out of water onto land about 375 million years ago.

New 'wrinkle' in Botox treatment could lead to lower doses, better safety
There may soon be a better way to fight unsightly wrinkles.

Type 2 diabetics' acidity heightens risk for kidney stones
People with type 2 diabetes have highly acidic urine, a metabolic feature that explains their greater risk for developing uric-acid kidney stones, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Sociologists find low self-esteem at 11 predicts drug dependency at 20
Every parent worries that his or her child may turn to drugs, or worse, become dependent on them, and a new Florida State University study from Tallahassee, Fla. indicates that parents of boys who have very low self-esteem and have friends who approve of drug and alcohol use may have good cause to worry.

Short-term yoga training expands breathing and lung capacity in young, healthy adults
Young and healthy Thais who participated in just 18 short yoga sessions showed significant improvements on six of seven measures of respiratory function, according to research from Thailand.

Rice tapped for model programs merging teaching, research
Rice University, which provides more than half of its engineering and science undergraduates with research experience, today won three highly sought grants from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's HHMI Professor program to develop model programs that infuse undergraduate teaching with cutting-edge research.

Salk scientist Ron Evans wins 2006 Gairdner Award for his discovery of hormone sensors
Ronald M. Evans, PhD, professor and head of the Gene Expression Laboratory of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, has been named a 2006 winner of the prestigious Gairdner Award for his pioneering research into nuclear hormone receptors.

Vegetables inhibit growth of prostate cancer in mice with human tumors
Studies continue to support the premise that dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables may be protective against the risk of various types of cancer.

AIDS-related cognitive impairment exists in two separate forms
Cognitive impairment in people with AIDS exists in two forms -- one mild, another severe -- each affecting different areas of the brain, according to the results of a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine study being presented today at the American Academy of Neurology 58th Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

First link of oral bacteria and preterm birth found in human
A mother, who gave birth to a low-weight preemie at 24 weeks, exhibited the first-found link in a human between bacteria found in the mouth and the amniotic fluid of a woman in preterm labor.

Corporations seeking to increase the security of pensions while limiting investor risks
Nobel Prize winner explores the corporate challenge of providing retirement income to employees.

Parents need better education to reduce drug overdoses in feverish children
More than 50% of feverish children are given incorrect doses of medicine by parents and overdoses have almost trebled in the last two decades, according to the latest Journal of Advanced Nusing.

'Building international collaborations' is theme of 2006 ARVO meeting
More than 9,500 eye and vision researchers will gather to attend the 2006 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) Annual Meeting to be held at the Greater Fort Lauderdale/Broward County Convention Center in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., April 30-May 4, 2006.

New crop of technology reveals plant health
Green fingered amateur gardeners often talk to their plants; now the plants can talk back.
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