Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 07, 2006
Solitons seen in a solid
Isolated vibrations within a three-dimensional solid have been observed for the first time by researchers in the US and Germany.

New Dutch invention: Varibel, glasses that hear
Today a new hearing aid in the form of a pair of glasses was unveiled.

Timing of radiation treatments for colon cancer may need adjusting, Jefferson researchers say
Scientists have unexpectedly discovered that mice with the gene defect that causes colon cancer in humans can differ from normal mice in how they respond to radiation treatments.

Stem cell transplants improve recovery in animal models for stroke, cerebral palsy
A single dose of adult donor stem cells given to animals that have neurological damage similar to that experienced by adults with a stroke or newborns with cerebral palsy can significantly enhance recovery from these types of injuries, researchers say.

Cancerous vs. healthy cells: Researchers identify the road to success
Conventional cancer treatments are generally effective in wiping out tumor cells, but in the process they also may kill healthy cells.

The price of managerial neglect
What does it cost a company when a manager neglects to improve a supply-chain or other manufacturing process over a three-year period?

Researchers use mass spectrometry to detect norovirus particles
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health demonstrated that proteomic mass spectrometry has the potential to be used to identify viruses in complex environmental samples.

Don't hold your breath: Carp can manage without oxygen for months
How long can you hold your breath? Professor Goran Nilsson from the University of Oslo will report how the Crucian Carp, a close relative of the goldfish, is able to live for months without oxygen and how research such as this could give clues as to how to solve this problem in humans.

Fighting nutrition misinformation:
This month the American Dietetics Association releases its newest updated position statement - Food and Nutrition Misinformation.

Avelox as effective as Levofloxacin combination therapy for severe community-acquired pneumonia
AVELOX® (moxifloxacin HCl) monotherapy at 400 mg once daily is as effective as the high-dose combination of levofloxacin (500 mg twice daily) plus ceftriaxone (2 g once daily) in treating patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring hospitalization, according to results of a new clinical study presented at the 16th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Nice, France.

Ancient ants arose 140-168 million years ago
Ants are considerably older than previously believed, having originated 140 to 168 million years ago, according to new research on the cover of this week's issue of the journal Science.

Controversial findings help explain evolution of life
Chemists have developed a controversial theory about how supposedly-stable DNA bases can be pushed into a

Conservation International & Disney discover new species in the 'Realm of the Yeti'
Scientists from Conservation International (CI) and Disney's Animal Kingdom found a vast array of exotic wildlife-including plant and animal species previously unknown to science-during a two-month expedition to little-known regions in the shadow of Mount Everest.

Shire's DAYTRANA(TM) transdermal patch approved by FDA for treatment of ADHD
Shire plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPGY, TSX: SHQ) announced today that the US Food and Drug Administration approved DAYTRANA (methylphenidate transdermal system), the first and only non-oral medication for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Earth from Space: Iceberg knocks the block off Drygalski Ice Tongue
An enormous iceberg, C-16, rammed into the well-known Drygalski Ice Tongue - a large sheet of glacial ice and snow in the Central Ross Sea in Antarctica - on 30 March 2006.

ESA's Venus Express to reach final destination
It was on 9 November last year that ESA's Venus Express spacecraft lifted off from the desert of Kazakhstan onboard a Soyuz-Fregat rocket.

New research may explain why some who receive growth hormone therapy develop colon polyps
The use of growth hormone therapy has been linked in some people to the development of colon polyps, a possible precursor to colorectal cancer.

Brittlestar provides new model for stem cell research
The brittlestar Amphiura filiformis is a close relative of the starfish and can regenerate lost arms in a matter of weeks.

Vulnerability of nuclear warhead interception topic of UH lecture
Ted Postol, a technically-trained, independent arms control analyst, will address

Seniors' access to dental care found wanting
A survey of seniors' access to dental care conducted by researchers at the University at Buffalo and Buffalo State College presents a sobering picture of the dental needs and barriers to dental care experienced by seniors.

Research provides promising evidence of new drug therapies in lethal lung disease
Several promising new treatments may prolong lives as well as improve the quality of life for people living with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Next phase reached in definition of Mars Sample Return mission
ESA has taken a further step in preparing for participation in Mars Sample Return (MSR), the landmark mission to return samples from the Red Planet, with the announcement of the next phase of industrial activity.

Data shows use of a combination vaccine increased on-time immunization rates in infants
Results from a retrospective observational study of data among members of a managed care health plan in Utah showed that infants who received a combination vaccine had significantly higher rates of receiving all of their vaccinations on-time in the first two years of life compared to infants given separate component vaccines.

Cosmic spider is good mother
Hanging above the Large Magellanic Cloud - one of our closest galaxies - in what some describe as a frightening sight, the Tarantula nebula is worth looking at in detail.

Scientists discover second known blue ring in solar system
Blue may be a color that most of us can feel, but the solar system's seventh planet is feeling it, too - in its outermost ring.

Delivering online assistance to the needy
Some 60 million older Europeans suffering from chronic diseases and/or needing care say they would welcome online help delivered to their homes.

Congenital rubella syndrome nearly eradicated in the US
Congenital rubella syndrome, a birth defect caused by the rubella virus (also known as German measles), has practically been eliminated in the US, according to a statement published in the April 2006 issue of Birth Defects Research Part A, the official journal of The Teratology Society.

Penn State to recycle tires into roads
Penn State's Center for Dirt and Gravel Road Studies received a $696,685 grant from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection to use waste tires to improve dirt roads that are causing silting of local waterways.

Contaminants linked to sturgeon decline in Columbia river
White sturgeon populations in the Columbia River may be declining due to the presence of elevated amounts of foreign chemicals including DDT and polychlorinated biphenyls in their bodies.
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