Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 11, 2006
Woods Hole Research Center scientists create satellite map to show Chesapeake Bay urban development
The way in which buildings, roads, parking lots and other components of the built environment are integrated into communities impact a wide range of biogeochemical and hydrological processes.

Marketing products as remedies can promote risky behavior
Just like a

Evolution follows few of the possible paths to antibiotic resistance
Darwinian evolution follows very few of the available mutational pathways to attain fitter proteins, researchers at Harvard University have found in a study of a gene whose mutant form increases bacterial resistance to a widely prescribed antibiotic by a factor of roughly 100,000.

Gladstone Institutes receives funding for training grant from stem cell institute
The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) today announced that the J.

UCSF receives funding for training grant from stem cell institute
The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine today announced that UCSF and 15 other California non-profit institutions have received the first year of funding for a three-year program designed to train the next generation of stem cell scientists.

New model of p53 regulation proposed that suggests novel anticancer strategy
Genetically engineered mice convinced scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies that it was time to overhaul widely held beliefs about how a powerful tumor suppressor called p53 is controlled in cells.

No needles, no fear, says smart UQ Fellow
People who fear needles may one day have no need to fear the doctor, with the help of a funding injection for The University of Queensland's Professor Mark Kendall.

Advances in chemotherapy improve outcomes in select breast cancers
Recent advances in chemotherapy have significantly reduced the risk of disease recurrence and death in breast cancer patients whose tumors are not hormone sensitive, according to a study by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and 10 other institutions.

Periodontal therapy may help diabetic patients improve sugar control
Results of a new study support the hypothesis that periodontal therapy may improve metabolic control (lower HbA1c) in diabetic patients.

Benefit of chemotherapy in breast cancer depends on estrogen-receptor status
When it comes to chemotherapy treatment for women whose breast cancer has spread to their lymph nodes, the estrogen status of their tumors matters, says a team of researchers in the April 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Accentia Biopharmaceuticals to begin shipping MD Turbo™
Through its specialty pharmaceuticals subsidiary, TEAMM Pharmaceuticals, has received initial inventory of MD Turbo, an advancement in respiratory delivery, from its development partner, Respirics Inc.

Absence of wedding ring connected to parental neglect
A social psychologist at the University of Alberta claims that people who do not wear wedding rings are more neglectful of children compared to people who wear them.

Ants are surprisingly ancient, arising 140-168 million years ago
Ants are considerably older than previously believed, having originated 140 to 168 million years ago, according to new Harvard University research published in the journal Science.

U of MN study shows teen dieters are more likely to be overweight and suffer from eating disorders
Adolescents who diet and use unhealthy weight-control behaviors are more likely to be overweight and put themselves at risk for eating disorders in the future, according to new research done at the University of Minnesota.

Researchers discover way to transport environmental arsenic to plant leaves in new clean-up strategy
Researchers at the University of Georgia had used genetic techniques to create

There's more than meets the eye to catching a fly ball in the outfield
It looks so simple - catching a fly ball. But of all of the balls hit into the outfield, the straight shot is the most difficult to catch.

Nanomotors and mechanical nanoswitches offer applications in medicine and pharmaceutics
This year's Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics will be awarded to Dr.

Stronger evidence found linking Epstein-Barr virus and risk of multiple sclerosis
Researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health, Kaiser Permanente, and a team of collaborators have found further evidence implicating the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as a possible contributory cause to multiple sclerosis (MS).

White space is a recent social construction
In the first paper to trace the history of white space in advertising, researchers from University of Alberta and the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana argue that the meaning of this design element comes not from its inherent features, but from relatively recent art history and cultural immersion.

Global warming capable of sparking mass species extinctions
The Earth could see massive waves of species extinctions around the world if global warming continues unabated, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Conservation Biology.

Technology that measures sea level, helps predict EL Nino events, improved by new modeling
A paper published today in the American Geophysical's Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans shows a method to recover valuable data from the primary tool used for measuring global sea level -- satellite radar altimetry.

Add it up: Kent State receives $750,000 grant to improve mathematics education
Kent State researchers were awarded $750,000 by the Ohio Department of Education to work with teachers of grades 3-6 to improve mathematics education.

Building a hand-held lab-on-a-chip to simplify blood tests
A cell phone-sized blood-count machine requiring less blood than a mosquito bite will make blood tests easier for many patients, from neonatal units to astronauts in space.

No link between estrogen-only therapy, breast cancer in postmenopausal women
There's a tangle of information about the pros and cons of using hormones to relieve the symptoms of menopause, but a new analysis of data generated by the Women's Health Initiative confirms that one cause of concern can be laid to rest: There is no evidence that taking estrogen alone increases the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women.

Statewide study reveals new data on risks and consequences of seatbelt non-use
In the nation's first statewide study of its kind, the Injury Research Center of the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee has revealed new data on an old problem...people who don't use seatbelts.

WHI updated analysis: No increased risk of breast cancer with estrogen-alone
Estrogen-alone hormone therapy does not increase the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, according to an updated analysis of the breast cancer findings of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Estrogen-Alone Trial.

New research finds direct link between high cholesterol and prostate cancer
Researchers from Italy have found what they believe to be the first direct link between high cholesterol levels and prostate cancer.

Yale researchers find environmental toxins disruptive to hearing in mammals
Yale School of Medicine researchers have new data showing chloride ions are critical to hearing in mammals, which builds on previous research showing a chemical used to keep barnacles off boats might disrupt the balance of these ions in ear cells.

Mount Sinai launches combination therapy trial to treat Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Mount Sinai School of Medicine is the Clinical Coordinating Center for the first study to assess the effectiveness of combining two FDA approved medications as initial treatment for people with Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.

$500,000 grant launches health literacy project to benefit older adults
Low health literacy levels are both costly and dangerous. Kent State researchers have been awarded a grant to study ways to improve health literacy levels among our nation's fastest growing population -- seniors.

Europe scores new planetary success: Venus Express enters orbit around the Hothouse Planet
This morning, at the end of a 153-day and 400-million km cruise into the inner Solar System beginning with its launch on 9 November 2005, ESA's Venus Express space probe fired its main engine at 09:17 CEST for a 50-minute burn, which brought it into orbit around Venus.

Fermilab scientists present a precision measurement of a subtle dance between matter and antimatter
Scientists of the CDF collaboration at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the precision measurement of extremely rapid transitions between matter and antimatter.

Older children not smarter than their younger sibs, study finds
A recent study provides some of the best evidence to date that birth order really doesn't have an effect on intelligence.

Consumers don't always want bigger, better, more
A new study shows that some people don't go for products marketed as better or more effective than its rivals.

Serious oral post-surgical complication identified in patient on prescribed therapy for osteopenia
The patient of a periodontist in private practice in New Orleans developed osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), a condition that can cause severe, often irreversible and debilitating damage to the jaw, following periodontal surgical therapy.

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience contains the following articles:

Bone and cartilage growth to blame for heart valve disease
Research to be published in the April 18 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology provides the first explanation of an active rather than passive process that leads to heart valve degeneration, furthering a Northwestern researcher's effort to lead a paradigm shift in the medical community's beliefs about the cause of valve disease.

Newer chemotherapies improve outcomes for some types of breast cancer
An updated analysis of findings from three major consecutive clinical trials of breast cancer treatment conducted over the past twenty years indicates that women who have breast cancer with lymph node involvement and estrogen-receptor negative tumors have a lower rate of recurrence and risk of death with treatment with newer chemotherapies, according to a study in the April 12 issue of JAMA.

Use of estrogen by postmenopausal women does not increase risk of breast cancer
Postmenopausal women treated with estrogen therapy for seven years did not experience an increased risk of breast cancer, according to a study in the April 12 issue of JAMA.

Study shows more than half of esophageal cancer patients now survive
Nearly 50 percent of patients with esophageal cancer that undergo an advanced surgical procedure now survive for five years, not 20 percent as once thought, according to an article published in the April edition of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Protein's role in hemoglobin gene silencing identified
Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researchers have identified the role of a protein in hemoglobin gene silencing that may one day be a potential target for the treatment of genetic blood disorders like sickle-cell anemia and beta-thalassemia on the molecular level.

In changing health behaviors, some ask, 'How easy?' Others ask, 'How effective?'
You know slathering on the SPF helps prevent skin cancer.

Uncovering sex-change secrets of black sea bass
David Berlinsky, an associate professor of zoology at the University of New Hampshire, is studying what triggers sex reversal in black sea bass - and how to prevent it.

Waterproof superglue may be strongest in nature
The glue one species of water-loving bacteria uses to grip its surroundings may be the strongest natural adhesive known to science.

Surgical critical care team at HUP earns Beacon Award for Critical Care Excellence
The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) is proud to announce that its Rhoads 5 Surgical Critical Care Team has earned the Beacon Award for Critical Care Excellence, an award given by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) and specifically designed to recognize the nation's top hospital critical-care units.

AIDS research agenda proposed
In an Editorial Review published in the current issue of AIDS (2006, 20, 7, 1-5), HIV researchers from Argentina, Australia, South Africa, and the United States address the challenging question of the impact of major social, ecological, political, economic, biomedical, viral, and other changes on the HIV epidemic and the world's ability to respond.

Representation from 41 countries confirmed for the Lancet Asia Medical Forum on Pandemic Influenza
Representatives from 41 countries and 148 international organisations are set to convene in Singapore for the inaugural Lancet Asia Medical Forum--Preparing for pandemic influenza: the avian dimension and other emerging threats (May 3-4, 2006).

Friedemann Schrenk receives the 2006 Communicator Award
Evolutionary biologist wins 50,000 euros for the best communication of science to the public.

Winners of nationwide student chemistry competition announced
The American Chemical Society announced winners of a nationwide K-12 poster competition depicting

Why and when we lie
A new study in the June issue of the Journal of Consumer Research found that we are more likely to muddle the truth with our coworkers than with perfect strangers.

Malaria parasite impairs key immune system cells
Plasmodium, the parasite responsible for malaria, impairs the ability of key cells of the immune system to trigger an efficient immune response.

Targeted drug delivery now possible with 'pHLIP' peptide
Scientists at Yale and the University of Rhode Island report the development of a peptide that can specifically and directly deliver molecules to the inside of cells like a nanosyringe, creating a new tool for drug delivery, gene control and imaging of diseased tissues.

Study: Paramedics save more lives when they don't follow the rules
Survival rates following the most common form of cardiac arrest increased three-fold when emergency medical personnel used a new form of CPR developed at The University of Arizona Sarver Heart Center.

Bridgewater State College students win national chemistry contest
Chemistry students at Bridgewater State College won first prize in the 2005

Oops! Researchers publish new findings on the brain's response to costly mistakes
Whether it's deleting a computer file and then realizing that we can't get it back, or dropping a bag of groceries, we all make mistakes that aren't just annoying, but potentially costly.

State agency funds stem cell grants, UCLA institute gets largest amount
The state agency overseeing the stem cell research mandated by the passage of Proposition 71 has partially funded a series of grants awarded last September, officials from the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) announced today.
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