Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 19, 2006
Seven UK cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease associated with transplanted human tissue
Seven cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) associated with transplanted human tissue have occurred in the UK over a period of 33 years, reveals a study published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.

Mapping dynamic Polycomb group proteins during Drosophila development
In a paper published in PLoS Biology, the authors map the GAGA factor and Polycomb group proteins PC and PH to Drosophila chromosomes.

Latest issue of Alzheimer's & Dementia explores new ideas for cause, screening and risk factors
The April 2006 issue of Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association include

Found in 20 percent of people of African descent: MUHC describes gene that shuts down immune system
Caspase-12 is a molecule with a death-wish. Found only in people of African descent, this protein shuts down our body's immune system, opening the door to potentially lethal infections.

Pitt School of Engineering to honor alumni, student at April 19 banquet
At the 2006 Distinguished Alumni Awards Banquet April 19, the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering will honor James J.

The urban evolution lab
Cities are becoming an ideal laboratory for ecologists to watch evolution happening before their eyes, as animals adapt to challenging urban environments.

St. Jude unlocks mystery of very aggressive leukemia
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have used mouse models to determine why some forms of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are extremely aggressive and resist a drug that is effective in treating a different type of leukemia.

Faster immune system testing set to improve poultry quality
The EUREKA E! 2692 MOLECULAR TESTS project has developed a simple, fast and easy-to-apply test to assess the robustness of the immune system in poultry.

JK Rowling and the MS Society Scotland fund a new MS Research Centre
The University of Edinburgh is to form a Scottish Multiple Sclerosis Research Centre - the first of its kind in the UK.

Carnegie Mellon University announces 2006 inductees into Robot Hall of FameĀ®
Five robots, some real, some make-believe, will be inducted into Carnegie Mellon University's Robot Hall of FameĀ® during a ceremony this June.

Study highlights gaps in Europe's preparedness plans for pandemic influenza
Europe's plans for dealing with pandemic influenza are broadly good but gaps remain and substantial variation exists between countries, according to a study published online today (Thursday April 20, 2006) by The Lancet.

On a fly's wing, scientists tally evolution's winners and losses
A team of scientists from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison reveal the discovery of the molecular mechanisms that allow animals to switch genes on or off to gain or lose anatomical characteristics.

ARVO keynote speakers to explore worldwide vision research collaborations
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) announced today that the ARVO/Alcon Keynote Session at its 2006 Annual Meeting will feature Paul Sieving, MD, PhD, Director of the National Eye Institute (NEI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), in Bethesda, Md., and Gullapalli N.

Jefferson scientists uncover lethal gene mutation key to blocking cholesterol processing
When Shiu-Ying Ho, PhD, and her colleagues first created a mutation that limited the absorption of lipids and cholesterol into the bloodstream in zebrafish, the discovery seemed to bode well for new insights into mechanisms behind lipid and cholesterol processing, and in turn, the potential development of new cholesterol-controlling drugs.

'Word-vision' brain area confirmed
Humans have an uncanny ability to skim through text, instantly recognizing words by their shape -- even though writing developed only about 6000 years ago -- long after humans evolved.

Scientists develop new concept with potential to help predict how individuals may respond to drugs
Scientists from Imperial College London and Pfizer have developed a new method that could predict individual patient responses to drug treatments.

Solar-powered retinal implant
A solar-powered chip that sits at the back of the eye and squirts neurotransmitters onto the retinal cells in response to light could restore sight to people with retinal diseases.

Inconsistencies in pandemic flu preparedness between European countries
Considerable gaps exist among European national pandemic plans, according to a new report published in the online edition of The Lancet on 20 April 2006.

Steroids do not prolong survival in intensive care patients with ARDS on life support
Corticosteroids do not improve survival in patients with late-stage acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to new results from the NHLBI ARDS Clinical Research Network.

MetOp satellite shipped to Baikonur on 18 April
The first MetOp meteorological satellite arrived yesterday at its launch site, the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, following shipment from the industrial prime contractor, EADS Astrium in Toulouse, on board an Antonov-124 transport plane.

Scientists reveal how a novel ceramic achieves directional conduction
An international team led by UCL (University College London) scientists at the London Centre for Nanotechnology has unravelled the properties of a novel ceramic material that could help pave the way for new designs of electronic devices and applications.

Watching the brain switch off 'self'
Everybody has experienced a sense of

Cancer therapy based on anatomical location may soon be obsolete
The results of a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Advanced Membrane Technology III: Membrane engineering for process intensification
The conference covers progress in membrane engineering and its strong relation with process intensification strategy.

Science Conference 'Innovations in Bioscience for Animal and Human Health'
A science conference entitled 'Innovations in Biosciences for Animal and Human Health' organised by Dow AgroSciences will take place in Brussels on 7 June 2006.

Researchers discover a new genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers from the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) connected to the University of Antwerp are the first to show that the quantity of amyloid protein in brain cells is a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center researcher finds breast implants don't cause cancer
The longest follow-up study to date of cancer incidence among women with silicone breast implants shows having implants does not put women at an increased risk for cancer, in fact, breast implants were actually shown to be associated with a decreased breast cancer risk.

Are we more than just our molecules? Pitt conference to investigate
Is the whole greater than the sum of its parts?

Mouse to man: The story of chromosomes
The complete sequencing of human chromosome 17 and mouse chromosome 11 offers unique insights into the evolution of the genome of higher mammals, said Dr.

A site to be seen: Ancient earthworks electronically rebuilt, to become a traveling exhibit
The Midwest's immense earthworks, structures built by ancient Native American cultures, have been all but lost to plow and pavement.

Discovery of Antarctic subglacial rivers may challenge excavation plans
Plans to drill deep beneath the frozen wastes of the Antarctic, to investigate subglacial lakes where ancient life is thought to exist, may have to be reviewed following a discovery by a British team led by UCL (University College London) scientists.

Rare form of Alzheimer's disease found in Camelford resident
A rare form of Alzheimer's disease has been discovered in a resident of Camelford, the town in south west England which bore the brunt of the accidental discharge of 20 tonnes of aluminium sulphate into the local water supply almost 20 years ago.

New chip delivers better performance, longer battery life for cell phones, WiFi, wireless
Anyone who uses a cell phone or a WiFi laptop knows the irritation of a dead-battery surprise.

Interdisciplinary team develops guidelines for treating severely injured patients
A team of scientists and surgeons is developing a series of standard procedures for the care of severely injured patients.

Front-line immune cells mature in four stages, study shows
Researchers here have cracked the site and the stages of development for the last major set of human immune cells.

Women in science topic of April 28 event
The National Academies Press will launch a new paperback series for young students about some of today's outstanding women scientists, called

Why nerve cells work faster than the theory allows
It is generally known, that nerve cells communicate with each other by sending out and receiving electrical impulses.

Hypnotherapy helps relieve chest pain
Hypnotherapy seems to relieve severe chest pain that is not caused by a heart condition, known as non-cardiac chest pain, suggests a small study published ahead of print in Gut.

Low cost Internet access at sea
Through a project supported by the European Space Agency, the UK-based company Wired Ocean Ltd can now provide enhanced Internet access for ships at sea at a much lower cost than was previously possible.

New tool taps drool for clues to childhood stress
In four separate studies of mothers and their infants, preschoolers, kids and teens, a multi-university research team has shown, for the first time, that a simple test of a little drool can provide new insight into the role of social stressors, including relationships with parents and teachers, in child development.

Help for bleeding hearts: New research links a third protein to blood-clotting disorders
A third protein has been found to play an important role in building cellular receptors that are vital for blood clotting.

Mayo Clinic finding may double genetic screening effectiveness for sudden death heart condition
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered that distinctive features of the heart muscle as seen with a common imaging technique known as an echocardiography can be used to improve the ability of a genetic test to detect the presence of a potentially lethal, inherited heart condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

AMS hurricane and tropical cyclone conference starts next week in Monterey
More than 200 hurricane and tropical storm experts will be in Monterey, California from April 24-28, 2006 to discuss all aspects of one of nature's more dangerous phenomena.

Salk research challenges concept that motion perception is all black and white
Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have discovered a neural circuit that is likely to play an important role in the visual perception of moving objects.

Gender equality leads to better sex lives among people 40 and over
Older couples who live in Western countries and who enjoy more equality between men and women are most likely to report being satisfied with their sex lives, according to a new study on sexual well-being, aging and health that was conducted in 29 countries by a University of Chicago research team.

Injuries from lawn mowing increase nationwide
Nearly 80,000 Americans require hospital treatment from injuries caused by lawn mowers, according to a new study, which is the first to examine the extent and mechanisms of lawn mower injuries nationwide.

Florida Tech installs revolutionary, award-winning analysis equipment
Florida Tech has become the first university with a doctoral, or research program, to own an instrument that is revolutionizing the work of old-fashioned mass spectrometers.

New video-conferencing method cheaper, more sophisticated, developers say
If only Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers were around today to take a spin with new technology being developed and tested by a team of computer scientists in Illinois and California.

XMM-Newton reveals a tumbling neutron star
Using data from ESA's XMM-Newton X-ray observatory, an international group of astrophysicists discovered that one spinning neutron star doesn't appear to be the stable rotator scientists would expect.

Conference on smart prosthetics set for November 2006
The National Academies Keck FUTURES INITIATIVE announced today it will begin accepting applications from researchers for

Fruitfly study shows how evolution wings it
In the frantic world of fruitfly courtship, the difference between attracting a mate and going home alone may depend on having the right wing spots.
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