Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 21, 2006
Lack of a key enzyme dramatically increases resistance to sepsis
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, The La Jolla Institute of Allergy and Immunology, and Merck Research Laboratories have uncovered a

Research team to examine impact of genetics and exposure to secondhand smoke
Whether exposure to secondhand smoke increases the chance that children with a family history of cardiovascular disease will develop the disease themselves is under study at the Medical College of Georgia.

LSUHSC public health documents unmet health needs of Katrina-displaced
Working with Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, a group of students from LSU Health Sciences Center in New Orleans' School of Public Health found a host of under or untreated medical and mental health conditions affecting adults and children living in FEMA-subsidized housing units (trailers and hotel rooms) in Louisiana.

Diverse tropical forests defy metabolic ecology models
Better models of tropical forest dynamics are urgently needed to improve global change predictions.

DOE JGI to host Microbial Genomics Workshop for educators
The DOE Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) will host April 24-25, in the spirit of both Earth Day and National DNA Day, a Microbial Genomics Workshop for educators who may then spread the word in their classrooms and inspire students to pursue careers in this burgeoning field.

Living Oceans Foundation leads Red Sea expedition
Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation will lead an all-star team of scientist divers on an expedition to study the

New drug poised to radically change the treatment of severe anemias
Those with severe chronic anemias need frequent blood transfusions to remain healthy, but such frequent transfusions can cause a potentially deadly buildup of iron in the body, leading to heart and liver failure.

New hybrid virus provides targeted molecular imaging of cancer
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have created a new class of hybrid virus and demonstrated its ability to find, highlight, and deliver genes to tumors in mice.

Ads for unhealthy foods may explain link between television viewing and overweight in children
Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health and Children's Hospital Boston found that kids who spend more time watching television also eat more of the calorie-dense, low-nutrient foods advertised on television.

CRed calls for radical rethink of UK energy policy
Environmental campaigners at the University of East Anglia have criticised the Government's 2006 energy policy consultation document,

Faster, more efficient searching of medical images
A Danish-led research project has made encouraging progress toward using advanced mathematics as the basis of an improved method for indexing and searching medical images in the huge digital databases of clinics and hospitals.

Newly discovered protein kills anthrax bacteria by exploding their cell walls
A protein called PlyPH may offer a new treatment for anthrax infections, and could be used to decontaminate areas in which anthrax spores have been released.

First SCID gene chip to be introduced at Academy meeting on immunodeficiencies
The first gene chip ever to be developed for detecting SCID (primary immunodeficiency) in newborns will be presented to researchers for the first time at the New York Academy of Sciences' and Jeffrey Modell Foundation's one-day conference, Primary Immunodeficiencies: Past, Present, Future on April 25.

Possible cause and potential treatment found for aggressive head and neck cancer
Researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center report that they have found a potential molecular cause for the aggressive growth and spread of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, a highly malignant form of cancer with a very high death rate.

Potential vaccine developed for deadly leishmaniasis disease
Researchers have developed a potential vaccine for visceral leishmaniasis, a deadly parasitic disease that kills about 60,000 people each year.

Social networks protect against Alzheimer's
Having close friends and staying in contact with family members offers a protective effect against the damaging effects of Alzheimer's disease according to research by physicians at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University...
Dean Eileen T. Kennedy at Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy has announced the first annual Friedman School Symposium, to be held September 19-21 in Boston, Massachusetts.

Cholesterol gets 'thumbs up' for role in digit development
When a new mother counts her newborn's fingers and toes, she probably doesn't realize that cholesterol may be to thank for baby's complete set of 20 digits.

FOSRENOL significantly reduces tablet burden for end-stage renal patients with hyperphosphatemia
Conversion to the non-calcium phosphate binder FOSRENOL(R) (lanthanum carbonate) from other phosphate binder therapies provides continued phosphorus control for end-stage renal disease patients with hyperphosphatemia, while significantly reducing their daily tablet burden and the total daily dose of phosphate binder medication, according to data presented at the National Kidney Foundation's 2006 meeting.

One-of-a-kind meteorite unveiled
The depths of space are much closer to home following the University of Alberta's acquisition of a meteorite that is the only one of its kind known to exist on Earth!

In chemical genetics, a new strategy could speed drug discovery
Researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center have developed a new technique to speed discovery of drug targets in chemical genetics.

New method to analyse the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) of the human genome
Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have developed a new method for analyzing the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) of the human genome.

Tyler Environmental Prize winners announced
Hosted by the University of Southern California, the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement is one of the premier awards for environmental science, energy and medicine.

Geologists drill into fossil magma chamber deep under the ocean
Scientists aboard the research drilling ship JOIDES Resolution have, for the first time, drilled into a fossil magma chamber under intact ocean crust.

Youngest hurricane victims facing...
Already displaced by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, thousands of families in FEMA-subsidized temporary housing in Louisiana are facing a second crisis, according to a new study issued today by Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and The Children's Health Fund.
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