Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 25, 2006
First FDA clearance of sterile field cord blood collection bag
The first US Food and Drug Administration clearance of a cord blood collection bag suitable for use in a sterile field was announced today.

Rutgers College of Nursing's NJ Collaborating Center for Nursing hosts National Workforce Forum
The New Jersey Collaborating Center for Nursing, based at the College of Nursing at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, will host the National Forum for State Nursing Workforce Centers annual meeting at the Hyatt Regency in Jersey City April 27-28.

BC undergraduate 'wunderkind' racks up five national awards for science research
Boston College senior Elizabeth O'Day has achieved what few, if any, undergraduates have done: she has won five of the nation's most coveted academic awards for her scientific research efforts.

Middle-aged caregivers keep their jobs according to SAGE publications' Research on Aging article
In a workforce that is increasingly female and aging, middle-aged women who become caregivers for ill or disabled family members are more likely to leave their jobs altogether than reduce their hours, according to a new Indiana University study, which found that unpaid family leave, of all family-friendly benefits, proved most useful in helping caregivers keep their jobs.

Brain study considers motor function, cognition with alcohol consumption
Dartmouth researchers have learned more about how the brain works to mask or suppress the impact that alcohol has on motor skills, like reaching for and manipulating objects.

Boosting newborns' immune responses
Newborns are unable to mount an effective immune response to most vaccines, just when they at high risk for infections.

Oxford Review of Economic Policy, volume 22 number 1
This issue of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy* establishes the areas of debate; discusses pension arrangements in different countries; considers the main analytical and empirical issues relevant to thinking about pension design; and assesses a range of policy options.

High school students embark on Red Sea adventure
US high school students will partner with an all-star team of US, UK, Canadian, Austrian, French and Saudi Arabian scientist divers as virtual participants in an unprecedented high-tech expedition to the Red Sea.

Green idealists - valuable innovators?
New research shows how radical activists have triggered innovations that are helping move the UK in a more sustainable direction.

Gene variant protects against type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and hypertriglyceridemia
A rare gene variant in humans helps to protect against two of the country's top killers -- type 2 diabetes and heart disease -- as well as against hypertriglyceridemia, a condition that increases the risk of heart disease, obesity, and pancreatitis.

72 new members chosen by Academy
The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 72 new members and 18 foreign associates from 16 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.

For one Stanford doctor, the beat goes on during open-heart surgery
Kai Ihnken, a clinical assistant professor of cardiothoracic surgery uses an innovative technique called

Skin disease common among Hispanic farmworkers in North Carolina, research shows
Wake Forest University School of Medicine studies of Hispanic farmworkers in North Carolina found that more than three out of four workers had skin disease and that workers need more information about how to prevent common skin conditions, as well as potentially deadly diseases such as skin cancer.

Genetic finding suggests alternative treatment strategy for common, complex skin disorders
A genetic finding by researchers at the National Institutes of Health provides new insight into the cause of a series of related, common and complex illnesses - including hay fever and asthma as well as the skin disorders eczema and psoriasis - and suggests a novel therapeutic approach.

AMITIZA™ (lubiprostone) launches in the United States
Sucampo Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc., announced today that AMITIZA (lubiprostone), 24-mcg soft-gel capsules, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in January 2006, is now available by prescription in pharmacies across the United States for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adults.

Girls have big advantage over boys on timed tests
New research attempting to shed light on the evergreen question -- just how do male and female brains differ?

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators have higher malfunction rate than pacemakers
Although pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) sustain and save many lives and have a low malfunction rate, their performance should be monitored, especially ICDs, which have a significantly higher malfunction rate than pacemakers, according to two studies in the April 26 issue of JAMA.

Adherence to treatment guidelines for patients with ACS associated with decreased in-hospital deaths
Receiving care at a hospital with higher adherence to guidelines for treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes is associated with a decreased likelihood of in-hospital death, according to a study in the April 26 issue of JAMA.

Invasive species harms native hardwoods by killing soil fungus
An invasive weed that has spread across much of the US harms native maples, ashes, and other hardwood trees by releasing chemicals harmful to a soil fungus the trees depend on for growth and survival, scientists report this week in the Public Library of Science.

Antioxidant selenium offers no heart-disease protection
Selenium does not protect against cardiovascular disease, despite its documented antioxidant and chemopreventive properties, analysis of a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial covering 13 years has shown.

Survey finds care for Europe's adults with congenital heart disease is inadequate
The provision of care in Europe for adults born with heart disease is inadequate and there are too few specialist centres to support their ever-increasing numbers, according to international research published on-line (Wednesday 26 April) in European Heart Journal.

2006 Wistar Institute Science Journalism Award winner announced
The winner of the 2006 Wistar Institute Science Journalism Award is freelance science writer Bijal Trivedi.

Low intake of milk during pregnancy linked to decreased birth weight
A new study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal gives expectant mothers yet another reason to drink their milk.

Terahertz imaging may reduce breast cancer surgeries
Researchers have reported on a promising new technique to ensure complete tumor removal at breast cancer excision.

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator replacement associated with complications
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) generator replacement in Canadian patients with devices that were recalled was associated with an 8 percent rate of complications, according to a study in the April 26 issue of JAMA.

Autism has high costs to US society
New study surveys costs of autism to US society.

In utero exposure to urban air pollutants can increase risk
Prenatal exposure to air pollutants in New York City can adversely affect child development, according to the results of a study released today by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at the Mailman School of Public Health.

Study finds novel vaccine curbs brain tumor growth, increases survival
A novel vaccine has significantly increased life expectancy in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most dangerous type of brain tumor, a researcher from The University of Texas M.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Cleveland Clinic establish biomedical research collaboration
Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N.Y., the nation's oldest technological university, are collaborating to further research at the intersection of medicine and engineering.

Prototype for one-metre wide vehicle is developed
Prototype for revolutionary one-metre wide vehicle is developed The prototype of a revolutionary new type of vehicle only one metre wide specially designed for cities has been developed by a team of European scientists.

Nanedi Valles valley system on Mars
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show the Nanedi Valles valley system, a steep-sided feature that may have been formed in part by free-flowing water.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The current issue of the Journal of Neuroscience includes the following articles:

Predicting outcomes for kidney transplant patients
A new study in the American Journal of Transplantation cites evidence in favor of using the protein biomarkers NGAL and IL-18 as a means to determine whether kidney transplant patients will require dialysis within the first week of transplant surgery.

Stowers Institute scientist named Searle Scholar
Stowers Institute Assistant Investigator Kausik Si, PhD, has been named a Searle Scholar.

UCI professors Barbara Finlayson-Pitts and Anthony James elected to National Academy of Sciences
UC Irvine professors Barbara Finlayson-Pitts and Anthony James have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Manchester secures £4m tech-boost for UK textiles
The University of Manchester's William Lee Innovation Centre (WLIC) has secured £4m to launch a new project aimed at helping the UK textiles industry regain its competitive edge over foreign markets.

Six UCSD scholars elected fellows of American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Six scholars from the University of California, San Diego were named today as Fellows of the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences, two in political science, two in medicine and one each in engineering and chemistry/biochemistry.

The comet with a broken heart
On the night of April 23 to 24, ESO's Very Large Telescope observed fragment B of the comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 that had split a few days earlier.

Dover 'intelligent design' decision to be topic of national forum
The first high-level public discussion of how science is taught in public schools -- in light of the recent federal court ruling on the intelligent-design challenge in Dover, Pa.

Studies show improving pacemaker reliability, increased implantable defibrillator failure rates
Pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are among the most clinically important and technically complex medical devices in use today, but several recent high-profile device malfunctions have called into question their safety and reliability.

Direct photon properties reveal secrets of extreme nuclear states
When atomic nuclei are smashed together at great speed, resulting temperatures exceed one trillion degrees.

Pitt study offers new hope for people trying to quit smoking
In the first study of its kind, University of Pittsburgh psychologist and professor Saul Shiffman has discovered that people who are trying to quit smoking by wearing the nicotine patch are less likely to spiral into a total relapse if they keep wearing the patch, even if they've

2006 APS-Physics April Meeting in Dallas
The April Meeting of the American Physical Society (APS) will take place April 22-25 in Dallas, Texas at the Hyatt Regency Hotel.

Hubble's view of Cigar Galaxy on sixteenth mission anniversary
To celebrate the NASA-ESA Hubble Space Telescope's 16 years of success, the two space agencies are releasing the sharpest wide-angle view ever obtained of Messier 82 (M82), a galaxy remarkable for its webs of shredded clouds and flame-like plumes of glowing hydrogen blasting out from its central regions.

PITT's McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine presenting new research at World Congress
This week, the University of Pittsburgh McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine plays unofficial host to nearly 1,000 scientists, clinicians, business leaders, entrepreneurs and military and government officials from around the world attending the 2006 Regenerate World Congress on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, the first ever meeting of the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society (TERMIS).

New Queen's-led project will explore ethnic diversity issues
Queen's University will lead a new $2.5-million project on one of the world's most critical issues today: governing ethnic diversity.

From climate dynamics to educational research...
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) has announced that it will fund 16 new Priority Programmes from the beginning of 2007.

Heart attack patients do better at hospitals following guidelines
In findings that researchers say should help hospitals improve care for their heart patients, Duke University Medical Center cardiologists have demonstrated that hospital adherence to national guidelines for treating patients with potential heart attacks saves lives.

International support for Swedish stem cell research
The commitment is a collaborative effort involving the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) in the US, the Research Fund of the Swedish Diabetes Association, and the Swedish Research Council.

Two NYU faculty named to the National Academy of Sciences
The National Academy of Sciences has elected two members of New York Universitys faculty to its ranks: Leslie Greengard, a professor of mathematics and computer science in NYUs Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, and Richard Novick, a microbiologist at the NYU School of Medicine's Skirball Institute for Biomolecular Medicine.

Discoveries should aid research into cause of ALS
Two teams of researchers at Northwestern University have found a novel pathological hallmark of the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) at the molecular level.

Eight Stanford scholars elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS), one of the country's oldest honorary learned societies, announced on April 24 the election of 175 new fellows and 20 new foreign honorary members, including eight Stanford University scholars -- Lawrence Bobo, Savas Dimopoulos, Margaret Fuller, Larry Kramer, Lawrence Lessig, Susan McConnell, Franco Moretti and Stephen Shenker.

Study assesses relationship between conflicts of interest and voting patterns at FDA meetings
Disclosures of conflicts of interest at Food and Drug Administration (FDA) drug advisory committee meetings are common, often of considerable financial value, and rarely result in the recusal of advisory committee members, but excluding those with conflicts would not have altered the overall vote outcome at any meeting, according to a study published in the April 26 issue of JAMA.

New system of automatic control capable of governing satellite telescopes
A team of Control Engineering researchers at the Public University of Navarra has successfully finalised their work on QFT Multivariable Robust Control of Darwin-type Satellites with large flexible structures, undertaken for the European Space Agency (ESA).

Predicting success
A team of scientists at the Weizmann Institute, headed by Prof.

Boston University chemist receives Early Career Award from National Science Foundation
Sean Elliott, an assistant professor in Boston University's Department of Chemistry, recently received a Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for research that focuses on understanding the fundamentals of biological electron transfer, or how organisms convert chemicals into useful energy.

Ferment and cook beans for gas-free nutrition
Fermenting beans and then cooking them not only reduces the majority of the soluble fibre that leads to flatulence, but also enhances their nutritional quality.
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