Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 02, 2006
Launch of the Lancet Asia Medical Forum
Some 500 scientists, public-health experts, and policy makers will be convening at the inaugural Lancet Asia Medical Forum on pandemic influenza in Singapore tomorrow.

The Gerontological Society of America awards new Hartford Doctoral Fellowships
Six outstanding social work students have been chosen as the newest recipients of the prestigious Hartford Doctoral Fellowship, a program funded by the John A.

Scientist works to improve treatment for brain tumors
With a five-year, $1 million grant from the National Cancer Institute, a Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center researcher will work to improve the effectiveness of a drug that he developed for the most deadly type of brain tumor.

Mobile DNA part of evolution's toolbox
The repeated copying of a small segment of DNA in the genome of a primeval fish may have been crucial to the transition of ancient animals from sea to land, or to later key evolutionary changes in land vertebrates.

Media alert: Hazelden's chief medical director available to comment on drug treatment for alcoholics
A new study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that the drug naltrexone, when used with specialized behavioral therapy can be an effective treatment for alcohol dependence.

Radiologist's body CT readings quicker, more efficient with coronal reformatted images
Coronal multiplanar reformatted images can replace conventionally used axial images for interpretation in the MDCT evaluation of the GI tract, improving the speed and accuracy of diagnosis, according to a new study by researchers from the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, GA.

The American Physiological Society names first-ever minority outreach fellow
The American Physiological Society named University of Louisville doctoral candidate Mesia Moore Steed its first K-12 Minority Outreach Fellow.

Other highlights in the May 3 JNCI
Other highlights in the May 3 JNCI include a study on reporting of randomized controlled trials of Hodgkin lymphoma, a study of a model's ability to estimate lung cancer rates, a study that looks at a enzyme that can kill glioma cells, and a review of how minimally invasive technologies can help examine endpoints in phase I trials.

Study of operating room safety shows nurses rate first, surgeons last
A study based on a survey measuring attitudes toward the work environment in the operating room reveals that surgeons exhibit the lowest level of teamwork and nurses the highest.

Epstein-Barr virus might kick-start multiple sclerosis
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) carry immune cells that over-react to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

Experiment on monsoon season rainfall lives up to its 'name'
Throughout the summer of 2004, researchers from NASA and other US government agencies led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) joined an international team of scientists from Mexico, Belize and Costa Rica to carry out an intensive field campaign as part of the North American Monsoon Experiment (NAME).

Heart risks from Vioxx happen much earlier than believed, says Queen's researcher
A new study led by Queen's University researcher Linda Lévesque shows that heart attacks related to the use of Vioxx - a drug once popular for the treatment of pain and inflammation - can occur within the first two weeks of use.

The Gerontological Society of America chooses 2006 Hartford Faculty Scholars
Twelve outstanding geriatric social work faculty members have been chosen as the newest inductees into the Hartford Faculty Scholars Program, a venture funded by the John A.

Is a Russian peninsula really part of North America?
New research disputes a notion held by many geologists and seismologists that the Kamchatka Peninsula on Russia's east coast actually is on the same tectonic plate as the mainland United States.

World-leading microscope shows more detail than ever
A unique 3-dimensional microscope that works in a new way is giving unprecedented insight into microscopic internal structure and chemical composition.

Nanotubes act as 'thermal velcro' to reduce computer-chip heating
Engineers have created carpets made of tiny cylinders called carbon nanotubes to enhance the flow of heat at a critical point where computer chips connect to cooling devices called heat sinks, promising to help keep future chips from overheating.

CT colonography even safer than previously reported, says study
The safety profile for CT colonography (CTC) is extremely favorable, particularly for the purposes of screening patients with no symptoms and when distending the colon using an automated carbon dioxide technique, a finding that goes against the higher complication rates for CTC reported by other groups, according to a new study.

MUHC study reveals Vioxx related heart attacks can occur within the first two weeks of use
A quarter of patients who suffered a heart attack while taking Vioxx did so within the first two weeks of taking the drug, a new study published by MUHC investigators reveals.

New engineering center to transform sensor technology
The National Science Foundation has funded a multimillion-dollar Engineering Research Center based at Princeton University that is expected to revolutionize sensor technology, yielding devices that have a unique ability to detect minute amounts of chemicals found in the atmosphere, emitted from factories or exhaled in human breath.

Concerned Black Nurses of Newark honors Rutgers College of Nursing Professor Robert Atkins
The Concerned Black Nurses of Newark will present its Research Nurse of the Year award to Robert Atkins, a Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member, at its 24th Annual Scholarship & Awards Luncheon at the Holiday Inn, Newark May 6.

Some nonhormonal therapies may offer relief from hot flashes, but with possible adverse effects
A meta-analysis of previously published studies examining the use of nonhormonal therapies for treating menopausal hot flashes finds that some therapies are effective, but less so than estrogen, and have possible adverse effects that may restrict their use, according to an article in the May 3 issue of JAMA.

International study investigates early biology of HIV infection
The first of several research studies in an international collaboration now is under way and is aimed at gaining new knowledge into the biology of HIV infection during its earliest days, before the immune system has produced antibodies to the virus.

White House honors America's best
Learning physics from the football announcer? That is just one way that Luther Davis III, a physics teacher, educates not only his students, but the parents and community members of Lake Mary, Florida.

San Francisco VA Medical Center invites public to celebrate VA Research Week
The US Department of Veterans Affairs will celebrate National VA Research Week, May 7-13, 2006.

BabyBot takes first steps
BabyBot, a robot modelled on the torso of a two year-old child, is helping researchers take the first, tottering steps towards understanding human perception, and could lead to the development of machines that can perceive and interact with their environment.

DARPA grant supports research toward realizing tissue regeneration
Recognizing the need for novel approaches that can restore, even partially, the structure and function of lost or damaged tissues, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has funded an ambitious study of the intricate processes involved in wound healing and tissue restoration.

Sentinel lymph node biopsy associated with better quality of life in breast cancer patients
Biopsy of the sentinel lymph node, the first lymph node to which fluid from a primary breast tumor drains, was associated with better arm function and better quality of life compared with standard dissection, or removal of lymph nodes in the armpit region in women with early-stage breast cancer, according to a study in the May 3 Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

'Virginity pledges' by adolescents may bias their reports of premarital sex
Adolescents who sign a

Successful treatment of alcoholism found in the doctor's office
Attention from doctors, nurses and other health professionals, combined with either the drug naltrexone or specialized counseling, is the most effective way to treat alcohol dependence, according to results of the largest clinical trial ever conducted on drug and therapy interventions for alcoholism.

Study indicates when to discuss early mortality risk in patients with epilepsy
Doctors should discuss the risk of premature death with epilepsy patients when treatment fails or is refused despite recurrent seizures, according to a study published online today (Wednesday May 3, 2006) by the Lancet Neurology.

Chronic hepatitis in pediatric liver transplant patients
A new study on the long-term outcome of children undergoing liver transplants found that chronic hepatitis (CH) was common and that it was not detectible using standard blood tests.

African wetland managers armed with new technology
Earth's wetlands are vital to the water cycle and havens for wildlife, but they are under threat.

Warner Robins Air Logistics CTR wins Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) today announced that Warner Robins Air Logistics Center has won the 2006 Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research (O.R.) for its entry

Learning the language of DNA
An international consortium of scientists, including a team from The University of Queensland's Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB), is a step closer to the next generation of treatments to combat disease, after publishing a comprehensive analysis of the human and mouse transcriptomes.

Biodesign Institute participates in first-of-its-kind 'coyote' disaster preparedness drill
A full year in planning, the first Coyote Crisis Campaign (CCC) culminated in a large-scale disaster drill during the week of April 24-28, 2006.

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience include

Study finds middle-aged Americans not as healthy as English counterparts
White middle-aged Americans are not as healthy as their English counterparts, and in both countries lower income and education levels are associated with poorer health, according to a new comparison of key American and British health surveys.

Lack of health insurance associated with decreased use of health care services
Higher-income adults without health insurance are nearly as likely as lower-income adults without insurance to not use recommended health care services such as cancer screening, cardiovascular risk reduction and diabetes management, according to a study in the May 3 issue of JAMA.

Neighborhood safety may play role in obesity
Mothers of young children are more likely to be obese when they perceive their neighborhoods as unsafe, according to a new study.

Nice guys do finish first in lizards' evolutionary race, says MSU professor
Getting beaten up by the neighborhood bully so your buddy can get some tail may seem like a rough life, but it not only works for some lizards, it also gives a fascinating peek into hard-wired altruism in evolutionary biology.

Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease have an increased risk of heart disease
A new study on the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and heart disease found that patients with an elevated level of the enzyme associated with NAFLD had an increased risk of coronary heart disease, which appears to be related to insulin resistance, obesity and central fat distribution.

A Humboldt Award for Lehigh University's Martin Harmer
The award, one of the most prestigious research honors given by Germany, will enable Harmer to collaborate with peers at the Universities of Darmstadt and Karlsruhe and the Max Planck Institute in Stuttgart.

Targeted virus compels cancer cells to eat themselves
An engineered virus homes in on and infects brain cancer cells, sparing normal tissue, and kills tumor cells by triggering a self-cannibalization response.

Early use of statins after coronary syndromes does not reduce risk of heart attack, stroke or death
Beginning use of statins within 14 days of acute coronary syndromes (such as heart attack or unstable angina) does not decrease the risk of death, heart attack, or stroke, for up to 4 months, based on a meta-analysis of previously published studies, according to an article in the May 3 issue of JAMA.

Fear of 'cooties' keeps shoppers from the till -- study
New research shows shoppers are much less likely to buy an article of clothing if they think another person has already touched it.

Gains in the fight against acid aspiration lung injury
Doctors are gaining new leverage in the fight against lung injury caused by acid reflux.

PET-CT highly accurate for detecting ovarian cancer recurrence
The accuracy of PET-CT for detecting recurrent ovarian cancer is high, more accurate even than either CT or PET alone, says a new study by researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

Why mice don't get cancer of the retina
Humans are more susceptible to developing the eye cancer retinoblastoma than mice because, unlike humans, mice can compensate for the loss of activity of a gene critical to normal retinal development, according to results of a study by investigators at St.

Diuretic may not be best way to reduce CHF water retention
A new drug under investigation appears to be just as effective as a diuretic in helping patients with congestive heart failure get rid of excess water and has the added benefit of retaining proper levels of sodium in the body.

Climatic change and environmental functions of forests
The situation in Navarre with regard to climatic change is one of concern given that gas emissions from the greenhouse effect are even greater than the average in Spain (45 percent).

Incarcerated women more likely to use birth control when given in jail
Incarcerated women, who are at high risk of unplanned pregnancy upon release, are more likely to start birth control when it is given to them in prison, rather than when it is made freely available through community health services.

New study identifies factors associated with incomplete chemotherapy for colon cancer
Physical frailty, treatment complications, and lack of social and psychological support may explain why elderly stage III colon cancer patients do not complete a course of chemotherapy after surgery, according to a study in the May 3 Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Fussy babies and postpartum depression linked, study finds
Researchers from Brown Medical School and the Rhode Island Department of Health have found a strong association between mothers with symptoms of postpartum depression and those with colicky infants.

Americans less healthy than English
Middle-aged to older US residents have higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, heart attack, stroke, lung disease and cancer than their English counterparts, according to an article in the May 3 issue of JAMA.

Periodontitis may increase C-reactive protein levels in pregnancy
Researchers found that pregnant women with periodontitis had 65 percent higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels compared to periodontally healthy women.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists announces 2006 winners of Leonard M. Rieser Fellowship
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists today announced the 2006 winners of the annual Leonard M.

Inability to complete quarter-mile walk is significant predictor of death and poor health in elderly
Lead by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that the ability to walk 400-meters, or about a quarter mile, was an important determinant not only of whether elderly participants would be alive six years later but also how much illness and disability they would experience within that time frame.

How the US drug safety system should be changed
Brian L. Strom, MD, MPH, Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine and Chair of the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, analyzes the limitations of the current system of drug-safety monitoring and proposes a solution that addresses overly aggressive early marketing practices; an absence of incentives to complete post-marketing safety studies; and direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising that can promote non-critical use of

To avoid stomach upset in arthritis patients, drug combination more effective
UCLA/VA researchers found that for arthritis patients, taking a combination of two drugs may be most effective in protecting against stomach upset called dyspepsia, which is a side effect of common pain medications.

Particular treatments effective for alcohol dependence
Medical management combined with the drug naltrexone or with a specialized behavioral therapy can be effective treatments for alcohol dependence, according to a study in the May 3 issue of JAMA.

Taxpayer Alliance supports senate bill broadening access to federal research
The Alliance for Taxpayer Access (ATA) gives full support to the

New technique reduces radiation exposure by 60 percent in abdominal CT of children
By lowering the tube current to account for both the weight and body symmetry of a child, an abdominal CT radiation dose can be reduced by 60 percent without compromising the image quality, says a new study by researchers from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania.

Middle-aged English people are healthier than their American counterparts
Middle-aged English people are healthier than their American counterparts, according to a collaborative study issued today by English and US researchers.

Children's Hospital Boston presents at the 2006 Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting
This year's Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting will include nearly 100 presentations from Children's Hospital Boston.

Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute sign agreement...
The Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation signed an agreement to accelerate the development of new health products and technologies.

St. Jude test of bird flu vaccine proves successful
A commercially developed vaccine has successfully protected mice and ferrets against a highly lethal avian influenza virus, according to the investigator who led the study at St.

Study results offer guidance in treatment
A large-scale study of different treatment approaches for alcohol dependence underlines that medication can play a key role in treatment.

Should older men be screened for prostate cancer?
Although guidelines suggest men 75 years or older may not benefit from prostate cancer screening, surveys continue to show high rates of screening in this population.

Eat less, weigh more? Enzyme makes lean mice 'susceptible' to dietary fat
Working with genetically engineered mice, Johns Hopkins scientists have interfered with the brain's ability to control an animal's response to a high-fat diet.

Effective alcohol dependence treatments defined
A 5-year clinical trial to determine best pharmacologic and behavioral treatments and treatment combinations for alcohol dependence finds one medication and specialist-delivered behavioral intervention work in medical management context.
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