Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 10, 2006
Young adults happier than adolescents
Although young adults are faced with a diversity of life choices, they seem to be coming to terms with themselves and their lives in their 20s, says new University of Alberta research that shows psychological well-being improves after adolescence and girls improve faster than boys.

Research at University of British Columbia receives historical recognition
The groundbreaking research of chemist Neil Bartlett proving that the noble gases are not inert will be designated an International Historic Chemical Landmark in a special ceremony at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver on May 23.

Protein expression holds promise for head and neck cancer detection
The blood of patients with head and neck cancer appears to have unique patterns of protein expression that one day could serve as a screening test for the highly aggressive cancer that is often diagnosed too late, researchers say.

Study casts doubt on claims that the medical malpractice system is plagued by frivolous lawsuits
This study suggest that portraits of a malpractice system riddled with frivolous lawsuits are overblown.

World's tiniest test tubes get teensiest corks
Now all they need is a really, really small corkscrew.

Early human trial shows encouraging results for H5N1 influenza vaccine
French researchers have found that two-doses of a H5N1 influenza virus vaccine including an adjuvant* can produce a safe immune response in people.

Home testing kit could help identify 'hidden' caffeine in beverages
If you've ever wondered whether your favorite coffee, tea or soda contains caffeine -- despite its decaf label or the absence of caffeine on the ingredient list -- then you may soon be able to test the beverage yourself.

Monster hurricanes
New research calls into question the linkage between major Atlantic hurricanes and global warming.

Keeping cool in a war zone: Device promises relief for desert soldiers
A new micro-climate system has been developed by Kent State researchers in collaboration with the US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine to keep soldiers cool.

First high-flex knee replacement implant shaped specifically to fit woman's anatomy
The first knee replacement shaped to fit a woman's anatomy has received clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration, and will be distributed to orthopedic surgeons to use next week.

XMM-Newton reveals the origin of elements in galaxy clusters
Deep observations of two X-ray bright clusters of galaxies with ESA's XMM-Newton satellite allowed a group of international astronomers to measure their chemical composition with an unprecedented accuracy.

ORNL engineers take page out of nature's playbook
Designing complex systems such as nuclear reactors for space applications is a daunting task, but Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers have made it less so by borrowing from nature.

Inhaled steroids help young children breathe but do not prevent chronic asthma
Daily treatment with inhaled corticosteroids can reduce breathing problems in pre-school-aged children with frequent wheezing but does not prevent the development of persistent asthma, according to new results from the Childhood Asthma Research and Education (CARE) Network.

New treatment for specific type of leukemia
Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia (CEL), a specific form of leukemia, is currently treated with Glivec.

New capture scenario explains origin of Neptune's oddball moon Triton
Triton, unique among all the large moons in the solar system because it orbits Neptune in a direction opposite to the planet's rotation, may have abandoned an earlier partner to arrive in its unusual orbit.

AIBS to hold annual meeting May 24-25 in Washington, DC
Consider attending this year's AIBS Annual Meeting, which will take place May 24-25 at the Westin Grand Hotel in Washington, DC.

NREL solar researcher honored with World PV Award
Dr. Lawrence Kazmerski, a leading research director at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), received the World PV Award at the Fourth World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion on May 9 for his outstanding contributions to the worldwide advancements of photovoltaic (PV) science and technology.

JRRD tipsheet: Focus on stroke, Parkinson's treatment, wheelchair durability
The current issue of JRRD includes five articles on stroke rehabilitation - addressing topics such as robotic upper limb rehabilitation, language rehabilitation, bone density, and coping ability and quality of life for caregivers.

Scientists unlock more secrets of HIV and SARS
UK scientists have cracked one of the key biological processes used by viruses such as HIV and SARS when they replicate according to a paper published in the journal Nature (11 May).

Affairs of the heart matter to boys, too, sociologists find
Teenage boys have feelings, too, and when it comes to matters of the heart, they may not be so fleeting after all.

Species mapping revolutionized
A recent study in the journal Ecography by an international team of researchers now offers the by far most comprehensive model comparison ever made, comparing the performance of 16 methods over 226 species from 6 regions of the world.

Gladstone scientists prove neurons produce Alzheimer's-linked apolipoprotein E
A question long debated among Alzheimer's disease researchers has been definitively answered by scientists at the Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease in San Francisco.

MSKCC received record gift of $100 million from Mortimer B. Zuckerman for cancer research facility
MSKCC today announced a major commitment from publisher, real estate developer, and MSKCC Board member Mortimer B.

Wasps queue for top job
Scientists at UCL (University College London) have discovered that even wasps are driven by their status.

Space technology to help hospitals contain spread of avian flu infection
In response to concerns from hospitals to prepare for eventual pandemic flu outbreaks, the French company AirInSpace, with support from ESA's Technology Transfer Programme, has successfully adapted technology developed to protect astronauts for use in critical care centres to protect immune-deficient patients against airborne pathogens such as the avian flu virus.

Heart Rhythm Society to host first ever live remote ablation demonstration
The Heart Rhythm Society will host a remote atrial fibrillation ablation demonstration as part of a certified medical education (CME) course at Heart Rhythm 2006, the Society's annual scientific sessions, at the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center on Wednesday, May 17, 2006.

Nanotechnology shows early promise to treat cardiovascular disease
A new tactic in the battle against cardiovascular disease - employing nanoengineered molecules called

Scientists reveal fate of Earth's oceans
Scientists at The University of Manchester have uncovered the first evidence of seawater deep inside the Earth shedding new light on the fate of the planet's oceans, according to research published in Nature (May 11, 2006).

Victims of rape, especially children, failed by lack of referral centres and experienced doctors
A study published in the latest issue of the Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine examined the availability of Sexual Assault Referral Centres (SARCs) in the UK and compared their services with each other and with non-SARC police victim examination suites.

Help for elderly people to spark new research ideas
New technologies and services can help elderly and disabled people live longer at home.

Our racial identity affects who we see
The speed with which we see others is influenced by race, according to a study published in the current issue of Psychological Science.

Study provides new understanding of spontaneous hybridization
Plant and animal breeders have long used hybridization to transfer useful traits between species.

Fuel cells: Government supports general hydrogen at Vancouver Airport
Canada's airports will soon be using cutting-edge, environmentally friendly technologies.

Perfect timing: Cardiologists meet in Chicago during May's National Stroke Awareness Month
Just in time for National Stroke Awareness Month, more than a thousand leading interventional cardiologists will gather in Chicago for the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 29th Annual Scientific Sessions, May 10-13.

Evolving Issues in the Prevention and Treatment of Influenza: A media forum
The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases is convening a forum for media to hear from and interact with the nation's leading experts on challenges and issues surrounding influenza prevention and treatment.

Presidents, Pulitzer Prize winners join UH prof in high honor
Joining past US presidents and Pulitzer Prize winners, Martin Golubitsky, a University of Houston mathematician, has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Art of Science exhibit opens at Princeton
Princeton University's second annual

Hospital inputs Shipman death rates to see how fast audit system would raise the alarm
A leading heart hospital added virtual deaths, based on the murders of the serial killer Dr Harold Shipman, into its clinical audit system to see how quickly the unexplained deaths would alert staff.

UCSF Institute for Regeneration Medicine receives gift from Dolbys
Ray and Dagmar Dolby have donated $16 million to the University of California, San Francisco, in support of the construction of a proposed research building.

Pollutant haze heats the Arctic
Arctic climate already is known to be particularly prone to global warming caused by industrial and automotive emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

The higher the hierarchy, the greater the aggression
Individual variation in social behavior is one of the most striking features of cooperative animal societies.

New Supercomputing Center to advance the science of nanotechnology
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, in collaboration with IBM and New York state, has announced a $100 million partnership to create the world's most powerful university-based supercomputing center, and a top 10 supercomputing center of any kind in the world.
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